CIRCUITO DEL SAVIO
Circuito del Savio - Ravenna (I), 16 May 1926.
Category A: 15 laps x 14.5 km (9.01 mi) = 217.5 km (135.1 mi)
Category B-D: 20 laps x 14.5 km (9.01 mi) = 290.0 km (180.2 mi)
Note: The #13 and #17 were not used, because drivers considered them unlucky numbers.
Brilli Peri wins the Savio Circuit with his Ballot
by Hans Etzrodt
The 30 starters were divided into four categories. The cars over 1100 cc raced 20 laps around the fast course south of Ravenna while the 1100 category did only 15 laps. Brilli Peri (Ballot) had
the fastest car and led from start to finish, followed by the three 8-cylinder Bugattis of Steffanelli, Rosti and Montanari. Foroni (6.3-Liter Foroni Spl) finished fifth ahead of Serboli
(1500 Chiribiri) and Testi (2000 Diatto) followed by five more finishers. The remaining 12 cars retired. The 1100 category was won by Clerici (Salmson) with Zanelli (Fiat) second and
Belloni (Amilcar) third, ahead of Mondini (Fiat) and Rossi (Amilcar) while Graziani (Fiat) retired.
The Circuito del Savio race south of Ravenna, which was organized by the Automobile Club di Ravenna, had been held annually since 1923; so this was the fourth in the series. The first
event was won by Enzo Ferrari with an Alfa Romeo on a 44.6 km circuit with the start in Savio. Ferrari also won the 1924 event, which was held over a 14.385 km course, bypassing Savio. Emilio Materassi
with an Itala-Special won the 1925 race. In 1926 the triangular route was very slightly extended by 115 meters to 14.500 km over 20 laps, a total of 290 km. The 1100 cc cycle cars had to do only 15 laps
or 217.5 km. The start was at the town of Classe from which the circuit led south through Fosso Ghiaia and Casetta, then further on at Campo Aviazione G. Novelli, the course turned west with Savio
village further south. Next a turn to the right took a road north to the town of Ponte Nuovo where a sharp right turn headed south back to Classe.
The cars were divided into Category A from 500 to 1100 cc, Category B from 1101 to 1500 cc, Category C from 1501 to 2000 cc and Category D over 2001 cc. At the end of the race the maximum allowable
time limit was set at 45 minutes after the arrival of the first classified driver in each category.
Prize money was the same for each of the three categories: first place 5,000 lire, second 2,000 and third 1,000. For the cars up to 1100 cc there were three prizes of gold medals. For the outright
fastest lap the prize was 1,000 lire but only if the previous year's speed of 129.980 km/h by Brilli Peri (Ballot) was exceeded. The overall winner with the fastest race time received 25,000 lire.
The King's Cup was awarded for the winning engine manufacturer of the Economy Trial; the Mussolini Cup for the manufacturer with the most number of classifications within maximum time; the
Wingtol Cup (biennial, in ceramic and gold) for the first finisher using Wingtol oil; the Targa Errani (triennial challenge) to the manufacturer of the absolute winner.
From 42 entries 30 appeared at the start. Brilli Peri with his seven year old 4.9-liter straight-8 Ballot was the favorite. Besides an easier cockpit access the car appeared with a changed tail,
replacing the original barrel fuel tank with a large vertical type and spare wheel. Without any similar opponents his victory was expected.
Vittorio Foroni appeared with his Feroni Special in which he had finished second in last year's Savio Circuit when it had been raced as an Itala Special. According to historian Alessandro Silva,
Foroni's car was the ex-Alfieri Maserati Isotta Fraschini Spl, called the Itala Spl and later the Foroni Spl when it was powered by half of a Hispano-Suiza aero engine, originally 6.3-Liter 4-cylinder.
In the company of these very large cars there was the 3-Liter Alfa Romeo RL TF from 1923 of Luigi Bertocci and Ferdinando Fussi's 3-Liter Diatto.
The 2000 category comprised an armada of eight Ansaldos, six 8-cylinder Bugattis and four 8-cylinder Diattos. Gazzetta della Sport and Corriere Padano reported that Alfiero Maserati would enter a well
prepared 2-liter s/c Diatto, but this did not happen. Alfieri Maserati had actually planned to enter one of his 1500 cars at the Savio Circuit but was unable to finish repairing it. Two weeks
previously it had been raced at the Coppa Vinci by Emilio Materassi who had broken the engine. Luigi Guerrini from Bologna with a 2-liter Diatto was a late entry. Remo Pedroni who entered a
2000 Ansaldo, should not be confused with Azeglio Pedroni, who was another driver. Giovanni Garavini with a 2000 Ansaldo, lived in Ravenna and his Number 32 Ansaldo was replaced by Pietro Neri
also with an Ansaldo with the same race number. All of these large groups were probably fighting for the beautiful Mussolini Cup that was awarded to the company with the most cars finishing within
the maximum time limit. Giorgio Faggioli (with double 'gg') was not related to the famous Luigi Fagioli. But Luigi had a brother, named Giorgio, who also raced a Salmson but only on a few occasions.
The 1500 category comprised two Bugattis, two Fiats and two Chiribiris. Roberto Serboli in one of the fast Chiribiri Monzas was expected to dominate this category.
The gaggle of 1100 cycle cars consisted of ten entries but only half of them appeared at the start. The Ravenna AC had issued 55 race numbers, all for Italian drivers. A complete list of the
entries is shown at the beginning of this report.
Among the most notable non-starters were Maserati, Materassi (Itala Spl.) and Consonno, who just minutes before the race had an engine fire on his Bugatti and could not repair in time for the race.
The 30 cars lined up, two per row in numerical order with a break of two minutes between each category. The start began at 2:46 PM when the chief timekeeper Del Grano lowered the flag for the four
cars in the over 2000 cc category:
After two minutes, the 15 cars of the 2000 category lined up and Del Grano gave the start by lowering the flag.
After another interval of two minutes, the 5 cars of the 1500 category lined up and started.
