I GROSSER PREIS DER SCHWEIZ
Bremgarten- Bern (CH), 26 August 1934
70 laps x 7.280 km (4.524 mi) = 509.60 km (316.65 mi)
Stuck wins the Swiss Grand Prix with Auto Union
by Hans Etzrodt
The first Swiss Grand Prix was held over 70 laps on the fast Bremgarten circuit with 16 cars at the start. The race started in the rain with Stuck (Auto Union) leading unchallenged from start to finish. Nuvolari (Maserati)
held second place for twenty laps, but in between was then overtaken by Chiron (Alfa Romeo) who held the position for four laps. Then Dreyfus (Bugatti) was second until lap 65 when he stopped to refill his radiator.
Momberger (Auto Union) passed into second behind Stuck and with Dreyfus finishing third. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz) and Varzi (Alfa Romeo) were just not fast enough to keep up with the leading group. The three Alfa Romeos
of Varzi, Chiron and Ghersi finished fourth, fifth and seventh. Fagioli placed sixth and Biondetti (Maserati) came eighth, four laps behind. Earl Howe (Maserati) and Geier in Caracciola's car were too far behind to be
counted as finishers. The retirements included Hartmann, zu Leiningen, Nuvolari, Balestrero and von Brauchitsch. The unfortunate Hamilton died in a crash seconds before the finish.
The first races held in the Bremgarten Forest between 1931 and 1933 were motorcycle races but the course used was only in part identical to the later race track. In 1934 during bad economic times in Bern, in order to
generate jobs, the circuit was constructed with a grandstand, pits and a timing structure at a cost of 1,040,000 Franks. The Swiss Grand Prix was held for the first time on August 26 on the new 7.28 km long circuit,
which consisted of regular asphalt traffic roads 8 to 12 m wide. One half led along the outer border of the large Bremgarten Forest and the other cut through the middle of the stately and lofty forest. Along the
course which was in excellent condition were 13 marshalling posts equipped with telephones. The drivers agreed that the new circuit was fast and interesting and despite seeming easy it was actually difficult and the
track surface had good grip.
The prize money was tempting. The winner received the substantial sum of 15,000 Swiss francs, second 10,000, third 5,000, fourth 2,500 and fifth 1,000 francs.
Separately before the Grand Prix race a shorter race over 14 laps was held for the 1500 cc voiturette racecars.
Practically the entire elite of Grand Prix racing had placed entries for 20 drivers, representing five of the large racing teams plus some independents. Daimler-Benz with team manager Alfred Neubauer entered cars for
Rudolf Caracciola, Luigi Fagioli, Manfred von Brauchitsch and Hanns Geier as reserve. For Brauchitsch this was his first race after his practice crash at the German Grand Prix six weeks earlier where he broke an arm,
a shoulder blade, a collarbone and five ribs. Auto Union with team manager Willi Walb was to the start with Hans Stuck, Prince Hermann zu Leiningen and August Momberger. Both cars for Stuck and Momberger had
rebuilt engines with updated pistons.
The Comminges Grand Prix was run in France the same day so Scuderia Ferrari split their effort and started in both races. They entered Alfa Romeo Type B/P3 models for Louis Chiron, Pietro Ghersi and Achille Varzi.
Bugatti arrived from Molsheim with team manager Meo Costantini and one of their new T59 cars with a 3300 cc engine after Dreyfus had no success with it at the preceding Nice GP. Maserati entered a 4C 2500 Maserati
to be driven by Clemente Biondetti. Tazio Nuvolari was the most famous of the independent drivers with his Maserati 8CM. Other independents included Earl Howe, Hans Rüesch and Hugh Hamilton who all drove 8CM Maseratis.
Gruppo San Giorgio entered an Alfa Romeo Monza for Renato Balestrero and a similar Monza was due to start with Luigi Soffietti. In addition, there was the 8C-2300 Alfa Romeo of Clifton Penn-Hughes and the 2300 Bugatti
of Hungarian Laszlo Hartmann. A complete list of entries is at the beginning of this report.
The rules required that every driver had to complete at least 10 laps before the race. On Thursday, the first practice day, the weather was warm and sunny when the Grand Prix cars practiced from 2:00 until 5:00 PM.
