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III MIĘDZYNARODOWE OKRĘŻNE WYŚCIGI AUTOMOBILOWE, GRAND PRIX LWOWA

Lww (PL), 11 June 1933
100 laps x 3.041 km (1.89 mi) = 304.1 km (189 mi)


No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Class over 1500cc:
2Jan KubičekJ. KubičekBugattiT35B2.3S-8
4Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
6Walter WustrowW. WustrowBugattiT35C2.0S-8
8Per-Viktor WidengrenP-V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
10Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
12Paul MorandR. MorandBugattiT35B2.3S-8
14Georges NaduG. NaduBugattiT35B2.3S-8
16Renato BalestreroR. BalestreroAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
18Lszl HartmannL. HartmannBugattiT35B2.3S-8DNS - practice crash
20Edward ZawidowskiE. ZawidowskiBugattiT35B2.3S-8DNS - influenza
Brje DahlinB. DahlinMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6DNA? - see text
 
Class up to 1500cc:
24Jan RipperJ. RipperBugattiT37A1.5S-4
26Anne Rose-ItierMme. A. Rose-ItierBugattiT51A1.5S-8
28Guido LandiG. LandiMaserati4CTR/4CM1.5S-8
30Hans SimonsH. SimonsBugattiT37A1.5S-4
32Pierre VeyronAutomobiles E. BugattiBugattiT51A1.5S-8
34Marja KozmianowaM. KozmianowaBugattiT37A1.5S-4
36Ernst-Gnther BurgallerE. BurgallerBugattiT51A1.5S-8
38Vittoria OrsiniV. OrsiniMaserati4CM-15001.5S-4
40Stanislaw HolujS. HolujBugattiT37A1.5S-4
42Hans ReschH. ReschAlfa Romeo6C1.5S-6
Bruno SojkaB. SojkaBugattiT37A1.5S-4DNS - illness


Bjørnstad wins rainy street race.

by Leif Snellman
In 1933 the Małopolski Klub Automobilowy organized a race through the streets of Lww for the fourth time. The Nordic drivers dominated the race which had only three finishers. Norwegian Bjrnstad won and Swede Widengren was moved up to second when Balestrero was disqualified after the race for an illegal pit stop procedure.
Lww (Lviv) is a city in the region of Galicia in eastern Europe with a stormy history. Founded in the 13th century it has belonged to Poland, Austria, USSR and nowadays Ukraine as well as being occupied several times by other countries. In the era between the World Wars it was a part of Poland but in the contemporary racing literature it is often referred to under its German name Lemberg. The Małopolski Klub Automobilowy (MKA) in Lww, affiliated to the Automobilklub Polski in Warszawa, held four GP races in Lwow from 1930-33 on a tight street type circuit. The profit from the 1933 event went to help the unemployed in Lwow.
      The start/finish line was at the Pełczyńska Street. After some 600 m the track took a double right turn at Świętej Zofii square, then continued upwards through the winding Stryjska street, turned in on Kadecka Street and continued downwards, then after a sharp bend returned to Pełczyńska Street. The entire track length was 3041 m. The difference between the lowest and highest point of the track was 55 m. It was also very demanding - it went through narrow streets with sharp turns and partly paved slippery road surfaces with tram rails. The course was bordered by houses, lamp-posts and trees. All dangerous sections were protected with sand bags to avoid serious accidents. Moreover on the track seven posts and nine telephones were installed at the most dangerous places for immediate communication in case of any accidents.
Entries:
The race was run in two classes. The Grand Prix class entry list was perhaps a bit weaker than in 1932 when it had included Rudolf Caracciola and Hans Stuck but still there was a Nordic trio with a Mercedes-Benz and two Alfa Romeo Monzas. Finnish driver Karl Ebb drow a Mercedes-Benz SSK while Per-Viktor Widengren and Eugen Bjrnstad arrived with their Monzas. Italian Renato Balestrero also entered an Alfa Romeo. Six Bugattis were entered for Jan Kubiček, Walter Wustrow, Roger Morand, Lszl Hartmann, Edward Zawidowski and the 1931 Lww sportscars race winner, Romanian Georges Nadu. Ten voiturettes filled up the rest of the field.
      Paul Sheldon has Swedish driver Brje Dahlin in his entry list. However, Dahlin is not to be found in any Polish source.
Practice:
Practice took place on Thursday, Friday and Saturday mornings between 4 a.m. - 6 a.m. !! Despite the early time and the rainy weather thousands of spectators observed the training. Bjrnstad was fastest at practice with a time of 2m08s while Burggaller headed the voiturette racers with a time of 2m14s. At the end of Saturday practice Hartmann was struggling and decided to return to the pit. While he slowed down, he for some reason did not signal his intention to come in. At the same time Widengren was approaching behind him at full speed and the cars collided. Hartmann was thrown out of the car and hit a fence. He was taken to hospital and was not allowed to take part in next day's race. The front axle on Widengren's Monza was damaged but Widengren was able to get the car ready for the race. Edward Zawidowski was not able to take part in the race because of influenza.
Race:
There were 30,000 spectators watching as the race started at 14.30 in heavy rain under a grey sky. The Grand Prix cars were lined in the front rows with the voiturettes lined up 50 meters behind them. First off were the eight Grand Prix class with the ten voiturettes following a minute later.
Pole Position
6
Wustrow