With a two minute break the six cars of the 1100 cc category had lined up and started
The last of the 1100 cars had just left, when the roaring red Ballot of Brilli Peri passed at lightning speed in front of the grandstands, completing his first lap in 7m01s at an average speed of
123.99 km/h. He was leading Foroni and Bertocci, followed by the large Bugattis of Rosti, Stefanelli, and Bona, while Montanari in another 2000 Bugatti fell behind with a tire change. In the 1500
category Serboli headed Platé with a small gap to the Fiat of Tonucci. Clerici in the 1100 category had no difficulty imposing his superiority on the class.
On the second lap, Brilli Peri maintained his lead ahead of Foroni with Stefanalli now in third position having passed Rosti. Neri's Ansaldo was a few meters ahead of Testi's Diatto, while Serboli,
who had already passed several competitors, was chasing them from behind. After Clerici and Odinelli (Ansaldo) had passed the stands the fast Brilli Peri appeared having already lapped more
than 10 other competitors.
On lap three, Brilli Peri continued his rapid race, progressively increasing his lead ahead of Foroni, Stefanelli, Bertocci and Rosti. Serboli was leading the 1500 category followed by Tonucci
and Platé while the gaggle of 1100 cycle cars was led by Clerici and Graziani.
On lap four Bona retired with gearbox trouble, as did the Ansaldos of Neri and Spadoni. The race progressed smoothly without major positional changes. Brilli Peri had a comfortable lead after
72.5 kilometers. These were the times of the first twelve cars after five laps:
|1.||Brilli Peri (Ballot)||34m45.8s||over 2000 cc|
|2.||Foroni (Foroni Spl)||37m36.0s||over 2000 cc|
|3.||Stefanelli (Bugatti)||38m54.4s||2000 cc|
|4.||Bertocci (Alfa Romeo)||38m56.0s||over 2000 cc|
|5.||Rosti (Bugatti)||39m04.2s||2000 cc|
|6.||Montanari (Bugatti)||39m36.6s||2000 cc|
|7.||Serboli (Chiribiri)||41m31.8s||1500 cc|
|8.||Clerici (Salmson)||42m27.0s||1100 cc|
|9.||Graziani (Fiat)||46m32.2s||1100 cc|
|10.||Tonucci (Fiat)||47m23.4s||1500 cc|
|11.||Platé (Chiribiri)||47m57.4s||1500 cc|
|12.||Mondini (Fiat)||54m43.6s||1100 cc|
By lap six the race had become monotonous. The leader Brilli Peri did a fast lap with an average of 127.083 km/h. Some competitors stopped at the pits and left quickly while others left later with
engine repairs. At that time the Diatto of Guerrini retired, as did the similar car of Faggioli probably with carburation defects.
On lap seven Foroni fell behind and Stefanelli became second after he had progressively increased his pace. He drove that lap in 6m55s at an average speed of 125.783 km/h, and was ahead of Rosti in third place.
On lap ten Serboli led the 1500 class ahead of Negri and Platé. Serboli was less than two seconds ahead of Rosti, but as they started two minutes apart they were not close together on the circuit.
Clerici still held first place in the 1100 category. Brilli Peri was leading at an average race speed of 125.845 km/h with the order as follows after ten laps:
|1.||Brilli Peri (Ballot)||1h09m08.0s||over 2000 cc|
|2.||Stefanelli (Bugatti)||1h12m49.0s||2000 cc|
|3.||Serboli (Chiribiri)||1h15m18.0s||1500 cc|
|4.||Rosti (Bugatti)||1h15m19.8s||2000 cc|
|5.||Foroni (Foroni Spl)||1h15m29.0s||over 2000 cc|
|6.||Montanari (Bugatti)||1h17m26.0s||2000 cc|
|7.||Bertocci (Alfa Romeo)||1h17m28.6s||over 2000 cc|
|8.||Clerici (Salmson)||1h24m19.2s||1100 cc|
|9.||Negri (Bugatti)||1h32m21.0s||1500 cc|
|10.||Platé (Chiribiri)||1h38m21.0s||1500 cc|
|11.||Bacchilega (Fiat)||1h57m03.4s||1500 cc|
After the tenth lap it was time to stop for mid-race refueling. Brilli Peri covered lap 11 at 127 km/h. He was the first of the leading cars to stop and his 1m30s in the pits allowed Stefanelli to close
the gap to the leader. Later Brilli stopped again to change a tire once more in 1m30s. On lap 12 Brilli Peri drove the fastest lap of the race in 6m41.6s at 129.980 km/h.
After 15 laps the 1100 category race ended. Clerici was the acclaimed winner at the remarkable average speed of 103.127 km/h. Zanelli in a Fiat 509 drove a very good race, ahead of some larger displacement
cars. Belloni with his Amilcar finished third, after a consistent race.
On lap 16 Rosti drove the fastest lap of the 2000 category in 6m50.6s at 127.131 km/h. One lap later Serboli (Chiribiri) drove the fastest lap of the 1500 cc category in 7m58.8s at 109.022 km/h average speed.
Tonucci (1500 Fiat) retired on lap 17 as did Negri (1500 Bugatti).
The race had now become a boring procession. Brilli Peri completed twenty undisputed laps, only taking care to maintain a good average speed. He had increased his lead to almost four minutes over Stefanelli.
Brilli Peri received flowers and congratulations from the authorities to the applause of the grandstand crowd. In the meantime Stefanelli also finished to great applause, followed after 24.6s by Rosti,
while Montanari and Foroni were one lap behind. Serboli, Platé and Bacchilega of the 1500 category were several laps behind and kept driving to complete the full distance, as did Testi, Corà, Pedroni and
Daolino in the 2000 category. The 12 finishers were within the maximum allowable time of 45 minutes after each class winner. The remaining 12 drivers had retired without the progress being reported
of Fussi, Amadio and Gotti.
