Nürburgring (D), 29 May 1932.
14 laps x 22.810 km (14.173 mi) = 319.34 km (198.43 mi)
10 laps x 22.810 km (14.173 mi) = 228.10 km (141.73 mi)
Caracciola superior at the Nürburgring
by Hans Etzrodt
The tenth Eifelrennen was a mix of 23 cars comprising three different classes of which only six cars started in the class over 1500 cc, where Caracciola
in the factory Alfa Romeo was the favorite. Chiron and Dreyfus came from France, the former in a works Bugatti and the latter with an independent Bugatti
entry, courtesy of Chiron. German colors were defended by three independently entered 7.1-liter Mercedes-Benz driven by von Brauchitsch, Stuck and
Broschek. Caracciola's Alfa led from lap one followed closely by Dreyfus throughout the race. Chiron and Broschek both had to make several pit
stops and finished at the rear while Caracciola remained in front throughout the race, followed by Dreyfus in second place, von Brauchitsch third and
Stuck fourth. The monotonous race was overshadowed by the fatal practice accident of the famous German driver Heinrich-Joachim von Morgen.
The 1932 ADAC Eifelrennen departed from the old practice of using the Südschleife and was held on the Nürburgring Nordschleife of 22.810 km length.
The motorcycles were started at 10 o'clock in the morning while the cars were scheduled to start at 2:30 in the afternoon. A gap of approximately
four minutes was planned between the start of each of the three classes: class 1 up to 800 cc over 12 laps of 22.810 km equal to 273.72 km distance;
class two up to 1500 cc and class three over 1500 cc each 17 laps or 387.77 km. The actual race distance was later reduced to 10 laps for the 800 cc
cars to cover 228.1 km and 14 laps or 319.34 km for the larger cars. All three classes raced simultaneously. The race would be stopped not later than
20 minutes after the first of each class had ended the race. Monetary prizes amounted to about 24 000 Reichsmark, of which the first place for the
over 1500 cc class was awarded of 4000 RM with the honor cup of the Nürburgring, second place 1500 RM, third 1000 RM, fourth 300 RM and 5th 200 RM.
The other two classes also received monetary prizes, each for the first five places.
The first entry came from Manfred von Brauchitsch with a Mercedes-Benz SSKL but without the streamlined body in which he had won the week before at Avus.
The car was painted silver. The second car from Albert Broschek was a white Mercedes-Benz SSK without the drilled out chassis. Both cars were
independently entered, Brauchitsch however might have received assistance from the Stuttgart factory via Alfred Neubauer but no record was found to prove
this. The third Mercedes-Benz was the white SSKL, which Hans Stuck had used at the Avus, also an independent entry without works support. Rudolf
Caracciola arrived with a red 2.3-liter Alfa Romeo, a factory entry. There were three Bugattis, a white independent 2300 cc Type 51 for Heinrich-Joachim
von Morgen and two blue 2300 cc cars, one a works entry for Louis Chiron and the other an independent entry for René Dreyfus, who had taken an offer from
Chiron to drive one of his privately owned T51 Bugattis. The agreement was that Dreyfus would split his prize money with Chiron. László Hartmann changed
plans and entered in the next smaller class with a 1500 cc Bugatti. Hans Lewy and B. Frye were two independent Bugatti drivers, who were entered but
did not arrive. The ADAC also had listed early entries for Herman zu Leiningen and Hans Stuber but neither appeared.
The first official practice for cars was on Thursday, May 26 from 2 to 6 PM. Friday and Saturday practice took place at the same times. On Friday
afternoon practice the famous German driver Heinrich-Joachim von Morgen met his death. The cause of the tragic accident was never known because there
were no eye witnesses and it could only be determined by deduction how the crash might have happened. The crash site at Hatzenbach, about 1.5 km from
the start, was known as not at all dangerous . It was concluded that the car had left the road on a wide right-hand curve, the front end of the car went
into a ditch, then apparently turned over sideways and rolled over several times, to come to a rest about 12 meters further on. When Hartmann, Broschek
and von Brauchitsch, who had followed some distance behind von Morgen, arrived with their cars at the accident scene, they found the Bugatti at the exit
of the right-hand curve with the front in the ditch of the right side of the road, the rear of the car was still on the road. Von Morgen's lifeless body
hung out of the car, his head engulfed in blood. It was assumed that a triple fractured skull had brought von Morgen a quick death. When the ambulance
arrived at the crash scene, von Morgen had already died.
The following day a wake took place at the protestant church of Adenau. Caracciola, Chiron, Dreyfus, Stuck, von Brauchitsch, Hartmann and many others
were present and bore the coffin to the hearse. The actual funeral took place e few days later at the Berlin Wannsee cemetery.