Bugatti

4
Bjørnstad

Alfa Romeo

2
Kubiček

Bugatti

10
Ebb

Mercedes-Benz

8
Widengren

Alfa Romeo

16
Balestrero

Alfa Romeo

14
Nadu

Bugatti

12
Morand

Bugatti

 
50m gap
 
28
Landi

Maserati

26
Itier

Bugatti

24
Ripper

Bugatti

32
Veyron

Bugatti

30
Simons

Bugatti

38
Orsini

Maserati

36
Burgaller

Bugatti

34
Koźmianowa

Bugatti

40
Resch

Alfa Romeo

42
Holuj

Bugatti

When the flag dropped Bjrnstad grabbed the lead and was closely followed by Ebb with Widengren in third position. Soon thereafter the Swede passed the Finn for second. After the first 10 laps the rain became less intense. The Nordic trio dominated the first laps of the race in order Bjrnstad, Widengren and Ebb but on lap 14 Ebb's SSK started to smoke and on lap 20 Ebb had to retire with an engine problem. Bjrnstad led to lap 34 but then Widengren passed him opposite of the main grandstand. Meanwhile the already small GP field had shrunken to three because the Bugatti drivers Morand, Wustrow, Kubiček and Nadu all had to retire because of technical problems.
      At half distance Widengren already held a one minute lead. The rain stopped after some 60 laps but the track was still wet and slippery. On lap 76 Widengren came in for a routine refueling stop. The refuelling point director asked him to stop the engine while refueling and that decided the race as the engine proved hard to start again. The Swede remained standing in the pit for a frustrating three extra minutes while he had to watch Bjrnstad and Balestrero pass. On lap 95 the Italian came in for his refueling stop but did not turn off the engine in the pit. That would have consequences later on. Due to an additional fuel tank Bjrnstad did the race non-stop and took the flag as the winner of the Lwow Grand Prix while Veyron (Bugatti) was victoious in the voiturette class. Bjrnstad, whose arms were completely worn out, was very happy with his victory. Due to the rain the medium speed of the winner was some four km/h slower than Caracciola had done with a similar car in 1932.
      After the race there was a protest against Balestrero as he had refused the order of the refueling point director Mr Tadeusz Skolimowski to stop his engine while refueling. Consequently he was disqualified and as a result there were just two finishers in the GP class.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.4Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81003h40m28.0s
DSQ16Renato BalestreroR. BalestreroAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-899(3h43m53.3s)
2.8Per-Viktor WidengrenP-V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8993h44m25.2s
DNF14Georges NaduG. NaduBugattiT35B2.3S-889
DNF2Jan KubičekJ. KubičekBugattiT35B2.3S-838
DNF6Walter WustrowW. WustrowBugattiT35C2.0S-832engine
DNF12Paul MorandR. MorandBugattiT35B2.3S-823engine
DNF10Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-620engine / radiator
Fastest lap: Eugen Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo) on lap 17 in 2m06.210s = 86.7 km/h (53.9 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 82.8s km/h (51.4 mph)
Weather: Rain during 60 first laps.


Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.32Pierre VeyronAutomobiles E. BugattiBugattiT51A1.5S-81003h52m44.1s
2.36Ernst-Gnther BurgallerE. BurgallerBugattiT51A1.5S-81003h54m02.0s
3.28Guido LandiG. LandiMaserati4CTR/4CM1.5S-8993h55m36.4s
4.24Jan RipperJ. RipperBugattiT37A1.5S-4954h04m26.4s
5.26Anne Rose-ItierMme. A. Rose-ItierBugattiT51A1.5S-894 
DNC34Marja KozmianowaM. KozmianowaBugattiT37A1.5S-493 
DNF30Hans SimonsH. SimonsBugattiT37A1.5S-478gear lever
DNF40Stanislaw HolujS. HolujBugattiT37A1.5S-453brakes
DNF42Hans ReschH. ReschAlfa Romeo6C1.5S-645 
DNF38Vittoria OrsiniV. OrsiniMaserati4CM-15001.5S-47fagigue
Fastest lap: () on lap 17 in = km/h ( mph)
Winner's medium speed: km/h ( mph)
Weather: Rain during 60 first laps.
In retrospect:
The next Grand Prix of Lww was planned for 5th June 1934, but was cancelled due to financial reasons. A new attempt to reactivate the race was made in 1937, this time as a sports cars event, but unfortunately that plan did not become a reality.

A great thanks to Andrzej Jakubaszek for his assistance with this race including providing me with race numbers, grid, correct spelling and details about the cars and the race itself. Also a great thanks to Tomas Karlsson for his assistance.

Star 11 June 1933: Bill Cummings (Miller) wins the Detroit AAA National Championship race.
Star 17-18 June 1933: Sommer/Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo) wins the Les 24 Heures du Mans race at the Circuit de la Sarthe in France.
Star 22 June 1933: Sir Henry Birkin died in Countess Carnarvon Nursing Home in London following the burns to his arm at Tripoli Grand Prix. on May 7; the wound had turned septic and he suffered from a malaria attack.



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IV GRAN PREMIO de PENYA RHIN
I COPA AUTOBILISTA BARCELONA

Circuit de Montjuc - Barcelona (E), 25 June 1933
40 laps x 3.791 km (2.356 mi) = 151.64 km (94.23 mi) (Note 1)


No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Esteban TortNacional PescaraNacional Pescara3.0S-8
4Marcel LehouxM. LehouxBugattiT512.3S-8
6Jean-Pierre WimilleJ-P.WimilleAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
8Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8 2.3?
10Joaqun PalacioJ. PalacioBugattiT352.0S-8
12J.-M. de TexidorJ.-M. de TexidorBugattiT35B2.3S-8
14Henrique LehrsfieldH. LehrsfieldBugattiT35C2.0S-8DNA - did not appear
16Juan ZanelliJ. ZanelliAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
18Vasco SameiroV. SameiroAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
20"Vega"G. Oliveras de la RivaBugattiT35C2.0S-8
22Guy MollG. MollAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8DNA - did not appear
24Edgard de MorawitzE. de MorawitzBugattiT35B2.3S-8 2.0?
26Stanisłas CzaykowskiCount CzaykowskiBugattiT545.0S-8DNA - did not appear
28Oscar StahelO. StahelBugattiT35C2.0S-8 1.5?
30Luis AngliEcurie FriderichBugattiT37A1.5S-8
32Emil DourelE. DourelAmilcarC6S-6