|1.||19||Gastone Brilli Peri||G. Brilli Peri||Ballot||Indy 1919||4.9||S-8||20||2h21m23.0s|
|2.||36||Ugo Sisto Stefanelli||U. Stefanelli||Bugatti||T35A||2.0||S-8||20||2h25m18.0s||+ 3m55.0s|
|3.||40||Carlo Rosti||C. Rosti||Bugatti||T35||2.0||S-8||20||2h25m42.6s||+ 4m19.6s|
|4.||29||Supremo Montanari||S. Montanari||Bugatti||T35A||2.0||S-8||20||2h31m30.8s||+ 10m07.8s|
|5.||20||Vittorio Foroni||V. Foroni||Foroni||6.3||S-4||20||2h34m30.8s||+ 13m07.8|
|6.||43||Roberto Serboli||R. Serboli||Chiribiri||12/16||1.5||S-4||20||2h45m36.0s||+ 24m13s|
|7.||27||Antonio Testi||A. Testi||Diatto||20S||2.0||S-8||20||2h58m00.0s||+ 36m37s|
|8.||38||Francesco Corà||F. Corà||Ansaldo||2.0||S-4||20||2h58m34.0s||+ 37m11s|
|9.||45||Luigi "Gigi" Platé||G. Platé||Chiribiri||12/16||1.5||S-4||20||3h04m48.0s||+ 43m25s|
|10.||37||Remo Pedroni||R. Pedroni||Ansaldo||4CS||2.0||S-4||20||3h07m13.0s||+ 45m50s|
|11.||28||Guido Daolio||G. Daolio||Andaldo||2.0||S-4||20||3h07m19.0s||+ 45m56s|
|12.||46||Alvaro Bacchilega||A. Bacchilega||Fiat||501||1.5||S-4||20||3h12m36.0s||+ 51m13s|
|DNF||42||Africo Tonucci||A. Tonucci||Fiat||501 S||1.5||S-4||16|| || |
|DNF||44||Andrea Negri||A. Negri||Bugatti ||1.5||S-4||16|| || |
|DNF||21||Luigi "Gino" Bertocci||L. Bertocci ||Alfa Romeo||RL TF 23||3.0||S-6||10||10 laps or more|| |
|DNF||23||Giorgio Faggioli||G. Faggioli||Diatto||20S||2.0||S-8||5||carburation|| |
|DNF||33||Luigi Guerrini||L. Guerrini||Diatto||20S||2.0||S-8||5|| || |
|DNF||39||Gaspare Bona||G. Bona||Bugatti||T35 ||2.0||S-8||3||gearbox|| |
|DNF||32||Pietro Neri||ex Giovanni Garavini||Ansaldo||4CS||2.0||S-4||3|| || |
|DNF||31||Augusto Spadoni||A. Spadoni||Ansaldo||2.0||S-4||3|| || |
|DNF||35||Angelo Ondinelli||A. Ondinelli||Ansaldo||4CS||2.0||S-4||2||2 laps or more|| |
|DNF||14||Ferdinando Fussi||F. Fussi||Diatto||3000||3.0||S-4|
|DNF||25||Timoleone Amadio||T. Amadio||Ansaldo||4CS||2.0||S-4|| || || |
|DNF||41||Corrado Gotti||C. Gotti||Ansaldo||4CS||2.0||S-4|| || || |
Fastest lap over 2000 cc: Gastone Brilli Peri (Ballot) on lap 12 in 6m41.6s = 130.0 km/h (80.8 mph).|
Fastest lap 2000 cc: Carlo Rosti (Bugatti) on lap 16 in 6m50.6s = 127.1 km/h (79.0 mph).
Fastest lap 1500 cc: Roberto Serboli (Chiribiri) on lap 17 in 7m58.8s = 109.0 km/h (67.7 mph).
Winner's average speed over 2000 cc, Brilli Peri: 123.1 km/h (76.5 mph).
Winner's average speed 2000 cc, Stefanelli: 119.8 km/h (74.4 mph).
Winner's average speed 1500 cc, Serboli: 105.1 km/h (65.3 mph).
Weather: sunny, dry
Results of 1100 cc category
|1.||56||Abele Clerici||A. Clerici||Salmson||1.1||S-4||15||2h06m34.4s|| |
|2.||57||Antonio Zanelli||A. Zanelli||Fiat||509 S||1.0||S-4||15||2h40m19.2s||+ 33m44.8s|
|3.||53||Angelo Belloni||A. Belloni||Amilcar||1.1||S-4||15||2h42m01.0s||+ 35m26.6s|
|4.||54||Adolfo Mondini||A. Mondini||Fiat||509 S||1.0||S-4||15||2h47m23.4s||+ 40m49.0s|
|5.||51||Carlo Rossi||C. Rossi||Amilcar||1.1||S-4||15||3h06m58.0s||+1h00m23.6s|
|DNF||50||Omero Graziani||O. Graziani||Fiat||509 S||1.0||S-4||5||5 or more laps|| |
Fastest lap: A. Clerici (Salmson) on lap 7 in 8m13.4s at 105.8 km/h (65.7 mph).|
Winner's average speed, Clerici: 103.1 km/h (64.1 mph).
The final classification times published in newspapers and magazines deviated often by fractions of a second. However the first and second place differed by 10 seconds, the tenth place by 6 seconds and the
eighth place by one minute. We hope to have selected the correct times.
The Economy Trial
May 17, 1926 (Monday). 20 laps x 14.5 km (9.01 mi) = 290.0 km (180.2 mi)
|1||Valentino Negrizzolo||V. Negrizzolo||Fiat||---||---|
|2||---- " ----- ---- " -----||------- " -------||Fiat||---|| ---|
|3||Battista Cassara||B. Cassara||Fiat||---||---|
|4||Tarcisio Mandelli||T. Mandelli||Scat||Puch / Motol||895 points - Second|
|6||Edoardo Weber||E. Weber||Fiat||501 / Diesel||1.5||S-4||1107 points - First|
|7||Pietro Minguzzi||P. Minguzzi||OM||469 / Bizzarri||1.5||S-4||273 points - Fourth|
|8||Alberto Longo||A. Longo||Puch||---||---|
|..9||--- " --- --- " ---||---- " ----||Fiat||---||---|
|10||Giacomo Denadoni||G. Denadoni||Fiat||---||---|
|11||Augusto Fiorini||A. Fiorini||Fiat||/ Diesel||814 points - Third|
|12||Giuseppe Passarelli||G. Passarelli||OM||665 / Bizzarri||2.0||S-6||168 points - sixth|
|24||Alberto Dosio||Cav. A. Dosio||OM||665/ Elcosina||2.0||S-6||245 points - fifth|
The Economy Trial was held in the morning of the following day, on May 17 over a distance of 290 km or 20 laps on the same circuit. From thirteen entries just seven cars started and as far as speed
was concerned, the classification was established as follows: 1st Cavaliere Dosio (2000 OM) in 3h21m23s at 95.40s km/h; 2nd Minguzzi (1500 OM) in 3h39.02s at 87.422 km/h; 3rd Weber (1500 Fiat) in 3h50m41 m
at 75.428 km/h; 4th Passarelli (2000 OM); 5th Fiorini (Fiat); 6th Mandelli (Puch). After the finish, the Technical Commission completed the assessments and decided the ranking about the best fuel consumption.
