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Hans Rüesch - Alfa RomeoKarl Ebb - Mercedss-BenzEugen Bjřrnstad - ERA

VI ELÄINTARHANAJOT/DJURGĹRDSLOPPET

Eläintarharata - Helsinki (FIN), 9 May 1937
25 laps x 2.0 km (1.24 mi) = 50.0 km (31.1 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

11Hans RüeschH. RüeschAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-8
12Herbert BergH BergAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8DNS - engine
14Alexi PatamaA. PatamaFordSpecial.V-8Class-B
15Helge HallmanH. HallmanFordSpecialV-8Class-B
16Karl EbbK. EbbMercedssBenz SSK7.1S-6
17Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadERAA1.5S-6
18Helmer CarlssonVästerĺs Racer KompaniAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8DNS - oil pump
18Helmer CarlssonVästerĺs Racer KompaniBugattiT35C2.0S-8
19Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35?
20Karl-Emil RolanderK-E. RolanderBugattiT35C2.0S-8DNS - driver injury
21Arne SundstedtA. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-8



Easy victory for Rüesch
Rüesch's Alfa Romeo was too superior to the rest of the competitors to make the race interesting. Rolander crashed his Bugatti during practice and was forbidden to race by the doctor. Carlsson took over the Bugatti as his own Alfa Romeo suffered from oil pump problems. Rüesch took the start followed by last year's winner Bjřrnstad (ERA) and local hero Karl Ebb (Mercedes-Benz). Bjřrnstad had engine problems and had to let Ebb by but the Finn did not have any chance against Rüesch. The race turned into a rather monotonous event with Rüesch winning from Ebb and Bjřrnstad.
It was to be the largest motor race event in Finland thus far with 21 foreign competitors (including the MC drivers) taking part. For 1937 the race track had been improved and made wider in some sections. There were two car races, a 10 lap event for sports cars in three classes and a 25 lap event for race cars in classes "A" and "B" corresponding to "real" race cars and rebuilt standard cars. Prizes were to be 7000, 5000, 3000 and 1500 Fmk in class "A" and 3000 and 2000 Fmk in class "B"
Entries:
Rüesch was obviously going around Europe for some easy victories in minor races. After having taken part in both South African and British events earlier in the year he now came to Finland straight from Paris, where he had taken a class victory in an event at Montlhéry and was planning to continue from Finland to Chimay, Belgium, for the Frontieres GP. Entering his independent sprung Alfa Romeo 8C-35 he instantly became the clear favourite for the Finnish GP. Later Rüesch's car would feature a white nose (colour rules specified for a white bonnet on Swiss cars) but at least in May 1937 Rüesch's Alfa was red all over apart from the white radiator circle seen on most 8C-35 Alfas.
      Instead of the Alfa Romeo Monza familiar to the Finnish spectators, Bjřrnstad entered his Turin winning red painted ERA (R1A). However, Helmer Carlsson entered an (ex-Widengren) Monza, painted white with a blue yellow band and equipped with double rear wheels, and German Herbert Berg also entered a Monza. Ebb was ready to once again race his by now rather ancient Mercedes-Benz SSK. Karl-Emil Rolander arrived with his Bugatti T35C (#4696/#4928) and Arne Sundstedt raced his father's T35B Bugatti (#4922). Finnish driver Emil Elo also entered a Bugatti. The "B" class was a local affair between the Ford specials of Patama and Hallman.
Practice:
Saturday practice started at 4 a.m. in the morning! Even with such an odd time some two thousand spectators had arrived to the track. The event started with the 400m standing start qualifying test for the sports cars followed by the similar qualifying test for three race cars. First off was Ebb with a time of 13.6s, then Rüesch did a 13.1s and Patama a 14.5s. Then the trio had another try with Ebb improving to 13.3s and Rüesch to 12.5s while Patama did another 14.5s start. Qualifying continued with Bjørnstad (13.0s/13.3s) Carlsson (13.2s/13.3s), Sundstedt (13.4s/14.2s), Rolander (14.3s/14.5s), Hallman (15.2s/15.3s) and Elo (16.6s/17.8s). Herbert Berg with his Monza was a non-starter due to engine problems. After qualifying followed free practice that went on to 7 a.m. As expected Rüesch proved to be fastest. (Note 1).
      Carlsson's Monza went airborne over some badly placed sandbags in the greenhouse curve and moments later Rolander crashed his Bugatti against the same sand bags. The Bugatti turned over and Rolander scratched his right hand against the asphalt so badly that the doctor forbade him to start. Carlsson had oil pump problems with his Monza. The pressure went right down on the straight and Carlsson immediately shut down the engine. Just to be sure he changed rod bearings while waiting for a new oil pump that was sent express from Stockholm. But when the oil pump was delayed at the customs Carlsson took over Rolander's Bugatti instead for the race.
Race:
Mother's Day came with beautiful sunny weather and a huge number of spectators arrived along the roads to the park, creating, as a local newspaper put it, "long black snakes". The official number of tickets sold was 35,553, the grand total number was probably somewhere around 40,000. The event started at 13:00 with the first of the motorcycle races. After German Ewald Kluge had won the small class and Swede Ragnar Sunnqvist the bigger class it was time for a short 10 lap sports car event where German Roth (BMW) dominated. Then finally it was time for the race car event. The eight participants lined up according to their qualifying results:
Pole Position
17
Bjřrnstad

ERA
13.0s

11
Rüesch

Alfa Romeo
12.5s

18
Carlsson

Bugatti
13.2s*

16
Ebb

Mercedes-Benz
13.3s

21
Sundstedt

Bugatti
13.4s


**




15
Hallman

Ford
15.2s

14
Patama

Ford
14.5s

19
Elo

Bugatti
16.6s

* Qualified with a Alfa Romeo
** 20 Rolander (Bugatti) 14.3s DNS




Rüesch took the lead from his pole position. He was followed by Bjørnstad, Ebb, Patama, Carlsson, Sundstedt, Hallman and Elo. That order was to remain the same for the first six laps. Rüesch made the first lap in 1m13s and after the second lap he had opened up a 4 seconds gap to Bjørnstad, whose mechanic had worked on the ERA engine all night but failed to get it to run properly. Ebb followed two seconds behind the Norwegian. After three laps Rüesch was leading by seven seconds while Ebb now was following Bjørnstad closely.
      Situation after 5 laps:
1. Rüesch (Alfa Romeo)5m35.0s
2. Bjørnstad (ERA)5m48.8s
3. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)5m49.5s
4. Patama (Ford)6m03.5s
5. Carlsson (Bugatti)6m04.0s
6. Sundstedt (Bugatti)6m18.5s
7. Hallman (Ford)6m26.5s
8. Elo (Bugatti)6m59.5s

Ebb did several failed attempts to find a way past Bjørnstad, who was clearly blocking and was about to receive a warning, when the Finnish Mercedes driver finally was able to pass on lap seven. Rüesch had already opened up a big gap and it was already clear that he had no real opposition from the rest of the field. The race now turned into a rather monotonous event,
      Order after 10 laps:
1. Rüesch (Alfa Romeo)11m10s
2. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)11m36s
3. Bjørnstad (ERA)11m51s
4. Patama (Ford)11m59s
5. Carlsson (Bugatti)11m59s
6. Sundstedt (Bugatti)11m30s
7. Hallman (Ford)12m47s
8. Elo (Bugatti)14m08s

Somewhere before the 15th lap Carlsson passed Patama's Ford for fourth. At 14 laps Rüesch was already ready to put third positioned Bjørnstad a lap down but the Norwegian held his ERA in the middle of the track and failed to give room, slowing down Rüesch by 4 seconds a lap.
      Order after 15 laps:
1. Rüesch (Alfa Romeo)16m44.0s
2. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)17m20.0s
3. Bjørnstad (ERA)17m50.8s
4. Carlsson (Bugatti)17m53.0s
5. Patama (Ford)17m59.8s
6. Sundstedt (Bugatti)18m32.5s
7. Hallman (Ford)19m15.7s
8. Elo (Bugatti)21m19.0s

As the flag men were failing to do their job it took until lap 16 before Bjørnstad realized he had the leader behind him. On the main straight he went to the side to give room and a fist shaking Rüesch went by. Rüesch continued to put in 1m06s-1m07s laps, Ebb 1m08s-1m09s laps, while Bjørnstad's laps were around 1m10s-1m12s.
      Order after 20 laps:
1. Rüesch (Alfa Romeo)22m22s
2. Ebb (Mercedes-Benz)23m02s
3. Bjørnstad (ERA)23m42s
4. Carlsson (Bugatti)23m45.0s
5. Patama (Ford)24m05.6s
6. Sundstedt (Bugatti)24m40s
7. Hallman (Ford)25m44ss
8. Elo (Bugatti)28m39s

Without challenge Rüesch cruised on to, what he afterwards called "an easy victory". He added that he was impressed by the spectator numbers and enthusiasm and that he of course could have gone faster if needed. Ebb finished second, the only driver on the same lap as Rüesch. A struggling Bjørnstad was third and Helmer Carlsson fourth. Patama, who claimed his Ford had hardly ever been in better shape, was a cheerful winner of the "B" class.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.11Hans RüeschH. RüeschAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-82527m53.7s
2.16Karl EbbK. EbbMercedes-BenzSSK7.1S-62528m41.3s+47.5s
3.17Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadERAA1.5S-62529m31.1s+ 1m37.7s
4.18Helmer CarlssonH. CarlssonBugattiT35C2.0S-82529m40.0s+ 1m46.3s
5.14Alexi PatamaA. PatamaFordSpecial2530m12.3s+ 2m16.6sClass B
6.21Karl-Gustav SundstedtK-G. SundstedtBugattiT35B2.3S-82530m39.6s+ 2m45.9s
7.15Helge HallmanH. HallmanFordSpecialV-82532m26.3s+ 4m32.5sClass B
?19Emil EloE. EloBugattiT35??
Fastest lap: Hans Rüesch (Alfa Romeo) in 1m05s = 110.8 km/h (68.8 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 107.5 km/h (66.8 mph)
Weather: fine and sunny

Footnote:
1. Local paper Helsingin Sanomat gives Rüesch's practice lap times as 65s - 64s - 63s - 61s - 60.5s. I don't know what to make of it as the fastest lap in the race was 65s.

Main source has been contemporary newspapers: Helsingin Sanomat (Helsinki), Hufvudstadsbladet (Helsingfors), Uusi Suomi, (Helsinki)
Also: Geitel, Juurikkala, Talvitie: "Kuolemankurvasta Moukaripörssiin"



Eddie Hertzberger - MGNando Alexandre - Bugatti

XII GRAND PRIX DES FRONTIÉRES
(2000cc)


Chimay (B), 15 May 1937 (Saturday)
10 laps x 10.87 km (6.75 mi) = 108.7 km (67.5 mi)
Shortened to:
8 laps x 10.87 km (6,75 mi) = 87.0 km ( 54.0 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Roger ChambardR. ChambardBugattiT37A1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
4"Nando" AlexandreP. AlexandreBugattiT371.5S-4
6Adrian Conan-DoyleA. Conan-DoyleDelageGP1.5S-8DNA - did not appear
8Eddie HertzbergerE. HertzbergerMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6
10John du PuyEcurie HelvetiaMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
12Emmanuel de GraffenriedEcurie HelvetiaMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
14Ciro BasadonnaEcurie HelvetiaMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
16Armand HugA. HugBugattiT51A1.5S-8
18Raymond MilhavetR. MilhavetSalmson1.1S-4
20Alexander ToddA. ToddMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6DNA - did not appear
22Herbert BergH BergAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8added to race



One man show
Only four cars turned up for the 2 litre race so Berg in Alfa Romeo Monza was added to the grid. Favourite Hertzberger took the lead in his M.G. from Berg and Hug in a Bugatti. But Hug was soon out of the race with mechanical failure. When also Berg and Milhavet (Salmson) called it a day, only two cars were left and the organizers cut the race short.
     