The Chilean Zanelli wins the war of attrition.

by Leif Snellman
The International Grand Prix of Penya Rhin was the first major race held on the Montjuc circuit. Lehoux initially led the race from Wimille but when Lehoux had to stop at his pit for a new tyre, Nuvolari took over the lead. Wimille headed for the pits with carburetor trouble. Nuvolari dominated the event until halfway through the race when he spent 11 minutes at his pit which put him hopelessly behind. Then it was Zanelli's turn to lead until he was passed by Lehoux. But the Algerian had to make another pit stop so Zanelli retook the lead and held it until the end to take the victory flag. Sameiro, Lehoux and Palacio finished next and further back in the field Nuvolari was driving a series of fast laps that finally earned him fifth position.
From 1921 to 1923 the Penya Rhin, a rather minor event, was held on the Vilafranca del Peneds street circuit some 30 km west of Barcelona. After an interval of ten years the Penya Rhin race returned to Catalonia on the Montjuc circuit. Organized by the Automvil Club de Espaa, the race was to be a full Grand Prix.
      The Montjuc Park on top of a 180 m high hill southwest of the Barcelona centre was overlooking the harbor. In 1913 it was selected to host an international exposition (world's fair). From 1917 onwards a lot of construction took place in the area for the fair. The park became dominated by the main building, the Palau Nacional, inspired by St Peter's Basilica in Rome. After several delays the fair finally took place in 1929.
      Another major building was the Olympic Stadium, Estadi Olmpic de Montjuc, built in 1927. In April 1931 Barcelona lost the bid for the 1936 Olympics to Berlin, with votes 43-16 and the stadium had to wait another 61 years to host the Olympic games.
      The street course in Barcelona twisted up and down around the base of the Montjuich hill, crested by the national museum and the world exhibition buildings. Cobbled pavement changed with asphalt and the city streets sections required even to cross street car tracks. The start and finish was located on Avinguda de Rius i Taulet (Note 2) under the grand staircase leading to the Palau Nacional and near the Font Magica fountain. From there the road went uphill and eastwards in a long fast sweeping left hand curve to Avinguda de l'Estadi that led downhill past the Olympic Stadium. This was followed by another uphill section to the highest point of the circuit to lead to a left hand hairpin that led downhill into a series of several slow corners through the park back to the pits and start.
      The race was scheduled for 25 June. Due to the Spanish Football Cup final on the same day it was decided that the race should be run early with the start planned at 11:00 AM. Apart from the 20,000 Pesetas going to the winner and the starting money there were extra prizes for fastest five consecutive laps during first and second parts of the race, prizes for best 1500 supercharged or 2000cc non supercharged car, prizes for best Spanish driver, etc.
Entries:
The entry list included some international stars mixed with local drivers. The organizers were able to have Scuderia Ferrari enter Tazio Nuvolari in a red Alfa Romeo Monza. Alfa Romeo Monzas were also to be raced by French driver Jean-Pierre Wimille (blue car), Portuguese Vasco Sameiro (probably a yellow car) and Chilean Juan Zanelli (blue-yellow car).
      Algerian Marcel Lehoux entered a Bugatti T51 (#51144) he had bought just before the race after having used #51143 on loan from the factory earlier during the season.
      Austrian Edgar de Morawitz, who had moved to Spain in 1927 and was a test driver for Ricart-Espaa, was to race a Bugatti, probably his T35B. Teamed with him was his friend Luis Angli, in a 1.5L Bugatti, probably a T37A owned by de Morawitz. Swiss-Spanish driver Oscar Stahel was to race in a 2 litre T35C. The objective was to win the 1.5L s/c & 2L u/s class.
      Local driver Esteban Tort was to race a Nacional Pescara, a race version of what initially was built as a Spanish luxurious car. Other Spanish drivers were Joaqun Palacio in a white Bugatti T35, Jose Maria de Texidor or "Texi" in a Bugatti T35C, and Guillermo Oliveras de la Riva, racing under pseudonym "Vega", also in a Bugatti.
      French Emil Dourel entering an Amilcar completed the field. Of the 16 entries, Guy Moll (Alfa Romeo Monza), Count Czaykowski (Bugatti T54) and Henrique Lehrsfield (Bugatti T35C #4930) never appeared.
Practice:
The first practice session was scheduled for Wednesday, 21st between 5 and 7 PM. Some of the local drivers took part in it, trying out the unfamiliar circuit. The next day the foreign drivers started to arrive. Lehoux took out his Bugatti to set the fastest lap of the day, with a time of 2m23s, equaling the lap record, held by Ernesto Vidal on a Norton motorcycle.
      The Friday practice session was run between 8 and 10 in the morning. Lehoux continued to dominate, dropping the lap times to 2m22s, then to2m21s and finally 2m19.4s. Among the locals Tort made an impression by taking the Nacional Pescara around the circuit in 2m23.4s.
      Last practice was on Saturday 10:30 -11:30 AM. Nuvolari and Wimille got their first chance to check out the track. Nuvolari ended up fastest with a time of 2m16s while Wimille was three seconds slower.
Race:
In the morning before the Grand Prix there was a cycle race "Revancha de la Vuelta Ciclista a Cataluna" won by Italian Alfredo Bovet.
      The interest in the race was high. The closeness to the city made that over 50,000 spectators, while ("La Stampa" quoted 80,000 came to see the spectacle on the shaded boulevards of the park. An entrance ticket to the area cost 2.50 pesetas (Note 3).
      The Grand Prix itself started at 11:30 AM, half an hour late. The thirteen cars on the grid were arranged in rows of three according to the pre-drawn race numbers:
Pole Position
2
Tort

Nacional P.