First place with 10,000 lire prize money went to car #6 of Edoardo Weber (Fiat 501) with 1107 points. We added the available results to the entry list above.
Primary sources researched for this article:|
ACI - rivista, Torino
Corriere Padano, Ferrara
La Gazzetta dello Sport, Milano
La Stampa, Torino
L'Auto Italiana, Milano
Resto del Carlino, Ravenna
Special thanks to:
Ms. Mirna Monazza
Ms. Paola Masetta
COPPA DELLA PERUGINA
Perugia (I), 30 May 1926.
18 laps x 16.4 km (10.19 mi) = 295.2 km (183.4 mi).
Note: The #13 and #17 were not used, because drivers considered them unlucky numbers.
Materassi wins the Coppa della Perugina for the second time
by Hans Etzrodt
The Perugia Circuit attracted 40 entries which were divided into two categories. The 15 large cars over 1500cc were the center of interest, primarily the battle between Materassi (5.8-L Itala) and Brilli Peri
(4.9-L Ballot), but also Bona (2.0-L Bugatti), who retired after 16 laps. Brilli Peri retired after 17 laps which left the victory to Materassi. The 1500 cc category comprised 15 starters, where Alfieri Maserati
led for a few laps but retired on lap nine. Victory went to Croce in a Bugatti after his fight with Serboli (Chiribiri) and Rosti (Bugatti). The 1100 cc cyclecar class was won by Clerici ahead of Borzacchini both
in Salmsons, followed by Graziani (Fiat).
The Coppa della Perugina had been held annually since 1924 making this event the third in the series organized again by the Automobile Club di Perugia. It was held on the classic 16.4 km Circuit of Perugia, one of
the most beautiful in Italy on the Piano di Marziano route, which passed the Fontivegge Station, San Sisto, Strozzacapponi, Ellera, Olmo and Ferro di Cavallo. It had to be lapped 18 times for a total of 295.200 km.
The 40 entries were divided into two categories: up to1500 cc and over 1500 cc, however there were extra prizes for 1100 cc cars. The maximum allowable time was 45 minutes after the arrival of the overall winner.
The race had a prize fund of 122,000 lire of which the overall winner received 50,000 lire. There was 15,000 for the first in each class, 10,000 for second, 5,000 for third and 2,000 for fourth. 5,000 lire was
awarded to the first of the 1100 class and 2,000 for second. There was a prize of 2,000 lire for the fastest lap.
The popular race attracted 40 Italian entries, all of which are listed at the beginning of this report; however only 29 of them appeared at the start. The two favorites were the popular Emilio Materassi in the 5.8-L
Itala Special, who had won the first event in 1924 and finished second the following year. Just as popular was Brilli Peri with the 4.9-L Indianapolis winning Ballot who won the 1925 race. The 2-Liter Bugattis of
Bona, Stefanelli and Rosti were also candidates for one of the leading positions.
Materassi's Special had only a few Itala parts (clutch, gearbox, transmission) so to call it an Itala 55 Special, as it is often done, is misleading. The car had a custom-built chassis and suspension. It was called an
Itala for publicity reasons as Materassi owned the Itala agency in Florence. The engine was half of a V8 Hispano-Suiza aircraft engine so the capacity was about 5.8 liters. The source of the figure of precisely 4722cc
to be found in contemporary motor sport literature is a mystery. This is explained in Alessandro Silva's article about Italian aero-engined specials, which was published in The Automobile magazine.
The 1500 cc voiturette category comprised 15 starters. Alfieri Maserati was the fastest in this category during practice and he was the favorite to win. Seven cars in this category were 1100 cc cyclecars of which the
favorites were the Salmsons of Clerici, Borzacchini and Fagioli.
The category for cars over 1500cc started first with three in each row on the starting grid. Presenti (Alfa Romeo), Baroness d'Avanzo (Mercedes), Aymini (Diatto), Count Antonelli (Bugatti), Rosti (Bugatti), Baroncini (Diatto),
Nicoli (OM), Marquis de Sterlich (Diatto Spl.), Zaniratti (Bugatti), Materassi (Itala Spl), Bona (Bugatti), Brilli Peri (Ballot), Spinozzi (Bugatti) and Stefanelli (Bugatti). At 9:15 AM a cannon shot announced the start and
Mr. Flusilanini lowered the flag to release the 14 cars. Only the order of the first row is known:
Materassi with his "Itala" immediately took the lead ahead of Brilli Peri's Ballot.
After a pause of two minutes, the 15 cars of the 1500 category departed. Only the order of first row is known: Sbraci (Chiribiri), Durazzo (Bugatti), Borzacchini (Salmson), Ricci (Salmson), Anselmi (OM), Alloatti (Bugatti),
"Peter" (Bugatti), Fagioli (Salmson), Graziani (Fiat), Clerici (Salmson), Croce (Bugatti), Ciriaci (Fiat), Ruggeri (Mathis), Serboli (Chiribiri) and Alfieri Maserati (Maserati).
At the end of the first lap Materassi in his powerful Itala passed the grandstand after 8m30s with Brilli Peri only a hundred meters behind. Spinozzi in the 2000 Bugatti retired on the first lap with a broken oil pipe.
On the third lap it was still Materassi in his Itala Special ahead of Brilli Peri's Ballot, de Sterlich, d'Avanzo, Antonelli, Rosti and Stefanelli. Ruggeri retired on this lap with a broken oil pipe.