The activities went very well without any problems. The best times from Thursday were:
|Stuck (Auto Union)||2m58s|
|Momberger (Auto Union)||3m01s|
|Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||3m05s|
Friday practice took place at the same times as on Thursday. It was another warm sunny day. Dreyfus made a time of 2m54 at a speed of 150.621 km/h which proved to be the fastest time of the day.
|Stuck (Auto Union)||2m56s|
|Momberger (Auto Union)||2m56s|
|Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||2m59s|
|Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||3m02s|
|Ghersi (Alfa Romeo)||3m13s|
|Leiningen (Auto Union)||3m16s|
|Balestrero (Alfa Romeo)||3m35s|
Saturday practice from 2:00 to 3:00 PM was for the small cars and from 3:00 to 5:00 PM for the Grand Prix cars. Stuck drove a new best time in 2m50.4s at an average speed of 153.8 km/h. Dreyfus was close and drove
several laps in succession at around 2m54s. After practice the Mercedes team realized that their final drive had the wrong gearing, but it was too late to make a change. The best times of the day were as follows:
|Stuck (Auto Union)||2m50.4s|
|Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||2m58s|
|Momberger (Auto Union)||2m58s|
|Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||2m59s|
|Earl Howe (Maserati)||3m24s|
Scrutineering had been planned for 3:00 PM on Saturday but was delayed until 5:00 PM, because at that time the cars were still practicing. The grand prix cars were weighed at the new railroad yard where a scale was
available. To participate in the race the cars had to weigh 750 kg or less without tires, fuel and water. Earl Howe had a problem getting his Maserati passed, but after draining the fuel tank completely, his
Maserati passed successfully. The Mercedes of Caracciola and Brauchitsch each weighed 745 kg and Fagioli's car 746 kg. Scuderia Ferrari's Alfa Romeos were only around 720 kg.
At 10:30 AM in rainy weather, the race for the 23 cars of the voiturette class was started over 14 laps or 101.92 km. Richard Seaman (MG Magnette) finished first after 50m43.4s, followed by the Bugattis of Veyron
and Burggaller with seven more finishers.
Stuck was assigned the first place on the grid while the remaining places were decided by lots on Friday after practice had ended. A little over 50,000 spectators watched the Swiss Grand Prix on Sunday afternoon.
When the 16 cars lined up on the starting grid at 12:30 PM, Rüesch did not start in his Maserati in the second row because during the morning's voiturette race a wound from a burn in Italy had opened up again.
As soon as the cars were arranged on the grid, it began to rain and the mechanics covered the drivers' seats with umbrellas and the engines' hoods with blankets. With only one minute to go, the mechanics left the
grid and the roar from the engines and their superchargers grew to hurricane strength.
Exactly at 1:00 PM race manager Huber lowered the flag and with an ear-splitting metallic noise the wild pack pulled away. Stuck took off like a cannon ball which must have been one of the best starts of his life, taking
the lead with Nuvolari and Chiron chasing after him followed by the rest of the field. Earl Howe was left on the grid with a stalled engine but he left 10 seconds later. As the cars left the grid it began to rain again.
At the end of the first lap Stuck passed the grandstand comfortably ahead of the field then 10 seconds later Chiron and Nuvolari appeared, separated by less than 20 meters. Caracciola was eight seconds further back, after
a short gap there was Varzi and Biondetti, then Dreyfus, Ghersi, and a gap to Fagioli, Leiningen, Hamilton, Brauchitsch, Momberger, Balestrero, Hartmann and Howe. Stuck's car was hugging the wet road as if he was driving
on rails while the other cars passed like making a slight dance.
During the second lap the drizzle changed into a strong rain shower lasting a few minutes which slowed the pace of the cars. Stuck increased his lead over Nuvolari and Chiron who had changed positions. After a brief
pause Caracciola passed ahead of the duo of Varzi (Alfa Romeo) and Dreyfus (Bugatti) who had overtaken Biondetti. Fagioli, Leiningen, Ghersi, Hamilton, Momberger, Brauchitsch, Balestrero Hartmann and Earl Howe followed
On the third lap the rain stopped suddenly the same way that it had started. At the end of the lap, Stuck led Nuvolari and Chiron by 35 seconds. On lap four Dreyfus passed Varzi and Caracciola while Fagioli advanced
to seventh place. Balestrero stopped at the pits replacing a spark plug and restarted after 30 seconds. At the end of lap five Varzi had passed Caracciola while Ghersi had fallen towards the back. The order after
5 laps was:
|1.||Stuck (Auto Union)||16m07s|
|3.||Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||16m59s|
|5.||Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||17m21s|
|8.||Leiningen (Auto Union)|
|10.||Momberger (Auto Union)|
Stuck soon lapped Balestrero who had dropped to last place with a defective third gear; Hartmann was the next to be lapped. On lap seven, Stuck lapped Earl Howe who was third from last. On this lap Caracciola stopped
at the pits to have his brakes checked. After 2ź minutes he restarted at the tail of the field. On lap eight, Stuck lapped the fourth from last car, Ghersi's Alfa Romeo, while Momberger passed Hamilton's Maserati.