4
Lehoux

Bugatti

6
Wimille

Alfa Romeo

8
Nuvolari

Alfa Romeo

10
Palacio

Bugatti

12
Texidor

Bugatti

16
Zanelli

Alfa Romeo

18
Sameiro

Bugatti

20
"Vega"

Bugatti

24
de Morawitz

Bugatti

38
Stahel

Bugatti

30
Angli

Bugatti

32
Dourel

Amilcar

As the flag was dropped Nuvolari made the best start from the second row to momentarily keep the lead but he lost it during the first lap. As they passed the finish line for the first time the order was Lehoux, Wimille, Tort, Nuvolari, Palacio, Zanelli, Sameiro, Morawitz, Dourel, Angi, de Texidor, Sahel and "Vega". On the second lap Nuvolari passed Tort for third position and Dourel overhauled Morawitz while Palacio made a short pit stop to sort out a problem with his Bugatti.
      The top five drivers immediately started to open up a gap to the rest of the field. Tort, who had made a great race, had to stop after five laps because of carburetor problems. A plug was changed but the problems continued and Tort decided to call it a day after seven laps.
      On the seventh lap Lehoux slowed down with a tyre problem. Nuvolari, who had followed Wimille closely, passed both Wimille and Lehoux to take the lead. Lehoux made a really fast pit stop to change one tyre and was away again after 25 seconds.
      Things were not going well for the Spaniards. A few laps later Angli had to give up just as Tort had done before and both "Vega" and Stahel had to make pit stops for adjustments.
      Nuvolari was dominating the race. He did laps seven to 11 at an average time of 2m19.2s a lap, taking the prize for five fastest consecutive laps during the first part of the race and putting the lap record down to 2m17.6s. Behind him Wimille had lost almost 2 minutes to the leader with Zanelli in third position also struggling to keep the high pace. Then Wimille got carburetor problems and had to pit, leaving Zanelli in his Monza in second position while Portuguese driver Sameiro in another Monza was up to third for a while. Behind them Lehoux was closing in.
      The situation after ten laps:
1. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)
2. Zanelli (Alfa Romeo)
3. Someiro (Alfa Romeo)
4. Lehoux (Bugatti)
5. Wimille (Alfa Romeo)
6. Palacio (Bugatti)
7. Dourel (Amilcar)
8. Morawitz (Bugatti)
9. Texidor (Bugatti)
10. "Vega" (Bugatti)
11. Stahel (Bugatti)

The situation remained the same on the fifteenth lap. On lap 17 Stahel retired his Bugatti.
      Lehoux passed Sameiro for second position and then the Portuguese driver was also forced to let Wimille by. On the 20th lap the loudspeakers suddenly announced that Nuvolari had struck trouble near the Stadium. Zanelli passed the finish line in a good lead. Then followed Lehoux, Wimille, Someiro, Palicio, Dourel and finally Nuvolari, who came slowly rolling into the pit. The carburettor float had jammed in open position. All the spark plugs were wet and had to be changed. It took a long time to fix and when Nuvolari finally returned to the race 11m20s later, he had lost five laps on the leader. On the next lap "Vega" retired his Bugatti.
      The situation after 25 laps:
1. Zanelli (Alfa Romeo)
2. Lehoux (Bugatti)
3. Wimille (Alfa Romeo)
4. Someiro (Alfa Romeo)
5. Palacio (Bugatti)
6. Dourel (Amilcar)
7. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)
8. Morawitz (Bugatti)
9. Texidor (Bugatti)

Up at the front Zanelli had no chance against Lehoux who passed him for the lead. Wimille was still third and Palacio now fourth, having done a good progress from the back of the field after his early pit stop. Lehoux lowered the lap record to 2m16.6s but on the next lap he was in the pit for new plugs, dropping to fourth and Zanelli retook the lead. But on lap 31 the leader changed again as Wimille caught the Chilean and passed him.
      But the main attraction of the race was now Nuvolari. The spectators had the chance to see the flying Mantuan at his best. His Monza was all over the track, the driver wildly turning the wheel. The lap record dropped to 2m15s, then 2m14s and finally 2m13.1s on lap 25 (Note 4). During laps 29-33 Nuvolari did the five fastest consecutive laps of the second part of the race with an average time of 2m16.1s, i.e. faster than Lehoux' earlier lap record. He re-passed the whole field once and he re-passed it twice, but with an 11 minutes handicap his task to reach a top position was impossible.
      Wimille held the lead for only one round because on lap 32 the car came to a stop near the Stadium with a compressor or ignition failure. At the same time Zanelli suffered a spark plug failure but he had the situation under control. Running his Monza on seven cylinders he cruised on to take the victory with over a 100 seconds margin from Sameiro's similar car with Lehoux, who had suffered both ignition and gearbox troubles with his Bugatti finishing third, another minute behind. Palacio was fourth and Nuvolari finished fifth, two laps behind.
      Dourel started his last lap in sixth position. As he arrived at the finish line, the engine of the Amilcar died, and Dourel jumped out and pushed the car over the line. The organizers originally thought that pushing was against the rules, so they considered that Dourel had not completed the last lap and dropped him to eighth behind de Morawitz and Texidor in the provisional results.
      But that night, reviewing the race, it was discovered that pushing was not against the rules after all, so Dourel was reinstated in sixth place and became the winner of the small class (Note 5). It was also noticed, as the rules asked for, that the flagman had failed to flag off de Morawitz and Teixidor when five minutes had passed since the winner took the flag. They had thus gained an extra 36th lap that was now removed. However it was too late to inform the press so the papers published the incorrect results the next day. The correct results were published by El Mundo Deportivo on 28th June.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.16Juan ZanelliJ. ZanelliAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8401h35m38.3s
2.18Vasco SameiroV. SameiroAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8401h37m24.0s+ 1m45.7s
3.4Marcel LehouxM. LehouxBugattiT512.3S-8401h38m34.2s+ 2m55.9s
4.10Joaqun PalacioJ. PalacioBugattiT352.0S-8401h39m34.2s+ 3m55.9s
5.8Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-838
6.32Emil DourelE. DourelAmilcarC6S-6351h33m23.7s
7.24Edgard de MorawitzE. de MorawitzBugattiT35B2.3S-8351h38m42.7s
8.12J.-M. de TexidorJ.-M. de TexidorBugattiT35B2.3S-8351h40m06.7s
DNF6Jean-Pierre WimilleJ-P.WimilleAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-832ignition
DNF20"Vega"G. Oliveras de la RivaBugattiT35C2.0S-821carburettor
DNF28Oscar StahelO. StahelBugattiT35C2.0S-817
DNF30Luis AngliEcurie FriderichBugattiT37A1.5S-89
DNF2Esteban TortNacional PescaraNacional Pescara3.0S-87engine
Fastest lap: Tazio Nuvolari on lap 25 in 2m13.1s = 102.5 km/h (63.7 mph) (Note 4)
Winner's medium speed: 95.1 km/h (59.1 mph) (Note 1)
Weather:
Fastest lap sequences, first part of the race:
Nuvolari on laps 7-11: 2m14.4s + 2m18.6s + 2m16.9s + 2m15.9s + 2m20.2s = 11m26.0s
Lehoux on laps 16-20: 2m17.4s + 2m19s + 2m20s + 2m17s + 2m19s = 11m32.4s
Wimille on laps 16-20: 2m18.1s + 2m18.7s + 2m19.8s + 2m19.1s + 2m17s = 11m33.7s (Note 6)