On lap four De Sterlich, with the engine turned off on his Diatto Special, came creeping along the downhill finish straight and could barely reach the pits from where he did not start again. On the same lap the Salmson
of Sandro Ricci ended his race with a broken leaf spring. Durazzo was forced to make a long pit stop to change a seriously damaged wheel after an excursion into a field.
After five laps Materassi still held the lead, followed a short distance behind by Brilli Peri. The duel of these two drivers was exciting and the spectators leant forward eagerly awaiting their arrival. Stefanelli in
the large Bugatti was at that time the most menacing opponent in third place. Maserati held the lead in the 1500 category at a superb pace after passing Croce and Serboli, who now followed further back. Fagioli
retired the 1100 Salmson during the fifth lap due to a loose oil cap, which forced him to give way to Clerici before he stopped at the pits without any hope of being able to return to the race, possibly with resulting
On lap seven Croce, made the fastest lap of the 1500 category in 9m16.8s at an average of 106.034 km/h. More retirements took place with Anselmi in the 1500 OM on lap eight followed by Ciriaci (1000 Fiat) and
Aymini (2000 Diatto) during their ninth lap. On lap nine Stefanelli with the 2000 Bugatti made the fastest lap amongst the 2000 cars in 8m58.8s at 109.577 km/h average speed.
On lap ten the leader Materassi made a lap in 8m36.4s at 114.330 km/h average speed which was the fastest lap of the race and carried a reward of 2,000 lire. He was followed by Brilli Peri after 2m3s, Stefanelli
by 4m39s, Croce by 7m14s, Bona by 9m20s, Borzacchini by 13m29s and Clerici by 17m23s. At the end of lap ten Alfieri Maserati, who in the first half of the race had held top positions, retired with a gearbox failure
near S. Sisto. Other reports claimed that he was forced to abandon with an ignition defect. Serboli had led the 1500 cc category on the first lap, but on the second Croce was leading. After four laps Maserati
took the lead but ignition trouble caused him to fall to second place before retiring on lap ten. Then Croce raised his pace and renewed the success of last year, lowering the previous record. Peter, Durazzo and
Anselmi followed but were not as fast, but their race was creditable. At the end of the lap the Bugattis of Antonelli and Alloatti retired.
On lap 13 Borzacchini in the 1100 Salmson made the fastest lap amongst the cyclecars in 9m47s at 100.579 km/h average speed. On the following lap Sbraci went off the road, overturning at the Strozzacapponi curve.
He was lucky to escape with slight abrasions. Baroncini retired one lap later with ignition problems.
On lap 17 the young Borzacchini, who had led the cyclecars from the beginning and was six minutes ahead, had to stop due to defects with the engine lubrication and dropped to second place. Clerici, although he was
delayed by three tire changes, now took the lead again amongst the 1100 cars.
On the 17th lap, near the end of the race, Brilli Peri, who was in second place two-minutes behind Materassi, retired with engine failure and reached the pits pushing his large Ballot along the downhill finishing
straight. After his retirement Presenti with a very consistent drive finished in second place in the major category. He was followed by Baroness d'Avanzo in the Grand Prix Mercedes, who had driven well but had
stopped several times for insignificant incidents that took away precious time.
Stefanelli had become second overall following Brilli Peri's retirement. When he was lapped by Materassi at the level crossing of Ferro di Cavallo on lap 17, he collided with a telegraph pole and overturned.
Fortunately, Stefanelli, his mechanic and the car escaped without serious consequences. After putting the car back on the road, they finished the race, although outside the maximum allotted time.
After Stefanelli's disappearance, Zaniratti (2000 Bugatti T30) took over first place amongst the two-liter cars, but he too lost time and Bona (2000 Bugatti) then took the lead. However, when Bona had a tire burst,
he also went off the road and the Bugatti overturned, ending up in a meadow. Fortunately, the driver reported only slight bruises but the car was wrecked. As a result Zaniratti thus happened to regain the lead
amongst the 2000 cars but then Rosti (2000 Bugatti) passed him on the last lap and won due to the misfortunes of his competitors. The race of Nicoli (2000 OM) deserved praise for its regularity and tenacity ending as seventh.
At this time nobody could even remotely threaten Materassi, who triumphantly completed his last lap. At the end of the straight at 11:53 AM Materassi crossed the finish line after 2h37m42s at 112.316 km/h average,
greeted by enthusiastic applause as winner of the III Coppa della Perugina. Materassi had lapped the entire field, including Croce's 1500 Bugatti in second place. The applause renewed at the arrival of Croce,
Presenti, Rosti and all the others who gradually completed the race. The most thunderous applause was repeated at the arrival of Baroness d'Avanzo who completed a race worthy of her brilliant drive. The total
average speed rose from 106.540 km/h in 1925 recorded by Brilli to 112.360 km/h, the new record of Materassi.