Despite the unstable cool Eifel weather, 120,000 spectators had come to see the races. The flags draped in black ribbons were hanging at half mast in
homage to von Morgen's death. After the motorcycle races in the morning a heavy rain shower had drenched the circuit, which dried up again for the
2:30 start of the cars. The positions for the starting grid had been decided by drawing lots. The three classes were let loose at intervals of four
minutes, the 800 cc cars starting first. The class from 800 to 1500 cc was next, where Täuber took an immediate lead with his fast Alfa Romeo. Finally
the six cars of the heavy class moved into their positions on the starting grid.
Chiron and Dreyfus pulled away in their blue Bugattis to take an immediate lead that was not going to last long. Caracciola's red Alfa followed
closely in third place. Broschek had a bad start and immediately found himself at the rear of the field. When the cars exited the south turn, both
Frenchman were still leading. Chiron experienced engine trouble and fell to the rear but Dreyfus developed into a serious contender for the lead.
At the end of lap one Caracciola arrived first with Dreyfus close behind. After a while von Brauchitsch appeared in third place, then Stuck and
Broschek who stopped at his pit to change spark plugs. After a long interval Chiron arrived, stopped briefly at his pit, then carried on.
The order after lap one was:
Positions did not change during the following laps. The heavy Mercedes-Benz of von Brauchitsch and Stuck could not keep up with the nimble grand prix cars
out front. At the end of lap five it began to rain for a short while. Broscheck and Chiron both stopped again at their pits. After five laps the order
|1. Caracciola (Alfa Romeo)||12m35s|
|2. Dreyfus (Bugatti)||12m38s|
|3. v. Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)||12m51s|
|4. Stuck (Mercedes-Benz)||12m58s|
|5. Broschek (Mercedes-Benz)||13m12s|
|6. Chiron (Bugatti)||14m49s|
On lap six it was still raining and lap speeds came down for a while but positions did not change. As a result of the cool weather and the brief rain
shower the tires lasted throughout the race and no one had to change tires. The situation after ten laps was:
|1. Caracciola (Alfa Romeo)||1h00m51s|
|2. Dreyfus (Bugatti)||1h01m08s|
|3. v. Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)||1h02m06s|
|4. Stuck (Mercedes-Benz)||1h03m42s|
|5. Chiron (Bugatti)||1h08m31s|
|6. Broschek (Mercedes-Benz)||1h22m09s|
After the tenth lap the circuit dried up noticeably and lap speeds of all drivers increased. Chiron's Bugatti was finally running well, although he was
now too far back to threaten even Stuck's Mercedes in fourth place. Chiron's fastest lap was 11m45s, Dreyfus 11m49s and Caracciola established the fastest
lap of 11m42.8s on the fourteenth round. The three Mercedes drivers were much slower. Von Brauchitsch's fastest lap was 12m08s, Stuck's fastest was 12m31s
and Broschek 12m49s. Caracciola was in control of the race and won with ease. He raised his speed on lap 12, went even faster on the following lap and on
the last time around set the fastest lap of the race. Dreyfus never posed a real thread and finished 22 seconds behind Caracciola. However, the
Frenchman's performance was remarkable because this was the first time he had driven at the Nürburgring and had only two days of practice to become
acquainted with the innumerable turns of the difficult Eifel circuit. Chiron with his works Bugatti developed problems early on when he had to stop three
times at his pit. At the end of the race when his car was running properly again, it was too late to make up places and he did not drive faster than
Caracciola. Von Brauchitsch had the fastest Mercedes and finished third, followed by Stuck in the second SSKL. Broschek stopped five times at his pit,
near the end his supercharger broke down and he finished over 34 minutes behind Caracciola without the use of his supercharger. Interestingly, Broschek
was shown as last finisher, although regulations stipulated that cars were classified only if they finished within 20 minutes after the class winner.
|1. Caracciola (Alfa Romeo)||2h01m10s|
|2. Dreyfus (Bugatti)||2h01m27s|
|3. v. Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)||2h05m06s|
|4. Stuck (Mercedes-Benz)||2h07m31s|
|5. Chiron (Bugatti)||2h11m13s|
|6. Broschek (Mercedes-Benz)||2h31m09s|
The 1500 cc class, where only three out of the ten cars finished, was won by the Swiss Henry Täuber with his white and red Alfa Romeo in 3h07m24s. This
was Täuber's first time at the Nürburgring . At the start he immediately took the lead, followed by Hungarian Hartmann and Czechoslovakian Schmidt.
