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INTRODUCTION:

1935 was the great year of Mercedes-Benz and Rudolf Caracciola, while Auto Union was struggling. It was also the first year of the AIACR European Championship.
      Grand Prix racing was becoming more and more a matter for the great manufacturers, private drivers had no chance to compete on equal terms. In 1935 the Independent Drivers Association was therefore formed in Paris by the amateur drivers in an attempt to inprove the situation. But the race organizers were no longer ready to spend start money on also-runners, and one after another the privateers left Grand Prix racing and turned instead to sports car or Voiturette racing. Whitney Straight left the scene altogether after unsuccessfully having tried to buy an Auto Union car for his team. Maserati and Bugatti also lost their interest in GP racing during the season, leaving the field to Alfa Romeo and the two German teams.
      In the autumn AIACR and representatives for the teams met, trying to find a new racing formula, but the meeting brought no result and the existing 750 kg formula was extended to include also the 1937 season.
      1935 was the year that Voiturette racing became a serious alternative for race organizers around Europe. More and more of the continental races were changed from the 1100cc to the 1500cc class. The reason for the change in attitude towards the class was the new British ERA, which during the season took over the honor from Maserati of being the leading Voiturette car manufacturer. Maserati was willing to take up the challenge, realizing that the future lay in Voiturette, not in GP racing.

Cancelled events:





1935 SEASON LINEUP:

GRAND PRIX:

Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes continued to race their W25 cars with 3.7 litres engines, upgraded later to 4.0 litres and finally 4.3 litres. The driver lineup for 1935 was the same as in 1934 with Rudolf Caracciola, Manfred von Brauchitsch and Luigi Fagioli as drivers and Hanns Geier as reserve. Second reserve was Hermann Lang, who at the start of the season still worked as Fagioli's chief mechanic.

Auto Union
Auto Union entered the season with Auto Union B, a variant of Auto Union A upgraded on 56 different points including increasing the engine capacity to 4.9 litre. Later in the season a 5.6 litre variant appeared. The team retained the services of Hans Stuck and Hermann zu Leiningen and signed on Italian Achille Varzi. As reserves the team selected GP privateer Paul Pietsch and the young motorcycle racer Bernd Rosemeyer. Momberger, who had great difficulties in working together with team manager Willy Walb , and Sebastian, who admitted he did not have the speed for GP racing, had both moved to other duties at the Auto Union concern.

Maserati
During the season the Maserati works team was represented by Count Della Chiesa's Scuderia Subalpina, in a similar way that Scuderia Ferrari represented Alfa Romeo. Drivers Philippe Étancelin and Goffredo Zehender raced 6C-34 cars or upgraded 8CM cars while waiting for their new V8-RI.
Another Maserati team was Gino Rovere with Giuseppe Farina as driver and early in the season Étancelin sold his old blue 8CM to Armand Girod. The new long expected 4.8 litre Maserati Tipo V-8RI finally made its debut in July at the Marne GP. The streamlined design was clearly influenced by the German cars. Sadly it never got its chance to prove itself, for suddenly Maserati lost interest in Grand Prix racing and the car never went through a proper development program. Private Maserati drivers continued to drive their 3 litre 8CM cars with little success, the car being inferior to both the latest Alfa Romeo and German cars.

Alfa Romeo
The Alfa Romeo P3 cars were bored out to 3.2 litres and were equipped with independent front suspension. In the middle of the season a final variant of the car had a 3.8 litre engine. Late in the season the new Tipo C 8 appeared with the 3.8 litre engine fitted into a streamlined body with a fully independent suspension.
Tazio Nuvolari had approached Auto Union only to find out that Varzi had already signed on. Nuvolari then planned to continue as a Maserati privateer, but with Varzi gone it seemed that the Ferrari team would be led by French René Dreyfus and Monegasque Louis Chiron. Thus Benito Mussolini himself made it clear that he liked to see the "Flying Mantuan" leading the team, so after having left the team in the middle of the 1933 season, Nuvolari was now back at Ferrari. Other Ferrari drivers included Felice Trossi, who also worked as president for Scuderia Ferrari, Antonio Brivio, Gianfranco Comotti, Mario Tadini and Carlo Pintacuda. Scuderia Ferrari also built two new twin-engine 6.3 litre formula libre cars known as the "Bi-motore" with an intent to beat the Germans at AVUS and Tripoli.

Bugatti
Bugatti had increased their engine volume to 3.8 litres and at last found some reliability. The team retained four of their cars and managed to sell the other four to British amateur drivers. Driver lineup included Jean-Pierre Wimille, Piero Taruffi and veteran driver Robert Benoist. Earl Howe entered his private car in a some major races and several old Bugattis appeared in racing during the year.



VOITURETTE 1500cc:

Maserati
In 1935 Maserati continued with their 4C cars but were beaten by the new ERA cars. Luigi Della Chiesa's new Scuderia Subalpina represented the works. During the season Maserati worked on a new car to beat ERA in 1936.

ERA
This was a great year for ERA. A new bettered variant called ERA-B was built and raced by the works team. Works drivers were Raymond Mays and Humphrey Cook. Tim Rose-Richards and Prince Hermann zu Leiningen also did a start each for the works team. Pat Fairfield raced his 1100cc car and new ERA-B cars were sold to "B. Bira" and Richard Seaman. These few cars dominated the 1935 Voiturette season.

Bugatti
The Bugatti cars were also runners, the team had no plans for any new design and the old cars were no match for the Maseratis and ERAs. Pierre Veyron continued as the team's top driver.

Other
Earl Howe continued racing with his 1927 Delage. Old Salmsons and MGs also showed up here and there during the season.




IN MEMORIAM:

Considering the fact that the speeds had gone up, 1935 proved to be one of the most accident free seasons in the 1930s, at least regarding Grand Prix racing. The absolutely worst accident of the season was at the Château-Thierry hillclimb on 7 April when Joseph Cattanéo lost control of his Bugatti and crashed into the crowd. Some seven spectators succumed to their injuries with other 18 badly injured. On 26 May French driver Buffy lost contral of his Bugatti in the rain at the Circuit d'Orleans race while chasing Robert Cazaux. The car bounced off a tree into the crowd, hitting 12 people. Eight of them were hospitalized of which one, Eugène Regrain, later succumbed to his wounds. On 16 June French driver Robert Cazaux was the winner at Course de Côte de Sézanne hillclimb with his Bugatti T51. While doing a "climb of honor" he overturned and fell out of the car, receiving fatal injuries. On 2 November German driver Rudolf Steinweg died in a crash while practicing for the Guggerberg hillclimb near Budapest, Hungary.
On the other side of the Atlantic Ocean on 21 May race driver Stubby Stubblefield and his mechanic Leo Whitaker crashed during qualifying for the Indy 500. The same day rookie driver Johnny Hannon crashed fatally during practice. Driving the same car as Hannon, Clay Weatherly then crashed fatally during Indy 500 on 30 May.




AIACR EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIP TABLE





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LINDÖLOPPET

Bråviken, Lindö - Norrköping (S), 3 February 1935
20 laps x ~1.505 km (0.935 mi) = ~30.1 km (18.7 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniFordSpecial3.6S-4
Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevroletSpecial



Widengren wins minor Swedish ice race
by Leif Snellman

The Scandinavian ice racing season opened with this minor race in Norrköping. Five Swedes including Widengren, Sundstedt and Carlsson were challenged by Finn Ebb. Widengren in his Alfa Romeo Monza dropped to third in the start but then took control of the race to win from Ebb in a Mercedes and Sundstedt in a Bugatti.
Back in the 1930s Norrköping with some 65,000 inhabitants was the fourth largest city of Sweden. It is located some 120 km southwest of Stockholm in the end of Bråviken bay. Norrköpings motorsportklubb tried in 1933 and again in 1934 to organize an ice race but both times the event had to be cancelled because of the weather. But in 1935 the club finally succeeded. Fredenloppet had been scheduled on January 27th, but an unusually mild winter meant that they had to postpone that event for March 3rd. That meant that the Norrköping event, called Lindöloppet, was to be the first race of the season.
      Tracks were plowed up on the ice outside Lindö. The event included motor cycle races on a 400m oval and a car race on a 1.5 km track with several curves including a curve at the end of the main straight, 450 meters after the start line, called "shell curve", where the curve radius decreased continuously the farther into the curve you went. A 1.5 meter high quay provided the spectators with both good visibility and some kind of protection. Buses and extra trains were arranged from Stockholm.
Entries:
The entry list was quite small and included five Swedish and one Finnish driver. Per-Wiktor Widengren was to race his blue-yellow Monza #2211077 rebuilt to monoposto in 1934 with engine enlarged to 2.6 litre, and Knut Gustav Sundstedt his blue ex-Chiron Bugatti (4922) bought as rebuilt to a T35B from the factory in 1931. Helmer Carlsson entered his 6 cylinder Amilcar and Karl-Emil Rolander an ex-Carlsson Ford special known as "Guldpilen" (Golden Arrow) built by Walter Görtz, Örebro, with Ford A components and a Ford B engine on an anonymous chassis. The engine had an Italian Silvano OHV head and a Scintilla ignition system. Karl Ebb entered his familiar white Mercedes-Benz SSK (#35998). Finally, there was Gunnar Thorsell with his blue Chevrolet, tuned by Husqvarna MC engineer Folke Mannerstedt, and, as Dagens Nyheter said, had very little common with a normal Chevrolet.
     
Practice:
Ebb arrived to Stockholm on Friday morning and immediately continued to Norrköping to get time for a possible gear ratios change. The other competitors followed on Saturday. Saturday came with snow storm that later turned into rain and slush, which created huge puddles on the ice that made the cars throw up cascades of water in the air. There were worries for the event. However tests showed that the ice was still at least 25-30 cm thick on most places and 20-22 cm even on its weakest points.
Race:
On Saturday night the temperature dropped and the strong frost definitely saved the race. According to Dagens Nyheter the local police had asked the drivers for a test start at 9 a.m. to see if six cars could make it safely into the first curve! It is unknown if that test actually took place.
      At 1 p.m. the first of several motor cycle heats started. After the motor cycle races it was time for the main event: The car race. The six cars were lined up in two rows:
Pole Position

Widengren

Alfa Romeo


Sundstedt

Bugatti


Ebb

Mercedes-Benz


Carlsson

Amilcar


Rolander

Ford


Torsell

Chevrolet

(or mirror)

Competition manager K. F. Löfgren dropped the flag and off they went. Widengren got stuck for a moment in first gear and Sundstedt took the lead followed by Ebb and Widengren. But during the first lap Widengren, once sorting out the gearbox, passed both the Bugatti and the Mercedes to take the lead. On the third lap Ebb found a way to pass Sundstedt for second position. By five laps the top positions seemed established. Further back the slower cars were struggling. Rolander retired the Ford with broken pinions in the gear box and smoke in the cockpit indicated a broken clutch in Thorsell's Chevrolet. The remaining four cars finished the race without further incidents with Widengren taking the victory from Ebb, Sundstedt and Carlsson.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-82018m45.8s
2.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-62018m57.8s+ 12.0s
3.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-82019m24.9s+ 39.1s
4.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-620~21m34.6s
DNFGunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevroletSpecial?clutch
DNFKarl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniFordSpecial3.6S-4?gearbox
Fastest lap: Per-Wiktor Widengren (Alfa Romeo) in ~53.6s = 101 km/h (62.8 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 96.2 km/h (59.8 mph)
Weather: sunny, sub zero.