|1.||11||Emilio Materassi||E. Materassi||Itala ||Special||5.8||S-4||18||2h37m41.8s|
|2.||35||Pasquale Croce||P. Croce||Bugatti||T37||1.5||S-4||18||2h51m23.4s||+ 13m41.6s|
|3.||1||Bruno Presenti||B. Presenti||Alfa Romeo||RLTF 24||3.0||S-6||18||2h51m28.2s||+ 13m46.4s|
|4.||6||Carletto "Carlo" Rosti||C. Rosti||Bugatti||T35||2.0||S-8||18||2h54m59.4s||+ 17m17.6s|
|5.||40||Roberto Serboli||R. Serboli||Chiribiri||Monza C||1.5||S-4||18||2h57m06.2s||+ 19m24.4s|
|6.||10||Ferruccio Zaniratti||F. Zaniratti||Bugatti||T30 Indy||2.0||S-8||18||3h01m02.2s||+ 23m20.4s|
|7.||8||Andrea Nicoli||A. Nicoli||OM||665 S||2.0||S-6||18||3h03m36.8s||+ 25m55.0s|
|8.||34||Abele Clerici||A. Clerici||Salmson||SS||1.1||S-4||18||3h12m08.6s||+ 34m26.8s|
|10.||26||Baconin Borzacchini||B. Borzacchini||Salmson||GGS||1.1||S-4||18||3h22m57.6s||+ 45m15.8s|
|11.||2||Maria Antonietta d'Avanzo||Baroness d'Avanzo||Mercedes||GP 1914||4.5||S-4||18||3h25m21.2s||+ 47m39.4s|
|12.||33||Omero Graziani||O Graziani||Fiat||509S Monza||1.0||S-4||18||3h33m03.0s||+ 55m21.2s|
|13.||25||Enrico Durazzo||E. Durazzo||Bugatti||T37||1.5||S-4||18||3h35m09.8s||+ 57m28.0s|
|DNF||14||Gastone Brilli Peri||G. Brilli Peri||Ballot||Indy 1919||4.9||S-8||16||engine|
|DNF||11||Gaspare Bona||G. Bona||Bugatti||T35||2.0||S-8||16||crash|| |
|DNF||19||Ugo Sisto Stefanelli||U. Stefanelli||Bugatti||T35A||2.0||S-8||16||crash|| |
|DNF||7||Giulio Baroncini||G.Baroncini||Diatto||2.0||S-8||14||ignition|| |
|DNF||24||Vasco Sbraci||V. Sbraci||Chiribiri||Monza||1.5||S-4||13||crash|| |
|DNF||5||Domenico Antonelli||Count D. Antonelli||Bugatti||T35||2.0||S-8||10|| || |
|DNF||30||Giovanni Alloatti||G. Alloatti||Bugatti||T22||1.5||S-4||10|| || |
|DNF||42||Alfieri Maserati||Officine A. Maserati||Maserati||26||1.5||S-8|| 9||ignition or gearbox|| |
|DNF||4||Giulio Aymini||G. Aymini||Diatto||2.0||S-8||8|| || |
|DNF||37||Guido Ciriaci||G. Ciriaci||Fiat||509S||1.0||S-4||8|| || |
|DNF||28||Pietro Anselmi||P. Anselmi||OM||469||1.5||S-4||7|| || |
|DNF||32||Luigi Fagioli||L. Fagioli||Salmson||1.1||S-4|| 5||oil cap, engine|| |
|DNF||27||Sandro Ricci||S. Ricci||Salmson||1.1||S-4|| 4||leaf spring|| |
|DNF||9||Diego de Sterlich||Marquis de Sterlich||Diatto Spl||Hispano Suiza||5.9||S-4|| 4||engine|
|DNF||39||Angelo Ruggeri||A. Ruggeri||Mathis||1.1||S-4|| 2||oil pipe|| |
|DNF||16||Luigi Spinozzi||L. Spinozzi||Bugatti||T35||2.0||S-8||1||oil pipe|| |
Fastest lap over 1500 cc: Emilio Materassi (Itala) on lap 10 in 8m36.4s = 114.3 km/h (71.0 mph).|
Fastest lap 2000 cc: Ugo Stefanelli (Bugatti) on lap 9 in 8m58.8s at 109.6 km/h (68.1 mph).
Fastest lap 1500 cc: Pasquale Croce (Bugatti) on lap 7 in 9m16.8s = 106.0 km/h (65.9 mph).
Fastest lap 1100 cc: Baconin Borzacchini (Salmson) on lap 13 in 9m47s = 100.6 km/h (62.5 mph).
Winner's average speed, over 1500 cc, Materassi: 112.3 km/h (69.8 mph).
Winner's average speed, up to 1500 cc, Croce: 103.3 km/h (64.2 mph).
Winner's average speed, up to 1100 cc, Clerici: 92.2 km/h (57.3 mph).
Weather: dry and warm.
The timekeepers evidently had a problem keeping track of 29 cars. Consequently no intermediate times were published in the sources available to us. The time when the winner crossed the finish line after 18 laps was false and
did not correspond with the official classification time.
Primary sources researched for this article:|
ACI - rivista, Torino
La Gazetta dello Sport, Milano
La Stampa, Torino
L'AUTO ITALIANA, Milano
Special thanks to:
Ms. Paola Masetta
Giuseppe Prisco: Coppa della Perugina book.
Nideggen (D), 12 June 1926 (Saturday).
Racecars 1500 cc and above: 12 laps x 33.2 km (20.6 mi) = 398.4 km (247.6 mi).
Sports cars of 2000 cc and above: 10 laps x 33.2 km (20.6 mi) = 332.0 km (206.30 mi)
1500 sports and 1100 racecars: 8 laps x 33.2 km (20.6 mi) = 265.6 km (165.0 mi)
|Sports car Class C 3001 - 5000 ccc --- 10 laps|
|15||Heinz Hermanns||H. Hermanns||Buick||3.9||S-6||DNF, engine, compl. 9 laps|
|16||C. H. Dr. Tiegler||C.H. Tiegler||Benz||DNA - did not appear|
|17||Paul von Guilleaume||P. von Guilleaume||Steyr||12/40 hp||3.3||S-6||DNF, crash, compl. 3 laps|
|18||Max Bush||M. Bush||Benz||Sport 50 hp||4.1||S-6||1st in class 5h28m38s|
|Sports car Class D 2001 - 3000 cc --- 10 laps|
|22||Piero Bonelli||P. Bonelli||Fiat||DNS - started in 1100 class|
|23||Hans Keil ||H. Keil||Austro-Daimler ADM II||3.0||S-6||1st in class 5h05m28s|
|24||Peter Georg Schlegel||P. G. Schlegel||Hansa||P8/36 hp||2.1||S-4||DNF, completed 4 laps|
|25||Miss Karin Heeschen||K. Heeschen||NAG||2.6||S-4||DNA - did not appear|
|26||Kemp||Kemp||Apollo||DNA - Did not appear|
|27||Ummé||Ummé||Austro-Daimler ADM II||3.0||S-6||2nd in class 5h31m21s|
|Sports car Class E 1501 - 2000 cc --- 10 laps|
|30||Otto Hobeisel||O. Hobeisel||Bugatti||T30||2.0||S-8||DNA - Did not appear|
|31||August Karl jr.||A. Karl jr.||Rochet-Schneider||2.0||S-4||1st in class 5h17m35s|
|32||Josef Ludewig||J. Ludewig||Bugatti||T30||2.0||S-8||DNF, completed 1 lap|
|Sports car Class F 1101 - 1500 cc --- 8 laps|
|40||Karl Brackelsberg||C. Brackelsberg||Bugatti||Rabag T13||1.5||S-4||DNF, clutch, compl. 6 laps|
|41||Ernst Wilms||E. Wilms||BugattI||T23||1.5||S-4||DNF, retired on lap 1|
