Nisan starts the counting of the months of a year even though
the 1st of Nisan is not set to be New Year’s Day. No other
feasts are held in that day according to the Torah, except if
weekly Sabbath falls on the 1st of Nisan.
Counting of months starts from Nisan so that the agricultural
feasts would be held at proper times. Barley is ready for
Pesach (Passover) and first wheat harvest is gathered on
Shavuot (Pentecost). The second wheat harvest and fruit
harvest do fall on Succot (the feast of Tabernacles). Leaping
months are added regularly to adjust proper times of feasts.
Either is the day of the blowing of the Trumpet (1st of Tishri)
named to be the New Year’s Day in the Torah. It got this
meaning only during the time of the second
along with Chanukah it is the other feast started during that
period of time.
This passage in Torah is hard to adjust to be in spring:
“And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits
of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering AT THE
YEAR’S END.” (Exodus 34:22). Not even this can be in
spring: “And [keep] the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of
thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field; and the
feast of ingathering, which is IN THE END OF THE YEAR,
when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.”
(Exodus 23:16). Wheat is harvested both at Shavuot
(Pentecost) and at Succot (Tabernacles). Shavuot is not
a week long feast as is the feast of Succot in Tishri.
When translated Shavuot means “weeks”, so as by its
name it is “a feast of weeks” but only Succot and Pesach
are week long feasts and Shavuot is not held at either of
these New Year Days.
In light of these two verses of the Torah is this feast
which was started during the time of Ezra and Nehemia
not unbiblical. Evidently it has its foundation in a proper
interpretation of the Torah made by men who lived at
“In the five, and twentieth year of our captivity,
IN THE BEGINNING OF THE YEAR, in the tenth
day of the month, in the fourteenth year after that
the city was smitten, in the selfsame day the hand
of the LORD was upon me, and brought me thither.”
This happened to Ezekiel 10th of Tishri, which is
Yom Kippurim, the Day of Atonement.
The following verse seems to clearly state that New
Year is in Tishri:
“Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound
on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of
atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout
all your land. And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year,
and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all
the inhabitants and ye shall return every man untoh
is possession, and ye shall return every man unto his
family. A jubile shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye
shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself
in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed.
For it is the jubile; it shall be holy unto you; ye shall eat
the increase thereof out of the field. In the year of this
jubile ye shall return every man unto his possession.”
Also the Year of Jubilee starts in Tishri.