On lap nine on a drying circuit Stuck drove the fastest lap up to that time in 3m08s at an average of 139.404 km/h. He was 55 seconds ahead of the second and third placed cars, Nuvolari and Chiron, who were now close
to each other. Caracciola stopped again at the pits. After a long talk with team manager Neubauer, he climbed out of the car and climbed awkwardly over the counter into his pit, while the reserve driver Hanns Geier
got into the cockpit. He joined the race but 70 seconds had been lost. Caracciola was prevented from continuing due to his leg which was not yet fully healed. The order after ten laps was:
|1.||Stuck (Auto Union)||31m59.2s|
|3.||Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||33m01.4s|
|5.||Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||33m39.0s|
|7.||Leiningen (Auto Union)|
|8.||Momberger (Auto Union)|
The first ten drivers on the 10th lap were followed by Biondetti, Ghersi, Howe, Hartmann, Balestreo and Geier. On lap 11, Momberger passed his teammate Leiningen for seventh place. The weather was improving slowly.
On the paved section at the grandstand where timekeepers clocked the cars doing 230 km/h, the surface began to dry and two black trails of rubber left by the cars had become visible on the pavement. The cars now circulated
as if on rails. On lap 12 Stuck drove a new fast lap in 3m06s at an average of 140.903 km/h. His lead had grown continuously and was now 65 seconds. On lap 13, Hartmann retired his Bugatti at the Forsthaus turn with
an unknown mechanical problem. Balestrero had fallen to the tail of the field in 14th place with Geier one place ahead. On lap 15 Stuck made a new fast lap in 3m05 s at 141.64 km/h average. On lap 16 Chiron passed
Nuvolari to take second place. Leiningen in eighth place retired his Auto Union on lap 19 with a broken gearbox. This was the order was after 20 laps:
|1.||Stuck (Auto Union)||1h03m21.0s|
|2.||Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||1h04m24.6s|
|6.||Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||1h05m12.4s|
|7.||Momberger (Auto Union)|
|10.||Ghersi (Alfa Romeo)|
On lap 21 Nuvolari repassed Chiron for second place. At the end of lap 28 Nuvolari stopped at his pit and climbed out of his car while his mechanic changed spark plugs and carburetor jets in 2˝ minutes. Nuvolari
then rejoined the race. Dreyfus passed him while he was in the pits, but he also passed Chiron to take second place. Fagioli was in fourth place followed by Momberger and Varzi in sixth place and Nuvolari in seventh.
Surprisingly, Varzi established a new fastest lap in 2m58s at 144.243 km/h average speed. Over the last ten laps Stuck's average lap time had been 3m04s. The field was down to 14 cars in the following order after 30 laps:
|1.||Stuck (Auto Union)||1h33m55.2s|
|3.||Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||1h35m28.6s|
|5.||Momberger (Auto Union)||1h36m39.6s|
|6.||Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||1h36m54.0s|
|7.||Nuvolari (Maserati)||1h38m07.0s||1 lap behind|
|8.||Hamilton (Maserati)||1h38m13.6s||1 lap behind|
|9.||Biondetti (Maserati)||1h39m34.8s||1 lap behind|
|10.||Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)||1h41m18.6s||2 laps behind|
|11.||Ghersi (Alfa Romeo)||1h46m04.2s||3 laps behind|
|12.||Geier (Mercedes-Benz)||1h48m00.6s||4 laps behind|
|13.||Earl Howe (Maserati)||1h49m24.0s||5 laps behind|
|14.||Balestrero (Alfa Romeo)||1h52m35.2s||6 laps behind|
At the end of lap 31 Fagioli stopped at the pits with a steaming radiator which was refilled with water dropping him from fourth to seventh place. As a result, on lap 32 Momberger inherited fourth place. This was the
halfway point of the race and the leading drivers stopped at the pits to refuel. Tires were not changed, because tire wear had been minimal during the rain. On lap 36 Stuck needed 1m07s for his refueling stop but he
did not lose his position to Dreyfus who took 1m29s. Chiron required 1m20s but Momberger took only 51 seconds. Nuvolari's Maserati ran into trouble with flames shooting from his the exhaust. On lap 36 he stopped at
his pit and retired. Over the last ten laps Stuck's average lap time had been 3m13s. The field was now down to 13 cars after 40 laps in this order:
|1.||Stuck (Auto Union)||2h06m02s|
|3.||Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||2h08m26.0s|
|4.||Momberger (Auto Union)||2h09m27.2s||1 lap behind|
|5.||Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)||2h09m39.8s||1 lap behind|
|6.||Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||2h10m15.2s||1 lap behind|
|10.||Ghersi (Alfa Romeo)|
|11.||Earl Howe (Maserati)|