Entries:
The entry list looked decent and included among others three Bugattis, three Ecurie Helvetia Maseratis and Adrian Conan-Doyle's Grand Prix Delage. But one by one the entries failed to turn up and in the end there were just four cars in the 2000cc class: last year's winner Eddie Hertzberger with his orange MG, rebuilt with a streamlined nose, young Swiss Armand Hug with a white-red Bugatti T51, local driver Paul Alexandre with an old Bugatti T37 and French Raymond Milhavet in a little Salmson that had seen better days.
      With only these four cars available the organizers decided to move Herbert Berg's white 2.3 litre Monza, equipped with mudguards and headlights, from the 2000cc plus race to the 2000cc race, disregarding engine size, to fill up the field a little bit.
Race:
After two motorcycle races in the morning it was time for the first car race of the day. Under a grey sky the five cars lined up on the grid for the 13:00 start. Hertzberger was the favourite even if Berg on the paper might have seemed to be the strongest card.
Pole Position
22
Berg

Alfa Romeo

8
Hertzberger

MG

16
Hug

Bugatti

4
Alexandre

Bugatti

18
Milhavet

Salmson



Hertzberger took the lead in his MG from Berg and Hug and was leading after the first lap by a few seconds. Milhavet and Alexandre were already far behind. On the second lap Hug retired his Bugatti with mechanical failure. Hertzberger did a 5m16 lap, equaling his fastest lap of 1936, and opened up a 12.2 seconds gap to Berg, who now was in second position. But after four laps Berg retired to the pits. Then Milhavet also retired leaving only two cars in the race, Hertzberger in the lead and Alexandre several laps behind. The organizers then made a wise decision and cut the race short while there still were cars remaining. So the chequered flag came out for Hertzberger after 8 laps while Alexandre continued alone for another 20 minutes to reach the same distance.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.8Eddie HertzbergerE. HertzbergerMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6842m22.0s
2.4"Nando" AlexandreP. AlexandreBugattiT371.5S-481h02m52.4s+ 20m30.8s
DNF18MilhavetMilhavetSalmson1.1S-44mechanical
DNF22Herbert BergH BergAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-83mechanical
DNF16Armand HugA. HugBugattiT51A1.5S-81mechanical
Fastest lap: Eddie Hertzberger (MG) in 5m16s = 123.8 km/h (76.9 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 123.2 km/h (76.5 mph)
Weather: cloudy
In retrospect:
Hertzberger's medium speed corresponds to lap times of 5m17.75s. Noticing that the fastest lap time was 5m16s and considering that the first lap usually is a bit slower than the rest, that doesn't give much margin for latitude in the lap times. Either Hertzberger was extremely consistent, doing 5m16s or 5m17s on every lap, or then the time keeper had fallen asleep (and in this case, who could really blame him).



Hans Rüesch - Alfa RomeoArthur Legat - BugattiPierre Levegh - Bugatti

XII GRAND PRIX DES FRONTIÉRES

Chimay (B), 15 May 1937 (Saturday)
10 laps x 10.87 km (6.75 mi) = 108.7 km (67.5 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Ernő FesteticsGraf FesteticsMaserati8CM3.0S-8DNA - did not appear
4Hans RüeschH. RüeschAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-8
6Herbert BergH BergAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8DNS - raced in another class
8Guido BarsottiBarsottiAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8DNS - accident
10Henri SimonetH. SimonetAlfa RomeoTipo B2,9S-8DNA - did not appear
12Paul BenazetP. BenazetDelahaye1353.6S-6
14Michel RoumaniM. RoumaniBugattiT35B2.3S-8
16"Levegh"P. BouillinBugattiT573.3S-8
18"Daniell"D. PorthaultDelahaye1353.6S-6
20Arthur LegatA. LegatBugattiT35B2.3S-8
22Léon BougardF. BougardAmilcarCGS1.1S-4



Rüesch dominates again
In the Grand prix class Hans Rüesch totally dominated the race in his 3.8 litre Alfa Romeo. Pierre "Levegh" managed to take second position after a good duel with Artur Legat but then he had to make a pit-stop, leaving over the position to the Belgian.
Entries:
Just like in the 2000cc class several entries never appeared, leaving the field to just seven cars. Of those Herbert Berg was moved to the 2000cc race but instead Belgian Bougard, who had been denied entry in the sports car race, removed the mudguards and headlights from his Amilcar, and was permitted to take part in this race. Favourite was Swiss Hans Rüesch, fresh from his Finnish GP victory, who entered his Alfa Romeo 8C-35, the only relatively modern race car in the event. French driver Michel Roumani and Belgian Artur Legat both entered Bugatti T35Bs, the latter an ex-Georges Bouriano car. Pierre "Levegh" Bouillin entered a Bugatti T59. There were two sports Delahaye 135 Competition Spéciale. N° 46084 was driven by Daniel Porthault under the pseudonym "Daniell" and N° 46625 was entered by Paul Bénazet.
     
Practice:
While trying to avoid another car Italian Guido Barsotti crashed his red Alfa Romeo Monza against a tree. The car was badly damaged and Barsotti was hospitalized for several days. As expected Hans Rüesch was fastest in practice to share the front line of the grid with "Daniell" in a Delahaye.
Race:
After a sports car race that ended in a victory for Ernst Henne in a BMW it was finally time for the race for cars over 2000cc.
Pole Position
18
"Daniell"

Delahaye

4
Rüesch

Alfa Romeo

16
"Levegh"

Bugatti

20
Legat

Bugatti

12
Benazet

Delahaye

14
Roumani

Bugatti

22
Bougard

Amilcar



Rüesch took the start and that was about the last the other competitors saw of him, as he would totally dominate the event in his 3.8 litre Alfa Romeo. "Daniell" held second position at the start but was soon passed by Legat and "Levegh", who then started a good duel with each other. "Levegh" managed to take over second position but then, on lap 7, he had to make a fast pit-stop, leaving back the position to the Belgian Bugatti driver. Rüesch put in a new lap record of 4m49s and took the victory by over 3 1/2 minutes. Bougard had to retire his Amilcar but the other five competitors made it to the flag.
     

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.4Hans RüeschH. RüeschAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-81049m49s
2.20Arthur LegatA. LegatBugattiT35B2.3S-81053m22s+ 3m33s
3.16"Levegh"P. BouillinBugattiT573.3S-81055m12s+ 5m23s
4.18"Daniell"D. PorthaultDelahaye1353.5S-61056m40s+ 6m31s
5.12Paul BenazetP. BenazetDelahaye1353.6S-61058m00s+ 8m11s
6.14Michel RoumaniM. RoumaniBugattiT35B2.3S-81059m14s+ 9m25s
DNF22Léon BougardF. BougardAmilcarCGS1.1S-4??
Fastest lap: Hans Rüesch (Alfa Romeo) in 4m49s = 135,4 km/h (84.1 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 130.9 km/h (81.4 mph)
Weather: cloudy

Star 16 May 1937: Sommer (Talbot T-150C) wins the "Grand Prix de Tunisie" sports car race at the Carthage track. (Results)
Star 16 May 1937: Charles Rigoulot (Chenard & Walcker) wins the "Bol d'Or" 24-hour race at Montlhéry.
Star 17 May 1937: The B.A.R.C. Whitsun Meeting was held at Brooklands.
C. T. Baker-Carr (Bentley 4.4 L) wins the Coronation Race for "The Gold Star" Trophy and J. O. C. Samuel (Frazer-Nash 1.7 L) the Coronation Mountain Handicap. Other handicap races were won by Michael May (Alvis 2.0 L), V. H. Tuson (Fiat 1.0L), G. P. Harvey-Noble (M.G. 0.7 L), S. Mond (Bugatti 1.5L), J. B Wilson (M.G. 0.7 L) and J. P. Almack (Austin Seven 0.7 L).
Star 21 May 1937: Mercedes-Benz showed up for another AVUS test. Besides their regular team members some of their "cadet" drivers were also given a chance to put in some laps.
Star 23 May 1937: Wimille (Bugatti T59/57?) wins the "Grand Prix de Bône" sports car race in Algeria. (Results)



Francesco Severi - MaseratiGiovanni Lurani - MaseratiEttore Bianco - Maserati

XXVIII° TARGA FLORIO
(Voiturette 1500cc)

Favorita Park - Palermo (I), 23 May 1937
60 laps x 5.26 km (3.27 mi) = 315.6 km (196.1 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Vincenzo SciandraV. SciandraFiatBalilla1.1S-4
4Giovanni RoccoG. RoccoMaserati6CM1.5S-6
6Franco BertaniGruppo VoltaMaserati4CM1.5S-4
8Ferdinando BarbieriF. BarbieriMaserati4CM1.5S-4
10Ettore BiancoOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6
12Fabrizio AdragnaF. AdragnaFiatBalilla1.1S-4
14Luigi VilloresiOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6DNA - did not appear
16Francesco SeveriOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6
18Giuseppe MatraxiaG. MatraxiaFiatBalilla1.1S-4DNA - did not appear
20Pasquale ContiniP. ContiniMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
22Francesco ToiaF. ToiaFiatBalilla1.1S-4
24Mario ColiniScuderia ImperoMaserati4CM1.1S-4DNA - did not appear
26Agostino ProsperiA. ProsperiFiatBalilla1.1S-4DNA - did not appear
28Guido "Ninive"G. NiniveBugattiT37A1.5S-4
30Albino FerraraA. FerraraFiatBalilla1.1S-4DNA - did not appear
32Giovanni LuraniScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati4CM1.1S-4
34Vittorio BelmondoV. BelmondoMaserati4CM1.5S-4
36Francesco SiracusaF. SiracusaAlfa Romeo6C-15001.5S-6



Severi wins as Rocco retires
The Targa Florio was held as a voiturette race at Favorita Park in Palermo. Maseratis dominated the all-Italian field. Rocco was fastest at the start and then pulled up a half a minute lead from Bianco and Severi. But a few laps after the halfway pit-stop Rocco was out of the race, leaving Severi and Bianco to fight for the victory. Bianco had to make a long stop for repairs so Severi could win easily. Behind him Barbieri was a late retirement, giving over second position to Count Lurani, with Bianco finishing third.
Huge changes were made to the classic Targa Florio race in the mid 1930s. From 1935 onwards Count Vincenzo Florio himself was no longer involved in organizing the event. In 1936 the character of the race was changed totally as the Formula Libre rules that had encouraged amateurs were replaced by strict 1.5 litre sports cars rules. And finally for 1937, the Targa deserted the Circuito Madione where it had been run since 1919. The Targa Florio, now a shadow of its former greatness, was instead held as a 1.5 litre voiturette race at the "Parco della Favorita" in Palermo in an attempt to attract back the crowd they had lost the years before. The new circuit was quite featureless, running on straight narrow park roads that were surrounded by tight bushes, and circling a little hippodrome in the south-east end of the park where the pits and start/finish line were located. Targa Florio was also the first "Prince of Napels Cup".
Entries:
The all-Italian field included Maseratis, a Bugatti, an Alfa and Fiats. Rocco, Bianco, L. Villoresi and Severi were to start with the 6CM cars making them the clear favourites. Of the 4 cylinder Maseratis Lurani and Colini started in cars with the smaller 1.1 litre engines. Francesco Siracusa was to race a 6 cylinder Alfa, "Ninive" a Bugatti T37A and the field was filled up with small Fiat Balillas.
Practice:
Rocco was fastest in practice to take the position in the middle of the first row with Severi and Bianco being second and third fastest.
Race:

     
Pole Position
16
Severi

Maserati
2m38.6s

4
Rocco

Maserati
2m38.4s

10
Bianco

Maserati
2m39.2s

8
Barbieri

Maserati
2m46.0s

34
Belmondo

Maserati
2m39.8s

32
Lurani

Maserati
2m55.6s

28
"Ninive"

Bugatti
?

