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FOREWORD

The work on the 1936 season is now considered finished with the accounts for all the races having been re-written and improved during 2017-2019. Only minor additions and corrections should be expected from now on. Great thanks to Hans Etzrodt who took his time to write improved accounts for seven major races. Information derived from contemporary magazines and newspapers have been used as much as possible. Those race reports made a long time ago by knowledgeable reporters have been of invaluable help. Secondary sources have of course also been used when needed. Especially I would like to mention the books by Bill Boddy, Peter Hull, Simon Moore, Anthony Pritchard, Paul Sheldon and David Venables, which have been consulted frequently. A special thanks to all persons who through the years have provided me with feedback and additional information.
Leif Snellman




INTRODUCTION:

In 1936 politics seriously started to interfere with the racing calendar. On 3rd October 1935 Italian troops invaded Abyssinia and on 18th November the League of Nations imposed economic sanctions on Italy. Mussolini answered by boycotting the French and British motor sports events. On 7th March 1936 Hitler entered the demilitarized Rhineland and on 18th July the Spanish Civil War began. In western Europe the season was interrupted by strikes and unrest.

For Grand Prix racing 1936 was the year of Auto Union and Bernd Rosemeyer. The 27 year old German dominated the season to become European champion. At mid season Mercedes-Benz withdrew from racing, returning to Stuttgart to lick their wounds.

Voiturette racing was dominated by Richard Seaman's 10 year old Delage, a fact that perhaps gives a too negative impression of the technical ability of the other teams.

There was a new meeting in Zürich on 7th December 1935 about proposals for a new racing formula. There were serious discussions about whether the new Grand Prix formula should be for 1500cc cars. However no final decisions were made. Another meeting was held in February 1936 with suggestions about a 4 litre/2.7 litre formula . But it was not until October 1936 that a new 4.5 litre/3 litre formula for 1938 was announced.

The championship
See the 1936 European Championship table.

Cancelled events:
The Belgian Grand Prix and the Le Mans 24 h race had to be cancelled due to political unrest as was the Spanish Grand Prix at San Sebastian due to the Spanish Civil War. The Dieppe Grand Prix was also off the calender.



1936 SEASON LINEUP:

GRAND PRIX:

Mercedes-Benz
After two years full of conflicts Neubauer should probably have liked to get rid of Fagioli but the fact was that the Mercedes team could not afford to give up a driver of his capabilities. So the driver line up was as before Rudolf Caracciola, Luigi Fagioli and Manfred von Brauchitsch with Hermann Lang as junior driver.
      Caracciola urged Alfred Neubauer to also sign his old friend, Monegasque Louis Chiron to replace the injured Geier.
      To face the challenge from the new cars of Auto Union and Alfa Romeo the Mercedes factory constructed a new 600 BHP 5.6 liter V12 unit known as the DAB. To fit this heavy engine into the cars under the 750 kg limit demanded considerable changes to be done to the 1936 cars to save weight. The new car was built with no less than 25 cm shorter wheel base than the old ones. Other news included a transverse gearbox and a de Dion rear axle. The new car was in fact so small that the tall von Brauchitsch could not fit into it properly and he had a miserable season.
      The finished DAB engine proved to be seriously overweight. Somehow the engineers managed to squeeze it in under the weight limit only to find that the weight distribution was such that the car was totally undrivable. Instead a 4.7 litre 450 BHP variant of the old engine (known as ME25) had to be built in a hurry and put into the new cars.
      The 1936 season was to become the worst in Mercedes-Benz's history. To sort up the mess a new "Rennabteilung" (racing department) under engineer Uhlenhaut was created to take over from the experiment department.

Auto Union
Auto Union had a new car called the for the 1936 season, that race historians latyer would call type "C". The volume of the V16 engine was increased to 6 litres giving 520 BHP.
      There had also been several modifications to better the handling of the cars including a ZF limit slip differential. Dr Karl Feuereissen took over from Willy Walb as team manager.
      The driver line up for 1936 was Hans Stuck, Achille Varzi and Bernd Rosemeyer as senior drivers with Rudolf Heydel, Ernst von Delius and Rudolf Hasse selected as junior drivers. Pietsch and zu Leiningen had left the team.

Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo continued developing the Tipo 8C-35 car putting in a new 4.1 litre V12 engine. The new model was known as the Tipo 12C-36. First driver Tazio Nuvolari stayed on at Scuderia Ferrari as were Antonio Brivio, Carlo Pintacuda and Mario Tadini. René Dreyfus was away developing Talbot sports cars but returned to Scuderia Ferrari from the Deauville GP onwards. Trossi, having worked as President for Scuderia Ferrari since 1932, had now resigned and left for Maserati. A new driver for the team was Giuseppe Farina, who had left Gino Rovere.

Maserati
In 1936 Gino Rovere became president of Maserati. Scuderia Subalpina changed its name to Scuderia Torino entering a V8 RI for Count Trossi. Giorgio Ambrosini was racing manager. There were hardly any serious attempts to develop the V8 RI during the 1936 season. The old 8CM cars were not competitive any longer. At the end of the year Maserati abandoned all interest in Grand Prix racing until the new 3 litre formula in 1938.

Bugatti
Bugatti tried to develop a light metal variant of the 59/50 with a 4.7 litre engine but still with an antique chassis and suspension. Jean-Pierre Wimille continued as driver.

VOITURETTE 1500cc:

Maserati
Maserati, now represented by Scuderia Torino, still raced the 4C-1500 but at Eifelrennen the new Tipo 6CM was introduced. The car looked like a miniature of Maserati's V8 RI GP car with independent suspension and streamlined body. The new 6 cylinder engine was not as powerful as the ERA but with its better roadholding drivers like Scuderia Torino's Count Trossi and Omobono Tenni the 6CM was a serious challenge the British cars and dominated the local Italian events.

ERA
Works team drivers were Raymond Mays, Marcel Lehoux, Earl Howe and Pat Fairfield. A further 7 ERA-B cars were sold to private owners. Drivers included "B. Bira", Reggie Tongue and Greek driver Nicholas Embiricos. After the 1935 successes 1936 was a troublesome season for the ERA drivers. The cars were unreliable and suffered from poor preparation by the factory. The challenge from Maserati and Seaman's Delage was also surprisingly strong.

Other
Giulio Ramponi, who prepared Richard Seaman's cars, persuaded the latter to change his ERA for Earl Howe's old Delage for the 1936 season, a maneuver that got more than one eyebrow to rise. The skillful Ramponi however knew what he was doing. Lighted by 120 kg and with a new supercharger the old Grand Prix car that had won the 1927 World Championship once again proved to be a winner, dominating the 1936 Voiturette season.


IN MEMORIAM:

On January 1 during the South African Grand Prix a native woman who walked across the road died when hit by Roy L. Evans' Auburn.

On February 4 during tests at Monza Auto Union junior driver Rudolf Heydel died instantly when he crashed at curva Vialone.

May 28 Italian/Brazil driver Dante Palombo was killed when he crashed his Ford V8 practicing for the Rio de Janeiro Grand Prix. It was the same car that Irineu Corrêa had lost his life in during the 1935 race.

On June 1 at Brooklands newcomer Kenneth Carr crashed Harry Rose's Alfa Romeo Monza during practice for the Whitsun BARC Meeting. Carr lost control coming off the Members banking, towards the Railway Straight. The car flipped six times and on the first flip Carr was thrown off and died immediately.

On June 12 six persons died and and thirty-four were injured at the São Paulo Grand Prix when Mlle. "Hellé Nice" lost control of her Alfa Romeo Monza. The car somersaulted twice and crashed into the main stand. The names of five of the fatalies are known: policemen/soldiers Hercilio José Barbosa, Ruy Ramos, Moacyr Galvão and Deraldo Castro and spectator Orlando Tavares. "Hellé Nice" spent over two months at hospital with a fractured skull.

At the Grand Prix de Deauville on June 19 Albert "Raymond" Chambost overturned his Maserati at Virages des Dunes on the 8th lap. Chambost died due to a skull fracture a few days later. Halfway through the race when Giuseppe Farina tried to lap Marcel Lehoux at Courbe des Bains the cars collided. Lehoux' ERA overturned and caught fire. Lehoux was thrown out, recieved a fractured skull, and died at hospital.

On August 3 John Fitzroy, ninth Duke of Grafton, crashed his Bugatti T59 against a wall on the first lap during a race at Limerick, Ireland. The car caught fire and the driver succumbed to severe burns at hospital on August 4. The young Duke had only started racing that year and there had been concerns that he would drive his newly acquired fast ex- Charlie Martin Bugatti for the first time on the difficult round-the-houses course.

On September 5 during the RAC Tourist Trophy at Ards Ireland, Jack Chambers crashed his Riley into a lamp-post in the village of Newtownards and slided sideways into the crowd standing on the sidewalk. Spectators Ernest Jacobs, Samuel McAuley, William A. McGimpse, James McKnight, William Thorne, Hans Wallace, Alexander Warden and Leslie Samuel Wilson died and more than 25 were injured in England's worst motorsports accident.

On September 13 during the 500 Millas Argentinas at Rafaela competitors Alberto Saluzzo, Ricardo Jolly, Lordo Jurevich, Raúl J. Petroni and journalist Atilio Leonidas Casime died in various accients.

On October 4 during a 12 hour speed record attempt at Monza Ignazio Radice Fossati lost control of his 1.1 litre Maserati 4CS when trying to avoid a dog that run over the track. The car overturned and bust in flames and the driver received fatal wounds.

On the first day of the Mercedes-Benz team's "Rennfahrerschule" for 27 drivers at Nürburgring on October 8 Hermann Schmitz crashed a Mercedes-Benz 500K at the Karussell. The driver got crushed under the overturned car receiving fatal wounds. Schmitz is called "Johann Wolf" by Alfred Neubauer in his book "Männer Frauen und Motoren".

Main source: http://www.motorsportmemorial.org/


SOURCES:

The main sources of information for the 1936 season has been Paul Sheldon: "A history of Grand Prix and Voiturette Racing, volume 3 (2nd ed)", Chris Nixon: "Racing the Silver Arrows", Peter Hull: "Alfa Romeo, a History" David Venables: "The Racing Fifteen-Hundreds" and "First Among Champions", Georg C. Monkhouse: "Motor Racing with Mercedes-Benz" and "Mercedes-Benz Grand Prix Racing 1934-1955" and Adriano Cimarosti: "The Complete History of Grand Prix Motor Racing".
      For information about the cars I have had good use of Karl Ludwigsen: "Quicksilver Century", Peter Kirchberg: "Grand-Prix-Report Auto Union 1934 - 1939", Anthony Pritchard: "Maserati a History", H.G. Conway: "Grand Prix Bugatti", Laurence Pomeroy: "The Grand Prix Car" , J. R. W Barker "ERA - A Concise History" and Doug Nye: "Autocourse History of the Grand Prix Car 1945 - 1965".
     
      These books I consider to be standard litterature, used for most of the race accounts and I will usually not mention them especially for each race. However if some other book has been of special use for a particular race, it has been mentioned at the end of that race account. See here for a more complete source list.
      There are also the classic biografies like Alfred Neubauer: "Männer, Frauen und Motoren", Rudi Caracciola. "Meine Welt", Hermann Lang: "Von Rennmonteur zum Europameister", Ludwig Sebastian: "Hinter drönenden Motoren" Prince Chula "Road Racing 1936" and Raymond Mays: "Split Seconds".

      Also period magazines has been used as much as possible, especially the Swiss "Automobil-Revue", the Italian "Il Littoriale" (sadly not available July to October), the British "Motor Sport" and the French "L'Auto". I'm greatly thankful for my friends at A6 for providing me with links to / copies of those and other magazines.

      In addition to that come various NET resources, discussion groups, magazine articles, videos, YouTube etc.



AIACR EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIP TABLE



Star 24 December 1935 - February 1936: Bernd Rosemeyer is hospitalized for six weeks with jaundice and liver problems, possibly after eating a bad oyster.
Star 1 January 1936: Mario Massacuratti (Bugatti T35B) wins the South African GP handicap race at East London.
Star January 1936: Achille Varzi went through a minor throat operation.



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I HEDEMORALOPPET

Brunnsjön - Hedemora (S), 26 January 1936
10 laps x 1.51 km (0.94 mi) = 15.1 km (9.4 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Cars under 2000 cc engine capacity:
Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellFordDNA - did not appear
Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-4
Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8
 
Cars over 2000 cc engine capacity:
Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
Per-Viktor WidengrenP-V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8



Bjørnstad scores in the first race

by Leif Snellman
This minor race was the first one in the Nordic ice racing season. Each driver got the chance to set a time in two heats, the quickest race time of those two was used as the final result. Norwegian Bjørnstad with a dual rear wheels Alfa Romeo proved fastest, followed by Carlsson's Bugatti and Widengren's Alfa Romeo.
The Nordic ice racing season took off with this minor ice sprint on lake Brunnsjön near the small city of Hedemora, 150 km northwest of Stockholm. The race was run for standard cars and for racing cars, each divided into two classes, one for cars with over 2 litre engines and one for cars with engines under 2 litre. There were nine heats altogether. The overall result was based on the quickest race time, regardless of the heat.
Entries:
Several drivers took the opportunity to test their cars for the important Swedish Grand Prix, a month later. The favorites were the Swede Widengren and the Norwegian Bjørnstad, both driving their own Alfa Romeo Monzas. Bjørnstad showed for the first time his Alfa with dual rear wheels, which was a sensation. The wheels were custom-made in Italy, and each consisted of a single rim where upon two studded tires were mounted. Swede Knut Gustav Sundstedt raced his old ex-Chiron Bugatti T35B (#4922) and Finnish driver Karl Ebb his huge Mercedes-Benz SSK that had been rebuilt for the 1936 season.
      In the smaller class Helmer Carlsson raced the ex-Bjørnstad Bugatti (#4928) that had once won the 1929 Targa Florio with Albert Divo. Västerås Racer Kompani also entered their small Amilcars (one light blue and one red) with Karl-Emil Rolander and Adolf Westerblom as drivers. Ivar Lind raced a 4 cylinder voiturette Bugatti (#37418) while Gunnar Thorsell did not appear.
Race:

 
Heat 4 / Heat 7 in inverted order

Pole Position
Rolander
Amilcar

Westerblom
Amilcar

Heat 5 / Heat 8 in inverted order

Pole Position
Lindh
Bugatti

Carlsson
Bugatti

Sundstedt
Bugatti

Heat 6 / Heat 9 in inverted order

Pole Position
Ebb
Mercedes-Benz

Bjørnstad
Alfa Romeo

Widengren
Alfa Romeo

A brilliant sunny winter weather with 25 degrees below zero (-13° F) and an international start field with the best that the Nordic countries could provide made the races immensely watchable for the Swedish racing fans.
      The three first heats were for standard cars and total winner was Erik Olausson (Singer 1 litre) from "Mas" Harry Larsson (Plymouth) and Ivar Isacson (Ford V-8). Thereafter the eight race cars, divided into three heats, got two opportunities to set the quickest race time. The grids vere inverted for the second attempt. The cars pulled up such a cloud of snow and ice that visibility was very poor and it was almost impossible to make a pass.
      In the sixth heat Bjørnstad immediately took the lead followed by Ebb and Widengren side by side. Widengren pushed himself in front of Ebb but he was unable to do anything against Bjørnstad. At the finish Widengren's hands were so shaky they were hardly able to hold to the steering wheel. Therefore Widengren was unable to better his time in the 9th heat, doing a miserable 11m14.2s while Bjørnstad was out of the game with a failing valve.
      So, Bjørnstad won the overall race, perhaps thanks to his dual rear wheels. Helmer Carlsson sensationally managed to beat Widengren's time to finish second on aggregate results and he was quite unchallenged in the small class.
      Widengren in an interview: "Helmer did a fine race. Not that I think he can cause a sensation at Rämen - because his Bugatti is not fast enough - but it is sure and certain that he belongs to the wise drivers and that he has a high quality driving technique. He deserves his beautiful success today."

Aggregate Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81010m27.6s
2.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-81010m39.2s+ 11.6s
3.Per-Viktor WidengrenP-V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81010m43.8s+ 16.2s
4.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-81010m44.3s+ 16.7s
5.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-61010m44.4s+ 16.8s
6.Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61011m19.9s+ 52.3s
7.Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-41011m25.6s+ 58.0
8.Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61012m03.2s+ 1m35.6s
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 86.5 km/h (53.7 mph)
Weather: sunny, very cold

Primary sources researched for this article:
Dagens Nyheter, Stockholm
Helsingin Sanomat, Helsinki
Special thanks to:
the late Bengt Alsed

Star 4-15 February 1936: After almost being trapped in the snow near St Gotthard the Auto Union team reaches Monza for winter tests. The promising new junior driver Rudolf Heydel had a fatal accident.
On the first day testing started about 3 p.m. with Rudolf Hasse and Hans Stuck doing some laps. Then Stuck gave over his car to Heydel who was to make 10 laps. Heydel made the outlap and then a second lap at high speed. On the next lap he missed the braking in what is now known as the "Ascari chicane". The car slid to the left off the course up the wooden edge through the bramble and then rolled across to the right side of the track where it hit a 50 cm high concrete retaining wall upside down. Heydel's death was instant as his head was crushed. The car continued rolling, throwing out the driver, and finally ended up in flames 10 meters right of the track 200 meters after the chicane with Heydel's body 5 meters from the wreck. The car was totally wrecked by fire.
Star Early 1936: Mercedes-Benz tested at Monza. Hermann Lang's practice nearly ended with a catastrophe as he was hit on the arm by a stone, thrown upon the car by a kid.
Star 6-16 February 1936: The Olympic Games were held in Garmish-Partenkirchen, Germany. Australian Voiturette driver Frederick McEvoy, competing for Great Britain, wins a Bronze Medal in the four man bobsled race. Antonio Brivio also took part, finishing 12th in the two man bobsled and 10th in the four man bobsled. (Note 1)



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I LÅNGFORSSJÖLOPPET

Långforsen - Sala (S), 9 February 1936
? lap x ? ( mi) = 15 km (9.3 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Cars over 2000 cc engine capacity:
Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-6
Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
 
Cars under 2000 cc engine capacity:
Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8
Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-8



Widengren - Bjørnstad: 1 - 1

by Leif Snellman
In the second race of the Nordic ice racing season it was Widengren's turn to win with his Alfa Romeo. He was followed by fellow Swedes Carlsson and Sundstedt in Bugattis while Norwegian Bjørnstad retired.
Two weeks after Hedemora the ice racing season continued, now 50 km closer to Stockholm, with a minor ice sprint on lake Långforsen outside the town of Sala. The event was organized by the Sala section of Svenska Motorklubben (SMK). Again, as in Hedemora, the race was divided into classes for cars with engines under 2000cc (class A) and over 2000 cc (class B).
Entries:
The enty list was very much the same as the one for the Hedemora race, with the only exception that Finnish driver Emil Elo had replaced Swede Ivar Lindh. The favourites were the Swede Widengren and the Norwegian Bjørnstad, both driving their own Alfa Romeo Monzas. Again they were challenged by Karl Ebb's Mercedes-Benz SSK (#35998) and Knut Gustav Sundstedt in his silver-white ex-Chiron Bugatti T35B (#4922)
      In the smaller class Västerås Racer Kompani entered three cars: Helmer Carlsson raced the Bugatti T35C (#4928) while Karl-Emil Rolander and Adolf Westerblom raced the team's Amilcars. Emil Elo raced an ex-Isberg Bugatti T35C.
Race:
 
Grid not available

A temperature of -12 degrees (10° F) and a cold northeasterly blizzard tried to scare away both the participants and the audience, but 3,000 spectators as well as the seasoned racing drivers braved the elements. The event started with races for motor cycles under and over 350cc. The blizzard had messed up the carefully plowed tracks and pushed up a huge amount of water on the ice. The motor cycles threw up cascades of slush and many of the drivers fell in the already badly battered curves on the ice.
      After that it was time for the car race. This time Per Viktor Widengren in front of a home crowd took revenge on Eugen Bjørnstad as well as on Helmer Carlsson to win the race. Sundstedt was second in the major class and Ebb third with the heavy SSK too big for the winding course. Bjørnstad was forced to retire with carburettor problems. In the minor class Carlsson again took the class victory and second place overall. Elo ended up in a snow wall after two laps and had to retire with water in the carburettor.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8?9m44.9s/9m54.9s
2.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8?10m11.0s
3.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8?10m15.8s
4.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-6?10m16.9s
5.Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6?10m25.2s
6.Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6?12m20.0s
DNFEugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8?carburettor
?Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-82carburettor
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed:
Weather: cold, blizzard

Primary sources researched for this article:
Dagens Nyheter, Stockholm
Helsingin Sanomat, Helsinki
Special thanks to:
the late Bengt Alsed



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I HÖRKENLOPPET

Hörken - Grängesberg (S), 16 February 1936
3 heats of 10 laps x 1.2 km (0.75 mi) = 12 km (7.5 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8
Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-6
Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-8
Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
HedlundHedlundFordSpecial



Clash between Bjørnstad and Widengren

by Leif Snellman
The race was divided into three heats with three cars in each heat and aggregate results deciding the overall winner. The last heat with the fastest cars was stopped after Bjørnstad jumped the start and pushed Widengren out. When at the restart Bjørnstad pushed himself into the lead again, Widengren refused to continue racing and Bjørnstad went on to a controversial victory.
The week after Långforssjöloppet it was time again for the Nordic ice racers to measure forces, this time a bit westwards from the last event to the lake Södra (Southern) Hörken near Grängesberg. For this event the racing cars were not divided into classes.The course was 1.2 km long with a 300 m long straight and five curves: two half circles, a staight angle corner and two bad hairpins. The event included two 5 lap races for motorcycles, a five lap race for standard cars and a 10 lap race for race cars.
Entries:
The entry list was the same as at the Långforssjöloppet the week before with, according to Sheldon, the addition of a person named Hedlund with a Ford. Norwegian Eugen Bjørnstad again entered his Alfa Romeo Monza with dual rear wheels (see Hedemoraloppet).
     
Heat 1:
This time the weather was somewhat milder, about 8 degrees below zero, but it was again quite windy. Around 8,000 people made their way out to the lake Södra Hörken. After motorcycle races and a standard car race won by Norwegian Sven Helling (BMW) with a time of 7m24.2s it was time for the racing car class. Probably due to the narrow circuit the race was divided into three heats with three cars in each heat and with the overall winner decided by the aggregate results from the heats.
     
 
Grid not available

The first race for the smallest cars was won by Adolf Westerblom in an Amilcar with his team mate Karl-Emil Rolander second.
     

Results (Heat 1)

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61012m16.5s
DNF?Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
DNFHedlundHedlundFordSpecial
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 58.7 km/h (36.4 mph)
Heat 2:

     
 
Grid not available

The second heat included three Bugattis. After having done fine races at Hedemora and Sala Helmer Carlsson proved not unexpectedly to be fastest winning the heat from Knut Gustav Sundstedt and Finnish driver Emil Elo.
     

Results (Heat 2)

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-81011m34.6s
2.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-81011m47.8s+ 13.2s
3.Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-81012m53.0s+1m18.4s
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 62.2 km/h (38.7 mph)
Heat 3:

     
 
Grid not available

The much expected final heat, the "race of nations" between Swede Per Victor Widengren, Norwegian Eugen Bjørnstad and Finn Karl Ebb, was meant to be the high point of the competition.
      Bjørnstad jumped the start and before the starter got time to stop the race and call the cars back for a restart Widengren had crashed into the snow wall in the first curve. A furious Widengren claimed that Bjørnstad had pushed him out and it took some persuasion from the organizers before Widengren approved of taking part in the restart. Ignoring the critisism Bjørnstad pushed himself into the lead again as the race started anew, whereupon Widengren called it a day and parked his car after just one lap. Bjørnstad dominated the race and took the victory almost a minute in front of Ebb's SSK and by setting the fastest time of the day he also won the whole event. Carlsson was second overall and Sundstedt third.

Results (Heat 3)

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81011m04.3s
2.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-61011m59.0s+ 54.7s
DNFPer Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81parked the car
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 65.0 km/h (40.4 mph)


Aggregate Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81011m04.3s
2.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-81011m34.6s+ 30.6s
3.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-81011m47.8s+ 43.5s
4.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-61011m59.0s+ 54.7s
5.Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61012m16.5s+ 1m12.2s
6.Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-81012m53.0s+1m48.7s
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 65.0 km/h (40.4 mph)
Weather: sub zero temperature, cold wind.

Primary sources researched for this article:
Dagens Nyheter, Stockholm
Special thanks to:
the late Bengt Alsed



XXXXXXXXX

IV SVERIGES VINTER GRAND PRIX

Rämen (S), 23 February 1936
Class A: 8 laps x 46.5 km (28.9 mi) + 1.3 km (0.8 mi) start = 373.3 km (232.0 mi)
Class B: 6 laps x 46.5 km (28.9 mi) + 1.3 km (0.8 mi) start = 280.3 km (174.2 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Class A, Race cars:
1Herbert BergH BergMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
2Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
3Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8DNS - connecting rod
4Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
5Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-8
6László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati8CM3.0S-8
7Axel JohssonA. JonssonBugattiT432.3S-8
8Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-4
9Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
10Per-Helmer StolzP-H. StolzBugattiT38A2.0S-8
11Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
12Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
14Per-Viktor WidengrenP-V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8DNS - bronchitis
15Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellStutzDNA - did not appear
16Nils FalkenbergN. FalkenbergMillerDNA - did not appear
 
Class B, Standard cars:
15Axel BoströmA. BoströmPlymouth5.3S-6
16Erik CastenschioldE. CastenschioldTerraplane5.8S-6
17Franklin EckF. EckFord5.9V-8
18John ForsbergJ. ForsbergFord5.9V-8
19Lyder GrönnebergL. GrönnebergB.M.W.3.7S-6
20Paul von GuilleaumeP. von GuilleaumeAdler2.8S-4
21Folke HellF. HellPlymouthS-6
22Svein HellingS. HellingB.M.W.3.7S-6
23Axel LarssonA. LarssonDodge5.5S-6
24Carl-Gustav JohanssonC-G. JohanssonFord5.9V-8
25Nils JohanssonN. JohanssonFord5.9V-8
26Thure JohanssonT. JohanssonFord5.9V-8
27Åke JohanssonÅ. JohanssonHupmobile5.7S-6
28Harry LarssonHarry LarssonPlymouth5.3S-6
29Erik OlaussenE. OlaussenSinger1.7S-4
30Anders OlssonA. OlssonGraham6.8S-8
31Gunnar OlssonG. OlssonFord5.9V-8
32Martin StrömbergM. StrömbergPlymouth5.9S-6
33Peter OrssichP. OrssichAdler2.8S-4
34Hans PahlH. PahlTerraplane5.8S-6
35Rudolf SauerweinR. SauerweinAdler2.8S-4
36Sven ServaisS. ServaisFord5.9V-8
37Johan SkarpJ. SkarpPlymouth5.3S-6
38Ivar SkeppstedtI. SkeppstedtPlymouth5.3S-6
39Ragnar SundqvistR. SundqvistFord5.9V-8
40Knut Gustav SvedbergK-G. SvedbergChevroletS-6
41Werner SvenssonW. SvenssonTerraplane5.8S-6
42Asser WalleniusA. R. WalleniusFord5.9V-8
43Erik WesterbergE. WesterbergPlymouth5.3S-6



Dominant Bjørnstad

by Leif Snellman
The Swedish Winter Grand Prix was run with a racing car class and a standard car class. With Helmer Carlsson having an engine failure on his Bugatti during practice and P-V. Widengren suffering from 40° fever the two major Swedish drivers were absent and the race class was dominated by Norwegian Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo) who led from start to finish followed by Finnish driver Ebb (Mercedes-Benz) and Axel Jonsson (Bugatti) in a rather boring event where the only spectacular event was Westerblom's crash with an Amilcar. The standard car race started off with a major crash that eliminated the whole German Adler works team. Olsson (Graham) lead from start to finish.
The 1933 event had ended with protests and confusion but after a two year pause the Swedish winter GP was back for the fourth time to be held in the woods near the frozen lake Rämen, with the start on the lake itself. New railway tracks had been laid out for 25 extra trains bringing spectators. Remembering the horrible accident at Vram 1933 Kungliga Automobil Klubben (K.A.K.) had made changes and improvements to get the event safer. The race was divided into two classes, a standard car class for untrimmed stock cars and a racing car class. The standard cars must not cost more than 9,000 SKr but as car dealers set the prices as well as entered cars the rule was controversial.
      The 29 standard cars were to race six laps and had to make a compulsory 3 minutes pit stop during the race to check the condition of the car. The 11 racing cars raced eight laps. There was also a team competition. No riding mechanic was needed any longer, so the drivers raced solo.
      The winner of the racing class was to receive a 10 000 kronor prize.
Entries:
In the race class the favourites were Swede Per-Victor Widengren and Norwegian Eugen Bjørnstad with their Alfa Romeo Monzas. Bjørnstad's car again featured dual rear wheels.
      Bertil Carlsson's "Västerås Racer Kompani" entered three cars, an ex-Bjørnstad Bugatti T35C (#4928) for Bertil's brother Helmer Carlsson and two Amilcars (one light blue and one red) for Karl-Emil Rolander and Adolf Westerblom.
      There were five other Bugattis in the entry list. Gustav Sundstedt raced his ex-Chiron T35B (#4922), Finnish driver Emil Elo an ex-Isberg T35C, Axel Johansson an ex- Einar Lindberg shortened T43, Per-Helmer Stoltz a T38A and Ivar Lindh a 4-cylinder voiturette T37A (#37418).
      German driver Herbert Berg entered a Mercedes-Benz SSK as did Finnish driver Karl Ebb.
      László Hartmann arrived to the event early on Sunday morning, too late to make a practice run.
      The standard class was dominated by Swedish drivers in American cars. Entries included 20 Swedes and American born Swede Franklin Eck. There were four drivers named Johansson racing in the standard class. Oldest driver was almost 47 years old Carl-Gustav Johansson from Filipstad who had decided this would be his last race. Youngest was 24 year old Martin Strömberg from Hedemora.
      Apart from the Swedish entries there were Lyder Grönneberg and Svein Helling from Norway, Asser Wallenius from Finland, Erik Castenschiold and Hans Pahl from Denmark and Adler drivers Paul von Guilleaume, Peter Orssich and Rudolf Sauerwein from Germany. The German factory entered Adlers that apart from two B.M.W. cars were the only non American cars. They received a lot of attention before the race and there were a lot of discussions whether they were legal to take part as stock cars or not.
      All used stud tyres. Several including Widengren and Bjørnstad raced a type of studs developed by Finnish driver S.P.J. Keinänen.
Practice:
There was a practice run from Rämshyttan to Sällnäs (i.e. half a race lap) on Thursday between 7 and 10 a.m. Bjørnstad destroyed a gear in the gearbox.
      Results were: Ebb 15m36s, Widengren 16m00s, Elo 16m24s, Axel Johansson (Bugatti) 16m16s, Carlsson (Bugatti) 16m41s, Rolander 17m25s and Stoltz 19m24s. Fastest standard car entry was Forsberg with a time of 16m21s
      Friday morning it was time for the qualifying. The event was an acceleration test on a some 1300m long section of the course on the ice of lake Rämen. Bjørnstad, who had worked all night to get his gearbox repaired, was fastest (39.8s) before Widengren (43.8s) and Ebb (45.8s).
      When Carlsson should make his run there was a bang in the Bugatti engine and smoke went up. An exhaust valve had dropped down, destroying the piston, and bending the connecting rod. The destroyed piston damaged the crankshaft and made a hole in the crankcase. Due to the extensive damage Carlsson was unable to make repairs in time and was out of the race.
Race:
The early Sunday weather was cold (minus 18-20 C°) and foggy with some fear of snow in the morning. 9000 spectators arrived by train and an estimated total of 30,000-35,000 spectators turned up at Rämshyddan plus several more in Sellnäs and in the woods along the course. Anyway, it was a disappointment for the organizers as it went with a loss.
      Despite efforts from the organizers the course was in a quite miserable condition. There had been great snowfalls the days before the race. On the lake the ice was packed with snow. On the roads the ice and snow were partly gone and the roads had deep tracks and huge bumps. The track was still too narrow for cars to pass apart from the lake sections. The ice thickness on the lakes was 40 cm.
      Unfortunately on Saturday the racing class favourite Widengren got 40° fever and bronchitis and was lying in bed at the Håksberg boarding house strongly forbidden by the doctor even to consider taking part in the race. His brother Henken Widengren and Helmer Carsson were considered as a replacement but as Henken was too far away and as Helmer never had raced the Alfa Romeo the idea was scratched. Thus both Carlsson and Widengren, the two top Swedish drivers were non starters.
Pole Position
30
A Olsson

Graham
55.4s
24
C-G Johansson

Ford
55.9
16
Castenschiold

Terraplane
56.9
34
Pahl

Terraplane

42
Wallenius

Ford

35
Sauerwein

Adler

26
T Johansson

Ford

31
G Olsson

Ford

19
Grönneberg

B.M.W.

20
von Guilleaume

Adler

37
Skarp

Plymouth

18
Forsberg

Ford

39
Sundqvist

Ford

33
Orssich

Adler

17
Eck

Ford

28
H Larsson

Plymouth

23
A Larsson

Dodge

36
Servais

Ford

15
Boström

Plymouth

38
Skeppstedt

Plymouth

43
Westerberg

Plymouth

25
N Johansson

Ford

41
Svensson

Terraplane

27
Å Johansson

Hupmobile

21
Hell

Plymouth

32
Strömberg

Plymouth

29
Olaussen

Singer

40
Svedberg

Chevrolet

22
Helling

B.M.W.



Pole Position
2
Bjørnstad

Alfa Romeo
39.8s
14
Widengren

Alfa Romeo
43.8s

4
Ebb

Mercedes-Benz
45.8s
8
Lindh

Bugatti

11
Sundstedt

Bugatti
46.5s
12
Westerblom

Amilcar
46.5s
5
Elo

Bugatti
50.1s
9
Rolander

Amilcar

7
Johnson

Bugatti

1
Berg

Mercedes-Benz

10
Stolz

Bugatti

3
Carlsson

Bugatti


6
Hartmann

Maserati

In the morning the course was inspected by autogiro. The plan was that the standard cars were to start 11:10 and the race cars 20 minutes later at 11:30. In that way the race cars would start before the standard cars had finished their first lap and the race cars would have the course free in front of them.
      The standard cars started at the correct time and raced through the curves on the ice in a cloud of snow towards the viaduct with Anders Olsson leading followed by C-G Johansson, Castenshiold, Wallenius, Gunnar Olsson, Thure Johansson and Pahl. To the surprise of the spectators Westerberg and Strömberg decided to make the compulsory 3 minute stop immediately, hoping to have a free course after that, so they pitted and thus avoided the multiple crash near the viaduct involving some ten cars. The incident started when a driver, trying to close a not properly locked car door, got the door fully open by mistake and the car spun in the middle of the field. Seven cars had to retire including the whole Adler team as the three Adler cars one after the other crashed into the heap of spun or tipped over cars.
      Luckily there were no injuries apart from von Guilleaume having a bleeding nose but Boström, Svedberg, the Norwegians Grönneberg and Helling and all three Germans had to retire.
      It took time to sort up the mess. The worried spectators knew no details about the crash, just that the start of the race class had to be delayed.
      Andes Olsson made the first lap in 31m30s followed by C-G Johansson, Wallenius, Thure Johansson, Eck and Servais. Right then the race cars were flagged off in the middle of the standard car field, just what the organizers had hoped to avoid. Luckily the standard cars did their best to give room for the race cars throughout the race.
      Bjørnstad took the lead at the start and made the first lap in 26m23s followed by Ebb 28m09s. Ebb had early realized he had no chance to keep up with the Monza with twin rear wheels and settled for second position. Hartmann stopped at the pit after the first lap and retired his Maserati.
      The race order after the first lap:
1.Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)
2.Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)
3.Lindh (Bugatti)
4.Elo (Bugatti)
5.Sundstedt (Bugatti)
6.Jonsson (Bugatti)
7.Berg (Mercedes-Benz)
8.Westerblom (Amilcar)
9.Rolander (Amilcar)
10.Hartmann (Maseratii)
11.Stolz (Bugatti)

Herbert Berg was in trouble with the battery. After the second lap Bjørnstad with a medium speed of 105 km/h held a 2 ½ minute lead over Ebb. Race situation after lap 2:
1.Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)
2.Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)
3.Elo (Bugatti)
4.Jonsson (Bugatti)
5.Lindh (Bugatti)
6.Sundstedt (Bugatti)
7.Westerblom (Amilcar)
8.Rolander (Amilcar)
9.Berg (Mercedes-Benz)

At the Sellnäs viaduct on the third lap Westerblom had to swerve hard for another competitor. The Amilcar went on two wheels, made a forwards somersault and landed upside down in the snow outside the course. No one thought the driver had survived but as the clerks rushed to the place of the accident they could hear Westerblom shouting that they should turn the car right. He had ducked into the cockpit and held on to the gear level and thus survived uninjured from the crash and was able to return to the race as soon as the Amilcar was turned over the correct way. After the event Westerblom was nicknamed "Spak-Adolf" (Level-Adolf).
      During the lap Jonsson passed Elo for third position. The Order after lap 3 looked like this:
1.Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)
2.Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)
3.Jonsson (Bugatti)
4.Elo (Bugatti)
5.Lindh (Bugatti)
6.Sundstedt (Bugatti)
7.Berg (Mercedes-Benz)
8.Rolander (Amilcar)
9.Westerblom (Amilcar)

In the standard class Sven Servais crashed his Ford into a ditch and retired. Westerblom had to retire due to a damaged axle, probably a consequence of the crash on the previous lap. After four laps Bjørnstad was leading Ebb by 4m32s. Berg's electrical troubles went worse and worse and eventually he retired as hardly any plugs were working any longer. Apart from that the race order remained the same from the 4th to the 7th lap.
      The race order for laps 4 to 7 thus stayed like this:
1.1. Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)
2.Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)
3.Jonsson (Bugatti)
4.Elo (Bugatti)
5.Lindh (Bugatti)
6.Sundstedt (Bugatti)
7.Rolander (Amilcar)
8.Berg (Mercedes-Benz)retired after 4 laps

Bjørnstad started the last lap with an over 4 minute lead and considered making a stop for fuel but in the end he decided to continue.
      On the last lap Elo suffered from a broken carburettor seal and he had to make a three kilometre walk to the pit and back for tools and spares, dropping from 4th to 7th position. Stoltz either retired his Bugatti or, as one source says, was pulled off the event for being too slow.
      After 3 hours 36 minutes Bjørnstad took the chequered flag to win the race almost six minutes in front of Ebb. Johsson with his Bugatti was the best Swedish driver in third position. Lindh just made it past the finish line in fourth position, a few hundred meters afterwards his Bugatti run out of fuel. Sundstedt was fifth followed by Rolander in his little Amilcar and Elo.
      Anders Olsson won the standard car class leading from start to finish. He had only seen second positioned C-G Johansson during the 3 minute pit stop. The latter first tried to keep up with Olsson's speed and held eye contact for a while but then realized he would never be able to pass the faster supercharged Graham so he settled for second position in his final car race. Axel Larsson from Falun in a Dodge finished third.
      The Ford team I was the only team to finish the event intact with C-G Johansson (2nd), Eck (6th) and T. Johansson (8th). The Adler team was destroyed in the start crash and Servais crash into a ditch after 4 laps split the Ford team II.
      The studs on most of the tyres were totally worn down at the end of the race.

Results

Class A, Race cars:
Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.2Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-883h46m00s
2.4Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-683h51m52s+ 5m52s
3.7Axel JonssonA. JonssonBugattiT432.3S-883h57m42s+ 11m42s
4.8Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-484h23m37s+ 37m37s
5.11Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-884h31m38s+ 45m38s
6.9Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-684m32m45s+ 46m45s
7.5Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-884h38m55s+ 52m55s
DNF10Per-Helmer StolzP-H. StolzBugattiT38A2.0S-87
DNF1Herbert BergH BergMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-64
DNF12Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-63axle
DNF6László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati8CM3.0S-81
Fastest lap: Eugen Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo) in 26m15s = 106.3 km/h (66.0 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 99.1 km/h (61.6 mph)
Weather: sunny, cold



Class B, Standard cars:
Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.30Anders OlssonA. OlssonGraham 6.8S-863h11m19s 
2.24Carl-Gustav JohanssonC-G. JohanssonFord 5.9V-863h13m27s?+ 2m08s
3.23Axel LarssonA. LarssonDodge 5.5S-663h17m06s+ 5m47s
4.38Ivar SkeppstedtI. SkeppstedtPlymouth 5.3S-663h21m24s+ 10m05s
5.43Erik WesterbergE. WesterbergPlymouth 5.3S-663h21m54s+ 10m35s
6.17Franklin EckF. EckFord 5.9V-863h21m56s+ 10m37s
7.28Harry LarssonHarry LarssonPlymouth 5.3S-663h23m15s+ 11m56s
8.26Thure JohanssonT. JohanssonFord 5.9V-863h24m04s+ 12m45s
9.37Johan SkarpJ. SkarpPlymouth 5.3S-663h25m05s+ 13m46s
10.18John ForsbergJ. ForsbergFord 5.9V-863h25m44s+ 14m24s
11.31Gunnar OlssonG. OlssonFord 5.9V-863h26m01s+ 14m42s
12.42Asser WalleniusA. R. WalleniusFord 5.9V-863h27m55s+ 16m36s
13.27Åke JohanssonÅ. JohanssonHupmobile 5.7S-663h28m17s+ 16m58s
14.34Hans PahlH. PahlTerraplane 5.8S-663h30m00s+ 28m41s
15.39Ragnar SundqvistR. SundqvistFord 5.9V-863h36m04s+ 24m45s
16.32Martin StrömbergM. StrömbergPlymouth 5.9S-663h40m29s+ 29m10s
17.16Erik CastenschioldE. CastenschioldTerraplane 5.8S-663h41m23s+ 30m04s
18.29Erik OlaussenE. OlaussenSinger 1.7S-463h48m35s?+ 37m16s
19.21Folke HellF. HellPlymouth  S-664h03m13s?+ 51m54s
20.25Nils JohanssonN. JohanssonFord 5.9V-864h08m24s+ 57m05s
21.41Werner SvenssonW. SvenssonTerraplane 5.8S-664h11m29s+ 1h00m10s
DNF36Sven ServaisS. ServaisFord 5.9V-84crash 
DNF15Axel BoströmA. BoströmPlymouth 5.3S-60crash 
DNF19Lyder GrönnebergL. GrönnebergB.M.W. 3.7S-60crash 
DNF20Paul von GuilleaumeP. von GuilleaumeAdler 2.8S-40crash 
DNF22Svein HellingS. HellingB.M.W. 3.7S-60crash 
DNF33Peter OrssichP. OrssichAdler 2.8S-40crash 
DNF35Rudolf SauerweinR. SauerweinAdler 2.8S-40crash 
DNF40Knut Gustav SvedbergK-G. SvedbergChevrolet  S-60crash 
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 87.1 km/h (54.6 mph)
Weather: sunny, cold
In retrospect:
The sports magazine Idrottsbladet had put up their own speed control at Idkerberget hill with the following fastest speeds recorded:
Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)159.9 km/hlap 4
Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)153.8 km/hlap 3
Jonsson (Bugatti)148.7 km/hlap 6
Elo (Bugatti)141.7 km/hlap 4
Lindh (Bugatti)135.3 km/hlap 3
Sundstedt (Bugatti)129.4 km/hlap 3
Berg (Mercedes-Benz)125.0 km/hlap 4
Rolander (Amilcar)121.6 km/hlap 3
Hartmann (Maserati)116.6 km/hlap 1
Stoltz (Bugatti)115.3 km/hlap 6
Westerblom (Amilcar)111.6 km/hlap 1

The fastest standard car was Olsson (Graham) 131.3 km/h

Primary sources researched for this article:
Dagens Nyheter, Stockholm
Helsingin Sanomat, Helsinki
Motor Sport, London
Special thanks to:
Tomas Karlsson
Håkan Gelin



Footnote:
1. This is as far as I know the only time a racing driver has won an Olympic medal (disregarding Alex Zanardi, Paralympics, London 2012). Frederick McEvoy also finished 4th in the two man bobsled race.
      Chris Nixon claims in his book "Racing the Silver Arrows" (page 133-134) that the Italians entered a bobsled team with Varzi, Trossi, Taruffi and Cortese. However this is not correct! Here are the true facts:

The Italian entries and results for the 2 man bob were:

ITALY 1 (Antonio Brivio Sforza, Carlo Solveni), Result: 11th
ITALY 2 (Edgardo Vaghi, Dario Poggi), Result: 10th

The Italian entries and results for the 4 man bob were:

ITALY 1 (Antonio Brivio Sforza, Carlo Solveni, Emilo Dell'Oro, Raffaele Manardi), Result: 10th
ITALY 2 (Francesco de Zanna, Ernesto Francechi, Umberto Gillarduzzi, Amedeo Angeli), Result: DNF
      (Source: American Olympic Committe Report, IVth Olympic Winter Games Garmisch Partenkirchen Germany)

      Other Olympic results by racing drivers during the years include:
Karl Ebb, athletics, 5th in 3000m steeplechase (Paris 1924).
Asser Wallenius, speed skating, 5th in 500m, 10th in both 5000m and 10000m and was on his way to a medal in the 1500 m race when he fell on the last lap (Chamonix 1924).
Norbert Sinner, cycling, 40th in 168 km road race, with the Luxembourg team finishing 10th out of 15 (Amsterdam 1928)
Alfonso de Portago, bobsled, 4th in 2 man bobsled, 9th in 4 man bobsled (Cortina 1956).
Prince Birabongse Bhanubandh, yachting for Thailand, 12th with the boat "Tichiboo" in the Star class (Melbourne 1956), 19th with "Siames-Cat" in the Star class (Rome 1960), 22th with "Linglom" in the Dragon class (Tokyo 1964) and 21th in the Tempest class (München 1972).
Roberto Mieres, yachting, raced with the boat "Mizar" in the Star Class and finished 17th (Rome 1960).
Robin Widdows, bobsled, 13th in 4 man bobsled (Innsbruck 1964) and 8th in 4 man bobsled (Grenoble 1968).
Divina Galica, alpine skiing, disq slalom, 23th giant slalom, 30th downhill (Innsbruck 1964), ret slalom, 8th giant slalom, 32nd downhill (Grenoble 1968) and 15th slalom, 7th giant slalom, 26th downhill (Sapporo 1972).
Boris "Bob" Said, 10th in 4 man bobsled (Grenoble 1968), 19th in 2 man bobsled and 14th in 4 man bobsled (Sapporo 1972)
Ben Pon, shooting, 31st in skeet (München 1972).

      Jackie Stewart just failed to make it to the British trap team for the 1960 Olympics in Rome.

As a curiosity can be added that Bernd Rosemeyer's uncle Joseph took part in four cycling events at the first modern Olympics, finishing 4th twice (Athens 1896).

( Official Olympic Reports can be found at http://www.aafla.org/5va/reports_frmst.htm )




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