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II NORGES GRAND PRIX
BOGSTADVANNET

Bogstad-Oslo (N), 10 February 1935
20 laps x 5 km (~3.1 mi) = 100 km = km (62.1 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Racing class
1Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
2John IsbergJ. IsbergBugattiT35C2.0S-8
3Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
4Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
5Hans RüeschH. RüeschMaserati6C-343.7S-6
6Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
7Einar AlmE. AlmFordSpecial
 
Sports class
Arvid JohansenA. JohansenFordA
Konrad BrydeK. BrydeSingerLeMans
Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevroletSport
Oscar AndersenO. AndersenFord
Georg LassenG. LassenMG
C. F. LührC. F. LührBugatti
Svein HellingS. HellingFiat
L. HammarstadtL. HammarstadtStudebaker
Engelhart LøchenE. LøchenFordA



Widengren wins the Norwegian GP second time in a row
by Leif Snellman
The major Norwegian race of the year took place at Bogstad near Oslo. The race included racing cars and sports cars. It was snowing during the event. Swede Widengren dominated the race while home favourite Bjørnstad had two punctures. That gave second place to Finnish driver Ebb in his Mercedes with Swiss driver Rüesch third in a Maserati. Swedish driver Sundstedt walked away unhurt from a spectacular crash.
The next race of the 1935 season was the Norwegian winter Grand Prix, moved away this year from Gjersjøn to a 5 km circuit laid out on Bogstadvannet, a frozen lake in the Sørkedalen valley 10 kilometers from Oslo. 4.000 Nkr was reserved for the prizes and in addition to that came special prizes and trophies. The top three in the racing class were to receive 1,000 Nkr, 300 Nkr and 100 Nkr, and the top three in the sports car class 400 Nkr, 200 Nkr and 100 Nkr.
Entries:
The racing class included a decent number of cars. Swedes Widengren and Sundstedt raced the same cars as in Lindöloppet as did Finnish driver Ebb. Norwegian Eugen Bjørnstad entered his Alfa Romeo Monza #2111041, rebuilt to monoposto just as Widengren's ditto. Swiss Hans Rüesch was to race his red-white 3 litre Maserati. John Isberg made one of his last appearances, racing his old faithful Bugatti T35C "Blåen", bought back in 1927.
      The racing class also included Finnish driver Alm, who initially had entered his bizarre Flash Gordon inspired "tail Ford" in the sports car class. The basis of the car was a 1932 Ford V-8. The wheelbase of the car had been shortened to 2 meters, the front brakes and the gearbox had been removed and a 2 meter long vertical plywood fin had been added to the rear. As the rest of the body mostly was made of fabric the car weighed only 600 kg. The driver claimed that the "tail" was efficient when cornering. The car was properly registered (plate A-4644) and the Finn had driven the car on the roads all the way from Stockholm.
Race:
A snowstorm arrived to Oslo on Saturday evening and the storm continued on Sunday. That did not prevent the Norwegian race enthusiasts from turning up. With 18,000 tickets sold and some 25,000 spectators altogether turning up transports and crowd control in the snow filled valley proved troublesome and it created an enormous traffic jam on the road from Oslo.
Pole Position
1
Ebb

Mercedes-Benz

2
Isberg

Bugatti

3
Bjørnstad

Alfa Romeo

4
Sundstedt

Bugatti

5
Rüesch

Maserati

6
P-W Widengren

Bugatti

7
Alm

Ford

The sports cars started on line 100 m behind the racing cars

The start was planned for 2.10 p.m. A few minutes before the start the grid still looked like a complete mess with cars in the wrong positions and photographers and mechanics running about but in the end things sorted themselves out and the race cars left the grid avoiding getting mingled with the sport cars that started a 100 meters behind. Hans Rüesch made the best start to take the lead with his Maserati followed by Widengren, Ebb , Isberg and Bjørnstad. But into the first corner Widengren went past to lead after the first lap followed by Bjørnstad, Ebb, Rüesch and Isberg. After three laps Widengren was leading by 7 seconds. Ebb with his huge SSK then passed Bjørnstad for second place. Soon afterwards Bjørnstad had a puncture and fell back. After seven laps Widengren was leading Ebb by 43 seconds. On lap 9 Sundstedt spun, the car made a somersault, landed on its wheels and crashed in a cloud of snow. The steering was broken and Sundstedt had to retire. He immediately went through a medical check an it was found he luckily had survived without injuries. Widengren was in his own class and on lap 18 he lapped third placed Rüesch to put all except Ebb a lap behind. Bjørnstad had another puncture and was forced to do almost a full lap on the rim before being able to reach the pit. After 25 laps Widengren took the flag to win the Norwegian Grand Prix for the second time in a row. Ebb was second. Rüesch, whose Maserati was clearly the fastest car on the straight, but whose driving in the curves left something to be desired, was a rather disappointing third, and veteran driver Isberg after a steady drive fourth. Bjørnstad finished fifth after his two punctures and Alm was sixth and last finisher.
      In the sports car class Norwegian Arvid Johansen led from start to finish followed by his countryman Konrad Bryde, who after the war would be one of the top men in FIA, and by Swede Gunnar Thorsell.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.6Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-82050m54.5s
2.1Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-62053m20s+ 2m25.5s
3.5Hans RüeschH. RüeschMaserati6C/343.7S-62054m29s+ 3m34.5s
4.2John IsbergJ. IsbergBugattiT35C2.0S-82055m28s+ 4m33.5s
5?3Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-82056m53s?+ 5m58.5s?
6?7Einar AlmE. AlmFordSpecial2059m14s?+ 8m19.5s?
7.Arvid JohansenA. JohansenFordA201h00m57s+ 10m02.5s
8.Konrad BrydeK. BrydeSingerLeMans201h01m17s+ 10m22.5s
9?Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevroletSport201h04m52s
10Svein HellingS. HellingFiat201h06m11s?
11Oscar AndersenO. AndersenFord201m06m19s?
?Engelhart LøchenE. LøchenFordA
DNF4Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-88crash
?Georg LassenG. LassenMG
?C. F. LührC. F. LührBugatti
?L. HammarstadtL. HammarstadtStudebaker
Fastest lap: Per-Wiktor Widengren 2m24s = 125 km/h (77.7 mph)
Fastest lap (sports car) Arvid Johanssen (Ford)
Winner's medium speed: 117.9 km/h (73.2 mph)
Weather: snowstorm
In retrospect:
On the way back from the race Sundstedt crashed again, this time into a trench with his lorry.

Alm was a bit out of cash and it is claimed he sold his leather trousers in Oslo to be able to get his car back to Finland!

The sources differ regarding time and position for Bjørnstad and Alm, position for Thorsell and time for Helling and Andersen.



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II VALLENTUNALOPPET

Vallentunasjön (S), 17 February 1935
10 laps x 4 km (2.49 mi) = 40 km (24.9 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

1Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
2Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT371.5S-4
3Fred MyrbergF. MyrbergFrazer Nash1.5S-4
4Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniFordSpecial3.6S-4
5Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
6Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevroletSpecial
7Erik WernströmE. WernströmContinentalSpecial
8Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
9Hans RüeschH. RüeschMaserati6C/343.7S-6
10Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
11Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
12Arvo SorriA. SorriChrysler
14Einar AlmE. AlmFordSpecialDNS - failed scuteneering



Widengren wins major Swedish ice race
by Leif Snellman
The Vallentuna race was the major Swedish ice race of the year. The entry list was similar to the Norwegian race a week earlier and again the race was run in a snowstorm. The Alfa Romeo Monzas of Widengren and Bjørnstad dominated the event with Widengren once again taking the top position. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz) was third while Rüesch (Maserati) had to retire with a puncture.
With no race at Rämen in 1934-35, the Vallentuna race, held on a lake some 20 km north of downtown Stockholm, had taken over the position as the major Swedish race of the season. The 4 km race track included more curves than in 1934 and was surrounded by a metal fence held up by 1500-1600 beams hammered into the ice. With extra protections in the corners some 5 km of metal fence was used. Tests showed that the ice was 35-39 cm thick. Thaw during the days before the race did not hinder the event from taking place. There were races for motorcycles, racing cars and standard cars.
Entries:
Three Swedish entries were familiar from both Lindöloppet and the Norwegian Grand Prix, Per-Wictor Widengren with his blue-yellow Monza, Knut Gustav Sundstedt with his Bugatti and Gunnar Thorsell in a blue Chevrolet Special. Karl-Emil Rolander was to race the ex-Carlsson Ford "Guldpilen" (Golden Arrow) and newcomer Erik Wernström a Continental Special. The entry list also included three Swedish cars with engines smaller than 1.5 litre, Fred Myrberg's ex-Verner Hansson Frazer Nash, Ivar Lindh's Bugatti and Helmer Carlsson's Amilcar. Carlsson had had the bad luck to get a connecting rod through the engine block of the Amilcar a week earlier during a minor race at lake Axamo, when the car jumped out of gear and the engine overrevved. Luckily the block was made of cast iron and could be welded and Carlsson was back in business.
      Apart from the Swedes there were five foreign entries. Just as in the Norwegian Grand Prix Norwegian Eugen Bjørnstad entered his Monza and Swiss Hans Rüesch his red-white Maserati. Of the three Finns Karl Ebb was to race his usual huge Mercedes-Benz, Arvo Sorri was making his international debut with an elegant blue Chrysler (almost too fine to put into a race according to Dagens Nyheter), and Einar Alm entered his bizarre "tail-Ford". The wheelbase had been shortened to 2 meters, the gearbox had been removed and a 2 meter long vertical plywood fin had been added to the rear. The driver claimed that the "tail" was efficient when cornering.
Practice:
Some 2,000 - 3,000 spectators turned up for Friday practice. Widengren and Bjørnstad proved to be equal fast, both doing a lap time of 2m08s. Hans Rüesch did a2m15s lap but was struggling with the studded tyres, and pitted on the rim as one tyre had disintegrated.
Race:
The Sunday weather was bad with wind and snowstorm but still some 15,000 spectators turned up. The event started at 1 p.m. with the motorcycle races. It was followed by a show driving by American stunt driver captain J. Miller in a Plymouth and then it was time for the racing cars. Einar Alm was denied a start as the organizers found the car "too fragile".
 
Grid not available


      The start procedure proved to be a curious one as after having lined up the cars they were pushed back some 100 meters and remained there for a considerable time waiting for the flag to drop. Several cars got oily plugs while waiting and Widengren changed plugs on the grid, adding to the chaos by delaying the start further. When the flag finally was dropped Rüesch, just as in Bogstad a week before, took the start followed by Widengren, Lindh, Sundstedt, Bjørnstad, Sorri and Ebb. Widengren soon went past Rüesch to take the lead and soon Widengren, Rüesch , Bjørnstad and Ebb pulled away from the rest of the field. Sundstedt was an early retirement.
      On the fourth lap Rüesch got a puncture. The studs that had served him well in Norway failed him just as they had during practice. After four laps Widengren had opened a gap of 18 seconds from Bjørnstad and Ebb. After six laps the gap between Widengren and Bjørnstad had grown to 23 seconds and Ebb in third position was falling back, the tight corners making it difficult to get out the most of his big SSK. Rolander had to retire Guldpilen after having struggled with oiled spark plugs. Carlsson had plug problems as well and his Amilcar was running on five cylinders. In the end Widengren dominated the race to win from Bjørnstad and Ebb.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.8Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-81021m31.6s
2.10Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81022m16.9s+ 45.3s
3.1Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-61023m02.4s+ 1m30.8s
4.2Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT371.5S-41025m07.9s+ 3m36.3s
5.11Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61027m26.8s+ 5m55.2s
6.6Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevroletSpecial1028m51.1s+ 7m19.5s
DNF3Fred MyrbergF. MyrbergFrazer Nash
DNF4Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniFordSpecial3.6S-4plugs
DNF7 Erik WernströmE. WernströmContinentalSpecial
DNF12Arvo SorriA. SorriChrysler
DNF9Hans RüeschH. RüeschMaserati6C/343.7S-64puncture
DNF5Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-81
Fastest lap: N/A
Winner's medium speed: 111.4 km/h (69.3 mph)
Weather: cold, snowstorm.
In retrospect:
      The race was followed by the standard car class where Carl-Gustav Johansson (Ford V8) had to stop twice because of a broken wheel chain and a crash into the snow wall but still eventually managed to take back the lead and win. He was followed by Clemens Bergström (Pontiac) and Miss Greta Molander (Plymouth). Then there seems to have been protests about tyres being modified (cuts made) for the snow chains and the two first competitors were eventually disqualified, making Miss Greta Molander (Plymouth, 33m40.8s) the winner with Hans Hansson (Dodge, 33m46.6s) second and Christer Carlberg (Graham, 34m08.7s) third.

The race start procedure was strongly criticized by the competitors, especially by Bjørnstad and Rüesch, who made it clear that the competitors must get some indication of how much time remains until the flag drops, and by Rolander, who blamed the start procedure as the reason for his retirement.

Several of the drivers also thought that the circuit this year was too twisty with too many corners.

Due to the bad weather the loss for the organizers was estimated to 7,000-8,000 Skr.


Star Late February 1935: Mercedes-Benz tested at Monza with Lang, Soenius and Kohlrausch as drivers. Hermann Lang was selected as junior driver.
Star Spring 1935: Achille Varzi tested both the streamlined and the GP variants of the Auto Union at AVUS Berlin and was delighted.