36
Siracusa

Alfa Romeo
3m16.8s

6
Bertani

Maserati
3m17.0s

22
Toia

Fiat
3m24.0s

2
Sciandra

Fiat
3m41.0s

12
Adragna

Fiat
3m44.0s



Rocco made an excellent start from his pole position to take the lead from Belmondo, Severi and Bianco. Rocco passed the pits at the end of the first lap some 300m in front of the others. Barbieri stopped to change a spark plug but was fast away again. Belmondo fell behind Severi and Bianco, who started a good fight for second position. Bianco finally managed to pass Severi at the corner after the long "Hercules" avenue. On the seventh lap Rocco set the fastest lap of the day with a time of 2m35.6s. Behind him followed Bianco and Severi in one group and Belmondo, Lurani and Barbieri in another. Belmondo stopped to change a spark plug and to refuel while "Ninive" retired with a broken valve.
      After 20 laps Rocco was leading by 33s with Bianco and Severi still having a tough fight for 2nd and 3rd positions. On the 23rd lap both Rocco and Barbieri made their pit stops. At the same time Severi re-passed Bianco to take the lead of the race. Severi made his stop on lap 25 giving back the lead to Bianco. Rocco was back up to third, 1m09.2s behind the new leader. Meanwhile Adragna had to retire with an engine failure. Race leader Bianco now made his stop for fuel and was away again in 1m34s. But soon afterwards he had to make a 6 minute pit-stop to repair a broken oil pipe and Severi could retake the lead. On the 32rd lap Rocco, who had been second, came back to the pit on foot after a piston had broken on his Maserati. Severi now held a comfortable lead over Barbieri with Lurani third in the 1.1 litre car.
      After 50 laps the order was:
1. Severi (Maserati)2h23m09s
2. Barbieri (Maserati)2h29m40s
3. Lurani (Maserati)2h35m24s

Severi continued to the chequered flag to take an overwhelming victory by a two lap margin. Then with just a few laps to go Barbieri stopped on the back straight and Lurani could take over second position and Bianco ended up third.

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/Status

1.16Francesco SeveriOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6602h55m49.0s
2.32Giovanni LuraniScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati4CM1.1S-4582h57m28.6s
3.10Ettore BiancoOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6552h58m46.0s
DNF8Ferdinando BarbieriF. BarbieriMaserati4CM1.5S-454mechanical
DNF6Franco BertaniGruppo VoltaMaserati4CM1.5S-451retired
4.34Vittorio BelmondoV. BelmondoMaserati4CM1.5S-4512h57m23.0s
5.2Vincenzo SciandraV. SciandraFiatBalilla1.1492h58m10.0s
DNF4Giovanni RoccoG. RoccoMaserati6CM1.5S-637piston
DNF12Fabrizio AdragnaF. AdragnaFiatBalilla1.1?
DNF22Francesco ToiaF. ToiaFiatBalilla1.1?
DNF28Guido "Ninive"G. NiniveBugattiT37A1.5S-4?
DNF36Francesco SiracusaF. SiracusaAlfa Romeo6C1.5?
Fastest lap: Rocco (Maserti) on lap 7 in 2m35.6s = 121.7 km/h (75.6 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 107.7 km/h (66.9 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 119.5 km/h (74.3 mph)
Weather: sunny



Charles Martin - ERALuigi Platé - MaseratiEdoardo Teagno - Maserati

VI INTERNATIONALES AVUS RENNEN
(Voiturette 1500cc)

AVUS - Berlin (D), 30 May 1937
7 x 19.286 km (11.984 mi) + 545 m (596 yd) start = 135.547 km (84.225 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

1Ernst Dietrich TroeltschSüddeutsche RenngemeinschaftBugattiT51A1.5S-8
3Adrian Conan-DoyleA. Conan-DoyleDelageGP1.5S-8DNA - did not appear
4Ciro BasadonnaEcurie HelvetiaMaserati4CM1.5S-4
5Armand HugEcurie HelvetiaBugattiT51A1.5S-8
6Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadERAA1.5S-6
7Franco CorteseScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati6CM1.5S-6
8Piero DusioScuderia TorinoMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
9Fritz GollinSüddeutsche RenngemeinschaftMaserati6CM1.5S-6
10Bobby KohlrauschB. KohlrauschMGCDNA - did not appear
11Gerhard MacherG. MacherZoller1.512DNA - did not appear
12Charles MartinC. MartinERAA1.5S-6
14Luigi PlatéL. PlatéMaserati4CM1.5S-4
15Raymond SommerR. SommerMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
16Luciano UboldiGruppo VoltaMaserati4CM1.5S-4
17Edoardo TeagnoE. TeagnoMaserati6CM1.5S-6
18Luigi CastelbarcoL. PlatéTalbot7001.5S-8
?Hans KesslerSüddeutsche RenngemeinschaftMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear



Martin plays the tyre game right
There had been no AVUS race in 1936 but in 1937 the event was back on the rebuilt track (see the main race account for more details)
Entries:
There were no works cars entered in the AVUS Voiturette race so the race became a fight between private ERA and Maserati drivers but the entry list was still intersting. Favourite was Eugene Bjørnstad with his red ERA (R1A) with its typical white-blue lines over the bonnett while Charles Martin entered a dark green ERA (R3A) that he just had bought from Norman Black. regarding thr Maserati entries infomation differs as usual but looking at the car appearence from pictures on can see that Gollin's silver car as well as Cortese's and Tegano's cars are 6CMs while Basadonna's white-red car as well as Platé's car are typical 4CMs. Uboldi's car as his own look beding probably a 4Cm with rebuilt radiator. Hug, teamed up with Basadonna raced a white-red Bugatti while Troeltsch's Süddeutsche Renngemeinschaft Bugatti was silver colored. Castelbarco finally raced one of Luigi Platé's rebuilt 1926 Talbot GP cars a.k.a. "Platé Special".
     
Practice:
Practice took place between Wednesday and Saturday. Fastest was Martin with his new ERA with a time of about 5m50.3s with Teagno second fastest.
     
Race:

      An estimated 380,000 spectators turned up for the event. The stands were packed to capacity and there were huge crowds as the side of the track, outside as well as the infield, especially near the Nordschleife. The event took off with 350cc and 250cc motor cycle races and after that it was the voiturette car's turn.
Pole Position
17
Teagno

Maserati

12
Martin

ERA

14
Platé

Maserati

6
Bjørnstad

ERA

18
Castelbarco

Talbot?

9
Gollin

Maserati

4
Basadonna

Maserati

7
Cortese

Maserati

5
Hug

Bugatti

16
Uboldi

Maserati

1
Troeltsch

Bugatti

(Note 1)



As the starting maroon went off Teagno was first away followed by Martin. Martin immediately took over the lead and when the cars returned six minutes later Martin had opened up a 400 m gap and the dark green ERA went around the "wall of death" and away onto the next lap before Cortese, who was second came into view. Following him closely was Bjørnstad in third position and behind him came three more Maseratis. on the second lap Bjørnstad, who was driving flat out passed Cortese for second and begun to close in on Martin.
      Martin had hardly any experience with the ERA but he had experience of racing at Brooklands and had selected special track tyres against most of the other competitors, including Bjørnstad. who were using ordinary road racing tyres. On the third lap Bjørnstad pulled into the reserve pit at the south end of the track with his right rear tyre torn to shreds abd drops to last. After three laps the gap between the leading Martin and Cortese was 8 seconds. The ERA was faster on the straights while the independent suspension Maserati was supreme in the two corners. Cortese managed to pull in the gap to Martin, who was trying to save the tyres and after five laps the cars were just a second apart. On the sixth lap Bjørnstad burst another tyre.
      On the sixth lap Martin started to pull away again and even if Cortese put in a 5m55 lap the gap was up to four seconds as they went out for the last lap. It was only Martin that returned. In the Südschleife Cortese's worn tyres could not stand it anymore. One of them burst and Cortese spun and crashed. Martin took the flag, having a half a lap lead over Platé who now was second with his 4 cylinder car. Teagno finished third after having had a spin in the Südschleife himself. uboldi was fourth, Hug fifth, Basadonna was classified sixth and Bjørnstad managed to limp in somhow, seventh and last . His ice racing technique and road racing tyres was not a winning combination on the brick surfaced banked circuit. Still sitting in the car Martin recieved a huge victor's laurel wreat by NSKK-Korpsführer Hühnlein.
      According to "The Autocar" Martin was quite overcome by the event that would be the highlight of his racing career, being cheered by 380,000 spectators. As best non-German of the weekend Martin could also carry home a giant extra trophy that he recieved from Joseph Goebbels.
      It was to be the last voiturette race in Germany before the war. The organizers were from now on encouraged to promote races in the GP and sports car classes only.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.12Charles MartinC. MartinERAA1.5S-6742m13.0s
2.14Luigi PlatéL. PlatéMaserati4CM1.5S-4745m05.2s+ 3m52s
3.17Edoardo TeagnoE. TeagnoMaserati6CM1.5S-6745m30.1s+ 4m17s
4.16Luciano UboldiL. UboldiMaserati4CM1.5S-4746m10.4s+ 4m24s
5.5Armand HugA. HugBugattiT51A1.5S-8747m20.1s+ 5m02s
NC7Franco CorteseF. CorteseMaserati6CM1.5S-66crash
6.4Ciro BasadonnaC. BasadonnaMaserati4CM1.5S-4642m22.2s
7.6Eugen BjørnstadE. BjørnstadERAA1.5S-6650m01.0s
DNF9Fritz GollinF. GollinMaserati6CM1.5S-6?
DNF18Luigi CastelbarcoL. CastelbarcoTalbot7001.5S-80mechanical
?1Ernst Dietrich TroeltschE. TroeltschBugattiT51A1.5S-8?
Fastest lap: Charles Martin (ERA) on lap 7 in 5m51.2s = 197.6 km/h (122.8 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 192.6 km/h (119.7 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 198.2 km/h (123.1 mph)
Weather: sunny, hot



Hermann Lang - Mercedes-BenzErnst von Delius - Auto UnionRudolf Hasse - Auto Union

VI INTERNATIONALES AVUS RENNEN

AVUS - Berlin (D), 30 May 1937
2 x heats of 7 laps x 19.286 km (11.984 mi ) + 545 m (596 yd) start = 135.55 km (84.23 mi)
Final of 8 laps x 19.286 km (11.984 mi ) + 545 m (596 yd) start = 154.83 km (96.21 mi)





No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

31Bernd RosemeyerAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16streamliner
32Ernst von DeliusAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16
33Luigi FagioliAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16streamliner
34Rudolf HasseAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16
35Rudolf CaracciolaDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW1255.7S-8streamliner
36Manfred von BrauchitschDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW25K-DAB5.6V-12streamliner
37Hermann LangDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW25K-M1255.7S-8streamliner (long model)
38Richard SeamanDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW1255.7S-8
39Goffredo ZehenderDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW25K-DAB5.6V-12DNS - car not ready
40Tazio NuvolariScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo 12C-364.1V-12DNA - withdrawn
41Antonio BrivioScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo 12C-364.1V-12DNA - withdrawn
42Giuseppe FarinaScuderia FerrariAlfa RomeoTipo 12C-364.1V-12DNA - withdrawn
43Cholmondley-TapperT. Cholmondley-TapperMaserati8CM3.0S-8DNA - did not appear
44Renato BalestreroR. BalestreroAlfa RomeoTipo BS-8
45Ettore BiancoE. BiancoMaserati8CM3.0S-8DNS
46?DNA - did not appear
47László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati8CM3.0S-8
48Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-86C-34?