Second part of the race:
Nuvolari on laps 29-33: 2m14.5s + 2m14.6s + 2m13.2s + 2m14.1s + 2m13.8s = 11m10.2s
Lehoux on laps 34-38: 2m17.9s + 2m17.4s + 2m17.8s + 2m18.6s + 2m16.7s = 11m28.4s
Wimille on laps 22-26: 2m17s + 2m18.3s + 2m17.7s +2m19.1s + 2m18.2s = 11m30.3s? (Note 6)

In retrospect:
The race had been a great success and circuit would prove to be quite popular with drivers and Grand Prix fans alike. Part of the track was broadened in 1934, and thereafter, apart from changing the position of pits and start to the other side of the circuit after the war, the circuit more or less kept its appearance until the infamous 1975 race where the drivers had a bad clash with the organizers regarding the safety arrangements and Rolf Stommelen had a serious crash resulting in four fatalities and several wounded.

Footnote:
1. There is no doubt that the exact length was 3.791 km; that number was even used for a pre-race speed table in El Mundo Deportivo. But the official results from the race used a 3.79 km circuit length.
2 At least that's the current name of the street. I have been unable to find any 1930s Barcelona maps.
3.Four or five dollars in current money. A peseta was worth about a tenth of a dollar back in 1933.
4. Lap 25 according to El Mundo Deportivo. Lap 32 According to Il Littoriale. Lap 29 according to La Stampa. Gimeno Valledor's book says lap 28 but that's not possible as Nuvolari made his fastest lap series on laps 29-33.
5. That's how the story goes but note that the results gave 35 laps for Dourel both in the initial and the corrected lists!
6. Sum of times given by El Mundo Deportivo is in fact 11m32.7s. For second part the paper gives same sum for Wimille as for Lehoux (11m28.4s ) by mistake.

Primary sources researched for this article:
El Mundo Deportivo, Barcelona
Il Littoriale, Roma
La Stampa, Torino
ADAC Motorwelt, Mnchen
Motor Sport, London
The Motor. London
For this race report Pablo Gimeno Valledor's book "Los Grandes Premios de la Penya Rhin" also proved very useful.
Special thanks to:
Michael Mller
Alex Verges
Felix Muelas

Star 1 July 1933: Chiron/Chinetti wins the Les 24 Heures de Spa sports car race at Spa-Francorchamps.



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II BRITISH EMPIRE TROPHY

Brooklands (GB), 1 July 1933 (Saturday).
45 laps x 4.47 km (2.78 mi)? = 201.2 km? (125.0 mi)


No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

1Stanisłas CzaykowskiCount CzaykowskiBugattiT545.0S-8
2Oliver BertramO. BertramDelageV12 LSR10.5V-12
3Kaye DonK. DonBugattiT545.0S-8
4John CobbJ. CobbNapier-RailtonSpl.24.0W-12DNA - car not ready
5Frank HallamF. HallamAlvis8/15 FWD1.5S-8
6Charles DunhamC. G. H. DunhamAlvisSpeed 202.5S-6
7Ron HortonR. T. HortonMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6
8Gerard Manby-ColegraveG. F. Manby-ColegraveMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6
9Hector DobbsH. G. DobbsRileySpecial2.0S-6DNS
10Dick ShuttleworthR. O. ShuttleworthBugattiT512.3S-8DNS


The absence of the Napier-Railton leaves the Bugattis to dominate.