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GRAND PRIX DE PAU

Pau (F), 24 February 1935
80 laps x 2.769 km (1.721 mi) = 221.5 km (137.6 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Robert BrunetEcurie BraillardMaserati8CM3.0S-8
4Marcel LehouxM. LehouxBugattiT512.3S-8
6Mlle "Hellé-Nice"Mlle "Hellé-Nice"Alfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
8Hans RüeschH. RüeschMaserati6C/343.7S-6DNA - car held up at customs
10Jean DelormeJ. DelormeBugattiT512.3S-8
12Juan ZanelliNacional PescaraNacionalPescara3.0S-8
14Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2S-8
16Philippe EtancelinP. EtancelinMaserati8CM3.0S-8
18Pierre VeyronP. VeyronBugattiT51A1.5S-8
20René DreyfusScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2S-8
22Robert CazauxEcurie GirodBugattiT512.3S-8
24Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-8
26Benoît FalchettoEcurie BraillardMaserati8CM3.0S-8
28Genaro Léoz-AbadG. Léoz-AbadBugattiT512.3S-8
30Marcel BouclyM. BouclyBugattiT512.3S-8DNS - crash


Nuvolari returns to Ferrari and wins
by Leif Snellman
Because of the small circuit the race was limited to 14 cars. The two Scuderia Ferrari Alfas of Nuvolari and Dreyfus dominated the event, taking turns to lead until Nuvolari pulled away late in the race to win from his team mate. Their closest opponents Etancelin (Maserati) and Lehoux (Bugatti) both had to retire with technical problems leaving the Maseratis of Falchetto, Soffietti and Brunet to fight for third to fifth position, a fight won near the end by Soffietti.
The central European 1935 Grand Prix season started off in Pau. The 1933 GP race had taken place on 19 February in a snowstorm with sludge making the conditions into one of the worst ever in racing history. Afraid of a similar weather in 1934 and the economic loss in such a case Automobile Club Basco Béarnais (ACBB) had hesitated and the race, scheduled for 18 February, was finally scratched. But in 1935 the club decided to have another try, this time on 24 February, as Pau tried to maintain its reputation as a winter health resort.
      The 1933 circuit had proved to be too short. For 1935 the circuit underwent some changes and it now circled the Casino while in 1933 the Casino had been left on the outside. The new circuit made a wide turn into the Parc Beaumiont passing through a zigzag the statue of Marshal Foch. The circuit was thus 120m longer than in 1933 for a total length of 2769 meters.
Entries:
Because of the short circuit the organizers only accepted 14 cars and entries from several French local drivers had to be turned down.
      The Scuderia Ferrari with their Alfa Romeo cars was the favorite. The drivers, Nuvolari and Dreyfus, had both raced for Automobiles Bugatti in 1934. Dreyfus was new to the Tipo B Monoposto, while Nuvolari had not raced that car since Marseille 1932. Nuvolari's car had forward facing reverse quarter elliptic springs at the rear as on the Bugatti Type 59, the construction surely made after recommendation from the drivers. Nuvolari's car differed also a bit from Dreyfus' by having extra fairings over the rear suspension at the side of the fuel tank. The size of the Alfa Romeo engines is not known, but there are indications that they were of the new enlarged 1935 spec 3.2 liter variant.
      "Mlle. Helle-Nice" turned up with her usual ex-Lehoux Monza (#2311213), which she had raced since mid 1933; blue colored in two shades with a darker shade around the cockpit.
      For 1935 the Maserati works team was to be represented by Count Della Chiesa's Scuderia Subalpina, but their 6C/34 was not ready so their driver Philippe Etancelin instead raced his own narrow chassis 8CM (#3010) for the last time, before he sold the car to Armand Girod.
      In fact, none of the new Maserati 6C/34s were present as Hans Rüesch, who was returning from racing in Norway and Sweden via Germany, got stuck at the French customs and had to miss the race. Playboy driver Robert Brunet raced an 8CM under the Ecurie Nelly Braillard name. Italian "Gigi" Soffietti also entered an 8CM (#3014?).
      There were five Bugatti T51s on the entry list. After having raced for Scuderia Ferrari and Whitney Straight in 1934 Algerian Marcel Lehoux raced his own Bugatti at Pau while waiting for the new S.E.F.A.C. to be ready. With Pau just 50 km from the Spanish border it was natural to see Spanish entries as well with Genaro Léoz-Abad racing his yellow T51. Robert Cazaux' Bugatti T51 was rebuilt with a streamlined nose and an inverted drop shaped radiator. Jean Delorme and Marcel Boucly also entered T51s while Pierre Veyron raced his T51A, 8 cylinder voiturette.
      Spanish manufacturer Nacional Pescara entered a yellow/red colored car for Zanelli. It was the same car that had been raced earlier by Zanelli and Esteban Tort but the engine was new even if it was of the same type as the earlier one. Zanelli seems to have raced at Pau with double rear wheels, a variety mostly used only in hill climbing and ice racing.
      About a week before the race Boucly damaged the engine of his Bugatti and the organizers accepted the second Ecurie Nelly Braillard driver Benoît Falchetto (Maserati 8CM), who was first on the reserve list, into the race. Later Boucly however got his car repaired so he was also accepted, increasing the numbers of entries to 15.
Practice:
Practice was scheduled for Friday and Saturday from 12:30 to 13:45. Friday practice was free for the spectators, while tickets were sold for Saturday.
      Friday practice started in good weather conditions. Nuvolari proved to be fastest, setting a time of 1m55s. Lehoux was second with a time of 1m58s, Dreyfus third after doing 2m02s and Brunet fourth with a time of 2m04s. Etancelin's Maserati suffered from a bad misfire and Veyron also had technical problems with his car. Léoz-Abad had an incident when he lost a rear wheel but he managed to handle the situation without crashing.
      Zanelli's Nacional Pescara proved to be ill prepared and received some less than flattering comments from the other competitors during practice.
      During Saturday practice Nuvolari lowered his time to 1m53.45s. Etancelin with his repaired Maserati made a 1m55.4s as did Dreyfus. Etancelin was still not satisfied with his car and the mechanics had to work all Saturday night on the engine.
      Near the end of the practice there was what in modern terms is called a "red flag situation". Boucly came in his newly repaired Bugatti at high speed on the main straight along Avenue du Bois Louis but went too fast into the pit curve. The car slid to the left, the driver overcompensated to the right and crashed into a private car that carelessly had been parked on the inside of the corner by the president of a major French racing club (Note 1). Boucly was thrown out of the car. The session was immediately stopped but a catastrophe was only just avoided when spectators rushed to the scene while cars were still running on the track. Boucly was sent to hospital. Initially there were fears of a skull fracture but in the end the driver had survived the crash with a broken nose and some cracked ribs.
Race:
During the night a heavy storm passed over the area with hail followed by heavy rain all night. Fortunately the storm did not cause any serious damage to the circuit or the facilities.
      On Sunday morning it was still cloudy, windy and rainy. However, as time went by the weather improved and some 20,000 spectators turned up for the race, which was planned to start at 2:30 p.m. That meant 150,000 Fr incomes to the box office, which together with a sum guaranteed by the local government secured the economical success of the event.
      The grid looked like this (it seems that times were taken with at least 1/20s accuracy but sources only give the times in full seconds):
Pole Position
16
Etancelin

Maserati
1m55s

14
Nuvolari

Alfa Romeo
1m53s

24
Soffietti

Maserati
1m58s

4
Lehoux

Bugatti
1m57s

20
Dreyfus

Alfa Romeo
1m55s

2
Brunet

Maserati
2m02s

26
Falchetto

Maserati
1m59s

6
Hellé-Nice

Alfa Romeo
2m06s

22
Cazaux

Bugatti
2m04s

28
G Léoz-Abad

Bugatti
2m03s

10
Delorme

Bugatti
2m07s

12
Zanelli

Nacional Pescara
2m06s

18
Veyron

Bugatti
_

At 2:45 p.m., fifteen minutes behind schedule, Charles Faroux, the legendary organizer of the Le Mans 24h race, finally dropped the flag and the race was on its way.
      Nuvolari was a bit slow at the start and from the second row Lehoux shot past in the gap between him and Etancelin to take the lead as the cars braked for the first curve and then sorted themselves out while climbing Avenue Leon Say. Lehoux was followed by Etancelin Nuvolari, Dreyfus, Falchetto and Brunet.
      Lehoux made the first lap in 2m02s. He was now chased by Nuvolari, who had passed Etancelin. Behind them followed Dreyfus, Falchetto, Soffietti, Brunet, Léoz-Abad, Zanelli, "Helle-Nice", Cazaux, Veyron and Delorme.
      Veyron was out of the competition almost immediately. The engine of the voiturette Bugatti had turned frightfully hot on the very first lap, and Veyron had to do a seven and a half minute stop while the mechanics were trying to cure the problem.
      On the second lap Nuvolari took over the lead from Lehoux and Dreyfus took over third position at the expense of Etancelin. On the next lap Dreyfus passed Lehoux as well to make it a Ferrari one-two. The duo started to pull away from the rest of the field seemingly without any major effort. Dreyfus did the fourth lap in 1m56s, closing in on Nuvolari. The race order was Nuvolari, Dreyfus, Lehoux, Etancelin, Falchetto, Brunet and Soffietti.
      Zanelli with the Nacional Pescara was soon in trouble. Either something had broken in the rear axle, or then the right hand rear brake had disintegrated and he eventually retired.
      The sun was now shining, and the race continued in beautiful February weather.
      After seven laps the Ferrari duo, racing in formation and visibly cruising but still keeping a higher pace than the rest, had opened up a ten second gap.
      Etancelin closed in on Lehoux and managed to pass for third position but Lehoux was able to keep up with him, following him closely. Behind them the Maserati trio of Falchetto, Brunet and Soffietti had a good fight for fifth to seventh positions. The fight was resolved as Falchetto managed to pull away from the other two.
      After 10 laps the order was:
1. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)19m49s
2. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)19m50s
3. Etancelin (Maserati)20m01s
4. Lehoux (Bugatti)20m03s
5. Falchetto (Maserati)20m16s
6. Brunet (Maserati)20m21s
7. Soffietti (Maserati)20m39s
8. Leoz-Abad (Bugatti)21m01s
9. Cazaux (Bugatti)21m09s
10. "Hellé-Nice" (Alfa Romeo)21m14s

On the 13th lap Veyron retired as the overheating problem on his voiturette Bugatti reoccurred. Falchetto in fifth position was closing in fast on Etancelin and Lehoux.
      On the 17th lap Etancelin parked his Maserati at Virage du Lycée on the far side of the circuit with a broken oil pump. That meant that Lehoux took over third position but he only managed to hold on to it for one lap before Falchetto caught him and passed.
      On lap 18 Dreyfus passed Nuvolari, the Ferrari duo continuing to cruise, now with the Frenchman in the lead.
      Order after 20 laps:
1. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)39m35s (Note 2)
2. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)39m36s
3. Falchetto (Maserati)40m10s
4. Lehoux (Bugatti)40m11s
5. Brunet (Maserati)40m35s
6. Soffietti (Maserati)41m10s
7. Leoz-Abad (Bugatti)41m39s
8. Cazaux (Bugatti)42m42s
9. "Hellé-Nice" (Alfa Romeo)
10. Delorme (Bugatti)42m11s

On the 21st lap Lehoux succeeded in getting by Falchetto again and managed to keep his position until lap 23 when Falchetto passed him once more and the duel went on to the joy of the spectators. On the 23rd lap Soffietti, who was chasing Brunet, had a spin but he was able to continue and eventually managed to catch the French driver.
      After 30 laps the Ferrari duo was leading by some 40 seconds over Falchetto, who had managed to shake off Lehoux. Brunet and Soffietti were still having a close fight. Only those six cars remained on the lead lap:
1. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)59m22s
2. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)59m23s
3. Falchetto (Maserati)1h00m04s
4. Lehoux (Bugatti)1h00m27s
5. Brunet (Maserati)1h00m48s
6. Soffietti (Maserati)1h00m49s
7. Leoz-Abad (Bugatti)1h01m43s
8. Cazaux (Bugatti)1h01m49s
10. Delorme (Bugatti)1h02m46s
9. "Hellé-Nice" (Alfa Romeo)1h04m34s

Lehoux' race ended after 32 laps when his Bugatti car came to a standstill next to Etancelin's parked ditto at Virage du Lycée. According to Automobil-Revue a bolt had broken in the transmission.
      At halfway distance the situation had stabilized at the top. The Alfas were holding on to their double lead with Falchetto, now the only other driver remaining on the lead lap, over 70 seconds behind:
1. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)1h19m07s?
2. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)1h19m11s
3. Falchetto (Maserati)1h20m23s
4. Brunet (Maserati)1h21m15s
5. Soffietti (Maserati)1h21m42s
6. Leoz-Abad (Bugatti)
7. Cazaux (Bugatti)
8. Delorme (Bugatti)
9. "Hellé-Nice" (Alfa Romeo)