The fastest race
There had been no AVUS race in 1936 but in 1937 the event was back on the rebuilt track. A prominent feature was now the new Nordschleife with its a massive "wall of death," banked at 43,6 degrees enabling higher lap speeds than before and replacing the old sweeping turn at the north end.
      Because of the two long straight runs the Avus was the only track in the world, which made it possible for a racing car to really demonstrate its end speed. The Avus already had established itself as the fastest track in the world, when Fagioli won for the 1935 race at 238.5 km/h, faster than Indianapolis at 175.5 km/h in 1936, Tripolis at 213.5 km/h in 1937 or Brooklands with Cobb's 230.8 km/h lap record.
      The event was to be run in two seven laps heats with the four best from each heat going to the final. Change of drivers during the race was forbidden.
Entries:
Stuck had taken an Auto Union car to the Rio de Janeiro GP, missing both the AVUS and Eifelrennen, but most other drivers of the German teams were present. Both teams had done a tremendous amount of work for just this Formula Libre race, building special streamliners, developed from their speed record cars. The teams had also done several pre-race test sessions (test 1, test 2, test 3). The result was the most spectacular entry of sheer speed in the pre-war era.
      Auto Union entered two rebuilt speed record cars and two normal type C cars. Caracciola raced the new streamliner based upon both the speed record car and the 1937 GP car. Von Brauchitsch had a 1936 car rebuilt to a streamliner with Mercedes' infamous 700HP V12 DAB engine making its race debut. Zehender had another of the W25 - V12 combinations, this one with a normal body. Lang had a 1936 speed record car rebuilt with a long wheelbase and a straight 8 engine. Because of concerns that the streamlined bodies could increase to tyre wear due to weight and overheating, Mercedes also entered a normal 1937 GP car to be driven by Seaman. That car had 25 km/h lower top speed than the streamliners. The field was filled up by a private Alfa Romeo and two Maseratis.
     
Practice:
Lang's streamliner was fitted with covers over the wheels and while doing 390 km/h on the straight air became trapped under the car and the front wheels lifted from the ground! Luckily the driver kept calm and finally managed to bring the wheels back down. A shaken Lang demanded the wheel covers to be removed before the race. Zehender missed his opportunity to make his Mercedes debut as he blew up the 12 cylinder DAB engine.
      During practice Rosemeyer did a 4:04.2 lap (284.31km/h - 176.7mph!) but the best official time and pole went to Fagioli with 4:08.2. Before the practice Neubauer had told the organizers that if Fagioli and Caracciola were drawn in the same heat Mercedes would not race! (see Tripoli) Fortunately as Fagioli was fastest and Caracciola only fourth fastest there was no such problem.
     
Heat 1:
The National Socialists of course turned the international Avusrennen into a great propaganda show. The event stood under the patronage of Propaganda Minister Dr. Goebbels and the NSSK-Motor Brigade Berlin was ordered to carry out the race.
      With a wonderful weather a crowd of 300,000-400,000 had gathered at Berlin AVUS in the Grunewald for the race, a race that has become to stand as a symbol of the whole racing era. After seeing Martin win the Voiturette class it was time for the big cars. The race was held in two seven lap heats plus an eight lap final. Driver changes were not allowed between heats and final. Substantial money awards were waiting for the drivers with an unusual high amount of a total 36200 Reichs Mark available. The winner of the race would get 12000 RM for winning the final, provided he also won his heat. The winners of the heats would get 2000 RM, second place 1000 RM.
      There had been much speculation about the tyres, and the teams were prepared for a pitstop after 3 laps.
      At 3 PM the 5 cars lined up.
Pole Position
35
Caracciola

Mercedes-Benz-S
4m15.2s

31
Rosemeyer

Auto Union-S
4m09.2s

38
Seaman

Mercedes-Benz
4m29.4s

32
von Delius

Auto Union
4m25.2s

44
Balestrero

Alfa Romeo

*


* 39 Zehender (Mercedes-Benz) DNS



The lighter GP cars got the best start, von Delius taking the lead followed by Seaman. Then came the streamliners and passed the GP cars on the straight only to be re-passed in the Südschliefe where the GP cars had the edge. After one lap, Von Delius had opened up a 6 second lead from Seaman, Rosemeyer and Caracciola. Balerstero's Alfa was already 1:47 behind!
      Now it was time for Rosemeyer with his streamliner to pass the others on the straight and take the lead. When they came through the North Turn von Delius, in the faster cornering car, tried to regain first place from Rosemeyer without success. After two laps, Rosemeyer was leading with von Delius and Seaman following closely and with Caracciola 4 seconds behind. The situation was the same on lap three but on lap four Caracciola put his streamliner up into second place. All cars were still in contact with each other except for Balestero, who already had been lapped.
      The race had started at a low pace to save the tyres with lap times from 5 min. down to 4 min. 40 s but on lap 5 the real race began between Rosemeyer and Caracciola, the latter taking the lead by outbraking Rosemeyer in great style in front of the Nordkurve and the lap times dropped to 4:33. The mass of spectators jumped from their seats in excitement as the streamlined cars passed and re-passed each other up to 5 times per lap using slipstream maneuvers at 380 km/h on the straights, the drivers skillfully balancing their cars through the dangerous Nordschleife at 180 km/h.
      During lap 6 the times dropped to 4:27 but von Delius and Seaman were still able to hang on. As the last lap started, the four cars were only 3 seconds apart with Caracciola leading. But then the race was only between Caracciola and Rosemeyer, both driving flat out, leaving the GP cars behind. Rosemeyer gained on Caracciola and into the Nordschliefe they went side by side, the Auto Union low, the Mercedes very high. With the gained momentum Caracciola slung the car over the line 0.7 seconds in front of Rosemeyer.
      No driver had made any pitstops during the race, the slow start having saved the tyres.
      Rosemeyer's car was running on only 13 cylinders and the driver's goggles were almost unusable due to oil. Even then he had done the last lap on an incredible 4:11.2. With 276.39 km/h (171.78 mph) that is the fastest lap EVER done in a formula race and it would take 34 years before such speeds were seen at INDY 500.(Note 2)

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.35Rudolf CaracciolaDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW1255.7S-8732m29.3s
2.31Bernd RosemeyerAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16732m30.0s+ 0.7s
3.32Ernst von DeliusAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16732m37.4s+ 7.9s
4.38Richard SeamanDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW1255.7S-8732m48.8s+ 19.1s
5.44Renato BalestreroR. BalestreroAlfa RomeoTipo BS-8533m30.3s
Fastest lap: Bernd Rosemeyer (Auto Union) on lap 7 in 4m11.2s = 276.39 km/h (171.74 mph)
Winner's medium speed:
Pole position lap speed: 278.61 km/h (173.12 mph)
Weather:
Heat 2:

     
Pole Position
36
Brauchitsch

Mercedes-Benz-S
4m12.4s

33
Fagioli

Auto Union-S
4m08.2s

34
Hasse

Auto Union
4m20.0s

37
Lang

Mercedes-Benz-S
4m19.1s

48
Soffietti

Maserati

47
L Hartmann

Maserati



At 3:50 PM the second heat started. This heat opened in a much more fierce and faster tempo than the first. Hasse in the GP car took the lead but Fagioli passed him before the Nordschleife and did the first lap in 4:40.1. Lang, Hasse and von Brauchitsch followed closely, Hartmann was 1 1/2 minute behind and poor Soffietti almost 2 min. behind. On leaving the "wall of death" Fagioli brushed the grassy right edge, throwing up a cloud of dust to the excitement of the huge crowd. Fagioli now got gear shift problems and von Brauchitsch led after 2 laps followed by the others, the times already down to 4:22!
      Lang was the next leader doing the third lap in 4:17.2 and now Hasse was unable to follow, falling 14 seconds behind in his GP car. After three laps Soffietti was already one lap behind!
      On lap four the three streamliners were still close together but now the pace took its toll. After having done a 4.17.0 Fagioli retired with a jamming shift lever caused by a faulty transmission and Lang had a high speed tyre blow out. Fortunately the car remained stable at high speed, only when Lang braked for the South Turn emergency depot for a wheel change did he have trouble.
      Von Brauchitsch was now alone in the lead, slowing down to 4:26 on the next lap. Hasse and Seaman followed 38 s and 73 s behind respectively. On lap six Soffietti was lapped for the second time doing 7 minutes laps against 4:42 for the Mercedes driver. Hasse had closed the gap to 26s and Lang to 45 s.
      Von Brauchitsch calmly took the flag after the 7th lap but 20 seconds behind him there was a drama. Lang's last lap was almost down to Rosemeyer's top time in the first heat and he caught Hasse in the Nordschleife putting the Mercedes near the left rear wheel of the Auto Union. Coming out from the curve Hasse pulled his car to the left and Lang had to stand on the brakes to avoid a catastrophe. Later Hasse apologized and explained he just had not seen the Mercedes. Fourth was Hartmann who had also had a moment in the banked section as the Hungarian had drifted right over the upper white line, touching the top vertical lip and was thrown down the banking, miraculously pulling his car out of this power dive.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/Status

1.36Manfred von BrauchitschDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW25K-DAB5.6731m32.6s???
2.34Rudolf HasseAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16731m50.0s+ 21.1s
3.37Hermann LangDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW25K-M1255.7S-8731m53.4s+ 21.7s
4.47László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati8CM3.0S-8636m53.2s
5.48Luigi SoffiettiL. SoffiettiMaserati8CM3.0S-8534m40.1s
DNF33Luigi FagioliAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-164transmission
Fastest lap: Hermann Lang (Mercedes-Benz) on lap 7 in 4m11.2s = 276.39 km/h (171.74 mph)
                  or Manfred von Brauchitsch (Mercedes-Benz) 4m08s?
Winner's medium speed:
Pole position lap speed: 279.73 km/h (173.82 mph)
Weather:
Final:

     
Pole Position
36
Brauchitsch

Mercedes-Benz-S

35
Caracciola

Mercedes-Benz-S

37
Lang

Mercedes-Benz-S

31
Rosemeyer

Auto Union-S

32
von Delius

Auto Union

34
Hasse

Auto Union

47
L Hartmann

Maserati

38
Seaman

Mercedes-Benz



A protest from Neubauer had been accepted and Hasse was placed behind Lang on the grid.
      Auto Union mechanic Ludwig Sebastian had not been able to replace the cylinder head gasket on Rosemeyer's car in the two hours interval between heat and final. Rosemeyer, running on 13 cylinders, was therefore already handicapped before the start.
      When the final started at 5.45 PM the strategy of the Mercedes team was clear. Caracciola and Seaman should go flat out and do a pitstop. The others should try to do a non stop race. So Caracciola immediately took control of the race and tried to open up a gap. After only half a lap von Brauchitsch came slowely rolling and parked his Mercedes on the grass medium opposide the pits. Inside the streamliner it was so hot that an oil line soldered to the gearbox had come loose as the solder melted.
      Caracciola led the first lap doing a 4:33, Rosemeyer was leading the rest of the field 8 seconds behind. On the second lap the pace was already down to 4:19. The situation was as before: Caracciola, then Rosemeyer, Lang, Seaman, von Delius and Hasse together and Hartmann's Maserati 3 1/2 minutes behind.
      But now Rosemeyer had already destroyed his tyres and had to make a stop for a new right rear tyre at the emergency depot in the South Loop, Lang taking over the chase. Seaman kept up with Lang by going flat out, loosing on the straight and gaining in the corners. Lang's heavy streamliner was about 40 km/h faster on the straight, but Seaman in the lighter open car was able to brake later. Lap three went in 4:18 but then suddenly Caracciola retired with the same problem as von Brauchitsch earlier.
      Now Lang was the first one over the line followed by von Delius. 18 seconds behind them came Hasse and Seaman, then Hartmann, who was a lap down, and last Rosemeyer, 1 minute behind. Seaman, who had to go flat trying too keep the pace of the streamliner, got two thrown treads on his tyres and had to do a pitstop.
      Lang was trying to calm down the tempo. Lap four went in 4:21, lap five in 4:25. Von Delius was still trying to follow the leader and Hasse was a comfortable third and Rosemeyer was fourth with Seaman catching fast.
      Lang did the sixth and seventh lap in 4:28 keeping a 6 seconds lead and he easily held off von Delius' last 4:18 lap challenge to take the victory at the fastest race ever run so far. For the three last laps there was a fight between Rosemeyer and Seaman for the fourth place. The fight was decided when Seaman destroyed his tyres once again.
      Lang had been lucky, his Mercedes car had the latest type of gearbox, with no soldering! He split the high cash awards equally among his team drivers, a customary thing for the Mercedes team drivers.
      Totally oiled up from the broken engine Rosemeyer had to be lifted out of his car. His wife, right away washed his overall and shirt in gasoline to make Bernd look halfway decent. Meanwhile Tazio Nuvolari, as guest in the Auto Union pits, took pictures with his camera of of his friend Bernd dressed only in underpants.
      It had been the fastest race ever and it remained so until the 1958 Monza 500 mile race.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/Status

1.37Hermann LangDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW25K-M1255.7S-8835m30.2s??
2.32Ernst von DeliusAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16835m32.4s+ 2.0s
3.34Rudolf HasseAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16836m06.2s+ 36.0s
4.31Bernd RosemeyerAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16836m37.0s+ 1:06.8s
5.38Richard SeamanDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW1255.7S-8836m50.4s+ 1:20.0s
6.47László HartmannL. HartmannMaserati8CM3.0S-8636m50.2s
DNF35Rudolf CaracciolaDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW1255.7S-83gearbox
DNF36Manfred von BrauchitschDaimler-Benz AGMercedes-BenzW25K-DAB5.6V-120gearbox
Fastest lap: Bernd Rosemeyer (Auto Union) in 4m17.4s = 269.73 km/h (167.61 mph)
Winner's medium speed:
Weather:

Footnote:
1. This reconstructed grid is VERY speculative, especially considering rows 2 and 3 which maybe have to be swapped.

2. Peter Revson took the INDY pole in 1971 with 287.52 km/h (178.696) mph.



Aldo Marazza - MaseratiFrancesco Severi - MaseratiVittorio Belmondo - Maserati

I° CIRCUITO DELLA SUPERBA
(Voiturette 1500cc)

Circuito della Superba - Genova (I), 30 May 1937
40 laps x 3.036 km (1.89 mi) = 121.44 km (75.46 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

Class up to 1100 cc
2Agostino ProsperiScuderia ImperoMaserati4CM1.1S-4DNA - did not appear
4Attilio BattilanaA. BattilanaMaserati4CM1.1S-4DNA - did not appear
6Enrico NardiScuderia SubaudaNardi-Monaco-Jap
8Gianbattista AzziG. AzziMaserati4CM1.1S-4
10Luigi NespoliL. NespoliAmilcarC61.1S-6
12Giovanni LuraniScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati4CM1.1S-4
14Pino BaruffiGruppo VoltaMaserati4CM1.1S-4
 
Class over 1100 cc
16Pasquale ContiniGruppo FiorentinoMaserati4CM1.5S-4
18Roberto MalagutiScuderia ImperoMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
20Francesco SeveriScuderia MaremmanaMaserati6CM1.5S-6
32Pasquale ErminiGruppo FiorentinoMaserati6CM1.5S-6DNS - no car
24Aldo MarazzaA. MarazzaMaserati4CS1.5S-4
26Emilio QuartaraScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
28Ferdinando BarbieriScuderia MaremmanaMaserati4CM1.5S-4
30Vittorio BelmondoV. BelmondoMaserati4CM1.5S-4
32Ettore BiancoOfficine A MaseratiMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNS - no car
34Mario MoradeiGruppo FiorentinoMaserati4CS1.5S-4
36Sergio CarnevalliGruppo VoltaMB-Maserati1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
38Gino RovereG. RovereMaserati6CM1.5S-6DNA - did not appear



Newcomer Aldo Marazza wins surprisingly.
Italian drivers, mostly in Maseratis, took on the new track at Genoa. Local driver Barbieri took the lead but was passed by Belmondo, who soon found himself under attack from newcomer Aldo Marazza driving his first race in an old Maserati 4CS. The fight went on for 25 laps until Belmondo had to see himself dropped down to third, leaving Marazza to be the surprise winner.
The event included a voiturette race and a Grand Prix race. See the Grand Prix race account for details about the circuit and the event itself.
Entries:
The Circuito della Superba clashed with the Avus Rennen in Berlin so the foreign teams and drivers selected the latter making Circuito della Superba an wholly Italian event.
      There were 19 entries for the voiturette race including 17 Maseratis but with two races the same weekend there seem to have been problems getting the cars prepared for the race. Among the drivers who did not have a ready car was Ettore Bianco, who was to be considered the favorite.
      Count "Johnny" Lurani , Pino Baruffi from Coma and Gianbattista Azzi from Alessandria were to race 1.1 litre Maseratis. There were two non-Maseratis in the 1100 cc field, a Monaco-Jap to be raced by Enrico Nardi and an Amilcar to be raced by Luigi Nespoli, both rather unknown drivers.
      Among the 1.5 litre entries Francesco Severi raced a 6 cylinder car and local driver Ferdinando Barbieri a 4 cylinder car, both under the Scuderia Maremmana banner. Gruppo Fiorentino was a small team that raced Fiats and two old Maseratis in voiturette races. "Pasquino" Ermini prepared the cars. They entered a 4CM for Pasquale Contini and a 4CS for Mario Moradei. Vittorio Belmondo raced a late type 4CM (#1534) with closed in front suspension.
      Aldo Marazza whose racing experience seems to have been restricted to some local events in a Fiat Balilla had bought an ex-Lurani 2-seater Maserati 4CS (#1519) from Giuseppe Gilera just three days before the event.
Practice:
Practice took place under sunny and hot May weather.
      Fastest during Friday practice was Bianco, who without an own car instead used Contini's 4CM and made a time of 1m58.6s. Second was Ermini, obviously also without an own car, doing 1m59.2s and third Contini with 1m59.6s.
      Barbieri first tried out Azzi's 1100cc car, getting a time of 2m15s, and then went down to a time of 2m07.4 with his own car. Other drivers who set a time were Lurani 2m07.7s, Azzi 2m09.4s and Baruffi 2m12s.
      During Saturday practice Belmondo and Marazza were fastest with an equal time of 1m59.4s, the latter putting in nine laps. Severi made 2m00.8s, Contini 2m01.3s, Barbieri, who had problems with the steering, 2m01.6s and Lurani 2m04.8s.
      With the two fastest drivers, Bianco and Ermini, without cars for the race it meant that Belmondo got the pole position with Marazza and Contini sharing the first row with him.
Race:
In sunny weather some twenty thousand spectators gathered at the stands and on the roads to see the races. As usual the event was also attended by all major city authorities as well as the president of R.A.C.I. sports commission, Giuseppe Furmanik.
      At 14:45 doctor Giorgio Molfino dropped the flag to send away the 11 voiturettes.
Pole Position
16
Contini

Maserati
1m59.6s

24
Marazza

Maserati
1m59.4s

30
Belmondo

Maserati
1m59.4s

28
Barbieri

Maserati
2m01.6s

20
Severi

Maserati
2m00.8s

Rest of grid unknown.



Contini took the start but was almost immediately passed by Barbieri, who, as a local driver, probably knew the circuit as good as anyone of the participants. On the third lap Belmondo passed Barbieri for first position and tried to pull away from Barbieri, Severi, and Marazza, who were following him. On the next lap Marazza took over second position and kept on following Belmondo, while Barbieri and Severi were unable to keep up the speed of the duo and started to fall back. After 10 laps the gap between Belmondo and Marazza was 4 seconds and whatever Belmondo tried the gap still remained the same after 25 laps. Behind them Severi got the upper hand in the battle for third as Barbieri for most of the race suffered with carburettor problems.
      Belmondo was pushing harder and harder trying to leave Marazza, but the latter was racing more smoothly and held the gap, just waiting for a chance. On the 27th lap that chance came as Belmondo overdid it in a turn and spun 180? around with the engine stalling. He almost immediately was on his way again but Marazza had taken over the lead. Pushing to close the gap to the new leader Belmondo did another mistake and did a 720? spin in front of the main stand, ending up in the straw bales. Having now lost second position to Severi, Belmondo was away once again and took up the chase closing the gap, but trying to find a way by he got short of laps. So Marazza took a sensational victory in the inferior 4CS in his first race with Severi second just holding off Belmondo.
      Count Lurani was the winner of the 1100cc class.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.24Aldo MarazzaA. MarazzaMaserati4CS1.5S-4401h21m00.0s
2.20Francesco SeveriScuderia MaremmanaMaserati6CM1.5S-6401h21m18.6s+ 18.6s
3.30Vittorio BelmondoV. BelmondoMaserati4CM1.5S-4401h21m19.0s?+ 19.0s
4.28Ferdinando BarbieriScuderia MaremmanaMaserati4CM1.5S-4391h21m04.2s
5.12Giovanni LuraniScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati4CM1.1S-4381h21m17.0s
6.8Gianbattista AzziG. AzziMaserati4CM1.1S-4321h26m22.6s
7.10Luigi NespoliL. NespoliAmilcarC61.1S-6291h22m29.0s
DNF16Pasquale ContiniGruppo FiorentinoMaserati4CM1.5S-4?
DNF34Mario MoradeiGruppo FiorentinoMaserati4CS1.5S-4?
DNF6Enrico NardiScuderia SubaudaNardi-Monaco-Jap?
DNF14Pino BaruffiGruppo VoltaMaserati4CM1.5S-4?
Fastest lap: Aldo Marazza (Maserati) on laps 22 & 24 in 1m56.6s = 93.7 km/h (58.2 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 90.0 km/h (55.9 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 91.5 km/h (56.9 mph)
Weather: warm and sunny.