Then Schmidt had to retire with a broken oil pipe and the Luxemburg Zigrand fell back with problems. At mid-race Steinweg held third place in his
Amilcar but then retired with a broken gearbox. Dilthey also had to retire. Hans Ollendorf, a close friend of Heinrich-Joachim von Morgen, decided not
to start in reverence to his friend's death on Friday.
The cars of the 800 cc class had to complete only 10 laps. There were no lead changes and only three out of 12 starters finished. Gerhard Macher with
the streamlined DKW kept the lead from the beginning and came first ahead of Simons and Stoll. The two favorite British Austins of Frank Barnes and
Charles Goodacre had proven during practice laps that they were fast but preferred not to start because the new rear axles, which had been ordered, had
not arrived in time from England.
|1.||3||Rudolf Caracciola||R. Caracciola||Alfa Romeo||8C 2300||2.3||S-8||14||2h48m22.8s|
|2.||5||René Dreyfus||R. Dreyfus||Bugatti||T51||2.3||S-8||14||2h48m44.0s|
|3.||1||Manfred von Brauchitsch||M. von Brauchitsch||Mercedes-Benz||SSKL||7.1||S-6||14||2h53m18.6s|
|4.||10||Hans Stuck||H. Stuck||Mercedes-Benz||SSKL||7.1||S-6||14||2h57m50.6s|
|5.||4||Louis Chiron||Automobiles E. Bugatti||Bugatti||T51||2.3||S-8||14||2h58m06.0s|
|6.||2||Albert Broschek||A. Broschek||Mercedes-Benz||SSK||7.1||S-6||14||3h22m42.0s|
Fastest lap: Rudolf Caracciola (Alfa Romeo) in 11m42.8s = 116.81 km/h (72.60 mph)|
Winner's medium speed: 113.8 km/h (70.7 mph)
Weather: sunny, with one brief rain shower during race.
|1.||22||Hans Täuber||H. Täuber||Alfa Romeo||6C 1500||1.5||S-6||14||3h07m24.0s|
|2.||?||László Hartmann||L. Hartmann||Bugatti||T37A||1.5||S-4||14||3h17m59.0s|
|3.||20||Willi Seibel||W. Seibel||Bugatti||T37A||1.5||S-4||?||3h28m53.0s|
|DNC||?||Joseph Zigrand ||J. Zigrand ||Bugatti||T37A||1.5||S-4||13|| |
|DNF||17||Fritz Kortylewski ||F. Kortylewski||Bugatti||T37A||1.5||S-4||?|| |
|DNF||21||Rudolf Steinweg||R. Steinweg||Amilcar||1.1||S-6||10||gearbox|
|DNF||15||Friedrich Dilthey||F. Dilthey||Bugatti||T37A||1.5||S-4||?|| |
|DNF||19||Florian Schmidt||F. Schmidt||Bugatti||T37A||1.5||S-4||?||broken oil pipe|
|DNF||16||Beatrice Gilka-Bötzow||Frau B. Gilka-Bötzow||Bugatti||T37A||1.5||S-4||?|| |
Fastest lap: László Hartmann (Bugatti) in 12m53.0s = 106.23 km/h (66.01 mph)|
Winner's medium speed: 102.2 km/h (63.5 mph)
Weather: sunny, with one brief rain shower during race.
|1.||37||Gerhard Macher||G. Macher||DKW||.78||S-3||10||2h40m29.0s|
|2.||38||Hans Simons||H. Simons||DKW||.52||S-2||10||2h48m37.0s|
|DNF||36||Bobby Kohlrausch||R. Kohlrausch||BMW||Wartburg||.75||S-4||?||crash|
|DNF||29||Walter Bäumer||W. Bäumer||Austin||.75||S-4||?||did not finish|
|?||35||Fritz Hedderich||F. Hedderich||BMW||Wartburg||.75||S-4||?|
|?||30||Werner Bäumer||W. Bäumer||BMW||Wartburg||.75||S-4||?|
|?||34||Carl Götze||C. Götze||BMW||Wartburg||.75||S-4||?|
|?||40||Eugen Stößer||E. Stößer||BMW||Wartburg||.75||S-4||?|
|?||31||Toni Bauhofer||A. Bauhofer||DKW||.79||S-3||?|
Fastest lap: Hans Simons (DKW) in 15m12.0s = 90.04 km/h (55.95 mph)|
Winner's medium speed: 85.3 km/h (53.0 mph)
Weather: sunny, with one brief rain shower during race.
AZ - Motorwelt reported about the mystery of Morgen's fatal crash, quoting the BZ am Mittag.