Soffietti had taken up the chase on Brunet and was closing in by some two seconds a lap. Further down in the field there was some decent racing with Cazaux passing Léoz-Abad for 6th position on lap 46 and "Hellé-Nice" getting by Delorme for 8th two laps later. Pictures from the race show "Hellé-Nice's" spectacular driving technique as she pushed her upper body far out of the cockpit in the right hand curves. Also, the knob on the gear lever had come loose and "Hellé-Nice" got blisters in her hand when changing gears.
      Situation after 50 laps:
1. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)1h38m47s
2. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)1h38m51s
3. Falchetto (Maserati)1h39m45s
4. Brunet (Maserati)1h41m50s
5. Soffietti (Maserati)1h42m00s

Dreyfus had opened up a five or six second gap to Nuvolari. A recent illness had taken its toll of Brunet, who was now showing signs of fatigue and he also started to have problems with the plugs. Meanwhile Soffietti's Maserati had turned bigger and bigger in Brunet's mirrors. On lap 54 Soffietti tried to pass Brunet but the Maserati went into a skid. Two laps later Soffietti made a new attempt, this time with better success.
      Nuvolari made lap 58 with a lap time of a 1m56s, equalling Dreyfus time from lap 4.
      Soffietti now went on to reel in Falchetto, who was under the impression that he was quite safe in third position. Falchetto was known for a rough driving style and his brakes were beginning to fail. During the next ten laps Soffietti pulled in 18 seconds on him.
      With less than ten laps to go Dreyfus was still leading and there was naturally much speculation among the spectators. Was Ferrari planning to let Dreyfus win? Or was Nuvolari perhaps unable to challenge him? The answer came soon. Nuvolari suddenly closed in on Dreyfus and on the 75th laps the "flying Mantuan" pushed the pedal to the floor and took over the lead from his team mate as they passed the grandstand. Nuvolari immediately opened up a seven second gap to Dreyfus, who seemed unable to reply. Nuvolari's last laps were impressive as he pushed the quarter elliptic spring Alfa to its limit, showing the superiority of the new suspension and making faster and faster times. After having done a 1m54 s lap, on lap 78 he went faster than his qualifying time, and set the lap record for the new circuit to1m51.7s. On the last five laps he left Dreyfus 26 seconds behind and he passed the grand stand and took the flag in a spectacular four wheel slide, which was Nuvolari's trademark.
      Two laps behind him, Falchetto was now also suffering from a broken shock absorber and had to see Soffietti pass. But he did not give up and the two cars actually crashed, fortunately without damage, after having passed the chequered flag two seconds apart with Soffietti finishing third and Falchetto fourth.
      They were followed by Brunet, who was the first to be flagged off before doing all 80 laps. Then came Cazaux, Léoz-Abad, "Helle-Nice" with a badly blistered hand, who was specially celebrated by the spectators, and finally Delorme.
      An enthusiastic Nuvolari was not satisfied by making one lap of honor but did two! By then lots of spectators had managed to get by the barriers and stormed the circuit, or as Motor Sport put it: "...the usual failure of the gendarmerie to prevent the crowd from attempting suicide".

      The race had been a great success and it would secure Pau in the race calendar for decades.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.14Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2S-8802h38m19.8s
2.20René DreyfusScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2S-8802h38m46s+ 26s
3.24Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-8802h42m10s+ 3m50s
4.26Benoît FalchettoEcurie BraillardMaserati8CM3.0S-8802h42m12s+ 3m52s
5.2Robert BrunetEcurie BraillardMaserati8CM3.0S-879
6.22Robert CazauxEcurie GirodBugattiT512.3S-877
7.28Genaro Léoz-AbadG. Léoz-AbadBugattiT512.3S-877
8.6Mlle "Hellé-Nice"Mlle "Hellé-Nice"Alfa RomeoMonza2.3S-875
9.10Jean DelormeJ. DelormeBugattiT512.3S-875
DNF4Marcel LehouxM. LehouxBugattiT512.3S-832transmission
DNF16Philippe EtancelinP. EtancelinMaserati8CM3.0S-817oil pump
DNF18Pierre VeyronP. VeyronBugattiT51A1.5S-813overheating
DNF12Juan ZanelliNacional PescaraNacionalPescara3.0S-812brakes
Fastest lap: Tazio Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo) on lap 78 in 1m51.7s = 89.2 km/h (55.5 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 83.9 km/h (52.2 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 86.9 km/h (53.9 mph)
Weather: clearing up, turning nice and sunny.

Footnote:
1. I'm writing this after having seen the 2016 Chinese GP with a truck parked at the pit entry during qualifying. Nothing new under the sun.

2. For the intermediate results only the time of leader was given with time for the others given as time gaps behind the leader. For 20 laps both Il Littoriale and Automobil-Revue gave a time of 39m55s for Dreyfus but the speeds given by the same papers (83.963 km/h & 83.9 km/h) correspond to 39m35s instead.
For 40 laps Motor Sport gives 1h19m09s and Il Littoriale 1h29m09s while the speed given by Il Littoriale, 83.993km/h equals 1h19m07s

Primary sources researched for this article:
Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung, Wien
AUTOMOBIL-REVUE, Bern
A-Z Motorwelt, Brno
El Mundo Deportivo, Barcelona
Il Littoriale, Roma
La Presse, Paris
La Stampa, Torino
L'Écho de Paris, Paris
Le Figaro, Paris
Le Matin, Paris
Le Petit Nicois, Nice
Motor Sport, London
Special thanks to:
Simon Moore



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HÖRKENLOPPET

Lake Hörken - Grängesberg (S), 10 March 1935
15 laps x 1.5 km (0.93 mi) = 22.5 km (14.0 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

20Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevroletSpecial
21Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniFordSpecial3.6S-4
22Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
23Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
24Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
25Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8



Bjørnstad beats Widengren

Bjørnstad challenged five Swedes at lake Hörken and this time it was the Norwegian who came out on the top. Widengren was second and Carlsson with his little Amilcar third.
Fredenloppet, scheduled for January 27th, and postponed to March 3rd was once again postponed, now to March 17th because of the warm weather around Västerås. However, on March 10th, Grängesbergs motorklubb organized a race on lake Södra Hörken. The lake is located south of Grängesberg, a little town, located 200 km northwest of Stockholm, with some 3000 habitants. The 1.5 km long circuit was claimed to be similar to the one used at Lindöloppet and had some tight left and right curves. Motorcycles and standard cars raced 5 laps and the racing cars 15 laps.
Entries:
Race entries included the familiar names of Norwegian Bjørnstad with his Alfa Romeo Monza and Swedes Per-Wiktor Widengren, Alfa Romeo Monza, Knut Gustav Sundstedt Bugatti T35B, Karl-Emil Rolander with his Ford (Guldpilen), Helmer Carlsson in his 6 cylinder Amilcar and Gunnar Thorsell with his blue Chevrolet. (For more information about the cars, see the earlier 1935 ice races.)
Race:

 
Grid not available

13,000 spectators turned up for the event. Apart of the results, not much is known about this race itself. This time Norwegian Bjørnstad was able to win over his main rival Widengren taking the flag 3.6s in front of the Swede.
      In the standard car class local driver J. Skarp (Ford V8) won from Miss Berta Melin (Chevrolet).

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.24Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81516m30.0s
2.23Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-81516m33.6s+ 3.6s
3.22Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61517m48.5s+ 1m18.5s
4.21Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniFordSpecial3.6S-41519m03.8s+ 2m33.8s
5.25Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-81520m37.7s+ 4m07.7s
?20Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevroletSpecial
Fastest lap: N/A
Winner's medium speed: 82 km/h (50.9 mph)
Weather:


Star 15 March 1935: The Fredenloppet ice race, postponed twice from January 27th to March 3rd and then to March 17th, was finally cancelled when on Friday evening before the race someone in the provincial government chickened and forbid the event to go on. The day before tests had shown that the ice was thick enough for racing. To save themself from the economical loss the local motor club introduced the Röforsloppet hillclimb on May 5th.
Star 16 March 1935: The B.A.R.C. Opening Meeting was held at Brooklands.
The handicap races were won by A. G. Bainton (Bainton Spl. 4.3L) - two races, Miss D. B. evans (M.G. 0.7L), H. G. Dobbs (Riley 1.5L), I. Waller (Alvis 2.2L), H. W. Cook (Era 1.5L), E. J. H. Roth (Talbot 3.0L) and C. Martin (Bugatti).
Star 1 April 1935: Murphy (MG) wins the Australian GP handicap race at Phillip Island.
Star 4 April 1935: Tazio Nuvolari tests the new Alfa Romeo Bi-motore on a closed road section.
Star 7 April 1935: Joseph "Papa" Cattanéo loses control of his Bugatti at the Château-Thierry hillclimb and crashes into the crowd. Some seven spectators dies with other 18 badly injured.
Star 13 April 1935: Donington Opening Meeting at Donington Park, England.
Handicap races were won by K. D. Evans (M.G. 0.7L), R. O. Shuttleworth (Alfa Romeo 2.9L), H. G. Dobbs (Riley 1.5L) - two races and C. Martin (Bugatti 2.3L).
A five lap 1500cc scratch race was also held with following results:
1.Teddy RaysonBugatti1.564.79 mph
2.Hector DobbsRiley1.5
3.P. D. WalkerAlta1.1
RichardsonRileyNine1.1
GriceRileyNine1.1
Robin JacksonM.G.K3 Magnette1.1
R. BolsterBolsterSpl.1.1
Bob LaceAlta
Star 14 April 1935: Carlo Pintacuda /A. della Stufa (Alfa Romeo Tipo B 2.9L) wins the Mille Miglia sports car race in Italy. (Results)
Star 22 April 1935: The B.A.R.C. Easter Meeting was held at Brooklands.
The handicap races were won by G. R Hartwell (M.G. 1.1L), O. Bertram (Barnato-Hassan Spl. 8.0L / Delage 1.7L) - two races, K. D Evans (M.G. 0.7L), E. J. H. Roth (Talbot 3.0L), R. O. Shuttleworth (Alfa Romeo 2.9L), Mrs. K. Petre (Bugatti 2.3L), J. C Davis (Delage 1.5L) and F. W. Dixon (Riley 1.8L)



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VII GRAND PRIX DE MONACO

Circuit de Monaco (MC), 22 April 1935 (Monday)
100 laps x 3.180 km (1.976 mi) = 318.0 km (197.6 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Rudolf CaracciolaDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW254.0S-8
4Luigi FagioliDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW254.0S-8
6Manfred von BrauchitschDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW254.0S-8
6Hermann LangDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW254.0S-8DNS - reserve
8Earl HoweEarl HoweBugattiT593.3S-8
10José de VillapadiernaComte de VillapadiernaMaserati8CM3.0S-8
12Marcel LehouxSEFACSEFAC2.82x4DNA - did not appear
14Raymond SommerR. SommerAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
16Louis ChironScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
18René DreyfusScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-8
20Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-8
22Antonio BrivioScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
22Carlo Felice TrossiScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8DNS - reserve
24Philippe EtancelinScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-343.7S-6
26Goffredo ZehenderScuderia SubalpinaMaserati8CM3.2S-8
28Piero DusioScuderia SubalpinaMaserati8CM3.0S-8
30Giuseppe FarinaGino RovereMaserati6C-343.7S-6
32Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-8



Luigi Fagioli in command
The first major Grand Prix of the year was held at Monaco. The Auto Union and Bugatti teams were absent from the Monaco Grand Prix.
      During practice Caracciola was in great form finishing on pole with a time of 1m56.6s. Von Brauchitsch was also finally fully fit and was doing some fast laps around the for him unknown track, driving with his usual rugged style. Fagioli completed an all Mercedes front row.
      Scuderia Subalpina had just one 6C-34 ready so for a second entry they loaned the Rovere car for Farina. Zehender had a new 3.2 litre variant of the old 8CM.
      All the Ferrari cars featured the new rear suspension with quarter elliptic springs and hydraulic shock absorbers.
Entries:

     
Practice:

     
DriverTimeLaps
Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)2m02s14
Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)2m03s15
Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)2m03s15
Brivio (Alfa Romeo)2m03s17
Zehender (Maserati)2m03s21
Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)2m04s8
Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)2m04s9
Chiron (Alfa Romeo)2m04s18
Etancelin (Maserati)2m04s23
Farina (Maserati)2m04s13
Sommer (Alfa Romeo)2m08s16
Soffietti (Maserati)2m08s10
Dusio (Maserati)2m10s12
Earl Howe (Bugatti)2m11s18
Villapadierna (Maserati)2m11s14

     
DriverTime
Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)1m57s
Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)1m59s
Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)1m59s
Brivio (Alfa Romeo)2m01s
Sommer (Alfa Romeo)2m02s
Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)2m02s
Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)2m03s
Etancelin (Maserati)2m03s
Earl Howe (Bugatti)2m04s
Chiron (Alfa Romeo)2m04s
Zehender (Maserati)2m06s
Dusio (Maserati)2m06s
Farina (Maserati)2m06s
Soffietti (Maserati)2m06s
Villapadierna (Maserati)2m17s