by Leif Snellman
The British Racing Drivers' Club (B.R.D.C.) Empire Trophy Meeting was the fifth of ten major 1933 race meetings at Brooklands, the others nine being the B.A.R.C. Spring Meeting on 11 March, the B.A.R.C. Easter Meeting on 17 April, the J.C.C. International Trophy on 6 May, the B.A.R.C. Whitsun Meeting on 5 June, the B.A.R.C. Inter-Club Meeting on 8 July, the L.C.C. International Relay on 22 July, the B.A.R.C. August Meeting on 7 August, the B.R.D.C. 500 Mile Race on 16 September and the B.A.R.C. Autumn Meeting on 21 October. The Empire Trophy was one of only two Brooklands meetings that year that included a scratch race.
      For 1933 the track had received a new bridge over the River Way since the original bridge from 1907 was beyond repair.
Entries and qualifying:
Four cars were directly accepted for the Empire Trophy, run as a 125 mile scratch race on the outer circuit. These four cars were Kay Don's and Count Czaykowski's Bugattis with Meo Constantini from the Bugatti factory accompanying the latter entry, Bertram's ex land speed record Delage and Cobb's giant Napier-Railton. The Napier-Railton however was still completed at Thompson and Taylors and the car wasn't even on static display in the paddock as hoped. Six more cars qualified for the event via two 50 mile handicap races, the India Trophy for cars under 1.100 cc and the Canada Trophy for the bigger cars.
      The cars were selected by actual speed rather than handicap results so that Watson (MG), the winner of the India Trophy, failed to qualify as did second placed Evans while third placed Horton (MG), who had made a new 1.100 cc lap record of 115.55 mph during the race, qualified for the final as did Manby-Colegrave (MG) and Dobbs (Riley).
      From the Canada Trophy race finishers the winner Hallam in a front wheel driven two seater TT-Alvis went on to the final as did third positioned Shuttleworth with a Bugatti and Dunham in a four seater Speed Twenty Alvis.
Race:
The day started off with the India Trophy, as already mentioned won by Watson, followed by the Canada Trophy won by Hallam. Then it was time for the Empire trophy. Shuttleworth was a non starter and it is unclear whether Dunham's Alvis blew the gasket during the final or already during the Canada Trophy and never came to the start. As usual at Brooklands the cars lined up in number order in single line across the track.
 
Grid in line across the track

For the first time in British racing history the cars were released by waving the Union Jack. As Brooklands starter A.V. Ebblewhite dropped the flag Bertram made the best start but soon Kaye Don took command followed by Czaykowski, Bertram and Hallam.
      On lap 10 Kaye Don and Czaykowski had already lapped most of the field and came up to lap Bertram . At the same moment when Kaye Don passed Bertram's Delage on the outside the railway straight, Czaykowski went to the inside and passed both cars to take the lead. Soon afterwards Kaye Don had to slow down as the Bugatti was loosing oil pressure. Czaykowski was informed and he too slowed down and cruised on to take the victory.
      On lap 28 Bertram had to retire with the crown wheel breaking up on the Delage, relinquishing 3rd position to Horton. But Horton's MG started to misfire at the end of the race and he lost the position to Manby-Colegrave. The only other finisher was Hallam.
     

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.1Stanisłas CzaykowskiCount CzaykowskiBugattiT545.0S-8451h00m28.0s
2.3Kaye DonK. DonBugattiT545.0S-8451h01m36.4s+ 1m08.4s
3.8Gerard Manby-ColegraveG. F. Manby-ColegraveMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6451h09m54.2s+ 9m26.2s
4.7Ron HortonR. T. HortonMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6451h09m56.0s+ 9m28.0s
5.5Frank HallamF. HallamAlvis8/15 FWD1.5S-8451h12m32.4s+ 12m04.4s
DNF2Oliver BertramO. BertramDelageV12 LSR10.5V-1228crown wheel
DNF6Charles DunhamC. G. H. DunhamAlvisSpeed 202.5S-6gasket - possibly a DNS
Fastest lap: Achille Varzi on lap 99 in 1m59.0s = 96.202 km/h (59.780 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 199.62 km/h ( )
Weather:




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VIII GRAND PRIX de la MARNE

Reims-Gueux (F), 2 July 1933.
51 laps x 7.826 km (4.863 mi) = 399.1 km (248.0 mi)


No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Philippe EtancelinP. EtancelinAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
4Marcel LehouxM. LehouxBugattiT512.3S-8
6Guy MollG. MollAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
8Jean-Pierre WimilleJ-P. WimilleAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
10Raymond SommerR. SommerAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
12Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
14Pierre FlixP. FlixAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
16Benot FalchettoB. FalchettoBugattiT512.3S-8DNA - did not appear
18Giuseppe CampariOfficine A: MaseratiMaserati8CM3.0S-8
20Whitney StraightW. StraightMaserati26M2.5S-8
22Horst von WaldthausenEquipe Villars-WaldthausenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
24Goffredo ZehenderG. ZehenderMaserati8CM3.0S-8
26Julio VillarsEquipe Villars-WaldthausenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
28Paul PietschP. PietschAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
30Charly JellenC. JellenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
32Juan ZanelliJ. ZanelliAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8DNA - did not appear
34Clemente BiondettiC. BiondettiMB Speciale3.0S-8
36Louis BraillardL. BraillardBugattiT512.3S-8