"At von Morgen's crash site on Friday afternoon there were no spectators during practice and no cars were following closely. Because there were no eye
witnesses, the crash was forever to remain a mystery since the cause of the crash could never be explained. Von Morgen had new pistons fitted into his
engine. His first lap was therefore rather slow and the following lap was also driven in a gentle way." [There were no eye-witnesses and since he didn't
finish his second lap, there was no elapsed time to record his speed. It is quite possible that he was driving flat out.]
"But he never finished his second practice lap. Von Morgen knew how to drive his car on the wet circuit. He certainly could not have made a mistake."
[Nothing is certain. Even the best drivers make mistakes, especially in the rain. To preclude the possibility that his death was due to a driving error
- however small - is wrong to say.]
"Therefore it remained incomprehensible how the driver could have crashed at this totally harmless place. The possibility of an explanation was offered
by the observation that no skid marks were present, from which it was concluded that the driver had not been able to brake in the turns. Possibly he
still could have swung the car through the little left hand bend with the steering wheel but in the wide right hand turn the vehicle slipped away at the
rear. The car spun around and slid backwards broadside next to the raised road edge, which he touched first with the left front wheel. The car hustled
overturning across the ditch. The radiator punched a long hole into the slope after which the car rolled over sideways several times until it stopped
landing on its wheels, half in the ditch and half on the track, 12 meter away from the place of the first impact with the radiator. While the car rolled
over von Morgen suffered a double fractured skull, nasal bone and shoulder fracture and rib fractures to the left side. The car was only slightly damaged. The engine, wheels and tires were unharmed. Solely the steering column was slightly bent and a wide spoke of the right rear wheel was broken."
"Why had von Morgen not braked in the corners? Was he overcome by a sudden indisposition? This was a very unlikely theory. Chiron found inside the
car, lying close to the brake pedal, a piece of flat strap iron with inserted screw. The Frenchman said that this certainly did not belong to the car.
Did this strap iron impede him in using the brake pedal? Because a material defect could not be found on the car, one theory was that von Morgen could
have briefly turned his head sideways to check the rear tires and while doing so, he slightly went off the racing line but enough so that he could not
steer the car back at the speed he was doing. The car then came into the alongside running ditch where it turned over."
Primary sources researched for this article:|
ADAC Amtliche Mitteilungen
ADAC Motorwelt, München
Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung, Berlin
AZ - Motorwelt, Brno
Freiburger Zeitung, Freiburg i. Breisgau
Mercedes-Benz Archiv, Stuttgart
MOTOR UND SPORT, Pössneck
Stuttgarter Neues Tageblatt
The Motor, London
Wuppertaler General Anzeiger, Wuppertal
Circuit de Torvilliers - Troyes (F), 29 May 1932.
2 1/2 hour race on a 7.6km circuit
Entry and results lists incomplete. 23 starters in total, including sports cars.
Bugatti victory at local event
It was a two hour local event with racing and sports cars competing together, but apart from the results not much is known about it.
This was a local race, arranged by the Aube motorcycle and automobile club and sponsored by the "Le Matin" newspaper.
Torvilliers is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France, some 130 km SE of Paris, and the race was held on the roads between it and the nearby city of Troyes.
It was a 2 1/2 hour race and 23 racing and sports cars in seven classes raced together.
The car race was preceded by a two hour motorcycle race.
Apart from the results not much is known about the race. "Sim Devil" held an early lead but had to retire.
The duo Robert Gauthier / "Ivernel" were the winner in a 5 litre Bugatti, obviously a T54. Raymond Sommer finished second
and was the winner of the 5 litre sports car class. Then it gets more problematic. All sources agree that "Papa" Cattaneo finished third and Pierre Ray fourth but information differs
regarding what classes they were racing in. Either of them was the winner of the 3 litre sports car class while the other one finished second in the 5 liter class.
Mme. Odette Siko was fifth overall in an Alfa Romeo and second in the 3 litre sports car class. Girod was sixth and the only finisher in the 1.5 litre race car class.
Dupont in a Salmson was the winner of the 1.1 litre class with Vernet second in that class. In the 3 litre class Gavillon was the winner with Bernasconi in second position.
Sources used for this article:|
L'Express du Midi, Toulouse
Le Petit Niçois, Nice
Motor Sport, London
Stefan von Déván: Automobil und Motorrad Weltalmanach 1933
Paul Sheldon: A Record of Grand Prix and Voiturette Racing, vol 3, 2nd ed.
Special thanks to:
3-4 June 1932: Mrs. Elsie Wisdom/Miss Joan Richmond (Riley 1.1 litre) wins the J.C.C. 1000 Mile handicap race for stripped sports at
Brooklands from A. Saunders Davis (Talbot 3.0 litre ) and
Norman Black/ R. Gibson (M.G. 0.7 litre). There was a fatal accident involving M.G. driver H. Leeson.