     
DriverTime
Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)1m56.6s
Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)1m57.3s
Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)1m59.4s
Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)1m59.9s
Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)2m00.8s
Brivio (Alfa Romeo)2m01.6s
Chiron (Alfa Romeo)2m01.8s
Etancelin (Maserati)2m02.2s
Farina (Maserati)2m05.1s
Soffietti (Maserati)2m05.1s
Sommer (Alfa Romeo)2m06.4s
Villapadierna (Maserati)2m07.3s
Zehender (Maserati)2m08.4s

     
DriverFriSatSun
Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)2m04s2m03s1m56.6s
Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz)2m03s1m57s2m00.8s
Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)2m04s1m59s1m57.3s
Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)2m03s1m59s1m59.9s
Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)2m02s2m02s1m59.4s
Brivio (Alfa Romeo)2m03s2m01s2m01.6s
Chiron (Alfa Romeo)2m04s2m04s2m01.8s
Sommer (Alfa Romeo)2m08s2m02s2m06.4s
Etancelin (Maserati)2m04s2m03s2m02.2s
Zehender (Maserati)2m03s2m06s2m08.4s
Farina (Maserati)2m04s2m06s2m05.1s
Earl Howe (Bugatti)2m11s2m04s-
Soffietti (Maserati)2m08s2m06s2m05.1s
Dusio (Maserati)2m10s2m06s-
Villapadierna (Maserati)2m11s2m17s2m07.3s

     
Race:

     
Pole Position
4
Fagioli

Mercedes-Benz
1m57.3s

6
Brauchitsch

Mercedes-Benz
1m57.0s

2
Caracciola

Mercedes-Benz
1m56.6s

20
Nuvolari

Alfa Romeo
1m59.4s

18
Dreyfus

Alfa Romeo
1m59s

14
Sommer

Alfa Romeo
2m02s

16
Chiron

Alfa Romeo
2m01.8s

22
Brivio

Alfa Romeo
2m01s

26
Zehender

Maserati
2m03s

24
Etancelin

Maserati
2m02.2s

32
Soffietti

Maserati
2m05.1s

8
Howe

Bugatti
2m04s

30
Farina

Maserati
2m04s

10
Villapadeirna

Maserati
2m07.3s

28
Dusio

Maserati
2m06.0s

At the start it was Fagioli who took the lead, followed by Caracciola, Dreyfus, Nuvolari, Étancelin, Chiron and Brivio. Von Brauchitsch did not get the chance to repeat his fine practice performance, he was out after only one lap with a broken gearbox. Farina's 6C-34 was an early retirement and Zehender struggled with brake troubles on his 8CM. Fagioli was going flat out and after five laps he had opened up a 5 second minute gap to Caracciola, and half a minute gap to Dreyfus in third position:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)10m00.7s
2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)10m04.3s
3. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)10m14.3s
4. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)10m22.2s
5. Etancelin (Maserati)10m24.1s

Situation after 10 laps:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)19m55.6s
2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)20m00.2s
3. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)20m25s
4. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)20m28.3s
5. Etancelin (Maserati)20m31.5s
6. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)20m37.6s
7. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)21m03s
8. Farina (Maserati)21m14s
9. Zehender (Maserati)21m24s
10. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)21m57s
11. Howe (Bugatti)22m03s
12. Soffietti (Maserati)23m35s
13. Villapadierna (Maserati)24m16s

The Alfa drivers were in trouble with their new hydraulic brakes. After 20 laps the two Mercedes cars were still leading from Dreyfus:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)39m53.7s
2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)40m04.3s
3. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)40m44.1s
4. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)40m44.8s?
5. Etancelin (Maserati)40m45s?
6. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)40m58.1s
7. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)41m54.2s
8. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)43m31.9s
9. Howe (Bugatti)43m36.3s
10. Soffietti (Maserati)44m47.8s
11. Villapadierna (Maserati)45m53.2s
12. Farina (Maserati)46m01.2s
13. Zehender (Maserati)46m06.8s

By lap 30 Étancelin had moved up into third place behind the Mercedes duo and was opening up a gap to the Alfas of Dreyfus, Brivio and Nuvolari:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)1h00m02.0s
2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)1h00m24.2s
3. Etancelin (Maserati)1h00m52.7s
4. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)1h00m58.7s
5. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)1h01m19.7s
6. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)1h01m28.2s
7. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)1h02m39s
8. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)1h05m02s
9. Howe (Bugatti)1h05m28s
10. Soffietti (Maserati)1h06m40s
11. Zehender (Maserati)1h07m34s
12. Villapadierna (Maserati)1h07m39s

Order after 40 laps:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)1h20m24.9s
2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)1h20m57.9s
3. Etancelin (Maserati)1h21m11.6s
4. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)1h21m26.0s
5. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)1h21m47.4s
6. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)1h23m57.5s
7. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)1h24m07.4s
8. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)1h26m45.3s
9. Soffietti (Maserati)1h28m59.2s
10. Zehender (Maserati)1h28m59.9s
11. Villapadierna (Maserati)1h29m15.5s

Nuvolari had never been in the picture with serious brake problems and had given over his car to Trossi on lap 39?. Etancelin now started to take in on Caracciola and on lap 49 the Maserati driver pushed himself on the inside of the Mercedes-Benz in the Gasometre (now Rascasse) and up to second behind Fagioli. The situation was like this after 50 laps:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)1h40m40.4s
2. Etancelin (Maserati)1h41m32.1s
3. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)1h41m32.9s
4. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)1h41m56s
5. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)1h42m21s
6. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)1h44m51.6s
7. Trossi (Alfa Romeo)1h45m07s
8. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)1h48m18.1s
9. Villapadierna (Maserati)1h48m50.1s
10. Zehender (Maserati)1h50m28s
11. Soffietti (Maserati)1h52m47s

Caracciola answered the attack and succeeded to pass Étancelin on the uphill to the casino on lap 56. the situation on lap 60 was like this:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)2h00m55.8s
2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)2h02m05.8s
3. Etancelin (Maserati)2h02m17.7s
4. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)2h02m24s
5. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)2h02m46s
6. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)2h05m43.5s?
7. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)2h09m44.1s?
8. Villapadierna (Maserati)2h10m21.3s?
9. Zehender (Maserati)2h11m53.9s?
10. Soffietti (Maserati)2h15m39.1?s

This furious driving proved fatal for both cars. Caracciola retired with a broken valve on lap 60 and Étancelin's Maserati lost both brakes and oil pressure and had to see the Alfas of Dreyfus and Brivio pass.
Situation after 70 laps:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)2h22m10.3s
2. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)2h22m50.1s
3. Etancelin (Maserati)2h23m06s
4. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)2h23m15.6s
5. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)2h26m16s
6. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)2h31m23s
7. Zehender (Maserati)2h34m06s
8. Soffietti (Maserati)2h38m12s

With 20 laps to go the situation had stabilized like this:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)2h42m33.9s
2. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)2h43m13.0s
3. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)2h43m36.4s
4. Etancelin (Maserati)2h43m54s
5. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)2h46m52.8s
6. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)2h53m10.8s
7. Zehender (Maserati)2h56m41.7s
8. Soffietti (Maserati)3h00m38s

Situation after 90 laps:
1. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)3h02m55.5s
2. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)3h03m34.6s
3. Brivio (Alfa Romeo)3h04m03.5s
4. Etancelin (Maserati)3h04m49.5s
5. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)3h07m31.7s
6. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)
7. Zehender (Maserati)
8. Soffietti (Maserati)

There was nothing the Ferrari drivers could do to Fagioli. The Mercedes driver took the flag after having led the race all the way from start to finish, the first driver to have done so in Monaco. Chiron, who had had trouble with the brakes during the whole race, had run out of fuel in front of the pits two laps from the end but was able to continue after some delay and finished fifth.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/Status

1.4Luigi FagioliDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW254.0S-81003h23m49.8s
2.18René DreyfusScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-81003h24m21.3s+ 31.5s
3.22Antonio BrivioScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-81003h24m56.2s+ 1m06.4s
4.24Philippe EtancelinScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-343.7S-699
5.16Louis ChironScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-897
6.14Raymond SommerR. SommerAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-894
7.26Goffredo ZehenderScuderia SubalpinaMaserati8CM3.2S-893
8.32Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-891
DNF2Rudolf CaracciolaDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW254.0S-865broken valve
DNF10José de VillapadiernaComte de VillapadiernaMaserati8CM3.0S-865crash
DNF20T. Nuvolari / C. F. TrossiScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-853brakes
DNF8Earl HoweEarl HoweBugattiT593.3S-834brakes/crash
DNF30Giuseppe FarinaGino RovereMaserati6C-343.7S-621fuel feed/valve?
DNF28Piero DusioScuderia SubalpinaMaserati8CM3.0S-83crash
DNF6Manfred von BrauchitschDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW254.0S-81gearbox
Fastest lap: Luigi Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz) on lap 17 in 1m58.4s = 96.7 km/h (60.1 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 93.6 km/h (58.2 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 98.2 km/h (61.0 mph)
Weather:



XXXXXXXXX

XXVI° TARGA FLORIO

Madonie - Sicily (I), 28 April 1935
6 laps x 72 km (44.7 mi) = 432 km (268.4 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Cars up to 1100 cc engine capacity
2Albino FerraraA. FerraraFiat5081.0S-4
4de Pietrode PietroFiat5081.0S-4
6Salvatore CasanoS. CasanoFiat5081.0S-4
8Francesco ToiaF. ToiaFiat5081.0S-4
10Pino BaruffiP. BaruffiMaserati4CM1.1S-4
12Attilio BattilanaA. BattilanaFiat5081.0S-4
 
Cars over 1100 cc engine capacity
14Carlo PintacudaScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B2.9S-8
16Giuseppe SuteraG. SuteraOM
18Ferdinando BarbieriF. BarbieriMaserati4CM1.5S-4
20Antonio BrivioScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B2.9S-8
22Louis ChironScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2S-8
24"Zeffiro""Zeffiro"BugattiT371.5S-4
28Costantino MagistriC. MagistriAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
30Giuseppe CorteseG. CorteseAlfa Romeo6C1.8
32Hans RüeschH. RüeschAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
34Dante FerrariD. FerrariAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
36Renato DaneseR. DaneseAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
38Giulio AntinoriG. AntinoriAlfa Romeo6C1.8
40Vittorio BelmondoV. BelmondoAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
42Luigi PagesL. PagesAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
44Salvatore GeraciS. GeraciAlfa Romeo6C1.5
Renato BalestreroR. BalestreroAlfa Romeo



The last "real" Targa Florio
Entries:

     
Practice:

     
Race:

     
 
No grid. Cars started in intervals.

The Ferrari Alfa Romeos of Brivio and Chiron dominated the last "real" GP car Targa Florio race in Sicily. The race started at 11 a.m on Sunday. Chiron took an early lead followed by Pintacuda (Alfa Romeo 2.9L), Brivio and Barbieri. At the end of the first lap the order was Chiron, Brivio, Magistri and Pintacuda. On the second lap Brivio took over the lead and Chiron, who was clearly in trouble with his car, soon also had to let Magistri by. Later Chiron managed to take back his second position.
      Brivio was never challenged and took the flag nearly 7 minutes in front of his team mate Chiron. The third Ferrari of Pintacuda (Tipo B 2.9 litre biposto) was a non-finisher. A charging Nando Barbieri was a sensational third with his Maserati 4CM Voiturette after having managed to pass Magistri. Of the top nine finishers eight were Alfa Romeos!
      The small 1100cc voiturette class, raced over four laps, was won by Ferrara (Fiat) after a duel with Baruffi (Maserati)