|13.||Balestrero (Alfa Romeo)|
Stuck maintained the lead and continually increased the gap to Dreyfus. Fagioli still battled with Momberger and repassed the Auto Union on lap 43. However, when Fagioli's engine overheated on lap 46 he stopped at
the pits to refill with water and dropped to sixth place. On lap 48 Balestrero retired with a broken gearbox following two prior stops for spark plugs and carburetor adjustments. Over the last ten laps Stuck's
average lap time had been was 3m04s. The field was now down to 12 cars in the following order after 50 laps:
|1.||Stuck (Auto Union)||2h36m37.0s|
|3.||Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||2h40m03.4s||1 lap behind|
|4.||Momberger (Auto Union)||2h40m04.0s||1 lap behind|
|5.||Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||2h40m53.0s||1 lap behind|
|6.||Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)||2h41m14.4s||1 lap behind|
|7.||Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)||2h46m53.0s||3 laps behind|
|8.||Biondetti (Maserati)||2h47m11.4s||3 laps behind|
|9.||Hamilton (Maserati)||2h47m13.8s||3 laps behind|
|10.||Ghersi (Alfa Romeo)||2h50m11.6s||4 laps behind|
|11.||Earl Howe (Maserati)||-----|
|12.||Geier (Mercedes-Benz)||2h56m55.6s||6 laps behind|
On lap 51 Momberger passed Chiron to gain third place. Brauchitsch passed the pits on lap 52 with white smoke exiting from both sides of his hood. He retired at his pit on the following lap with a broken oil pipe.
At the turn past the grandstand which was often taken without dropping speed at up to 230 km/h, several drivers now passed with a slight hesitation and the precision of their cornering technique had waned. Several
drivers now started to brake earlier before taking the turn at the Kiesgrube. It appeared that some drivers had become tired but it was more likely their brakes had faded and they simply had to brake earlier,
explaining also the hesitation. Over the last ten laps Stuck's average lap time was 3m03s. The field was now down to eleven cars and positions were as follows after 60 laps:
|1.||Stuck (Auto Union)||3h07m07.4s|
|3.||Momberger (Auto Union)||3h10m33.2s||1 lap behind|
|4.||Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||3h11m26.4s||1 lap behind|
|5.||Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||3h11m47.0s||1 lap behind|
|8.||Ghersi (Alfa Romeo)|
|10.||Earl Howe (Maserati)|
On lap 62 Momberger in third place behind Stuck and Dreyfus, drove the fastest lap of the race at 151.5 km/h in 2m53s at 151.494 km/h. After lap 65, just five laps from the finish, Dreyfus stopped at his pit to
refill water into his steaming radiator, which had sprung a leak. Although his stop was just 50 seconds, it was enough to let Momberger pass into second place. As much as Dreyfus tried to catch the Auto Union,
he did not succeed and Momberger finished second close behind Stuck, but one lap in arrears. Stuck had driven another fast lap in 2m53s at 151.49 km/h average speed, equaling Momberger's record set on lap 62.
Stuck finished the race after 3h37m51.6s at an average speed of 140.350 km/h. With a large laurel-wreath on the back of the car Stuck drove a slow lap of honor around the course which was flooded by spectators.
Stuck was not yet back from his lap of honor when the loudspeakers announced the bad news that Hamilton had left the track due to tire damage and possible fatigue and had been killed.
On the last lap as Stuck crossed the finish line, Hamilton on his 65th lap crashed his fast Maserati, shortly before the Forsthaus turn, 1500 meters before the finish and about 20 seconds before the end of the
race. At a speed of about 150 km/h, it is believed that his left front tire had gone flat. The car was zigzagging and left the track out of control. It felled a pine tree and careened on for about 20 meters
before being stopped by a mighty tree where the car broke apart. The front axle was found without its wheels which lay some meters away. The radiator was crushed and like the car's body was pushed rearwards.
The seat was severely bent and the steering wheel demolished. At the impact the driver suffered chest and internal injuries which must have caused his immediate death. A branch from the tree fell on the head
of a spectator, who was taken to Insel Hospital with a fractured skull. At Hamilton's funeral the following Wednesday afternoon at 2:30 PM in Bern his mother and stepfather came to give their last respects as
did his fiancé who had attended most of his races that season. Hugh "Hammy" Caulfield Hamilton was only 29. He was born in Ireland and was buried at the Bremgarten Cemetery in Bern.