|65||Robert Felten||R. Felten||Mannesmann||5/20 hp||1.3||S-4||1st in class 4h00m08s|
|42||C. H. Dr. Tiegler||C.H. Tiegler||Mercedes||6/25/40||1.5||S-4||DNA - Did not appear|
|Sports car Class G 751 - 1100 cc --- 8 laps|
|45||Piero Bonelli||P. Bonelli||Fiat||509S||1.0||S-4||DNF, completed 1 lap|
|46||Heinrich Dörper||H. Dörper||Opel||4/14hp||1.1||S-4||1st in class- 4h10m08s|
|47||Edgar Dietrich||E. Dietrich||Opel||4/14hp||1.1||S-4||DNF, completed 3 laps|
|48||Müller||Müller||Helios||2/8 hp||1.0||F-2||2nd in class 4h53m37s|
|Racecar Class A - D over 2000 cc --- 15 laps|
|53||Gustav Münz||G. Münz||Ford||Spezial||3.0||S-4|
|54||Huldreich Heusser||H. Heusser||Steyr||VI Klausen||4.5||S-6|
|Racecar Class E 1501 - 2000 cc --- 15 laps|
|56||Hans E. von Trützschler||Baron H. Erik v. T. z. Falkenstein||Bugatti||T35||2.0||S-8|
|Racecar Class F 1101 - 1500 cc --- 12 laps|
|61||Willi Loge||AG für Automobilbau||AGA||6/30 hp||1.5||S-4|
|62||Josef Müller||Neckarsulmer Fahrzeugwerke||NSU||6/60 s/c||1.5||S-6|
|63||August Momberger||Neckarsulmer Fahrzeugwerke||NSU||6/60 s/c||1.5||S-6|
|64||Kurt Volkhardt||K. Volkhardt||Bugatti||Rabag T13||1.5||S-4|
|65||Robert Felten||R. Felten||Mannesmann||1.3||S-4||DNS - see sports class|
|Racecar Class G - I up to 1100 cc --- 8 laps|
|68||Hans Ulrich-Kerwer||Dr. H. Ulrich-Kerwer||Opel||4/14 hp||1.1||S-4|
Gustav Münz wins the Eifel-Rennen with his Ford Spezial
by Hans Etzrodt
From 23 starters only 10 cars reached the finish. The favorite amongst the eight race cars was Heusser (4500 Steyr) but he retired on the first lap. Hans von Trützschler (2000 Bugatti) completed only one lap.
When Momberger (1500 NSU) and Volkhardt (1500 Bugatti) retired on lap three, only four racecars were left in the race. After Loge (1500 AGA) retired on lap eight and Ulrich-Kerwer (1100 Opel) completed the required
eight laps in his class, only two cars were left in this boring procession. Münz (3000 Ford Spezial) finished first ahead of Müller (1500 NSU) and Ulrich-Kerwer (1100 Opel) was third.
The Eifelrennen at Nideggen was first held in 1922 and was repeated in 1924 and 1925. The official name was Eifel-Rundfahrt, which was changed in 1924 to Eifelrundfahrt and Eifel-Rennen in 1925.
The 1926 event was the fourth running. The choice of June 12, by the ADAC was unfortunate as it clashed with the June 8-13 Baden-Baden Automobile Contest, both of which were authorized by the ONS,
where many important entries were present, including well known drivers from Mercedes, Adler and Benz. The circuit remained the same during the five years with the start at Nideggen leading clockwise
through the towns of Berg, bypassing Wollersheim and Vlatten, then leading through Heimbach, Schmidt and Brück and back to Nideggen, to complete the 33.2 km lap. The undulating mountain course with numerous
turns was also referred to as 'The German Targa Florio'.
The 15 sports cars and 8 racecars raced simultaneously. This report deals only with the racecars, where most of the entries started in the 1500 class, including the NSU works race team which entered Josef Müller and
August Momberger in the latest NSU 6/60 hp models with a 6-cylinder s/c side valve engine of 1476 cc (59 x 90 mm), delivering 60 hp at 4000 rpm. The 1500 class was also contested by the Bugatti of Kurt Volkhardt with a
Rabag model. It was a Bugatti built under license by the Rheinische Automobilbau AG in Mannheim, with the bodies built in Düsseldorf. Also in this class was Willi Loge from Berlin with an AGA, manufactured by AGA
Fahrzeugwerke in Berlin-Lichtenberg. This was probably one of the 1500 two-seater sports cars which had been entered in the 1924 Targa Florio as a 6/30 PS model with a 4-cylinder 1495 cc (63.5 x 118 mm) engine,
delivering 30 hp at 3000 rpm. Alternatively, it may have been a 1925/26 sports car based on the 1924 car.
The 2-liter class had only the entry of a T35 Bugatti by Baron zum Falkenstein, who lived in Paris. The Baron was commonly known as Hans Eric von Trützschler, and Baron zum Falkenstein is the more
formal version. The favorite for this race was in the class over 2000 cc, Huldreich Heusser, in his fast 4.5-Liter 6-cylinder Steyr. In practice he had driven the fastest laps below 25 minutes. Another entry
came from Gustav Münz, who before WW I had worked for 11 years at the Mercedes factory and was a mechanic preparing Otto Salzer's car in the 1908 French Grand Prix. He was a garage owner and Ford dealer in nearby Düren,
who entered his 3-liter 4-cylinder Ford Spezial which he had built himself based on a Ford chassis. He had raced this car here in 1925 but with a 2-liter engine, which he bored out to 3-liters, adding different
pistons and rods for this race. He also reinforced the chassis and springs, correcting the problems he encountered in 1925. His self-designed race car was belittled by most of the other contestants and also by the press
and the racing committee. There was one entry in the 1100 class, by Dr. Hans Ulrich-Kerwer with a little 4/14 PS Opel Laubfrosch. All race entries are listed at the beginning of this report.