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.20Antonio BrivioScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B2.9S-865h27m29.0s
2.22Louis ChironScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2S-865h34m21.4s+ 6m52.4s
3.18Ferdinando BarbieriF. BarbieriMaserati4CM1.5S-463h45m57.6s+ 18m28.6s
4.28Costantino MagistriC. MagistriAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-865h51m28.4s+ 23m59.4s
5.Renato BalestreroR. BalestreroAlfa Romeo65h59m01.4s+ 31m32.4s
6.36Renato DaneseR. DaneseAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-866h03m27.4s+ 35m58.2s
7.40Vittorio BelmondoV. BelmondoAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-866h04m12.6s+ 36m43.6s
8.32Hans RüeschH. RüeschAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-866h08m33.2s+ 41m04.2s
9.38Giulio AntinoriG. AntinoriAlfa Romeo6C1.866h09m23.6s+ 41m54.6s
10.8Francesco ToiaF. ToiaFiat5081.0S-466h36m39.0s+ 1h09m10.0s
11.2Albino FerraraA. FerraraFiat5081.0S-466h41m35.4s+ 1h14m06.4s
DNF30Giuseppe CorteseG. CorteseAlfa Romeo6C1.85
DNF6Salvatore CasanoS. CasanoFiat5081.0S-44 
DNF34Dante FerrariD. FerrariAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-83
DNF14Carlo PintacudaScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B2.9S-83differential
DNF4de Pietrode PietroFiat5081.0S-43 
DNF16Giuseppe SuteraG. SuteraOM2
DNF10Pino BaruffiP. BaruffiMaserati4CM1.1S-42exhaust 
DNF44Salvatore GeraciS. GeraciAlfa Romeo6C1.51clutch
DNF42Luigi PagesL. PagesAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81clutch
DNF24"Zeffiro""Zeffiro"BugattiT371.5S-40engine
DNF12Attilio BattilanaA. BattilanaFiat5081.0S-40engine 
Fastest lap: Brivio (Alfa Romeo) in 53m59.6s = 80.0 km/h (49.7 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 79.1 km/h (49.2 mph)
Weather:



XXXXXXXXX

GRAND PRIX DE TUNISIE

Carthage (F), 5 May 1935
40 laps x 12.6 km (7.8 mi) = 504 km (313.2 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Marcel LehouxSEFACSEFAC2.82x4DNA - did not appear
4Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-8
6Gianfranco ComottiScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
6Antonio BrivioScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8DNS - reserve
8Philippe EtancelinScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-343.7S-6
10Eugenio SienaScuderia SubalpinaMaserati8CM3.0S-8
12Pietro GhersiScuderia SubalpinaAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
14Goffredo ZehenderScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-34S-6
14Piero DusioScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-34S-6DNS - reserve
16Raymond SommerR. SommerAlfa RomeoTipo B/P3S-8
18Renato BalestreroGruppo Genovese San GiorgioMaserati
20Albert ChambostEcurie GirodMaserati8CM3.0S-8
22Robert BrunetEcurie BraillardMaserati8CM3.0S-8
24Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-8
26Benoît FalchettoEcurie BraillardMaserati26M2.5S-8
28Maurice MablotM. MablotBugattiT512.3S-8
30Ferdinando BarbieriFerdinando BarbieriAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
32"Raph""Raph"Alfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
34Achille VarziAuto Union AGAuto UnionA4.4V-16
36Jean-Pierre WimilleAutomobiles E. BugattiBugattiT593.3S-8
38Emile DupontE. DupontBugattiT51S-8DNA - did not appear
40Giuseppe FarinaGino Rovere/Subalpina?Maserati6C-343.7S-6
42Juan ZanelliJ. ZanelliAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
44Pierre ReyP. ReyBugattiT512.3S-8
46Charles MartinC. MartinAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8DNA - did not appear
48László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati8CM3.0S-8
50André FevrierA. FevrierBugattiT35C2.0S-8



Varzi makes it look easy
Entries:
Having won the Tunis GP twice before Varzi was keen to have his first start as an Auto Union driver there. The new Auto Union cars were not ready but Varzi persuaded the team to send an upgraded 1934 car to Tunis. Then there was unsuspected trouble when Varzi wanted his salary paid in Lire, the new Nazi economic policy having very hard restrictions on bringing cash out of Germany. It was decided that Varzi would start the race as an independent and collect the starting money and prizes for himself, but in the last moment the Germans changed their mind and Varzi was entered as a works driver. Auto Union's first driver Stuck was not amused when he found out in which way the team was going to start the season.
      The Scuderia Subalpina and Gino Rovere were there with their 6C-34s and Ferrari turned up with a bunch of Tipo-B:s. Nuvolari was meant to race the new Bi-motore but tyre trouble prevented this and instead Nuvolari raced a Tipo B car bored out to 3.2L.
     
Practice:

     
Race:

     
Pole Position
36
Wimille

Bugatti
4m29.2s

4
Nuvolari

Alfa Romeo
4m28.4s

34
Varzi

Auto Union
4m24.8s

16
Sommer

Alfa Romeo
4m49.0s

10
Siena

Maserati
4m56.0s?

8
Ètancelin

Maserati
4m30.8s

40
Farina

Maserati
5m01.0s

14
Zehender

Maserati
4m31.0s?

6
Comotti

Alfa Romeo
4m53.0s

20
Chambost

Maserati
5m08.0s

24
Soffietti

Maserati
5m04.0s

22
Brunet

Maserati
5m25.0s?

12
Ghersi

Alfa Romeo
5m16.0s

42
Zanelli

Alfa Romeo
5m15.0s

30
Barbieri

Alfa Romeo
5m12.0s

50
Fevrier

Bugatti
5m36.2s

18
Balestrero

Maserati
5m35.0s

48
L Hartmann

Maserati
5m25.0s

28
Mablot

Bugatti
6m14.0s

44
Rey

Bugatti
6m07.0s

32
"Raph"

Alfa Romeo
5m42.0s

26
Falchetto

Maserati

(Note 1)

Once away Varzi was in a class of his own. Race order after 10 laps:
1. Varzi (Auto Union)45m59.8s
2. Wimille (Bugatti)47m08s
3. Etancelin (Maserati)48m39s
4. Farina (Maserati)50m02s
5. Comotti (Alfa Romeo)50m03s
6. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)50m06s
7. Barbieri (Alfa Romeo)52m02s
8. Chambost (Maserati)53m19s
9. Hartmann (Maserati)54m26s

Race order after 20 laps:
1. Varzi (Auto Union)1h31m47s
2. Wimille (Bugatti)1h33m44s
3. Etancelin (Maserati)1h37m32s
4. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)1h39m14s
5. Comotti (Alfa Romeo)1h43m06s

Race order after 30 laps:
1. Varzi (Auto Union)2h19m41s
2. Wimille (Bugatti)2h22m18s
3. Etancelin (Maserati)2h29m32s
4. Comotti (Alfa Romeo)2h34m03s
5. Farina (Maserati)2h34mm32s

Varzi took the flag almost four minutes ahead of Wimille's works Bugatti. The only thing that had troubled the Italian was a strong side wind on the fast parts of the track. Nuvolari held second place for a while before retiring with technical problems. Zehender crashed his 6C-34 after just 2 laps but the other 6C-34 cars of Étancelin and Farina did a good race to finish 3rd and 5th. The Ferrari team was in trouble with their old Tipo B cars clearly inferior to the new Maseratis.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/Status

1.34Achille VarziAuto Union AGAuto UnionA4.4V-16403h05m40.2s
2.36Jean-Pierre WimilleAutomobiles E. BugattiBugattiT593.3S-8403h09m29.8s+ 3m49.6s
3.8Philippe EtancelinScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-343.7S-638
4.6Gianfranco ComottiScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-837
5.40Giuseppe FarinaGino Rovere/Subalpina?Maserati6C-343.7S-637
6.20Albert ChambostEcurie GirodMaserati8CM3.0S-835
7.48László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati8CM3.0S-834
8.32"Raph""Raph"Alfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-832
DNF10Eugenio SienaScuderia SubalpinaMaserati8CM3.0S-8
DNF12Pietro GhersiScuderia SubalpinaAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8gearbox
DNF16Raymond SommerR. SommerAlfa RomeoTipo B/P3S-8connecting rod
DNF18Renato BalestreroGruppo Genovese San GiorgioMaserati
DNF24Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-8supercharger
DNF26Benoît FalchettoEcurie BraillardMaserati26M2.5S-8
DNF28Maurice MablotM. MablotBugattiT512.3S-8steering rod
DNF30Ferdinando BarbieriFerdinando BarbieriAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
DNF44Pierre ReyP. ReyBugattiT512.3S-8wheel
DNF50André FevrierA. FevrierBugattiT35C2.0S-8
DNF4Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-85lubrication
DNF22Robert BrunetEcurie BraillardMaserati8CM3.0S-82mechanical
DNF42Juan ZanelliJ. ZanelliAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81engine
DNF14Goffredo ZehenderScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-34S-61crash
Fastest lap: Achille Varzi (Auto Union) in 4m28.4s = 169.0 km/h (105.0 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 162.9 km/h (101.2 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 166.8 km7h (103.6 mph)
Weather:

Footnote:
1. Grid positions from photo evidence (Venables - First among Champions). The source of the times is Sheldon with questionmarks added where times are inconsistent with grid positions.

Star 6 May 1935: Luis Fontes (Alfa Romeo Monza 2.3L) wins the JCC International Trophy handicap race at Brooklands, England.
Star 11 May 1935: Donington Second Meeting at Donington Park, England. Handicap races were won by P. Maclure (Riley 1.1L), H. G. Dobbs (Riley 1.6L) - two races, and Miss Fay Taylour (Frazer-Nash 1.5L). A five lap 1500cc scratch race was also held with following results:
1.Hector DobbsRiley1.565.69 mph
2.Kenneth EvansM.G.0.7
3Thomas Cholmondley-TapperBugatti1.5
E. W DobsonRiley1.1
Peter WhiteheadAlta1.1
J. H SmithM.G.1.1
"Tim D. Davis"Frazer-Nash1.5



XXXXXXXXX

IX° GRAN PREMIO DI TRIPOLI

Autodromo di Mellaha (I), 12 May 1935
40 laps x 13.1 km (8.14 mi) = 524.0 km (325.6 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2René DreyfusScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-8
4Luigi PremoliL. PremoliMaserati8CM3.0S-8
6Ferdinando BarbieriF. BarbieriAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
8Costantino MagistriC. MagistriAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
10Luigi FagioliDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW253.7S-8
12Eugenio SienaScuderia SubalpinaAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
14Goffredo ZehenderScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-34S-6
16Philippe EtancelinScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-343.3S-6
18Antonio BrivioScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-8
20Raymond SommerR. SommerAlfa RomeoTipo B/P3S-8
22Mario TadiniScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
24Achille VarziAuto Union AGAuto UnionB4.4V-16
26Rudolf CaracciolaDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW253.7S-8
28Pietro GhersiScuderia SubalpinaAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
30Giuseppe FarinaGino Rovere/Subalpina?Maserati6C-343.7S-6
32Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-8
34Archimede RosaA. RosaMaserati8CM3.0S-8(Note 1)
36Renato BalestreroGruppo Genovese San GiorgioAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8(Note 1)
38Piero TaruffiP. TaruffiMaserati8CM3.0S-8
40Hans RüeschH. RüeschMaserati6C/343.7S-6
42Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoBi-motore6.32x8
44Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenMaserati8CM3.0S-8
46Carlo PintacudaScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8
48Hans StuckAuto Union AGAuto UnionB4.4V-16streamliner? (Note 2)
50Guglielmo CarraroliG. CarraroliMaserati8CM3.0S-8
52Manfred von BrauchitschDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW253.7S-8
54Felice BonettoF. BonettoAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
56Louis ChironScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoBi-motore5.82x8
58Earl HoweEarl HoweMaserati8CM3.0S-8DNA - did not appear
60Marcel LehouxSEFACSEFAC2.82x4DNA - did not appear



Mercedes-Benz vs. Auto Union
The Tripoli Grand Prix, a Formula Libre event like the Tunis race the week before, was held on the Mellaha circuit, the fastest road circuit in the world at that time. As usual the state lottery demanded a large field of cars.
Entries:
The high prizes offered attracted the full GP elite with three Mercedes-Benz, two Auto Unions, Gino Rovere's and Scuderia Subalpina's Maseratis and a full Ferrari team with four Tipo B and two of the new "Bi-motore" cars.
      Varzi and Stuck obviously now raced Typ B cars in early 1935 configuration even if initial plans (as seen in Kirchberg's book) was to race the Tunis car and a streamliner (Note 2).
      The German cars showed their class during practice. Stuck's car was fastest with a speed of 220.4 km/h from Nuvolari's Bi-motore and Caracciola's Mercedes. The Maseratis and Alfa Tipo B's were nowhere near to that speed. Practice times did not count for places on the grid however.
     