Carlo Felice Trossi - Alfa RomeoMario Tadini - Alfa RomeoEmilio Villoresi - Alfa Romeo

I° CIRCUITO DELLA SUPERBA

Circuito della Superba - Genova (I), 30 May 1937
50 laps x 3.036 km (1.89 mi) = 151.8 km (94.3 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

40Andrea BrezziScuderia SubaudaBugattiT51?2.3S-8
42"Ventidue"Scuderia SubaudaAlfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8
44Giovanni MinozziG. MinozziAlfa RomeoTipo B2.6S-8
46Pietro GhersiScuderia MaremmanaAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-8
48Mario TadiniScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo12C-364.1V-12
50Emilio VilloresiScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo2900A2.9S-8
52Lorenzo DelpinoL. DelpinoAlfa Romeo8C-23002.3S-8
54Clemente BiondettiScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-8
56Emilio VicentiniE. VicentiniBugattiT512.0?S-8
58Luigi VillaL. VillaBugattiT512.0?S-8
60Carlo Felice TrossiScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo12C-364.1V-12
62Emilio RomanoE. RomanoBugattiT512.6?S-8



Scuderia Ferrari wins against minimal opposition.
The first Circuito della Superba was raced at the same time as the Avusrennen where the Scuderia Ferrari entries had been scratched to save the team from total humiliation. Here against minimal opposition the Ferrari team took a triple victory, with Trossi winning from Tadini, both in 12C-36. Trossi took an early lead followed by Tadini, Biondetti, Emilio Villoresi and Minozzi. Minozzi was a early retirement and pole position man Biondetti retired about halfway through the race.
There had been plans for a street race in Genoa for several years. The first competition was to be held in October 1935 only to be cancelled in the last moment for economical reasons. But the project was kept alive and in the end the first "Circuito della Superba" took place in 1937 with motor cycle racing on 27th May, followed by a car racing three days later.
      A 4,384 m long track was initially planned but in the end the Genova section of R.A.C.I. headed by di Belforte settled for a of 3,036 m circuit following the coast line some 2 km east of the city center. The main grandstand and start were located on Corso Italia between Via Tommaso Campanella and Via Don Giovanni Minzoni, where also a pit with 20 boxes was built. From there the course went anticlockwise on the following streets: Corso Italia, Boccadasse, Via Oreste De Gaspari, Via Tommaso Campanella down to a hairpin behind the grandstand leading back via Via Don Giovanni Minzoni. Then it continued along Via Piero Gobetti, Via Roselli Nello e Carlo, Via Piave and finally along Corso Italia back to the start/finish.
      The circuit included a hairpin and several 90 degree corners. On the map the circuit looks decent both regarding the surroundings and the circuit itself. However, Il Littoriale claimed it to be too short and tight for the cars to be able to show their true speed.
      Five stands for a total of 1200 spectators were put up. Three large scoreboards were to show the positions and times every five laps. Plenty of straw bales and sand bags were used for protection.
Entries:
The Circuito della Superba clashed with the Avus Rennen in Berlin so the foreign teams and drivers selected the latter making Circuito della Superba an wholly Italian event.
      The Scuderia Ferrari top drivers Nuvolari, Farina and Brivio had been reserved for Avus and could thus not attend. The team instead chose Mario Tadini and Carlo Felice Trossi to race two of their 12 cylinder cars and Clemente Biondetti to race an 8 cylinder car. They also entered Emilio Villoresi in a 2900A sports car.
      Alessandro Wild, racing under the pseudonym "Ventidue", entered a 2.3L Monza (# 2111038).
      There were also Alfa Romeos entered by Giovanni Minozzi (Tipo B), Pietro Ghersi (Monza). Lorenzo Delpino raced his 8C-2300 with a Touring Spider body and a tall radiator.
Practice:
Practice took place under sunny and hot May weather.
      The times from Friday practice were: Biondetti 1m48.4s, Trossi 1m52.2s (doing 8 laps), E. Villoresi 1m56.0s, Delpino 1m58.4s, Tadini 1m58.8s, "Ventidue" 2m02.2s, Ghersi 2m02.8s. Tadini made only three laps before having to stop with gearbox problems.
      Times from Saturday practice were: Biondetti 1m50s, Trossi 1m49.2s, Tadini 1m51.6s, E. Villoresi 1m52.8s?, Minozzi 2m02s.
      The only decent time set by a Bugatti driver was Romano's 2m04.8s.
      That meant that as expected the Scuderia Ferrari Alfas of Biondetti, Trossi and Tadini shared the first row of he grid.
Race:
The start was initially planned for 16:30 but after some delays Umberto Albini, prefect of Genoa, sent away the 12 cars on their 50 lap journey at 16:55.
Pole Position
48
Tadini

Alfa Romeo
1m51.6s

60
Trossi

Alfa Romeo
1m49.4s

54
Biondetti

Alfa Romeo
1m48.4s

50
E Villoresi

Alfa Romeo
1m52.4s?

52
Delpino

Alfa Romeo
1m57.0s

46
Ghersi

Alfa Romeo


42
"Ventidue"

Alfa Romeo

Rest of grid unknown.



Biondetti with the 8 cylinder Alfa initially held the lead but on the third lap he was passed by Trossi with the 12 cylinder car. Tadini with the other 12 cylinder car soon took over second position with Biondetti falling back to third. Emilio Villoresi was fourth followed by Minozzi, who however soon retired leaving Delpino and "Ventidue" to fight for 5th and 6th position. They were followed by the four Bugattis, while Ghersi was unable to get his Alfa up to speed and decided to call it a day. The order remained unchanged until Biondetti on the 27th lap destroyed his differential when braking hard to avoid a car that spun in front of him and had to retire.
      That put Villoresi up to third but of course he had no chance against Trossi and Tadini, who dominated the race lapping Villoresi twice and the rest of the field at least four times while cruising. So the Scuderia Ferrari cars finished in the top three positions. Then came the two private Alfas and last the four Bugattis. Trossi's medium speed of the race was 98.5 km/h but it's claimed he easily could have pushed it over a hundred if needed to.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.60Carlo Felice TrossiScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo12C-364.1V-12501h32m27.4s
2.48Mario TadiniScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo12C-364.1V-12501h33m43.6s+ 1m16.2s
3.50Emilio VilloresiScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo2900A2.9S-8481h33m56.6s
4.52Lorenzo DelpinoL. DelpinoAlfa Romeo8C-23002.3S-8461h33m42.8s
5.42"Ventidue""Ventidue"Alfa RomeoMonza2.3S-8451h33m35.8s
6.62Emilio RomanoE. RomanoBugattiT512.3S-8441h33m01.8s
7.40Andrea BrezziScuderia SubaudaBugattiT512.3S-8431h33m50.0s
8.58Luigi VillaL. VillaBugattiT512.3S-8411h33m29.6s
9.56Emilio VicentiniE. VicentiniBugattiT512.3S-8301h32m52.2s
DNF54Clemente BiondettiScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-827rear axle
DNF46Pietro GhersiScuderia MaremmanaAlfa RomeoMonza2.6S-86too slow
DNF44Giovanni MinozziG. MinozziAlfa RomeoTipo B2.6S-83
Fastest lap: Carlo Felice Trossi (Alfa Romeo) on lap 16 in 1m48s = 101.2 km/h (62.9 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 98.5 km/h (61.2 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 100.8 km/h (62.7 mph)
Weather: warm and sunny.
In retrospect:
Apart from a motorcycle race in 1940 this was the only pre-war Circuito della Superba . After the war there were races in Genoa 1946-1961 with a changed circuit configuration. I have here followed the entry numbers and teams from Il Littoriale with car types according to Sheldon's A Record of Grand Prix and Voiturette Racing Volume IV (1st ed).

Primary sources researched for this article:
AUTOMOBIL-REVUE, Bern
IL Littoriale, Roma
La Stampa, Torino
Special thanks to:
Michael Müller
Alessandro Silva

Star 30 May 1937: Shaw (Shaw-Offenhauser) wins the "Indianapolis 500" race.
Star 30 May 1937: Hans Rüesch (Alfa Romeo 8C-35 3.8L) wins the "Bucuresti GP" in Romania.



B Bira - DelageRaymond Mays - ERAPatrick Fairfield - ERA

RAC INTERNATIONAL LIGHT CAR RACE
(Voiturette 1500cc)

Douglas - Isle of Man (GBM), 3 June 1937 (Thursday)
50 laps x 6.28 km = (3.901 mi) = 313.9 km (195.05 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Philip JuckerP. JuckerAlta1.5DNS - fatal accident
2"B Bira""B Bira"Delage15S81.5S-8DNS - alternative car
3Charlie DodsonF W DixonDixon-RileySpecialDNS - supercharger
4Arthur DobsonA. C. DobsonERAB1.5S-6
5"B Bira""B Bira"ERAB1.5S-6
6Ian ConnellI. ConnellERAB1.5S-6
7Raymond MaysH W CookERAC1.5S-6
8Earl HoweH W CookERA1.5S-6DNA - driver injured
9Patrick FairfieldH W CookERAC1.5S-6
10Reggie TongueR. TongueERAB1.5S-6
11Peter WhiteheadP. WhiteheadERAB1.5S-6
12Charles MartinC. MartinMartin-JapDNA - raced at AVUS
14Robin HansonMrs Hall-SmithMaserati6CM1.5S-6
15John du PuyJ du PuyMaserati6CM1.5S-6
16Emmanuel de GraffenriedJ du PuyMaserati4CM1.5S-4
17Peter AitkenEcurie AitkenMaserati1.5DNA - did not appear
18Austin DobsonEcurie AitkenMaserati6CM1.5S-6
19Luigi VilloresiScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati6CM1.5S-6
20Reg ParnellR. ParnellMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6
21Bill HughesB. HughesMGK3 Magnette1.1S-6
22Percy MaclureP. MaclureRiley1500/61.1?
23Antony Powys-LybbeA. Powys-LybbeTalbotS-8DNA - did not appear



Bira beats the works cars in rain
It was rain during the whole race. Mays took the lead in his works ERA but was passed by Bira, who started to pull away as Mays was falling back with brake problems. For 20 laps Fairfield (works ERA) and Luigi Villoresi (Maserati) fought for second place before the latter retired with broken fuel line. The works ERAs took over the lead when Bira made a pitstop for fuel but the Siamese showed his driving skills, fighting back in the heavy rain, to retake the lead on lap 36 and take the victory from the worlk cars. ERAs took the top five positions, 6th being the young Swiss driver Emanuel de Graffenried with a Maserati.
Entries:
Bira R2B in light blue "Romulus", Ian Connell dark blue R6B, Artur Dobson white R7B, Whitehead and Walker as to share R10B Tongue R11B, Mays and Fairfield in black works R4C and R12C. Ear Howe was entered but of course did not appear and Martin had entered aMartin-Jap but raced instaed at AVUS with his new ERA.
     
Practice:
Bira tried both his Delage and his ERA, finding the latter superior. During the practice Philip Jucker (Alta) crashed with fatal results.
      Works ERA drums changed after practice
     
Race:

      Thursday proved to be rainy and cold which of course affected on the spectator numbers.
Pole Position
5
"B Bira"

ERA
2m59s

7
Mays

ERA
2m59s

9
Fairfield

ERA
3m00s

11
Whitehead

ERA
3m07s

19
L Villoresi

Maserati
3m06s

4
A C Dobson

ERA
3m11s

10
Tongue

ERA
3m12s

16
de Graffenried

Maserati
3m11s

6
Connell

ERA
3m16s

18
Au Dobson

Maserati
3m26s

20
Parnell

MG
3m25s

14
Hanson

Maserati
3m26s

15
du Puy

Maserati
?

22
Maclure

Riley
3m27s

21
Hughes

MG
3m40s



As the flag was dropped and the 15 cars went away in a cloud off spray Mays took advantage of his pole position to take the lead, followed by Bira and Villoresi Fairfield and Tongue. On the broadway on the way down to the bay Fairfield passed Villoresi for third position and somewhere Bira also found the way past Mays to held the lead after the first lap. Du Puy parked his Maserati because of a a faulty oil pressure pump and Walker came into the pit with his ERA to change a spark plug, dropping from 9th to 12th. Hughes with his MG also made a pit stop. Bira did his second lap in 3m21s and started to pull away on the rainy track as Mays was once again suffering from brake problems. Fairfield, Tongue, Connell and Villoresi follwed. On lap three Villoresi took fifth position from Connell. On the fourth lap Fairfield passed his team mate and soon afterwards Tongue also passed Mays for third position. On lap five mays was down to fifth he was passed by Villoresis red Maserati. Walker made a 3m19s lap and on the next one Bira went one second faster. Parnell made the first of several pit stops. On the eight lap Villoresi had caught Tongue and passed for third position. Tongue did lap 9 in 3m15s.
      10 laps:
1. Bira (ERA)33m22s
2. Fairfield (ERA)34m01s
3. Villoresi (Maserati)34m03s
4. Tongue (ERA)34m05s
5. Mays (ERA)34m49s

Villoresi passed Fairfield on the Promenade on lap 11 only to be re-passed on the next lap. This spectaculare duel came to an end on lap 15 as Villoresi's Maserati slowed down with a chomed fuel pipe line abnd the supercharger filled with oil and came to a halt after having failed to climb the hill at Port Jack S-bend. The driver started walking rain unable to speak English, did his best to try to find the way back to the pits. Walker was doing great and after ten laps he had retaken fifth position after his early stop. On lap 16 Walker went by Mays temporary but was soon re-passed.
      20 laps:
1. Bira (ERA)1h06m10s **
2. Fairfield (ERA)1h06m57s
3. Tongue (ERA)1h07m14s
4. Mays (ERA)1h07m48s
5. Walker (ERA)1h07m51s

They were followed by Connell, de Graffenried, Arthur Dobson, Austin Dobson, Hanson and Maclure. On the 23rd lap Chula gave order to Bira to run faster to have a sufficent gap to the works cars Mays had now come to the grip with his brake problem by braking with the gearbox. He passed Tongue and sat a new lap record of 3m12s. On lap 28 he went still two seconds faster to set the fastest lap of the day. Hughes had made several pitstops because of plug and fuel feed problems before finally retiering the MG with a blown head gasket on lap 26. on the same lap de Graffenried had made a one minute stop for fuel and Connell a 55s stop.
      30 laps:
1. Bira (ERA)1h39m01s
2. Fairfield (ERA)1h39m56s
3. Mays (ERA)1h40m07s
4. Tongue (ERA)1h40m39s
5. Walker (ERA)1h40m45s

After 30 laps Walker came in for refueling, giving over the ERA to Whitehead who was now suffering from brake problems just as his team mate. On lap 31 Bira who was leading by 56 seconds made his pit stop, taking on 20 gallons in 55s. he came out in third positions but almost immediately passed Fairfield for second and then it took him just a further three laps to catch mays and retake the lead. On lap 33 Tongue made a very fast 23s stop to fill up the tank. Connell had lost much of the speed on his ERA as the suffered serious plug trouble due to a faulty magneto. On lap 37 Mays made a short stop for fuel while Fairfield continued at a slow pace trying to make the whole distance without refueling. That meant that Bira now held a 40s lead and only a bad mistake or some mechanical problem could hinder the Siamese from taking the victory.
      40 laps:
1. Bira (ERA)2h12m33s
2. Fairfield (ERA)2h13m13s
3. Mays (ERA)2h13m25s
4. Tongue (ERA)2h14m36s
5. Whitehead (ERA)2h16m39s

Mays soon passed Fairfield for second position . Bira took the flag after an impressing race in the rain, clearly beating the works cars in "Romulus". Mays and Fairfield, Tongue and Whitelhead fulfilled the ERA domination. After Bira took the flag the rest had five minutes to make the whole distance. After that they were flagged in. Emmanuel 'Toulo' de Graffenried who recently had turned 23 finished sixth and was followed by Arthur Dobson, Austin Dobson, Robin Hanson, Maclure and the struggling Ian Connell. .Reg Parnell, who had been in and out of the pit countless times was last 15 laps behind Bira.
      Fastest laps: Mays 3m10s, Bira 3m11s, Fairfield & Villoresi 3m13s, Tongue 3m15s.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.5"B Bira""B Bira"ERAB1.5S-6502h45m34s
2.7Raymond MaysH W CookERAC1.5S-6502h46m16s+ 42s
3.9Patrick FairfieldH W CookERAC1.5S-6502h46m53s+ 1m19s
4.10Reggie TongueR. TongueERAB1.5S-6502h48m05s+ 2m31s
5.11P. Whitehead/P. WalkerP. WhiteheadERAB1.5S-6502h50m13s+ 4m56s
6.16Emmanuel de GraffenriedJ du PuyMaserati6CM1.5S-649
7.4Arthur DobsonA. C. DobsonERAB1.5S-648
8.18Austin DobsonEcurie AitkenMaserati6CM1.5S-648
9.14Robin HansonMrs Hall-SmithMaserati6CM1.5S-648
10.22Percy MaclureP. MaclureRiley1500/61.5S-648
11.6Ian ConnellI. ConnellERAB1.5S-645
12.20Reg ParnellR. ParnellMGK3 Magnette1.1S-635
DNF21Bill HughesB. HughesMGK3 Magnette1.1S-620head gasket
DNF19Luigi VilloresiScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati6CM1.5S-615fuel feed
DNF15John du PuyJ du PuyMaserati6CM1.5S-61oil pressure
Fastest lap: Raymond Mays (ERA) on lap 28 in 3m10s = 119.0 km/h (73.9 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 113.8 km/h (70.7 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 126.3 km/h (78.5 mph)
Weather: rainy and cold.



Carlo Pintacuda - Alfa RomeoHans Stuck - Auto unionAntônio Brívio - Alfa Romeo

V GRANDE PRÊMIO DA CIDADE DE RIO DE JANEIRO

Gavea - Rio de Janeiro (BRA), 6 June 1937
25 laps x 11.16 km (6.935 mi) = 279.0 km (173.4 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Carlo CazzabiniC. CazzabiniAlfa Romeo2900 B2.9S-8
4Hans StuckAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16
6Chico LandiC. LandiFiatGP1.5
8Cicero Marques PortoC. Marques PortoBugattiT37A1.5S-4
10Carlos ArzaniC. ArzaniAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-8
12"Marcedady"G. HardyBugattiT512.2S-8
14Arthur Nascimento JúniorA. Nascimento JrAlfa Romeo2900 A2.9S-8
16Joaquim SantanaJ. SantanaFiatDNS?
18Ricardo CarúR. CarúAlfa Romeo2900 A2.9S-8
20Querino LandiQ. LandiBugattiT37A1.5S-4
22Rubem AbrunhosaR. AbrunhosaAlfa Romeo8C2.3S-8
26Raul RigantiR. RigantiBugattiHudson3.5
28Domingos LopesD. LopesBugattiT37A1.5S-4
30Júlio de MoraesJ. de MoraesWandererSpecial2.6
32A. Moraes SarmentoA. Moraes SarmentoFordSpecial3.6V-8DNS?
34Antônio BrívioScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo12C 364.1V-12
36Norberto JungN. JungFordSpecial3.6V-8
38Vasco SameiroV. SameiroAlfa Romeo8C2.3S-8
40Carlo PintacudaScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-8
42Benedicto LopesB. LopesAlfa Romeo8C2.3S-8
44Santos SoeiroS. SoeiroFordSpecial3.6V-8
46José SantiagoJ. SantiagoFordSpecial3.6V-8
48Jean-Gilbert FouryJ-G. FouryBugattiT512.3S-8
50Almeida AraújoA. AraújoAlfa Romeo29002.9S-8
54Vittorio CoppoliV. CoppoliBugattiT512.3S-8
56Joăo Santos MauroJ. Santos MauroAlfa Romeo17501.8S-6



Scuderia Ferrari surprises Auto Union.
Entries:
Auto Union had sent a car to Brazil for Stuck to enter in the Rio GP, an easy victory. What Auto Union did not know at the time of the decision was that Scuderia Ferrari also was sending two cars for Brivio and Pintacuda to Rio. On the extremely twisty circuit the Alfa Romeo cars had the edge over the fast and powerful Auto Union
Practice:

     
Race:

     
Pole Position
10
Arzani

Alfa Romeo
8m04.0s

40
Pintacuda

Alfa Romeo
7m40.3s

34
Brivio

Alfa Romeo
7m39.1s

4
Stuck

Auto Union
7m29.0s

42
B Lopes

Alfa Romeo
9m21.4s

18
Carú

Alfa Romeo
8m12.0s

38
Sameiro

Alfa Romeo
8m08.4s

14
Nascimento Jr

Alfa Romeo
8m04.4s

36
Jung

Ford
8m46.0s

22
Abrunhosa

Alfa Romeo
8m44.6s

2
Cazzabini

Alfa Romeo
8m22.0s

12
Marcedady

Bugatti
9m23.3s

50
Araújo

Alfa Romeo
9m08.4s

48
Fourny

Bugatti
9m07.5s

44
Santos Soeiro

Ford
8m48.7s

30
de Moraes

Wanderer
9m37.8s

20
Q Landi

Bugatti
9m37.7s

28
D Lopes

Bugatti
9m31.4s

46
Santiago

Ford
9m29.3s

8
Marques Porto

Bugatti
-

54
Coppoli

Bugatti
-

56
Santos Mauro

Alfa Romeo
9m56.3s

16
Santana

Fiat
9m39.1s

32
Sarmento

Ford
-

6
F Landi

Fiat
-

26
Riganti

Hudson
-



Stuck took an early lead only to be passed by Pintcuda after a lap. Brivio was third but had to make several stops for new plugs and was unable to challenge the leading duo. On lap 11 Stuck took back the lead but when he made his planned pit stop he was once again passed by the Ferrari driver. Near the end of the race Pintacuda had problems with his Alfa and Stuck was closing in on every lap. Pintacuda almost run out of fuel but was able to hold off Stuck to win by an 8 seconds margin. So Scuderia Ferrari received the huge 1.5 million lire prize money for their victory making the long trip worthwhile.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/StatusDiff