|1.||6||Hans Stuck||Auto Union AG||Auto Union||A||4.4||V-16||70||3h37m51.6s|
|2.||4||August Momberger||Auto Union AG||Auto Union||A||4.4||V-16||69||3h27m54.4s|
|3.||14||René Dreyfus||Automobiles E. Bugatti||Bugatti||T59||3.3||S-8||69||3h38m10.2s|
|4.||32||Achille Varzi||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9||S-8||69||2h39m53.4s|
|5.||28||Louis Chiron||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9||S-8||69||3h40m35.6s|
|6.||12||Luigi Fagioli||Daimler-Benz AG||Mercedes-Benz||W25||3.4||S-8||68||3h38m34.4s|
|7.||30||Pietro Ghersi||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9||S-8||66||3h38m50.0s|
|8.||26||Clemente Biondetti||Officine A. Maserati||Maserati||4C 2500||2.5||S-4||66||3h38m58.4s|
|DNF||40||Hugh Hamilton||Whitney Straight Ltd||Maserati||8CM||3.0||S-8||64||fatal crash|
|DNC||16||Earl Howe||Earl Howe||Maserati||8CM||3.0||S-8||63||3h40m46.8s|
|DNC||10||R. Caracciola / H. Geier ||Daimler-Benz AG||Mercedes-Benz||W25||3.4||S-8||62||3h39m59.2s|
|DNF||8||Manfred von Brauchitsch||Daimler-Benz AG||Mercedes-Benz||W25||3.4||S-8||52||oil pipe|
|DNF||24||Renato Balestrero||Gruppo San Giorgio||Alfa Romeo||Monza||2.6||S-8||47||gearbox|
|DNF||20||Tazio Nuvolari||T. Nuvolari||Maserati||8CM||3.0||S-8||35||engine|
|DNF||2||Hermann zu Leiningen||Auto Union AG||Auto Union||A||4.4||V-16||18||gearbox|
|DNF||38||László Hartmann||L. Hartmann||Bugatti||T51||2.3||S-8||13||mechanical|
Fastest lap: August Momberger (Auto Union) on lap 62 in 2m53.0s = 151.5 km/h (94.1 mph)|
Winner's medium speed: 140.3 km/h (87.2 mph)
Weather: rain during the first laps.
Primary sources researched for this article:|
Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung, Berlin
Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung, Wien
IL LITTORIALE, Roma
Kölnische Zeitung, Köln
La Gazzetta dello Sport, Milano
MOTOR SPORT, London
MOTOR UND SPORT, Pössneck
Special thanks to:
August 1934: Auto Union had a pre-GP test at Monza and Varzi made some laps in Stuck's car.
Possibly Varzi there and then signed for Auto Union for the 1935 season.
1 September 1934: The RAC Tourist Trophy sports car handicap race is held at Ards near Belfast:
|1. Dodson||MG Magnette|
|3. Fotheringham||Aston Martin|
|6. Dricoll||Aston Martin|
XII° GRAN PREMIO D'ITALIA
Autodromo di Monza (I), 9 September 1934
116 laps x 4.310 km (2.678 mi) = 499.96 km (310.66 mi)
Caracciola back among the winners without taking the flag
As a result of the terrible accidents at Monza GP 1933, that cost the lives of Campari, Borzacchini and Czaykowski
the authorities overreacted by reducing the track length from 10 km to 4.3 and filling the track with chicanes.
The Mercedes-Benz team arrived to Monza without von Brauchitsch. After the Swiss GP von Brauchitsch suffered from pain
in his eye and medical tests showed that he in fact had fractured his skull in the Nürburgring accident.
He was sent back to the hospital bed for a ten weeks complete rest. He was not even allowed to listen to the
GP race on radio.
At Monza Nuvolari gave the new Maserati model 6C-34 its debut.
The new car was heavy and all fluid including the brake fluid had to be drained before
the car passed the 750 kg limit. (compare this to Eifelrennen!) This maneuver would be significant for the race results!
After practice ended and the track shut down Fagioli's car was sent to the Milan autostrada.
There Fagioli's mechanic, an ex. motorcycle racer named Hermann Lang had his first taste of driving a racing
car in 200km/h while running in the new brakes.
Before the start of the race the cars and drivers paraded past the grandstands raising their arms in a fascist salute.
|* 6 Brivio (Bugatti) DNS|
When the flag fell Stuck took the lead followed by Fagioli, Varzi and Caracciola. The Mercedes-Benz cars of Henne and Fagioli were soon out with
mechanical problems. Caracciola took his car up to second and Nuvolari was well up with the leaders, having an giant duel
with Varzi (who else?) but soon his brakes began to fade. The drained brake system had not been properly refilled!|
At 10 laps the order was Stuck, 20 seconds from Caracciola and 26 from zu Leiningen, who soon had to retire, and Momberger.