Etancelin victorious with Alfa Romeo

by Hans Etzrodt
The Marne Grand Prix on the Reims-Gueux road circuit was another race that was decided only in the last laps. Lehoux and Nuvolari were the early leaders. Campari's challenge for the lead ended when he retired early in the race with an injured eye. Lehoux also had to retire, followed by Nuvolari when his Alfa broke another rear axle drive. Etancelin held the lead until he stopped in the pits, which brought Moll to the front. But then Moll also had to stop and Wimille became first. Etancelin maintained his long hard battle until he regained the lead near the end. After a closely fought final battle victory fell to Etancelin, one of Europe's best private drivers, finishing only 1/5 second ahead of Wimille.
The eighth Grand Prix de la Marne was organized by the A.C. de Champagne. The event for racing cars was over 51 laps or 399.126 km on the same 7.826 km Reims-Gueux road circuit, where the French Grand Prix had been staged the prior year. The triangular course just outside Reims consisted of two long and extremely fast straights and a winding section that were connected by three rather critical corners of Gueux, La Garenne and Thillois. The circuit had been carefully improved for the previous year's Grand Prix and allowed speeds that were higher than on other road circuits. The total prize money was 120,000 French francs of which the victor was to receive 50,000 francs.
Entries:
Almost all competitors from the French Grand Prix were to appear again at Reims and interesting battles were expected. Therefore it came as no surprise that in France this race was talked about as the great revenge of the French Grand Prix, which had taken place just three weeks before. Nuvolari was the sole Scuderia Ferrari entry in the 2.6-liter Alfa Romeo. The Maserati factory entered Campari with the latest 3-liter monoposto. The remaining entries were made by independent drivers. Etancelin, Sommer, Flix, Moll, Pietsch, Jellen, Villars and Baron von Waldthausen started in Alfa Romeos. Lehoux, Wimille and the Swiss driver Braillard entered their Bugattis. Whitney Straight in his first proper grand prix race appeared with an older 2.5-liter Maserati and Zehender arrived with his 3-liter monoposto Maserati. Biondetti entered his MB-Speciale and Giovanni Minozzi turned up as his substitute driver. Juan Zanelli did not appear at all, while Benot Falchetto preferred not to start since his car was insufficiently prepared. AUTOMOBIL-REVUE reported that Louis Chiron had also entered but since several changes had to be made to his Alfa Romeo he withdrew his entry. Instead he raced the same weekend with his sports Alfa Romeo at the Spa 24-hour race, which he happened to win with his mechanic Chinetti, finally ending his unlucky streak that had haunted him since the beginning of this year's racing season.
Practice:
This year's practice was of greater interest because the Marne Grand Prix was the second venue in Europe after Monte Carlo where the cars started according to their times made in practice. A traditional ruling existed at Reims that placed the prior race winner on pole position. Lehoux, victorious in the 1931 event, was therefore assured of the pole position but then he simultaneously established the fastest practice lap with his 2.3-liter Bugatti. Campari and Zehender in the 3-liter Maserati monoposti were next fastest and also placed on the first row. Sommer completed his practice on Friday in order to participate at the 24-hour race at Spa Francorchamps, where he drove the first part on Saturday and Stoffel the second half, finishing second in their sports Alfa. After eight o'clock on Sunday, Sommer returned by plane to Reims in time for the race. Although Nuvolari was a late arrival and unable to practice, he was of course as one could expect, considered favorite to win the race. No practice times were given for Villars and Baron von Waldthausen, so both were placed at the rear of the starting grid.
Race:
The starting grid of sixteen cars assembled with the pole position, as was tradition, on the right side. The start was set for 2:00 PM on a sunny Sunday afternoon.
Pole Position
24
Zehender