Practice:

     
Race:
There was some fear before the start that the tyres would not stand the combination of hot weather and fast track during the race. Continental was well prepared with 300 tyres for the German teams alone. The Mercedes team was planning for a three stop tactics, Auto Union for two stops.
Pole Position
10
Fagioli

Mercedes-Benz

8
Magistri

Alfa Romeo

6
Barbieri

Alfa Romeo

4
Premoli

Maserati

2
Dreyfus

Alfa Romeo

18
Brivio

Alfa Romeo

16
Etancelin

Maserati

14
Zehender

Maserati

12
Siena

Alfa Romeo

28
Ghersi

Alfa Romeo

26
Caracciola

Mercedes-Benz

24
Varzi

Auto Union

22
Tadini

Alfa Romeo

20
Sommer

Alfa Romeo

36
Balestrero

Alfa Romeo

34
Rosa

Maserati

32
Soffietti

Maserati

30
Farina

Maserati

46
Pintacuda

Alfa Romeo

44
Widengren

Maserati

42
Nuvolari

Alfa Romeo

40
Rüesch

Maserati

38
Taruffi

Maserati

54
Bonetto

Alfa Romeo

52
Brauchitsch

Mercedes-Benz

50
Carraroli

Maserati

48
Stuck

Auto Union

56
Chiron

Alfa Romeo

When the flag fell at 3 PM Caracciola's Mercedes took the lead followed by Nuvolari and Varzi. After three laps Varzi was up to second place as Nuvolari already was in the pits, the "Bi-motore" eating both fuel and tyres at an amazing speed. Two laps later Caracciola was also in the pits for a 20 second stop after a front wheel puncture. Auto Union cars took the command of the race with Varzi leading from Stuck, Fagioli and Caracciola. Von Brauchitsch was already out with engine trouble. Starting down in the sixth row he never really got into the race.
      Nuvolari made his second stop on lap 7 and on lap 8 Caracciola was also in again, the tread gone on the rear tyres. He rejoined the race in 10th position a lap behind the leader, but soon Caracciola unlapped himself. Situation after 10 laps:
1. Varzi (Auto Union)37m57s
2. Stuck (Auto Union)37m59s
3. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)38m36s
4. Farina (Maserati)40m17s
5. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)41m00s
6. Etancelin (Maserati)41m12s
7. Zehender (Maserati)41m33s
8. Tadini (Alfa Romeo)41m34s
9. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)41m36s
10. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)41m37s
11. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)42m08s
12. Widengren (Maserati)43m27s

When Varzi and Stuck stopped at lap 11 and 12 Fagioli became the new leader. Brivio had a bad crash with his Alfa Romeo, finishing in the cactus woods. At lap 16 Caracciola was in the pits for the third time, but he was not the only one, the speed and the heat were putting tremendous pressure on the tyres.
      At half point Varzi was leading from Fagioli, Dreyfus and Caracciola. Suddenly Stuck's car caught fire. The driver in his closed cockpit was however unaware of it for quite a while driving on with huge flames coming out of the rear of the car. When Stuck finally realized the situation the brakes had already gone and the driver had great problems to stop the car. A shaken Stuck was helped out of the closed cockpit by nearby officials. Order after 20 laps:
1. Varzi (Auto Union)1h19m47s
2. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)1h21m35s
3. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)1h22m18s
4. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)1h22m18s
5. Zehender (Maserati)1h22m23s
6. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)1h23m12s
7. Tadini (Alfa Romeo)1h23m40s
8. Farina (Maserati) 1h23m44s
9. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)1h23m46s
10. Widengren (Maserati)1h25m54s

Varzi continued in the lead chased by Nuvolari's Alfa and Caracciola's and Fagioli's Mercedes cars. At lap 27 Caracciola made his fourth and final pit stop and yet another pitstop dropped Nuvolari down to fourth.
      At 30 laps the order was:
1. Varzi (Auto Union)1h58m56s
2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)1h59m38s
3. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)2h01m27s
4. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)2h02m42s
5. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)2h05m38s
6. Chiron (Alfa Romeo)2h08m25s
7. Sommer (Alfa Romeo)2h08m47s
8. Zehender (Maserati)2h12m41s
9. Widengren (Maserati)2h12m44s

Nuvolari was not the one to leave Varzi in the lead unchallenged and he started the chase, going flat out. With 320 km/h on the straight he left the Mercedes cars standing and started attacking Varzi. The two Italians where racing side by side, banging wheels but then Nuvolari had to do yet another pitstop and Varzi could continue unchallenged. Caracciola and Fagioli followed a minute behind the Auto Union, and behind the two Mercedes cars came Farina in the 6C-34 Maserati, Nuvolari's Alfa and Étancelin with the other 6C-34. 35 laps:
1. Varzi (Auto Union)2h18m34s
2. Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz)2h20m35s
3. Fagioli (Mercedes-Benz)2h21m44s
4. Dreyfus (Alfa Romeo)2h26m09s

But the duel had taking its toll on Varzi's tyres too and with 5 laps to go one of his rear tyres disintegrated just as he passed the pits and the Auto Union had to make almost a full lap on the rims to the reserve pit. The hub was jammed on the wheel and Caracciola took over the lead before the Auto Union team was ready with the change. Varzi came out of the pits and took up the chase. With one lap to go he had caught the Mercedes but then another tyre blew and the race was over. Caracciola took the flag for his first victory of a season that should become one of his greatest.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/Status

1.26Rudolf CaracciolaDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW253.7S-8402h38m47.6s
2.24Achille VarziAuto Union AGAuto UnionB4.4V-16402h39m54.2s+ 1m06.6s
3.10Luigi FagioliDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW253.7S-8402h41m03.8s+ 2m16.2s
4.42Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoBi-motore6.32x8402h47m36.4s+ 7m48.8s
5.56Louis ChironScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoBi-motore5.82x8402h49m14.0s+ 10m26.4s
6.2René DreyfusScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-8402h49m15.4s+ 10m27.6s
7.20Raymond SommerR. SommerAlfa RomeoTipo B/P3S-8402h50m20.8s+ 11m33.2s
8.14Goffredo ZehenderScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-34S-6382h51m43.4s
9.50Guglielmo CarraroliG. CarraroliMaserati8CM3.0S-8372h57m34.2s
10.22Mario TadiniScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-8372h58m49.2s
DNF34Archimede RosaA. RosaMaserati8CM3.0S-837
DNF36Renato BalestreroGruppo Genovese San GiorgioAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-835
DNF30Giuseppe FarinaGino Rovere/Subalpina?Maserati6C-343.7S-628carburettor
DNF16Philippe EtancelinScuderia SubalpinaMaserati6C-343.3S-624carburettor
DNF48Hans StuckAuto Union AGAuto UnionB4.4V-1620fire
DNF38Piero TaruffiP. TaruffiMaserati8CM3.0S-817
DNF8Costantino MagistriC. MagistriAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-816
DNF46Carlo PintacudaScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P32.9S-815
DNF18Antonio BrivioScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B/P33.2S-813crash
DNF28Pietro GhersiScuderia SubalpinaAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-811
DNF54Felice BonettoF. BonettoAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-87
DNF4Luigi PremoliL. PremoliMaserati8CM3.0S-86oil pump
DNF40Hans RüeschH. RüeschMaserati6C/343.7S-66oil pump
DNF52Manfred von BrauchitschDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW253.7S-85engine
DNF6Ferdinando BarbieriF. BarbieriAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-84
DNF32Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-84valve
DSQ44Per-Wiktor WidengrenP-W WidengrenMaserati8CM3.0S-83DSQ
DNF12Eugenio SienaScuderia SubalpinaAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-82
Fastest lap: Rudi Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz) on lap 38 in 3m34.2s = 220.2 km/h (136.8 mi)
Winner's medium speed: 198.0 km/h (123.0 mph)
Weather:

Footnote:
1. Entry lists have Balestrero as #34 and Rosa as #36 but picture and video of the Tripoli pit shows that #34 was a Maserati and #36 a Alfa Romeo Monza so I have swapped the race numbers (with thanks to Francesco Ferrandino).

2. A picture from the start seems to indicate it was NOT a streamliner after all.



XXXXXXXXX

IV ELÄINTARHANAJOT/DJURGÅRDSLOPPET

Eläintarharata - Helsinki (FIN), 12 May 1935
50 laps x 2.000 km (1.243mi)= 100 km (62.1 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Class A, race cars
1Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-8
2Helmer CarlssonH. CarlssonAmilcarC61.1S-6
3Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
4Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesBenz SSK7.1S-6
5Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
6Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-4
15Henken WidengrenH. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
 
Class B, sports cars
7Johan RamsayJ. RamsayChryslerSpecial5.1S-6
8Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevrolet
9Einar AlmE. AlmFordSpecialDNS - failed scrutineering
10Asser WalleniusA. WalleniusFord
11Arvo SorriA. SorriChrysler
12Gunnar AnderssonG. AnderssonFordV-8
14Alexi PatamaA. PatamaFordSpecial



Ebb's second home win
by Leif Snellman
Ebb (Mercedes-Benz) took the lead on the first lap of the fourth Finnish Grand Prix while Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo) had to make an early pit stop and Henken Widengren (Alfa Romeo) first lost time behind Sundstedt's Bugatti and then had to retire with a gearbox trouble. That let Ebb to dominate the rest of the race to win from Sundstedt with Ramsay finishing third to win the sports car class.
Suomen Automobiili Klubi (SAK) did not want to take the financial risk to arrange the 1935 event. Instead Helsingin Moottori Kerho (HMK) was joined by Suomen Kilpa-ajajat ry (Finnish racing drivers' society) in the arrangements. As usual the event was held on Mother's Day on the same 2 km long circuit as before. This time the car race was divided into two classes, one for race cars and one for "sports cars", i.e. rebuilt specials, usually with American chassis and engines.
      The prizes for the top four finishers in the car classes were 10,000, 5,000, 2,000 & 1,000 Fmk in the racing class and 5,000, 2,500, 1,000 & 500 Fmk in the sports car class.
Entries:
Half of the field consisted of racing cars. Of the seven entries four were from Sweden. The entry list included Finnish driver Karl Ebb with his old white Mercedes SSK and Norwegian Eugen Bjørnstad with his Alfa Romeo Monza, red with blue and white cross lines. (Ebb seems to always have used Englebert tyres on the SSK while one usually associates the German cars with Continental.)
      Per-Victor Widengren was at the Tripoli Grand Prix with a 3 litre Maserati, so his brother Henken came from England via Sweden to race Per-Victor's Alfa Romeo Monza, blue colored with a yellow bonnet. The car was totally unfamiliar to Henken.
      There were three Bugattis in the entry list. Ivar Lindh raced a blue colored T37A voiturette, Karl-Gustav Sundstedt a steel grey ex-Chiron T35B and Finnish driver Emil Elo had recently bought John Isberg's T35C "Blåen" or "the blue one".
      The smallest car in the field was Helmer Carlsson's nice looking "firebrigade red" 600 kg Amilcar.
      The rest of the entries, racing in their own class, consisted of rebuilt Chryslers, Fords and a Chevrolet. All the drivers apart from Swede Gunnar Thorsell were from Finland. Thorsell's Chevrolet and Arvo Sorri's Chrysler were blue colored. Baron Ramsay raced S.P. J. Keinänen's Chrysler, prepared for the race by Keinänen. Einar Alm, who had been banned from starting in 1934, had now cut off the tail of his notorious "tail Ford" in an attempt to pass scrutineering.
Practice:
The five Swedish and the single Norwegian car with drivers and mechanics arrived from Sweden, Thursday 4 p.m., onboard steamship SS Oihonna. Widengren had arrived earlier by plane and was waiting at the harbour and thus became witness of the accident when the steamer made an awful maneuver and crashed, creating a four meter long hole in the quay. Fortunately there were no damage to the ship, passengers or cargo and the cars were soon lifted ashore. The drivers had a chance to study the circuit by foot during Thursday and Friday but as the park and the roads were not closed there were no practice sessions before Saturday.
      The grid was decided from a 300m acceleration test. The exact time and place of the test was kept secret to prevent spectators gathering as there were limited safety arrangements. The event took place on the start-finish straight at 3:30 a.m. on Saturday morning. The drivers got two attempts to set a time but most of them were satisfied with their first attempt. Bjørnstad proved to be fastest followed by Sundstedt and Widengren. The full results can be seen on the grid table.
      After the acceleration test there was a one hour free practice session followed by an hour session for the motorcycles. During the session Elo, unfamiliar with his new Bugatti, braked too hard at the "death curve", lost control of the car and went off the track. The car made a forward somersault but luckily caught a telephone pole between a rear wheel and the body so that the car got struck upside down leaning against the pole with spare room for the driver to crawl out. A straw bale in front of the telephone pole had protected the driver from injuries. Several of the drivers were unfamiliar to the circuit and Andersson had several spins.
      Alm's Ford failed the scrutineering this year as well as the engine was not properly attached to the chassis. Andersson was allowed into the race only on the condition that he changed tyres.
Race:
Sunday came with overcast weather and a chilly wind, but that did not hinder 26,650 paying spectators from arriving at the park. At 1:45 p.m. the traditional and popular railway train with its grandstand coaches departed from downtown to go to its position on the railway embankment overlooking the main straight where it arrived to the cheers of the spectators. At 2 p.m. the event started with the motorcycle races. The weather had turned a bit better with the sun shining but it was still quite chilly. About 3:15 p.m. it was time for the car race and the 13 cars were driven from the Eläintarha athletics sports field, used as paddock, to the grid. Elo's Bugatti had been repaired during the night and showed no visible signs of the crash.
Pole Position
3
Sundstedt

Bugatti
13.2s

5
Bjørnstad

Alfa Romeo
13.1s

4
Ebb

Mercedes-Benz
14.4s

15
H Widengren

Alfa Romeo
13.6s

14
Patama

Ford
14.9s

7
Ramsay

Chrysler
14.8s

1
Elo

Bugatti
15.3s

6
Lind

Bugatti
15.0s

12
Andersson

Ford
16.4s

*


8
Thorsell

Chevrolet
18.0s

2
Carlsson

Amilcar
17.4s

11
Sorri

Chrysler
-

10
Wallenius

Ford
-

* Alm (Ford) 15.9s
 
Bjørnstad took the start but was immediately in trouble with an ignition problem and he was passed by Ebb. The race order was Ebb, Bjørnstad, Sundstedt, Widengren, Ramsay, Lind, Patama, Andersson, Wallenius, Elo, Sorri, Thorsell and Carlsson. Bjørnstad was also passed by Sundstedt and the Norwegian made a lengthy pit stop at the end of the first lap. On the last corner before the main straight Anderson's Ford went wide, overturned, and made a double somersault, the driver ending up at hospital with a fractured thigh. Elo's Bugatti was slow and had a strange engine noise. The only real challenger for Ebb was now Widengren, but he lost the second place to Sundstedt on one of the first laps as he was trying to get used to the unfamiliar Monza and then he had great problems to re-pass the blocking Bugatti driver. After some fist shaking and then a warning to Sundstedt from a flagman, Widengren finally went by at the main straight on lap 8 but had lost a lot to Ebb. Order after 10 laps:
1. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)12m09s
2. Widengren (Alfa Romeo)12m24s
3. Sundstedt (Bugatti)12m34s
4. Ramsay (Chrysler)12m34.8s
5. Patama (Ford)12m40s
6. Lindh (Bugatti)12m42s
7. Wallenius (Ford)12m53s
8. Carlsson (Amilcar)13m14s

After having lost 10 minutes in the pit Bjørnstad returned to the race without driver's hood or goggles. Once away he immediately became the fastest driver on the circuit making 1m09s laps against Ebb's 1m11s. On lap 15 gearbox troubles forced Widengren to retire leaving Ebb to dominate the rest of the race. After 20 laps Ebb already held almost a one minute lead over Sundstedt, who was closely followed by Ramsay:
1. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)24m10s
2. Sundstedt (Bugatti)25m07s
3. Ramsay (Chrysler)25m08s
4. Patama (Ford)25m16s
5. Lindh (Bugatti)25m22s
6. Wallenius (Ford)25m24s
7. Carlsson (Amilcar)25m39s

Ebb continued to dominate and had already lapped all the other competitors at least once. After 30 laps he was leading by 1m37s. Ramsay was still challenging Sundstedt. Carlsson had passed Wallenius, whose engine was overheating. Situation after 30 laps:
1. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)35m57s
2. Sundstedt (Bugatti)37m34s
3. Ramsay (Chrysler)37m35s
4. Patama (Ford)37m38s
5. Lindh (Bugatti)38m00s
6. Carlsson (Amilcar)38m17s
7. Wallenius (Ford)38m18s

Wallenius had to make a pit stop for filling up the radiator and fell back in the order. Both Sorri (Chrysler) and Patama (Ford) were warned for reckless driving, the latter after having spun and stopped sideways on Nordenskiöld street, blocking the road.
      After about 35 laps Bjørnstad, still being the fastest driver but 9 laps behind the leader, caught Ebb and followed him for some laps but then fell back 20 seconds as stones were thrown up in his face from the Mercedes. Order after 40 laps:
1. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)47m44s
2. Sundstedt (Bugatti)50m08s
3. Ramsay (Chrysler)50m10s
4. Lindh (Bugatti)50m27s
5. Carlsson (Amilcar)51m04s
6. Patama (Ford)51m05s
7. Wallenius (Ford)51m27s

Wallenius had to make yet another stop for water. In the minds of the referees Patama's driving had not improved and he was eventually black flagged.
      Ebb took the victory with Sundstedt second but almost two laps behind. During the last laps he had pulled away a bit from Ramsay, who was the winner of the sports car class and third overall. They were followed by Lindh in the voiturette Bugatti and Carlsson in his little Amilcar. Wallenius was second in the sports car class followed by a struggling Elo, who had lost almost seven laps to Ebb. Then followed Sorri, Bjørnstad and Thorsell.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.4Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesBenz SSK7.1S-65059m34.2s
2.3Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8501h02m31s+ 2m57s
3.7Johan RamsayJ. RamsayChryslerSpecial5.1S-6501h02m48.2s+ 3m14s
4.6Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-4501h03m24s+ 3m50s
5.2Helmer CarlssonH. CarlssonAmilcarC61.1S-6501h03m40.5s+ 4m06.3s
6.10Asser WalleniusA. WalleniusFord501h05m06s+ 5m32s
7.1Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-8501h07m38.6s+ 8m04.4s
8.11Arvo SorriA. SorriChrysler501h08m20s+ 8m46s
9.5Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8501h10m36s+11m02s
10.8Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellChevrolet501h11m21s+11m47s
DSQ14Alexi PatamaA. PatamaFordSpecial~45reckless driving 
DNF15Henken WidengrenH. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-815gearbox
DNF12Gunnar AnderssonG. AnderssonFord1crash 
Fastest lap: N/A
Winner's medium speed: 100.7 km/h (62.6 mph)
Weather: sunny but with a chilly wind.
In retrospect:
No fastest lap was announced but one can guess it was made by Bjørnstad with a time somewhere around 1m07s-1m08s.

This is one of those races were news reports differ a lot and one has to do educated guesses. Two newspapers listed times for every five laps but there are some major errors in the list. Especially Lindh lost a minute between laps 31-35 and then gained it back during the last five laps of the race. So either Lind indeed made a stop, not reported in any papers, and was then flagged off one lap early by mistake, or then there is a mistake in the lap tables for Lindh at laps 35, 40 & 45. I have assumed the latter, giving Lind 50m27s instead of 51m27s at 40 laps.

Primary sources researched for this article:
Helsingin Sanomat, Helsinki
Hufvudstadsbladet, Helsingfors
Suomen Urheilulehti, Helsinki
Svenska Pressen, Helsingfors
Uusi Suomi, Helsinki



XXXXXXXXX

I CIRCUITO DI BERGAMO/COPPA CITTA DI BERGAMO

Circuito di Bergamo (I), 19 May 1935
70 laps x 2.92 km (1.81 mi) = 204.4 km (127.0 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2?S-8
4Giuseppe FarinaScuderia SubalpinaMaserati4CM2.5S-4
6Gianfranco ComottiScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2?S-8
8Luigi SoffiettiEcurie VersoixAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
10Eugenio SienaScuderia SubalpinaMaserati4CM1.5S-4
12Giovanni MinozziG. MinozziAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
14Emilio RomanoE. RomanoBugattiT512.3S-8
16G. Cornaggia-MediciG. Cornaggia-MediciAlfa Romeo8C-23002.3S-8
18Carlo PintacudaScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B2.9?S-8
20Piero DusioScuderia SubalpinaMaserati8CM3.0S-8
22Giacomo ClericiG. ClericiMaserati4CM1.5S-4
24Ferdinando BarbieriF. BarbieriMaserati4CM1.5S-4
26Mario TadiniScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoDNA - did not appear



The battle inside the town walls
Entries:
A huge crowd gathered to see this this rather minor Italian street race which was held inside the town walls of Bergamo. The grid was limited to 12 starters with Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo) being fastest during practice to take the pole from Alfa Romeo drivers Comotti and Mizotti. Soffietti was obviously racing a white/red Alfa Romeo Monza rather than the usual Maserati.
Practice:

     
Race:

     
Pole Position
4
Farina

Maserati
2m02.0s

2
Nuvolari

Alfa Romeo
1m59.2s

10
Siena

Maserati
2m09.4s

8
Soffietti

Alfa Romeo
2m04.8s

6
Comotti

Alfa Romeo
2m04.4s

14
Romano

Bugatti
2m10.0s

12
Minozzi

Alfa Romeo
2m09.4s

20
Dusio

Maserati
2m11.2s

18
Pintacuda

Alfa Romeo
2m10.4s

16
Cornaggia

Alfa Romeo
2m10.4s

24
Barbieri

Maserati
2m13.4s

22
Clerici

Maserati
2m11.4s

(Note 1)

When the flag dropped at 3.30 p.m. Nuvolari took an immediate lead followed by Farina, Comotti and Soffietti. Further down the field Siena and Barbieri started a fierce duel with their Maserati voiturettes. Nuvolari tried to shake off Farina by setting lap record after lap record but the Maserati driver followed closely, only losing 3 seconds to the leader during the first 10 laps. Race order:
1. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)20m42.4s
2. Farina (Maserati)20m45.6s
3. Comotti (Alfa Romeo)20m55s
4. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)21m45s

Comotti was already 10 seconds behind and would soon lose 3 laps in the pit with radiator problems, giving Soffietti the third position followed by Barbieri and Minozzi. Situation after 20 laps:
1. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)41m11.6s
2. Farina (Maserati)41m24.6s
3. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)43m06s
4. Barbieri (Maserati)43m34s

Nuvolari continued at full speed and eventually Farina started to lose ground. Minozzi had to retire with a broken axle and Pintacuda managed to pass Soffietti for third position but by now Soffietti was already over two minutes behind Farina. At half distance (35 laps) the situaation was as follows:
1. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)1h11m49.4s
2. Farina (Maserati)1h12m25.4s
3. Pintacuda (Alfa Romeo)1h14m57s
4. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)1m14m59s

The duel between Siena and Barbieri ended with the former retiring with plug problems and the latter crashing. By 50 laps Nuvolari held a 25s lead from Farina with the rest over 3 minutes behind:
1. Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo)1h42m42.4s
2. Farina (Maserati)1h43m07s
3. Pintacuda (Alfa Romeo)1h46m14.3s
4. Soffietti (Alfa Romeo)1h47m10.6s

Near the end Dusio managed to pass Cornaggia (Alfa Romeo) for sixth position.
      At the end Nuvolari took a dominant victory, 2 minutes from Farina, with the rest of the field several laps behind the top duo.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.2Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B3.2S-8702h23m28.2s (Note 2)
2.4Giuseppe FarinaScuderia SubalpinaMaserati4CM2.5S-4702h25m38.0s+ 2m09.8s
3.18Carlo PintacudaScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B2.9?S-8682h23m53.0s
4.8Luigi SoffiettiEcurie VersoixAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8672h24m43.0s
5.6Gianfranco ComottiScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo B2.9?S-8672h25m09.8s
6.20Piero DusioScuderia SubalpinaMaserati8CM3.0S-8662h24m42.2s
7.16G. Cornaggia-MediciG. Cornaggia-MediciAlfa Romeo8C-23002.3S-8602h25m30.0s?
DNF24Ferdinando BarbieriF. BarbieriMaserati4CM1.5S-457crash
8.14Emilio RomanoE. RomanoBugattiT512.3S-8562h24m56.0s
DNF10Eugenio SienaScuderia SubalpinaMaserati4CM1.5S-450engine
DNF12Giovanni MinozziG. MinozziAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-821half shaft
DNF22Giacomo ClericiG. ClericiMaserati4CM1.5S-413oil pipe
Fastest lap: Tazio Nuvolari (Alfa Romeo) in 2m00.4s = 87.3 km/h (54.3 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 85.4 km/h (53.1 mph) (Note 2)
Pole position lap speed: 88.2 km/h (54.8 mph) (Note 1)
Weather:

Footnote:
1. Grid positions from photo evidence (Thanks Piotr Podhajski). Numbers are from Sheldon, which if should indicate that either race numbers were given AFTER qualifying or that grid was decided by ballot and that qualifying times shown should be disregarded.

2. Both contemporary sports newspapars Il'Littoriale and Automobile-Revue give 2h23m28.2s as winner's result but the winning speed of 85.382 km/h given by both papers corresponds to 2h23m38.2s! The results surely are copied from an official source but it is impossible afterwards to know whether a wrong number ("2 " becoming a "3") was used for counting the speed or if there was a spelling error in the official results (with "3 " becoming a "2"). 2h23m28.2s would correspond to 85.451 km/h (if using three decimals).



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© 2016 Leif Snellman, Hans Etzrodt, Felix Muelas - Last updated: 27.04.2016