After 20 laps Caracciola had closed the gap to 13 seconds and 10 laps later to 10 seconds. But five laps later the
gap was up to 35 seconds the Mercedes driver having problems with his leg. Somehow Caracciola still managed to come back,
closing the gap down to 12 seconds again.
After leading for 59 laps Stuck took the car into the pits. The radiator had burnt his feet and zu Leiningen
took over while Stuck was getting medical care.
Due to the many chicanes the drivers had to take some 1600 corners during the race that took 4 3/4 hours.
Caracciola was the new leader but the constant gear changing and braking was too much for his hip wound and when he
came in for his pit stop on the next lap he almost fainted and had to be lifted from his car. The car was handled over to his team mate
and greatest rival Fagioli.
The track was brutal for the drivers. Comotti was forced to give over to Marioni, later Comotti in his turn took over from Trossi.
After a ten lap rest Stuck took his car back from zu Leiningen and started to try to better his fourth position.
Fagioli had led the second half of the race and went on to his second victory for Mercedes-Benz.
Varzi was going well in second place until he struck gearbox problems and had to retire with 20 laps to go.
Trossi held second place for a while but he fell back when he made a last pitstop leaving over the car to Comotti.
Now it was Stuck's turn to take the second place, one lap behind Fagioli, and he finished in that position.
Nuvolari's brakes had now gone completely and he braked the car with the gearbox alone. Still he did not give up and
forced his car to finish in a honorable fourth place.
Later Rüesch was disqualified as he had run out of fuel on the track and an assistant had met him outside the pit
with a filled can.
|1.||2||R. Caracciola / L. Fagioli||Daimler-Benz AG||Mercedes-Benz||W25||S-8||116||4h45m47s|
|2.||10||H. Stuck / H. zu Leiningen||Auto Union AG||Auto Union||A||4.4||V-16||115||4h47m25.2s|
|3.||14||C. Trossi / G. Comotti||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9||S-8||114||4h45m49.4s|
|4.||24||Louis Chiron||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9?||S-8||113||4h45m49.2s see "In retrospect"|
|5.||8||Tazio Nuvolari||Officine A. Maserati||Maserati||6C-34||3.2||S-6||113||4h46m46.4s|
|6.||30||G. Comotti / A. Marinoni||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9||S-8||113||4h47m27.8s|
|7.||20||A. Momberger / W. Sebastian||Auto Union AG||Auto Union||A||4.4||V-16||112||4h47m27.2s|
|8.||26||Whitney Straight||Whitney Straight||Maserati||8CM||3.0||S-8||112||4h47m27.6s|
|DSQ||32||Hans Rüesch||H. Rüesch||Maserati||8CM||3.0||S-8||105||DSQ - outside assistance|
|9.||16||Earl Howe||Earl Howe||Bugatti||T51||2.3||S-8||104||4h48m28.6s|
|DNF||4||A. Varzi / M. Tadini||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9?||S-8||97||gearbox|
|DNF||18||Goffredo Zehender||G. Zehender||Maserati||8CM||3.0||S-8||54||brakes|
|DNF||28||Hermann zu Leiningen||Auto Union AG||Auto Union||A||4.4||V-16||54||out of fuel|
|DNF||12||Luigi Fagioli||Daimler-Benz AG||Mercedes-Benz||W25||S-8||13||supercharger|
|DNF||22||Ernst Henne||Daimler-Benz AG||Mercedes-Benz||W25||S-8||2||overheating/supercharger?|
|DNF||6||Antonio Brivio||Automobiles E. Bugatti||Bugatti||T59||3.3||S-8||0||supercharger|
Fastest lap: Hans Stuck (Auto Union) on lap 5 in 2m13.6s = 116.2 km/h (72.2 mph)|
Winner's medium speed: 105.0 km/h (65.2 mph)
After the race Chiron found to his great surprise that the had been classified 6th, 4 laps behind the winner.
According to the team's unofficial lap table made by a lady whose ability was held in highest regard (most likely
Alice "Baby" Hoffman) Chiron cleary was 4th. As a gentleman, Chiron however did not want to make a protest.
A later control by the Monza time keepers confirmed they had lost a lap earlier and that Chiron indeed was 4th.
As the reversed results were published only several days after the race many books have the preliminary incorrect results.
16 September 1934: Stuck (Auto Union) wins the Mt. Ventoux hillclimb in France.
22 September 1934: Dixon (Riley 2.0L) wins the B.D.R.C. 500 Mile handicap race on a rainy Brooklands track.
IX° GRAN PREMIO DE ESPAŃA
Lasarte - San Sebastian (E), 23 September 1934
30 laps x 17.315 km (10.759 mi) = 519.45 km (322.8 mi)
Stuck fastest but Mercedes still takes a double victory
Auto Union driver Momberger was not able to take part because of arthritis. Norwegian driver Bjørnstad had
taken his Alfa Romeo "Monza" all the way to Spain only to fail the weight-in as the car was found to be too heavy.
Stuck took the lead of the race, making the first lap in 6m36.4s. Stuck maid the flying kilometre past the stands in 17.7s corresponding to a speed of 203.4 km/h
following stuck came Caracciola, Wimille, Fagioli, Chiron, Dreyfus, Varzi, Nuvolari, Falchetto, Lehoux, Brivio, zu Leiningen, Soffietti and Brunet.
Stuck did the second lap in 6m34s and this time the kilometre in 16.8s (214.3 km/h). Behind him zu Leiningen had passed Lehoux for 10th while Brivio had dropped to 13th.
Stuck cut one second from his previous lap time on lap three. Nuvolari with his Bugatti found a way past Varzi's Alfa Romeo for 7th and Brivio took 11th position from Lehoux.
But Stuck failed to appear after four laps as he had to retire after only three and a half laps at Andoain with a broken oil pipe.
The lead was taken over by Caracciola followed by Wimille and Fagioli. The Bugatti team had at last found some
speed on the car and the French driver made a great effort to split the Mercedes cars.
Caracciola made the fifth laps in 6m32s Nuvolari passed Dreyfus for fifth and Soffietti made a stop dropping to last.
Race order after 5 laps:
|1. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)||33m01s|
|2. Wimille (Bugatti)||33m15s|
|3. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)||33m24s|
|4. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||33m51s|
|5. Nuvolari (Bugatti)||33m52s|
|6. Dreyfus (Bugatti)||33m54s|
|7. Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||34m06s|
|8. Leiningen (Auto Union)||35m07s|
|9. Brivio (Bugatti)||35m37s|
|10. Lehoux (Maserati)||35m37s|
|11. Falchetto (Maserati)||36m14s|
|12. Brunet (Maserati)||39m10s|
|13. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)||39m30s|
Stuck managed to get the Auto Union going again and came slowly to the pit to retire.
The Bugattis were doing an impressive race with Wimille still holding on to second position and Nuvolari passing Chiron for fourth on lap 6.
Dreyfus was sixth while Brivo on the other hand had to surrender his ninth position to Lehoux.
On the ninth lap zu Leiningen who obvioully was ill was lifted off his Auto Union, Stuck taking his place.
Order after 10 laps:
|1. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)||1h05m52s|
|2. Wimille (Bugatti)||1h06m09s|
|3. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)||1h06m21s|
|4. Nuvolari (Bugatti)||1h06m47s|
|5. Dreyfus (Bugatti)||1h06m53s|
|6. Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||1h07m39s|
|7. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||1h07m43s|
|8. Stuck (Auto Union)||1h10m19s|
|9. Lehoux (Maserati)||1h10m26s|
|10. Falchetto (Maserati)||1h11m51s|
|11. Brivio (Bugatti)||1h14m53s|
|12. Brunet (Maserati)||1h18m51s|
|13. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)||1h19m19s|
On the 11th lap Fagioli had cought Wimille and he passed the Bugatti for second position on the next lap and started closing in on Caracciola.
Chiron's Alfa Romeo had gearbox troubles and Chiron stopped and handled the car over to Comotti.
Nuvolari and Dreyfus made thir planned pit stop s after 14 laps. Fagioli had caught Caracciola with Wimille third 11s behind. After 15 laps Wimille came in
to makre his pit stop as well:
|1. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)||1h38m49s|
|2. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)||1h38m49s|
|3. Wimille (Bugatti)||1h39m04s|
|4. Varzi (Alfa Romeo)||1h40m57s|
|5. Dreyfus (Bugatti)||?|
|6. Nuvolari (Bugatti)||1h41m41s|
|7. Lehoux (Maserati)||1h45m52s|
|8. Comotti (Alfa Romeo)||1h46m21s|
|9. Falchetto (Maserati)||1h50m39s|
|10. Brunet (Maserati)||1h51m57s|
|11. Brivio (Bugatti)||1h52m27s|
|12. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)||1h52m55s|
Situation after 20 laps:
|1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)||2h12m39s|
|2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz) ||2h12m57s|
|3. Wimille (Bugatti)||2h13m48s|
|4. Nuvolari (Bugatti)||2h14m38s|
|5. Dreyfus (Bugatti)||2h14m50s|
|6. Varzi (Alfa Romeo) ||2h15m32s|
|7. Stuck (Auto Union) ||2h16m24s|
|8. Lehoux (Maserati) ||2h21m08s|
|9. Comotti (Alfa Romeo)||2h25m18s|
|10. Brivio (Bugatti) ||2h28m18s|
|11. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)||2h31m06s|
|12. Brunet (Maserati)||2h38m13s|
|13. Falchetto (Maserati)|
Sadly Wimille's effort came to nothing as the Bugatti developed carburettor problems and he had to slow down.