Maserati
3:02.6

18
Campari

Maserati
3:02.2

4
Lehoux

Bugatti
3:02.0

8
Wimille

Alfa Romeo
3m06.2s

2
Etancelin

Alfa Romeo
3m04.4s

10
Sommer

Alfa Romeo
3m10.0s

34
Biondetti

MB
3m10.0s

6
Moll

Alfa Romeo
3m07.8s

28
Pietsch

Alfa Romeo
3m14.2s

36
Braillard

Bugatti
3m10.0s

26
Villars

Alfa Romeo


14
Flix

Alfa Romeo
3m14.8s

30
Jellen

Alfa Romeo
3m14.8s

12
Nuvolari

Alfa Romeo


20
Straight

Maserati
3m30.8s

22
Waldthausen

Alfa Romeo

Lehoux and Zehender made the best start, followed by Moll and Sommer. By the end of the first lap Lehoux in the Bugatti was in the lead, followed by the Alfa Romeos of Nuvolari, who was already in second place, then Moll, Wimille and Flix, then Zehender's Maserati. On lap two Nuvolari went into the lead, Lehoux was second, followed by Etancelin. Jellen stopped at his pit. The average speed of the race increased continuously. On lap three Nuvolari established the fastest lap of the race with 3m5s at an average speed of 152.290 km/h. His race average was 150 km/h, leading Lehoux by 10 seconds, followed by Etancelin and Campari. Jellen again stopped at his pit and retired the Alfa Romeo. On lap four Nuvolari was already 14s ahead of Campari who had passed Lehoux for second place; Etancelin was fourth. Villars retired his Alfa with a leaking oil reservoir. On lap seven Nuvolari was 21s ahead of Campari, followed by Lehoux and Etancelin. Pietsch made a pit stop on lap eight and Campari pulled into his pit on lap nine after a stone had hit his face and he retired with a slight eye injury. Flix, who had already stopped once for a repair on lap two, came slowly into the pits to retire his Alfa Romeo.
      After 10 laps Nuvolari led with 31m28s, an average speed of 149.224 km/h. The order behind him was Lehoux, Etancelin, Zehender, Pietsch and Moll. Pietsch disappeared after 10 laps. Zehender retired on lap 12 also after being hit by a stone in the face. On lap 13 Nuvolari had built an advantage of 44s over Lehoux. The Italian, driving with great regularity, continuously increased his advantage and on lap 15 was 1m02s ahead of Etancelin, who had moved into second place after Lehoux stopped for the first time at his pit. A great battle was now expected to develop between Nuvolari and the dynamic Etancelin, always a menace to the leader. On lap 18 Etancelin had reduced his gap to Nuvolari to 55s. Wimille in third place was 1m59s behind Nuvolari and Moll was fourth.
      After 20 laps Nuvolari led Etancelin by 50s, followed by Wimille, Moll and Straight. At the end of lap 22 Nuvolari had to make a lengthy pit stop for fuel and new wheels and tires. The abnormally slow pit work of 2m50s had demoted Nuvolari to fourth place behind Etancelin, followed by the young drivers Wimille and Moll in their own fight for position. This stop had thrown Nuvolari back almost an entire lap but he continued his pursuit with great vim, starting to make up lost time with his faster car. When Moll passed Wimille for second place, he was still 1m30s behind Etancelin. Nuvolari, driving at full speed in fourth place, was catching up with the front runners but was still 2m27s behind Etancelin.
      After 25 laps Etancelin led the race with an average speed of 145.8 km/h, chased by Moll, Wimille and Nuvolari. The Italian made up more time and on lap 28 he was only 1m58s behind Etancelin, having gained 29 seconds within five laps. Nuvolari soon moved into third place past Wimille who had to top up with fuel. Lehoux had already fallen back several laps due to a defect in his Bugatti's transmission, spending a long time in his pit and finally giving up.
      After 30 laps Etancelin led with 1h35m57s, Moll followed in second place 1m42s later, Nuvolari 1m48s later, Wimille 2m37s later in fourth place and next came twice lapped Sommer, 8m58s behind the leader. On lap 31 Nuvolari passed Moll for second place but was still 1m46s behind Etancelin. It appeared as if the Italian would succeed in catching up despite his great time deficit. With his 2.6-liter Alfa Romeo Nuvolari was faster than Etancelin in his 2.3-liter Alfa Romeo. But then the Italian was forced into retirement when his Alfa's back axle final drive broke at Geux corner. Thereby the battle was altered decisively, leaving the outcome of the race between the Alfa Romeos of Etancelin, Moll and Wimille with 20 laps to go.
      After 40 laps Etancelin was 2m26s ahead of Moll and 2m47s of Wimille. It appeared that the leading Etancelin was in certain possession of a deserved victory. But on lap 42 he had to stop to add fuel and change both rear wheels in 1m55s. As a result Moll found himself in first place. This final part of the race promised to be full of exciting drama. Etancelin now battled with enormous fervor to regain the recently lost first place. Every lap he made up time. On lap 45 Moll's advantage over Etancelin was 16s, on the next tour it was down to 15s and on lap 47 down to only 13s.
      On lap 48 Etancelin came past the grandstand in first place, pursued by Wimille less than four seconds behind. Then Moll arrived at his pit and stopped for 40 seconds to refuel. Etancelin completed the last laps at a staggering pace while Wimille chased closely after him with great determination. On the last lap Wimille attacked the leader several times but Etancelin defended his position well. The excited spectators in the grandstand rose to their feet as the two cars came thundering next to each other towards the finish line. Etancelin prevailed as the deserved victor with a gap of only 1/5 second ahead of Wimille, while Moll in third place was disqualified because of a rules violation. Sommer and Straight, both several laps behind, were flagged off. AUTOMOBIL-REVUE mentioned that Braillard and Baron von Waldthausen had retired early in the race. The fate of Biondetti could not be fully verified, because the reports hardly mentioned his name. Etancelin who had previously received the A.C. de Champagne challenge trophy in 1927 and 1929 now became the final owner of the trophy.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.2Philippe EtancelinP. EtancelinAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8512h45m12.4s
2.8Jean-Pierre WimilleJ-P. WimilleAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8512h45m12.6s+ 0.2s
3.10Raymond SommerR. SommerAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-848
4.20Whitney StraightW. StraightMaserati26M2.5S-845
DNF12Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-831rear axle final drive
DNF4Marcel LehouxM. LehouxBugattiT512.3S-815transmission
DNF24Goffredo ZehenderG. ZehenderMaserati8CM3.0S-811eye injury
DNF28Paul PietschP. PietschAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-810
DNF18Giuseppe CampariOfficine A: MaseratiMaserati8CM3.0S-88eye injury
DNF26Julio VillarsEquipe Villars-WaldthausenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-83leaking oil reservoir
DNF14Pierre FlixP. FlixAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-83
DNF30Charly JellenC. JellenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-82mechanical
DNF36Louis BraillardL. BraillardBugattiT512.3S-8?
DNF34Clemente BiondettiC. BiondettiMB Speciale3.0S-8?
DNF22Horst von WaldthausenEquipe Villars-WaldthausenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8?
DSQ6Guy MollG. MollAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-848outside assistance
Fastest lap: Tazio Nuvolari on lap 3 in 3m05.0s = 152.3 km/h (94.6 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 145.0 km/h (90.1 mph)
Weather: Sunshine, warm.
In retrospect:
Guy Moll, the third finisher, had bad luck. After he briefly visited his pits near the end of the race, he had to stop once more after only driving 50 meter to correct something on his car. A mechanic came and helped him. After the fix Moll carried on with youthful enthusiasm but in vain. The sporting commissionaires decided to disqualify him for receiving outside assistance, which was a violation of the established rules. Moll fumed with rage when he heard about the decision and pointed out the mild settled case Campari at Montlhry. Nevertheless, at Reims the commissionaires followed the letter of the law, at Montlhry the sense of the regulations.
      Whitney Straight had badly burned the soles of his feet from the excessive engine heat. This regrettable experience was to keep him away from the next two races.
      At Reims Nuvolari had experienced his third back axle final drive failure of the year. Once more greatly disappointed, his mind was set to change the situation, since Enzo Ferrari had refused to give him a greater say in the running of the Scuderia. Highly dissatisfied, he was ready to leave Scuderia Ferrari. That same evening he met with Ernesto Maserati and negotiated to drive the 3-liter monoposto Maserati, which Campari had raced at Reims, the following week at Spa-Francorchamps.
      Aldo Giovannini, the famous Alfa Romeo team manager and one of the best there had ever been, had died from kidney failure at the end of June at Professor Putti's clinic in Bologna.



Star 8 July 1933: The Inter-Club Meeting was held at Brooklands. The handicap races were won by A. Ashton-Rigby (M.G. 1.1L), Mrs K. Noe (Lea-Francis 1.5L), Miss M. Allen (Bentley 4,4L), Miss I.C. Schwedler (Alvis 2.5L), C. G. H. Dunham (Alvis 2.5L), g. Casswell (Frazer-Nash 1.5L) and G. L. Baker (Minerva 6.0L). Frazer-Nash won the team relay.



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