Alex Nickerson informed us that the Fiat driver Bonelli was Piero Bonelli an Italian Fiat representative in Germany during the 1920s.
The car with four red flags which was driven by race officials to open the circuit returned late due to a 20 minutes delay resulting from holdups clearing the circuit of spectators, bicycles, motorcycles, automobiles and
horse-drawn carriages. Soon afterwards the clouds disappeared and the weather improved and it became a sunny day. At the early morning start the 15 sports- and 8 racecars lined up for the start with an interval of 30 seconds
between each car. The sports cars started first with Bonelli in the little Fiat the first car to depart at 6:22 AM, followed by the others in its class and finally by the 8 racecars with the 1100 cc Opel of Ulrich-Kerwer first,
followed by Volkhardt, Momberger, Müller, Loge, Baron von Falkenstein, Heusser and finally Münz.
This report only deals with the eight race cars and ignores the race between the sports cars. On the first lap the favorite Huldreich Heusser retired with a broken piston. Müller stopped at his pit to have a broken
valve spring replaced and after a great loss of time he rejoined the race. The order after the first lap was:
|3.||v. Trützschler (Bugatti)||27m02s|
|4.||Münz (Ford Spezial)||27m10s|
|8.||Heusser (Steyr)||broken piston|
During the second lap von Trützschler retired his Bugatti with a failed engine bearing. He had come from Paris, which had made this race an international event. After the second lap Momberger led in 53m47s, followed by
Volkhardt 55m35s, Münz 57m56s, Ulrich-Kerwer 69m21s, Müller 106m11s and Loge 184m37s. On the second lap Loge had driven too fast through a turn, spun his car over the embankment where it plunged down and bent the axle.
After lengthy repairs, taking about two hours, he re-joined the race. On the third lap Momberger skidded sideways for 10 meters in one of the turns at Hasenfeld and retired with an unrepairable defect with the front brakes of his NSU. Volkhardt likewise
called it quits with a faulty clutch. Münz was now in the lead with the field down to four cars after three laps:
|1.||Münz (Ford Spezial)||1h35m35s|
After four laps Münz was leading in 2h02m01s with Ulrich-Kerwer second in 2h18m18s Müller third in 2h44m41s and Loge last in 4h10m05s. After five laps Münz led after 2h28m11s with Ulrich-Kerwer 2h53m09s, Müller 3h12m03s and Loge
4h41m36s. After the next lap Münz was received at the finish line with thunderous applause because he was now leading the fastest sports cars with the times as follows after six laps:
|1.||Münz (Ford Spezial)||2h58m25s|
After seven laps Münz was still in the lead in 3h30m33s with Ulrich-Kerwer second in 4h02m37s, Müller third in 4h09m15s and Loge last in 5h43m50s. After eight laps Münz led in 4h02m13s, although he had stopped twice with tire
failures. Müller was now second in 4h36m34s after he had passed Ulrich-Kerwer who was third in 4h37m29s. Loge retired on lap eight after he did not make a turn and crashed over an embankment bending the axle. Ulrich-Kerwer in his
1100 Opel finished his race after completing the required eight laps in 4h37m29s. There were only two racecars left after nine laps:
|1.||Münz (Ford Spezial)||4h30m21s|
After lap 10, Münz led after 5h18m09s, followed by Müller in 5h31m23s. On the next lap Münz still held first place after 5h48m22s and Müller made up some time with 5h58m51s. Münz crossed the finish line as the winner and was
cheerfully greeted by the mainly local crowd.
Results, race cars
|1.||53||Gustav Münz||G. Münz||Ford||Spezial||3.0||S-4||12||6h07m07s|
|2.||62||Josef Müller||Neckarsulmer Fahrzeugwerke||NSU||6/60 s/c||1.5||S-6||12||6h26m06s||+ 18m59s|
|3.||68||Hans Ulrich-Kerwer||H. Ulrich-Kerwer||Opel||4/14 hp||1.1||S-4||8||4h37m26s|| |
|DNF||61||Willi Loge||AG für Automobilbau||AGA||6/30 hp||1.5||S-4||7||crash, bent axle|
|DNF||63||August Momberger||Neckarsulmer Fahrzeugwerke||NSU||6/60 s/c||1.5||S-6||2||crash, front brake|
|DNF||64||Kurt Volkhardt||K. Volkhardt||Bugatti||Rabag T13||1.5||S-4||2||clutch|| |
|DNF||56||Hans E. von Trützschler||Baron H. Erik v. T. z. Falkenstein||Bugatti||T35||2.0||S-8||1||engine bearing|
|DNF||54||Huldreich Heusser||H. Heusser||Steyr||VI Klausen||4.5||S-6|| 0||piston|| |
Fastest lap: Gustav Münz (Ford Spezial) on lap 5 in 26m10s at 76.13 km/h (47.30 mph).|
Winner's average speed: Gustav Münz (Ford Spezial) in 6h07m07s at 65.10 km/h (40.46 mph).
Weather: sunny, warm and dry.
Four days later a celebration was held by the Dürer Automobil and Motorcycle Club and ADAC to honor Gustav Münz and the various other winners. At 9:00 in the evening when Münz entered the large hall filled
with a capacity crowd, everyone rose from their seats as one man and gave him a rousing reception. After various speeches Münz received the highest award from the club, the golden pin of honor. For his car
he received a golden plaque and a gigantic wreath. His riding mechanic, Breuer, was likewise awarded with a medal. Later, Gustav Münz was asked to talk about the race. He unleashed peals of laughter when
he described the start of the race, where he was placed after all cars as the last car to start and he said, "But the last will be the first, I thought, and then we drove on a pleasure trip."
Primary sources researched for this article:|
ADAC Motorwelt, München
Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung, Berlin
BZ am Mittag, Berlin
Der Nürburgring, Adenau
DÜRENER VOLKSZEITUNG, Düren
Generalanzeiger für Barmen & Elberfeld, Wuppertal
Wiener Sport-Tagblatt, Wien
Special thanks to: