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INTRODUCTION:

In 1936 politics seriously started to interfere with the racing calendar. On 3rd October 1935 Italian troops invaded Abyssinia and on 18th November the League of Nations imposed economic sanctions on Italy. Mussolini answered by boycotting the French and British motor sports events. On 7th March 1936 Hitler entered the demilitarized Rhineland and on 18th July the Spanish Civil War began. In western Europe the season was interrupted by strikes and unrest.

For Grand Prix racing 1936 was the year of Auto Union and Bernd Rosemeyer. The 27 year old German dominated the season to become European champion. At mid season Mercedes-Benz withdrew from racing, returning to Stuttgart to lick their wounds.

Voiturette racing was dominated by Richard Seaman's 10 year old Delage, a fact that perhaps gives a too negative impression of the technical ability of the other teams.

There was a new meeting in Zürich on 7th December 1935 about proposals for a new racing formula. There were serious discussions about whether the new Grand Prix formula should be for 1500cc cars. However no final decisions were made. Another meeting was held in February 1936 with suggestions about a 4 litre/2.7 litre formula . But it was not until October 1936 that a new 4.5 litre/3 litre formula for 1938 was announced.

The championship
See the 1936 European Championship table.

Cancelled events:
The Belgian Grand Prix and the Le Mans 24 h race had to be cancelled due to political unrest as was the Spanish Grand Prix at San Sebastian. The Dieppe Grand Prix was also off the calender.



1936 SEASON LINEUP:

GRAND PRIX:

Mercedes-Benz
After two years full of conflicts Neubauer should probably have liked to get rid of Fagioli but the fact was that the Mercedes team could not afford to give up a driver of his capabilities. So the driver line up was as before Rudolf Caracciola, Luigi Fagioli and Manfred von Brauchitsch with Hermann Lang as junior driver.
      Caracciola urged Alfred Neubauer to also sign his old friend, Monegasque Louis Chiron to replace the injured Geier.
      To face the challenge from the new cars of Auto Union and Alfa Romeo the Mercedes factory constructed a new 600 BHP 5.6 liter V12 unit known as the DAB. To fit this heavy engine into the cars under the 750 kg limit demanded considerable changes to be done to the 1936 cars to save weight. The new car was built with no less than 25 cm shorter wheel base than the old ones. Other news included a transverse gearbox and a de Dion rear axle. The new car was in fact so small that the tall von Brauchitsch could not fit into it properly and he had a miserable season.
      The finished DAB engine proved to be seriously overweight. Somehow the engineers managed to squeeze it in under the weight limit only to find that the weight distribution was such that the car was totally undrivable. Instead a 4.7 litre 450 BHP variant of the old engine (known as ME25) had to be built in a hurry and put into the new cars.
      The 1936 season was to become the worst in Mercedes-Benz's history. To sort up the mess a new "Rennabteilung" (racing department) under engineer Uhlenhaut was created to take over from the experiment department.

Auto Union
Auto Union had a new car called the C type for the 1936 season. The volume of the V16 engine was increased to 6 litres giving 520 BHP.
      There had also been several modifications to better the handling of the cars including a ZF limit slip differential. Dr Karl Feuereissen took over from Willy Walb as team manager.
      The driver line up for 1936 was Hans Stuck, Achille Varzi and Bernd Rosemeyer as senior drivers with Rudolf Heydel, Ernst von Delius and Rudolf Hasse selected as junior drivers. Pietsch and zu Leiningen had left the team.

Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo continued developing the Tipo 8C-35 car putting in a new 4.1 litre V12 engine. The new model was known as the Tipo 12C-36. First driver Tazio Nuvolari stayed on at Scuderia Ferrari as were Antonio Brivio, Carlo Pintacuda and Mario Tadini. René Dreyfus was away developing Talbot sports cars but returned to Scuderia Ferrari from the Deauville GP onwards. Trossi, having worked as President for Scuderia Ferrari since 1932, had now resigned and left for Maserati. A new driver for the team was Giuseppe Farina, who had left Gino Rovere.

Maserati
In 1936 Gino Rovere became president of Maserati. Scuderia Subalpina changed its name to Scuderia Torino entering a V-8RI for Count Trossi. Giorgio Ambrosini was racing manager. There were hardly any serious attempts to develop the V-8RI during the 1936 season except for the fact that the engine volume was increased to 4.7 litres. The old 8CM cars were not competitive any longer. At the end of the year Maserati abandoned all interest in Grand Prix racing until the new 3 litre formula in 1938.

Bugatti
Bugatti tried to develop a light metal variant of the 59/50 with a 4.7 litre engine but still with an antique chassis and suspension. Jean-Pierre Wimille continued as driver.

VOITURETTE 1500cc:

Maserati
Maserati, now represented by Scuderia Torino, still raced the 4C-1500 but at Eifelrennen the new Tipo 6CM was introduced. The car looked like a miniature of Maserati's V-8RI GP car with independent suspension and streamlined body. The new car was not as strong as the ERA but with drivers like Scuderia Torino's Count Trossi and Omobono Tenni the 6CM was a serious challenge the British cars and dominated the local Italian events.

ERA
Works team drivers were Raymond Mays, Marcel Lehoux, Earl Howe and Pat Fairfield. A further 7 ERA-B cars were sold to private owners. Drivers included "B. Bira", Reggie Tongue and Greek driver Nicholas Embiricos. After the 1935 successes 1936 was a troublesome season for the ERA drivers. The cars were unreliable and suffered from poor preparation by the factory. The challenge from Maserati and Seaman's Delage was also surprisingly strong.

Other
Giulio Ramponi, who prepared Richard Seaman's cars, persuaded the latter to change his ERA for Earl Howe's old Delage for the 1936 season, a maneuver that got more than one eyebrow to rise. The skillful Ramponi however knew what he was doing. Lighted by 120 kg and with a new supercharger the old Grand Prix car that had won the 1927 World Championship once again proved to be a winner, dominating the 1936 Voiturette season.


IN MEMORIAM:

On January 1 during the South African Grand Prix a native woman who walked across the road died when hit by Roy L. Evans' Auburn.

On February 4 during tests at Monza Auto Union junior driver Rudolf Heydel died instantly when he crashed at curva Vialone.

May 28 Italian/Brazil driver Dante Palombo was killed when he crashed his Ford V8 practicing for the Rio de Janeiro Grand Prix. It was the same car that Irineu Corrêa had lost his life in during the 1935 race.

On June 1 at Brooklands newcomer Kenneth Carr crashed Harry Rose's Alfa Romeo Monza during practice for the Whitsun BARC Meeting. Carr lost control coming off the Members banking, towards the Railway Straight. The car flipped six times and on the first flip Carr was thrown off and died immediately.

On June 12 six persons died and and thirty-four were injured at the São Paulo Grand Prix when Mlle. "Hellé Nice" lost control of her Alfa Romeo Monza. The car somersaulted twice and crashed into the main stand. The names of five of the fatalies are known: policemen/soldiers Hercilio José Barbosa, Ruy Ramos, Moacyr Galvão and Deraldo Castro and spectator Orlando Tavares. "Hellé Nice" spent over two months at hospital with a fractured skull.

At the Grand Prix de Deauville on June 19 Albert "Raymond" Chambost overturned his Maserati at Virages des Dunes on the 8th lap. Chambost died due to a skull fracture a few days later. Halfway through the race when Giuseppe Farina tried to lap Marcel Lehoux at Courbe des Bains the cars collided. Lehoux' ERA overturned and caught fire. Lehoux was thrown out, recieved a fractured skull, and died at hospital.

On August 4 John Fitzroy, ninth Duke of Grafton, crashed his Bugatti T59 during the Limerick Grand Prix. The car caught fire and the driver succumbed to severe burns at hospital.

On September 5 during the RAC Tourist Trophy at Ards Ireland, Jack Chambers crashed his Riley into a lamp-post in the village of Newtownards and slided sideways into the crowd standing on the sidewalk. Spectators Ernest Jacobs, Samuel McAuley, William A. McGimpse, James McKnight, William Thorne, Hans Wallace, Alexander Warden and Leslie Samuel Wilson died and more than 25 were injured in England's worst motorsports accident.

On September 13 during the 500 Millas Argentinas at Rafaela competitors Alberto Saluzzo, Ricardo Jolly, Lordo Jurevich, Raúl J. Petroni and journalist Atilio Leonidas Casime died in various accients.

On October 4 during a 12 hour speed record attempt at Monza Ignazio Radice Fossati lost control of his 1.1 litre Maserati 4CS when trying to avoid a dog that run over the track. The car overturned and bust in flames and the driver received fatal wounds.

On the first day of the Mercedes-Benz team's "Rennfahrerschule" for 27 drivers at Nürburgring on October 8 Hermann Schmitz crashed a Mercedes-Benz 500K at the Karussell. The driver got crushed under the overturned car receiving fatal wounds. Schmitz is called "Johann Wolf" by Alfred Neubauer in his book "Männer Frauen und Motoren".

Main source: http://www.motorsportmemorial.org/


SOURCES:

The main sources of information for the 1936 season has been Paul Sheldon: "A history of Grand Prix and Voiturette Racing, volume 3 (2nd ed)", Chris Nixon: "Racing the Silver Arrows", Peter Hull: "Alfa Romeo, a History" David Venables: "The Racing Fifteen-Hundreds" and "First Among Champions", Georg C. Monkhouse: "Motor Racing with Mercedes-Benz" and "Mercedes-Benz Grand Prix Racing 1934-1955" and Adriano Cimarosti: "The Complete History of Grand Prix Motor Racing".
      For information about the cars I have had good use of Karl Ludwigsen: "Quicksilver Century", Peter Kirchberg: "Grand-Prix-Report Auto Union 1934 - 1939", Anthony Pritchard: "Maserati a History", H.G. Conway: "Grand Prix Bugatti", Laurence Pomeroy: "The Grand Prix Car" , J. R. W Barker "ERA - A Concise History" and Doug Nye: "Autocourse History of the Grand Prix Car 1945 - 1965".
     
      These books I consider to be standard litterature, used for most of the race accounts and I will usually not mention them especially for each race. However if some other book has been of special use for a particular race, it has been mentioned at the end of that race account. See here for a more complete source list.
      There are also the classic biografies like Alfred Neubauer: "Männer, Frauen und Motoren", Rudi Caracciola. "Meine Welt", Hermann Lang: "Von Rennmonteur zum Europameister", Ludwig Sebastian: "Hinter drönenden Motoren" Prince Chula "Road Racing 1936" and Raymond Mays: "Split Seconds".

      Also period magazines has been used as much as possible, especially the Swiss "Automobil-Revue", the Italian "Il Littoriale" and British "Motor Sport". I'm greatly thankful for my friends at A6 for providing me with copies of those.

      In addition to that come various Net resources, Discussion Groups, magazine articles, videos, YouTube etc.



AIACR EUROPEAN CHAMPIONSHIP TABLE



Star 24 December 1935 - February 1936: Bernd Rosemeyer is hospitalized for six weeks with jaundice and liver problems, possibly after eating a bad oyster.
Star 1 January 1936: Mario Massacuratti (Bugatti 35B) wins the South African GP handicap race at East London.
Click here for full results.
Star January 1936: Achille Varzi went through a minor throat operation.



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I HEDEMORALOPPET

Brunnsjön - Hedemora (S), 26 January 1936
10 laps x 1.51 km (0.94 mi) = 15.1 km (9.4 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Cars under 2000 cc engine capacity:
Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellFordDNA - did not appear
Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-4
Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8
 
Cars over 2000 cc engine capacity:
Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8



Bjørnstad scores in the first race

The Nordic ice racing season took off with this minor ice sprint on lake Brunnsjön near the small city of Hedemora, 150 km northwest of Stockholm. The race was run for standard cars and for racing cars, each divided into two classes, one for cars with over 2 litre engines and one for cars with engines under 2 litre. There were nine heats altogether. The overall result was based on the quickest race time, regardless of the heat.
Entries:
Several drivers took the opportunity to test their cars for the important Swedish Grand Prix, a month later. The favorites were the Swede Widengren and the Norwegian Bjørnstad, both driving their own Alfa Romeo Monzas. Bjørnstad showed for the first time his Alfa with dual rear wheels, which was a sensation. The wheels were custom-made in Italy, and each consisted of a single rim where upon two studded tires were mounted. Swede Knut Gustav Sundstedt raced his old ex-Chiron Bugatti T35B (#4922) and Finnish driver Karl Ebb his huge Mercedes-Benz SSK that had been rebuilt for the 1936 season.
      In the smaller class Helmer Carlsson raced the ex-Bjørnstad Bugatti (#4928) that had once won the 1929 Targa Florio with Albert Divo. Västerås Racer Kompani also entered their small Amilcars (one light blue and one red) with Karl-Emil Rolander and Adolf Westerblom as drivers. Ivar Lind raced a 4 cylinder voiturette Bugatti (#37418) while Gunnar Thorsell did not appear.
Race:

 
Heat 4 / Heat 7 in inverted order

Pole Position
Rolander
Amilcar

Westerblom
Amilcar

Heat 5 / Heat 8 in inverted order

Pole Position
Lindh
Bugatti

Carlsson
Bugatti

Sundstedt
Bugatti

Heat 6 / Heat 9 in inverted order

Pole Position
Ebb
Mercedes-Benz

Bjørnstad
Alfa Romeo

Widengren
Alfa Romeo

A brilliant sunny winter weather with 25 degrees below zero (-13° F) and an international start field with the best that the Nordic countries could provide made the races immensely watchable for the Swedish racing fans.
      The three first heats were for standard cars and total winner was Erik Olausson (Singer 1 litre) from "Mas" Harry Larsson (Plymouth) and Ivar Isacson (Ford V-8). Thereafter the eight race cars, divided into three heats, got two opportunities to set the quickest race time. The grids vere inverted for the second attempt. The cars pulled up such a cloud of snow and ice that visibility was very poor and it was almost impossible to make a pass.
      In the sixth heat Bjørnstad immediately took the lead followed by Ebb and Widengren side by side. Widengren pushed himself in front of Ebb but he was unable to do anything against Bjørnstad. At the finish Widengren's hands were so shaky they were hardly able to hold to the steering wheel. Therefore Widengren was unable to better his time in the 9th heat, doing a miserable 11m14.2s while Bjørnstad was out of the game with a failing valve.
      So, Bjørnstad won the overall race, perhaps thanks to his dual rear wheels. Helmer Carlsson sensationally managed to beat Widengren's time to finish second on aggregate results and he was quite unchallenged in the small class.
      Widengren in an interview: "Helmer did a fine race. Not that I think he can cause a sensation at Rämen - because his Bugatti is not fast enough - but it is sure and certain that he belongs to the wise drivers and that he has a high quality driving technique. He deserves his beautiful success today."

Aggregate Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81010m27.6s
2.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-81010m39.2s+ 11.6s
3.Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81010m43.8s+ 16.2s
4.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-81010m44.3s+ 16.7s
5.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-61010m44.4s+ 16.8s
6.Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61011m19.9s+ 52.3s
7.Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-41011m25.6s+ 58.0
8.Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61012m03.2s+ 1m35.6s
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 86.5 km/h (53.7 mph)
Weather: sunny, very cold

Primary sources researched for this article:
Dagens Nyheter, Stockholm
Special thanks to:
the late Bengt Alsed

Star 4-15 February 1936: After almost being trapped in the snow near St Gotthard the Auto Union team reaches Monza for winter tests. The promising new junior driver Rudolf Heydel had a fatal accident.
On the first day testing started about 3 p.m. with Rudolf Hasse and Hans Stuck doing some laps. Then Stuck gave over his car to Heydel who was to make 10 laps. Heydel made the outlap and then a second lap at high speed. On the next lap he missed the braking in what is now known as the "Ascari chicane". The car slid to the left off the course up the wooden edge through the bramble and then spun across to the right side of the track where it hit a 50 cm high concrete retaining wall upside down. Heydel's death was instant as his head was crushed. The car continued spinning, throwing out the driver, and finally ended up in flames 10 meters right of the track 200 meters after the chicane with Heydel's body 5 meters from the wreck. The car was totally wrecked by fire.
Star Early 1936: Mercedes-Benz tested at Monza. Hermann Lang's practice nearly ended with a catastrophe as he was hit on the arm by a stone, thrown upon the car by a kid.
Star 6-16 February 1936: The Olympic Games were held in Garmish-Partenkirchen, Germany. Australian Voiturette driver Frederick McEvoy, competing for Great Britain, wins a Bronze Medal in the four man bobsled race. Antonio Brivio also took part, finishing 12th in the two man bobsled and 10th in the four man bobsled. (Note 1)



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I LÅNGFORSSJÖLOPPET

Långforsen - Sala (S), 9 February 1936
? lap x ? ( mi) = 15 km (9.3 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Cars over 2000 cc engine capacity:
Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-6
Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
 
Cars under 2000 cc engine capacity:
Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8
Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-8



Widengren - Bjørnstad: 1 - 1

Two weeks after Hedemora the ice racing season continued, now 50 km closer to Stockholm, with a minor ice sprint on lake Långforsen outside the town of Sala. Again, as in Hedemora, the race was divided in classes for cars under and over 2000cc engines.
Entries:
The favourites were the Swede Widengren and the Norwegian Bjørnstad, both driving their own Alfa Romeo Monzas.
     
Race:
 
Grid not available

A temperature of -12 degrees (10° F) and a cold northeasterly blizzard tried to scare away both the participants and the audience, but 3,000 spectators, as well as the seasoned racing drivers, braved the elements.
      This time Per Viktor Widengren in front of a home crowd, took revenge on Eugen Bjørnstad as well as on Helmer Carlsson. Bjørnstad was forced to retire with carburettor problems while Carlsson again took the class victory and second place overall.

Aggregate Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8?9m44.9s
2.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8?10m11.0s
3.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8?10m15.8s
4.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-6?10m16.9s
5.Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6?10m25.2s
6.Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6?12m20.0s
DNFEugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8?
?Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-82into snow wall
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed:
Weather: cold, blizzard


Primary sources researched for this article:
Dagens Nyheter, Stockholm
Special thanks to:
the late Bengt Alsed



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I HÖRKENLOPPET

Hörken - Grängesberg (S), 16 February 1936
3 heats of 10 laps x 1.2 km (0.75 mi) = 12 km (7.5 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8
Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-6
Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-8
Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
HedlundHedlundFordSpecial



Clash between Bjørnstad and Widengren

Next Sunday again it was time to measure forces, this time a bit westwards to the lake Southern Hörken near Grängesberg. For this event the racing cars were not divided into classes. This time it was somewhat milder, about 8 degrees below zero, and around 8,000 people made their way out to the lake Southern Hörken.
Entries:

     
Heat 1:

     
 
Grid not available


     

Results (Heat 1)

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61012m16.5s
DNF?Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
DNFHedlundHedlundFordSpecial
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 58.7 km/h (36.4 mph)
Heat 2:

     
 
Grid not available


     

Results (Heat 2)

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-81011m34.6s
2.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-81011m47.8s+ 13.2s
3.Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-81012m53.0s+1m18.4s
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 62.2 km/h (38.7 mph)
Heat 3:

     
 
Grid not available

The much expected final heat, the "race of nations" between Swede Widengren, Norwegian Bjørnstad and Finn Ebb, was meant to be the high point of the competition.
      Bjørnstad jumped the start and before the starter got time to stop the race and call the cars back for a restart Widengren had crashed into the snow wall in the first curve. A furious Widengren claimed that Bjørnstad had pushed him out and it took some persuasion from the organizers before Widengren approved of taking part in the restart. Ignoring the critisism Bjørnstad pushed himself into the lead again as the race started anew, whereupon Widengren called it a day and parked his car after just one lap. Bjørnstad dominated the race and took the victory almost a minute in front of Ebb's SSK and by setting the fastest time of the day he also won the whole event. Carlsson was second overall and Sundstedt third.

Results (Heat 3)

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81011m04.3s
2.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-61011m59.0s+ 54.7s
DNFPer Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81parked the car
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 65.0 km/h (40.4 mph)


Aggregate Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-81011m04.3s
2.Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-81011m34.6s+ 30.6s
3.Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-81011m47.8s+ 43.5s
4.Karl EbbK. EbbMercedesSSK7.1S-61011m59.0s+ 54.7s
5.Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-61012m16.5s+ 1m12.2s
6.Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-81012m53.0s+1m48.7s
Fastest lap: ?
Winner's medium speed: 65.0 km/h (40.4 mph)
Weather: sub zero temperature, cold wind.



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IV SVERIGES VINTER GRAND PRIX

Rämen (S), 23 February 1936
Class A: 8 laps x 46.5 km ( mi) + 1.3 km ( mi) start = 373.3 km ( mi)
Class B: 6 laps x 46.5 km ( mi) + 1.3 km ( mi) start = 280.3 km ( mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Class A, Race cars:
1Herbert BergH BergMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
2Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
3Helmer CarlssonVästerås Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8DNS - connecting rod
4Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-6
5Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35C2.0S-8
6László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati8CM3.0S-8
7Axel JohnssonA. JohnssonBugattiT432.3S-8
8Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-4
9Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
10Per-Helmer StolzP-H. StolzBugattiT38A2.0S-8
11Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8
12Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.1S-6
14Per Viktor WidengrenP.V. WidengrenAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8DNS - bronchitis
Gunnar ThorsellG. ThorsellStutzDNA - did not appear
Nils FalkenbergN. FalkenbergMillerDNA - did not appear
 
Class B, Standard cars:
15Axel BoströmA. BoströmPlymouth
16Erik CastenschioldE. CastenschioldTerraplane3.5
17Franklin EckF. EckFordV-8
18John ForsbergJ. ForsbergFordV-8
19Lyder GrönnebergL. GrönnebergB.M.W.2.1
20Paul von GuilleaumeP. von GuilleaumeAdler
21Folke HellF. HellPlymouth
22Svein HellingS. HellingB.M.W.2.1
23Axel LarssonA. LarssonDodge3.6
24Carl-Gustav JohanssonC-G. JohanssonFordV-8
25Nils JohanssonN. JohanssonFordV-8
26Thure JohanssonT. JohanssonFordV-8
27Åke JohanssonÅ. JohanssonHupmobile4.0
28Harry LarssonHarry LarssonPlymouth
29Erik OlaussenE. OlaussenSinger1.0
30Anders OlssonA. OlssonGraham4.4
31Gunnar OlssonG. OlssonFordV-8
32Martin StrömbergM. StrömbergPlymouth
33Peter OrssichP. OrssichAdler
34Hans PahlH. PahlTerraplane
35Rudolf SauerweinR. SauerweinAdler
36Sven ServaisS. ServaisFordV-8
37Johan SkarpJ. SkarpPlymouth
38Ivar SkeppstedtI. SkeppstedtPlymouth
39Ragnar SundqvistR. SundqvistFord
40Knut Gustav SvedbergK-G. SvedbergChevrolet
41Werner SvenssonW. SvenssonTerraplane3.5
42Asser WalleniusA. R. WalleniusFord
43Erik WesterbergE. WesterbergPlymouth



Dominant Bjørnstad

After a two year pause the Swedish winter GP was back to once again be held in the woods near the frozen lake Rämen, with the start on the lake itself. New railway tracks had been laid out for 25 extra trains bringing spectators. Remembering the accident at Vram 1933 K.A.K. had made changes and improvements to get the event more safe. The event was divided into two classes, a standard car class for stock cars costing no more than 9,000 SKr and a racing class. The 29 standard cars raced six laps, the 11 racing cars started 20 minutes behind the standard cars and raced eight laps.
Entries:
In the stock car class, apart from the Swedish entries there were Lyder Grönneberg & Svein Helling from Norway, Asser Wallenius from Finland, Erik Castenschiold & Hans Pahl from Denmark and Paul von Guilleaume, Peter Orssich & Rudolf Sauerwein from Germany. The German Adlers recieved a lot of attention before the race and there were much discusson if they were legal to take part as stock cars or not.
     
Race:

     
Pole Position
30
A Olsson

Graham
55.4s
24
C-G Johansson

Ford
55.9
16
Castenschiold

Terraplane
56.9
34
Pahl

Terraplane

42
Wallenius

Ford

35
Sauerwein

Adler

26
T Johansson

Ford

31
G Olsson

Ford

19
Grönneberg

B.M.W.

20
von Guilleaume

Adler

37
Skarp

Plymouth

18
Forsberg

Ford

39
Sundqvist

Ford

33
Orssich

Adler

17
Eck

Ford

28
H Larsson

Plymouth

23
A Larsson

Dodge

36
Servais

Ford

15
Boström

Plymouth

38
Skeppstedt

Plymouth

43
Westerberg

Plymouth

25
N Johansson

Ford

41
Svensson

Terraplane

27
Å Johansson

Hupmobile

21
Hell

Plymouth

32
Strömberg

Plymouth

29
Olaussen

Singer

40
Svedberg

Chevrolet

22
Helling

B.M.W.



Pole Position
2
Bjørnstad

Alfa Romeo
39.8s
14
Widengren

Alfa Romeo
43.8s

4
Ebb

Mercedes-Benz
45.8s
8
Lindh

Bugatti

11
Sundstedt

Bugatti
46.5s
12
Westerblom

Amilcar
46.5s
5
Elo

Bugatti
50.1s
9
Rolander

Amilcar

7
Johnsson

Bugatti

1
Berg

Mercedes-Benz

10
Stolz

Bugatti

3
Carlsson

Bugatti

Unfortunately on Sunday morning the racing class favourite Widengren had 40° fever and bronchitis and was stringly forbidden by the doctor even to consider to take part in the race.
      Just as at Vram 1933 there was a multiple crash on the first lap involving some ten standard cars but luckly this time there was no injuries apart from von Guilleaume having a bleeding nose. The incident started when a driver, trying to close a not properly locked car door got the door fully open by mistake and the car spun in the middle of the field. Anders Olsson in a supercharged Graham was the winner of the standard class.
      In the racing class Norwegian driver Bjørnstad totally dominated the race. Bjørnstad's Alfa Romeo Monza had been converted to a single-seater and he was using twin rear wheels for the ice race. Second was Finnish driver Ebb and third Swede Johnsson with a Bugatti. The race proved to be an economic failure with only 30,000 spectators against some 80,000 - 100,000 during the earlier years.
      Order lap 1:
1.Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)
2.Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)
3.Lind (Bugatti)
4.Elo (Bugatti)
5.Sundstedt (Bugatti)
6.Johansson (Bugatti)
7.Berg (Mercedes-Benz)
8.Westerblom (Amilcar)
9.Rolander (Amilcar)
10.Hartmann (Maseratii)
11.Stolz (Bugatti)


      Order lap 2:
1.Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)
2.Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)
3.Elo (Bugatti)
4.Johansson (Bugatti)
5.Lind (Bugatti)
6.Sundstedt (Bugatti)
7.Westerblom (Amilcar)
8.Rolander (Amilcar)
9.Berg (Mercedes-Benz)


      Order lap 3:
1.Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)
2.Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)
3.Johansson (Bugatti)
4.Elo (Bugatti)
5.Lind (Bugatti)
6.Sundstedt (Bugatti)
7.Berg (Mercedes-Benz)
8.Rolander (Amilcar)
9.Westerblom (Amilcar)


      Order lap 4-7:
1.1. Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo)
2.Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)
3.Johansson (Bugatti)
4.Elo (Bugatti)
5.Lind (Bugatti)
6.Sundstedt (Bugatti)
7.Rolander (Amilcar)
8.Berg (Mercedes-Benz)retired after 4 laps


Results

Class A, Race cars:
Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.2Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-883h46m00s
2.4Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.183h51m52s+ 5m52s
3.7Axel JohnssonA. JohnssonBugattiT432.383h57m42s+ 11m42s
4.8Ivar LindhI. LindhBugattiT37A1.5S-484h23m37s+ 37m37s
5.11Knut Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-884h31m38s+ 45m38s
6.9Karl-Emil RolanderVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.184m32m45s+ 46m45s
7.5Emil EloE. EloBugatti84h38m55s+ 52m55s
DNF10Per-Helmer StolzP-H. StolzBugatti7
DNF1Herbert BergH BergMercedes-Benz4
DNF12Adolf WesterblomVästerås Racer KompaniAmilcarC61.13axle
DNF6László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati1
Fastest lap: Eugen Bjørnstad (Alfa Romeo) in 26m15s = 106.3 km/h (66.0 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 99.1 km/h (61.6 mph)



Class B, Standard cars:
Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.30Anders OlssonA. OlssonGraham   63h11m19s 
2.24Carl-Gustav JohanssonC-G. JohanssonFordV-863h13m27s?+ 2m08s
3.23Axel LarssonA. LarssonDodge   63h17m06s+ 5m47s
4.38Ivar SkeppstedtI. SkeppstedtPlymouth   63h21m24s+ 10m05s
5.43Erik WesterbergE. WesterbergPlymouth   63h21m54s+ 10m35s
6.17Franklin EckF. EckFordV-863h21m56s+ 10m37s
7.28Harry LarssonHarry LarssonPlymouth   63h23m15s+ 11m56s
8.26Thure JohanssonT. JohanssonFordV-863h24m04s+ 12m45s
9.37Johan SkarpJ. SkarpPlymouth   63h25m05s+ 13m46s
10.18John ForsbergJ. ForsbergFordV-863h25m44s+ 14m24s
11.31Gunnar OlssonG. OlssonFordV-863h26m01s+ 14m42s
12.42Asser WalleniusA. R. WalleniusFord   63h27m55s+ 16m36s
13.27Åke JohanssonÅ. JohanssonHupmobile   63h28m17s+ 16m58s
14.34Hans PahlH. PahlTerraplane   63h30m00s+ 28m41s
15.39Ragnar SundqvistR. SundqvistFord   63h36m04s+ 24m45s
16.32Martin StrömbergM. StrömbergPlymouth   63h40m29s+ 29m10s
17.16Erik CastenschioldE. CastenschioldTerraplane   63h41m23s+ 30m04s
18.29Erik OlaussenE. OlaussenSinger   63h48m35s?+ 37m16s
19.21Folke HellF. HellPlymouth   64h03m13s?+ 51m54s
20.25Nils JohanssonN. JohanssonFordV-864h08m24s+ 57m05s
21.41Werner SvenssonW. SvenssonTerraplane   64h11m29s+ 1h00m10s
DNF36Sven ServaisS. ServaisFordV-84  
DNF15Axel BoströmA. BoströmPlymouth   0crash 
DNF19Lyder GrönnebergL. GrönnebergB.M.W.   0crash 
DNF20Paul von GuilleaumeP. von GuilleaumeAdler   0crash 
DNF22Svein HellingS. HellingB.M.W.   0crash 
DNF33Peter OrssichP. OrssichAdler   0crash 
DNF35Rudolf SauerweinR. SauerweinAdler   0crash 
DNF40Knut Gustav SvedbergK-G. SvedbergChevrolet   0crash 
Fastest lap:
Winner's medium speed:
Weather:

Primary sources researched for this article:
Dagens Nyheter, Stockholm
Motor Sport, London




Footnote:
1. This is as far as I know the only time a racing driver has won an Olympic medal (disregarding Alex Zanardi, Paralympics, London 2012). Frederick McEvoy also finished 4th in the two man bobsled race.
      Chris Nixon claims in his book "Racing the Silver Arrows" (page 133-134) that the Italians entered a bobsled team with Varzi, Trossi, Taruffi and Cortese. However this is not correct! Here are the true facts:

The Italian entries and results for the 2 man bob were:

ITALY 1 (Antonio Brivio Sforza, Carlo Solveni), Result: 11th
ITALY 2 (Edgardo Vaghi, Dario Poggi), Result: 10th

The Italian entries and results for the 4 man bob were:

ITALY 1 (Antonio Brivio Sforza, Carlo Solveni, Emilo Dell'Oro, Raffaele Manardi), Result: 10th
ITALY 2 (Francesco de Zanna, Ernesto Francechi, Umberto Gillarduzzi, Amedeo Angeli), Result: DNF
      (Source: American Olympic Committe Report, IVth Olympic Winter Games Garmisch Partenkirchen Germany)

      Other Olympic results by racing drivers during the years include:
Karl Ebb, athletics, 5th in 3000m steeplechase (Paris 1924).
Asser Wallenius, speed skating, 5th in 500m, 10th in both 5000m and 10000m and was on his way to a medal in the 1500 m race when he fell on the last lap (Chamonix 1924).
Norbert Sinner, cycling, 40th in 168 km road race, with the Luxembourg team finishing 10th out of 15 (Amsterdam 1928)
Alfonso de Portago, bobsled, 4th in 2 man bobsled, 9th in 4 man bobsled (Cortina 1956).
Prince Birabongse Bhanubandh, yachting for Thailand, 12th with the boat "Tichiboo" in the Star class (Melbourne 1956), 19th with "Siames-Cat" in the Star class (Rome 1960), 22th with "Linglom" in the Dragon class (Tokyo 1964) and 21th in the Tempest class (München 1972).
Roberto Mieres, yachting, raced with the boat "Mizar" in the Star Class and finished 17th (Rome 1960).
Robin Widdows, bobsled, 13th in 4 man bobsled (Innsbruck 1964) and 8th in 4 man bobsled (Grenoble 1968).
Divina Galica, alpine skiing, disq slalom, 23th giant slalom, 30th downhill (Innsbruck 1964), ret slalom, 8th giant slalom, 32nd downhill (Grenoble 1968) and 15th slalom, 7th giant slalom, 26th downhill (Sapporo 1972).
Boris "Bob" Said, 10th in 4 man bobsled (Grenoble 1968), 19th in 2 man bobsled and 14th in 4 man bobsled (Sapporo 1972)
Ben Pon, shooting, 31st in skeet (München 1972).

      Jackie Stewart just failed to make it to the British trap team for the 1960 Olympics in Rome.

As a curiosity can be added that Bernd Rosemeyer's uncle Joseph took part in four cycling events at the first modern Olympics, finishing 4th twice (Athens 1896).

( Official Olympic Reports can be found at http://www.aafla.org/5va/reports_frmst.htm )




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© 2018 Leif Snellman, Felix Muelas - Last updated: 01.03.2019