Situation after 25 laps:
|1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)||2h46m20s|
|2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz) ||2h46m44s|
|3. Nuvolari (Bugatti)||2h47m08s|
|4. Varzi (Alfa Romeo) ||2h48m35s|
|5. Stuck (Auto Union) ||2h48m52s|
|6. Dreyfus (Bugatti)||2h50m17s|
|7. Wimille (Bugatti)||2h53m39s|
|8. Lehoux (Maserati) ||2h55m58s|
|9. Comotti (Alfa Romeo)||3h01m32s|
|10. Brivio (Bugatti) ||3h03m48s|
|11. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)||3h08m15s|
Caracciola was now able to open up a comfortable lead from his team mate and Neubauer ordered both drivers to
ease up. Caracciola followed the orders but Fagioli just went faster and was able to
catch the leading Mercedes-Benz. When Fagioli challenged his team mate for the lead a surprised and tired Caracciola
gave up and for the rest of the race just held on to a second place.
Nuvolari, now racing for Bugatti, could not do much about the Mercedes cars but did a solid effort
and finished a fine third.
Stuck, who had taken over zu Leiningen's Auto Union after retiring his own car, put in some fast laps and advanced from
10th place to finish 4th.
Fastest laps of the race:
|Dreyfus (Bugatti)||6m10s||on lap 2|
|Nuvolari (Bugatti)||6m13s||on lap 3|
|Stuck (Auto Union)||6m20.8s||on lap 28, car #22|
|Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)||6m24s||on lap 8|
|Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)||6m24.6s||on lap 11|
|Wimille (Bugatti)||6m28s||on lap 6|
|Stuck (Auto Union)||6m32.8s||on lap 2, car #6|
|Lehoux (Maserati)||6m40s||on lap 2|
|Chiron (Alfa Romeo)||6m40.2s||on lap 2, car #16|
|Brivio (Bugatti)||6m42s||on lap 2|
|Falchetto (Maserati)||6m42s||on lap 2|
|Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)||7m05s||on lap ?|
|Brunet (Maserati)||7m35s||on lap 6|
|Varzi (Alfa Romeo)|
|Leiningen (Auto Union)|
|1.||18||Luigi Fagioli||Daimler-Benz AG||Mercedes-Benz||W25||S-8||30||3h19m41.6s|
|2.||2||Rudolf Caracciola||Daimler-Benz AG||Mercedes-Benz||W25||S-8||30||3h20m24.4s||+ 42.8s|
|3.||12||Tazio Nuvolari||Automobiles E. Bugatti||Bugatti||T59||3.3||S-8||30||3h20m48.0s||+ 1m07.4s|
|4.||22||H. zu Leiningen / H. Stuck||Auto Union AG||Auto Union||A||4.4||V-16||30||3h21m03.0s||+ 1m22.4s|
|5.||8||Achille Varzi||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9?||S-8||30||3h21m49.0s||+ 2m08.5s|
|6.||4||Jean-Pierre Wimille||Automobiles E. Bugatti||Bugatti||T59||3.3||S-8||30||3h26m21.8s||+ 6m41.2s|
|7.||14||René Dreyfus||Automobiles E. Bugatti||Bugatti||T59||2.8||S-8||29||3h20m50s|
|8.||20||Marcel Lehoux||Whitney Straight Ltd||Maserati||8CM||3.0||S-8||29||3h22m31s|
|9.||10||Luigi Soffietti||Scuderia Siena||Maserati||8CM||S-8||29||2h22m51s|
|10.||16||L. Chiron / G. Comotti||Scuderia Ferrari||Alfa Romeo||Tipo B/P3||2.9?||S-8||29?||3h30m50s|
|11.||28||Antonio Brivio||Automobiles E. Bugatti||Bugatti||T59||2.8||S-8||28||3h24m35s|
|DNF||24||Robert Brunet||Ecuire Braillard||Maserati||8CM||3.0||25||crash|
|DNF||26||Benoît Falchetto||Ecuire Braillard||Maserati||8CM||3.0||23|
|DNF||6||Hans Stuck||Auto Union AG||Auto Union||A||4.4||V-16||3||oil pipe|
Fastest lap: Hans Stuck (Auto Union) in 6m20.0s = 164.0 km/h (101.9 mph)|
Winner's medium speed: 156.1 km/h (97.0 mph)