1.40Carlo PintacudaScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-8253h22m06.5s
2.4Hans StuckAuto Union AGAuto UnionC6.0V-16253h22m13.8s+ 7.3s
3.34Antônio BrívioScuderia FerrariAlfa Romeo12C 364.1V-12253h29m08.1s+ 7m01.6s
4.38Vasco SameiroV. SameiroAlfa Romeo8C2.3S-8253h35m00.8s+ 12m54.3s
5.10Carlos ArzaniC. ArzaniAlfa Romeo8C-353.8S-8253h35m43.2s+ 13m36.7s
6.42Benedicto LopesB. LopesAlfa Romeo8C2.3S-8253h39m10.2s+ 17m03.7s
7.14Arthur Nascimento JúniorA. Nascimento JrAlfa Romeo2900 A2.9S-8253h42m02.8s+ 19m46.3s
8.22Rubem AbrunhosaR. AbrunhosaAlfa Romeo8C2.3S-825
9.36Norberto JungN. JungFordSpecial3.6V-824
10.50Almeida AraújoA. AraújoAlfa Romeo29002.9S-823
DNF44Santos SoeiroS. SoeiroFordSpecial3.6V-818
DNF12"Marcedady"G. HardyBugattiT512.2S-818
DNF28Domingos LopesD. LopesBugattiT37A1.5S-418
DNF2Carlo CazzabiniC. CazzabiniAlfa Romeo2900 B2.9S-815
DNF18Ricardo CarúR. CarúAlfa Romeo2900 A2.9S-813
DNF30Júlio de MoraesJ. de MoraesWandererSpecial2.611
DNF8Cicero Marques PortoC. Marques PortoBugattiT37A1.5S-49
DNF54Vittorio CoppoliV. CoppoliBugattiT512.3S-88
DNF46José SantiagoJ. SantiagoFordSpecial3.6V-87
DNF6Chico LandiC. LandiFiatGP1.56
DNF26Raul RigantiR. RigantiBugattiHudson3.55
DNF56Joăo Santo MauroJ. Santo MauroAlfa Romeo17501.8S-65
DNF48Jean-Gilbert FouryJ-G. FouryBugattiT512.3S-81
DNF20Querino LandiQ. LandiBugattiT37A1.5S-40
Fastest lap: Hans Stuck (Auto Union) in 7m39.5s = 87,4 km/h (54.3 mph)
Winning speed: 82,8 km/h (51.4 mph)
Weather: heavy rain

Full report (in Portuguese)


With a special thanks to Napoleăo Ribeiro (http://www.luik.com.br)

The grid is from "Jornal do Brasil" 6 Jun 1937 with a special thanks to Marcelo Ferreira

Star 2-4 June 1937: Auto Union made extra tests at Nürburgring, starting off with Hasse on 2 June. On 3rd June Rosemeyer arrived, landing his Bücker Jungmann airplane at Quiddelbacher Höhe on an clearing where an air strip for gliders was planned. The plane was damaged in the landing but was pushed to the pits for repairs. Rosemeyer did some laps with the Auto Union, putting in a best time of a 9m54s, and the next day he started off with his plane from start/finish area (aviation authorities were repeatedly calling, asking what was going on).
Tests continued with Hasse, Müller and von Delius driving until von Delius was hit by sparrow in the face and crashed. The driver walked away with a bruised thigh but the test was interrupted and the car sent back to Zwickau for repairs.
Star 6 June 1937: Sommer (Talbot T-150C) wins the "Grand Prix de Marseille" on the Miramas track in France. (Results)
Star 12 June 1937: Fairfield (ERA) wins the "Nuffield Trophy" handicap race at Donington Park, England.



René Dreyfus - MaseratiCarlo Felice Trossi - MaseratiEttore Bianco - Maserati

II GRAN PREMIO DI FIRENZE
(Voiturette 1500cc)

Firenze (I), 13 June 1937
70 laps x 3.307 km (2.055 mi) = 231.49 km (143.84 mi)



No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngine

2Aldo BenedettiA. BenedettiTalbot750S-4DNS - did not start
6Aldo MarazzaA. MarazzaMaserati4CS1.5S-4
8"B Bira""B Bira"ERAB1.5S-6
10Franco CorteseScuderia MaremmanaMaserati6CM1.5S-6
12Ferdinando BarbieriScuderia MaremmanaMaserati4CM1.5S-4
14Francesco SeveriScuderia MaremmanaMaserati6CM1.5S-6
16John WakefieldJ. WakefieldMaserati6CM1.5S-6
18Ettore BiancoOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6
20Giuseppe MussoG. MussoMaserati4CM1.5S-4
24Vittorio BelmondoV. BelmondoMaserati4CM1.5S-4
26Carlo Felice TrossiOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-4
28René DreyfusOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6
30Malachia FumagalliM. FumagalliMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
32Peter WhiteheadP. WhiteheadERAB1.5S-6
34Mario ColiniScuderia ImperoMaserati4CM1.5S-4
36Piero DusioScuderia TorinoMaserati6CM1.5S-6
38Giovanni RoccoG. RoccoMaserati6CM1.5S-6
40Mario MoradeiEcurie HelvetiaMaserati4CM1.5S-4
42Emilio VilloresiScuderia AmbrosianaMaserati1.5S-6DNA - did not appear
44Nicholas EmbiricosN. EmbiricosERAA1.5S-6DNS - practice crash
46Fritz GollinSüddeutsche RenngemainschaftMaserati6CM1.5S-6DNA - did not appear
48Ferdinando RighettiF. RighettiMaserati4CM1.5S-4DNA - did not appear
50Luigi PlatéL PlatéTalbot7001.5S-8DNA - did not appear
52Luigi CastelbarcoL PlatéTalbot7001.5S-8DNA - did not appear
54Guido BarbieriG. BarbieriMaserati4CM1.5S-4
56Pasquale ContiniP. ContiniMaserati4CM1.5S-4
58Reggie TongueR. TongueERAB1.5S-6



Maseratis superior on the streets of Florence.
During practice Embiricos (ERA) crashed and decided to quit racing. Trossi was on pole in his new works car but was beaten at the start by Bira. Bira was soon in trouble with the brakes, leaving the Maseratis to take a triple lead. At 1/3 race distance Trossi, suffering from the heat, had to handle the car over to Rovere for some laps. Dreyfus took over the lead and held it to finish. In the end Trossi returned to the race and managed to finish second while Bianco in the third works Maserati was third.
It was called the "1500 race of the decade" and "gran premio delle millecinque". Regarding the prizes offered this was the biggest Italian voiturette event of the year with 100,000 lire prize (some $5300 or Ł1080) to be given to the winner and the interest was high, most Italian voiturette drivers with a car available were trying to take part.
      For the first Florence race a course was lined up between the Fortezza di Basso fortress and Piazza Cavour (now: Piazza della Liberta) a little bit north of the city centre. It was 3.307 km long and had the feeling of a park circuit without actually being in a park. The pits were positioned in a garden on the east side of the fortress and start and finish on the north side. From there the course circled the fortress counter clockwise, first with a fast right curve followed by a slow right angle turn. Following Viale Filippo Strozzi on the south side of the fort it then continued to a S-turn that lead to the wide Viale Regina Margherita (now: Viale Spartaco Lavagnini), which was divided into two lines with wooden cones. Here the drivers had the experience of meeting the opponents coming in opposite direction. The cars followed the right line, circled Piazza Cavour with its victory column before returning along the left line of Viale Regina Margherita. A right hand curve led the cars back to the pit area and then a left hand curve led to the finish line.
      On this track the 6 cylinder Maseratis with their better road holding had the edge in the corners over the ERAs. The only way for the ERA drivers to compensate was to out-brake their opponents. But ERA had a triumph card as they possibly might do the distance non-stop while the Maseratis had to stop for refuelling.
Entries:
The works ERAs were racing that weekend at the "Nuffield Trophy" handicap race at Donington Park but four private ERAs turned up in Florence to face 16 Maseratis. Peter Whitehead was in his black R10B and Reggie Tongue in his dark green R11B. Greek driver Nicholas Embiricos' grey R2A was prepared by Giulio Ramponi and newly equipped with Tecnauto independent front wheel suspension.
      Prince Bira was to race R2B "Romulus". The car came more or less straight as it had raced at Isle of Man. The idea had been to alternate between "Romulus" and "Remus" during the season but as the troublesome Delage project took much of the "White Mouse Stable" mechanics' time, "Remus" was not in race condition in 1937 and was used for spare parts.
      Among the Maserati entries was a blue 6CM (#1546) newly acquired by the British driver Johnny Wakefield who formerly had raced Altas. Apart from the ERAs that was the only non-red car in the field.
      Carlo Felice Trossi was to race the new works Maserati that equipped with an aerodynamic body Giuseppe Furmanik had used to break the class F speed record on 3rd June. The car combined the six cylinder chassis with its superior road performance with an up rated four cylinder engine, which had better torque than the six cylinder one. The car featured quarter elliptic springs on the rear suspension. Two other works Maseratis were entered for René Dreyfus and Ettore Bianco.
      Scuderia Maremmania entered one four cylinder and two six cylinder cars for Franco Cortese, Ferdinando Barbieri and Francesco Severi. Scuderia Torino entered a 6CM for Piero Dusio and Mario Colini raced a 4CM under the Scuderia Impero name.
      Apart from Giovanni Rocco's 6CM (#1540) the rest of the competitors were privateers in 4 cylinder cars, Aldo Marazza racing his 4CS (#1519) that had won at Genoa.
      An oddity among all the 1.5 litre cars was the 750cc 4 cylinder Talbot entered by Aldo Benedetti.
Practice:
The weather was extremely hot during the event. Prince Chula, Prince Bira's cousin and team manager for the "White Mouse Stable", claims it was the hottest event the team had taken part in, before or since.
      Practice took place on Friday and Saturday between 15.15 and 17.15. Trossi was in his own class with a time of 1m39.4s. Bira did 1m42.4s, Wakefield and Whitehead 1m42.8s and Dreyfus 1m43.3s. Prince Chula and René Dreyfus were not satisfied with the work of the time keepers and reported it to the organizers. In his book Prince Chula claimed the correct times rather to be Trossi 1m44s, Bira 1m45s and Dreyfus 1m46s.
      During Saturday practice Trossi was fastest again from Bira. Embiricos crashed his ERA. Entering Piazza Cavour from Viale Regina Margherita Embiricos ERA touched a straw bale that the officials without warning had moved to another position. Embiricos lost control and crashed. He hurt his arm and leg and was hospitalized but suffered no serious injuries. The car was in a rather bad shape with a destroyed wheel and split fuel tank.
      Saturday practice times were: Trossi 1m42s, Bira 1m44s, Bianco 1m44s, Cortese 1m45s. Note that these times much more seem to fit with Chula's times from Friday than the official Friday ones.
Race:
The hot weather continued and even with a race start at 4 p.m. the conditions were challenging for the competitors.
      Aldo Benedetti's Talbot was listed in the grid but for some reason never turned up for the race.
      After Umberto, Prince of Piedmont (Note 1) had made a tour around the course in a white military uniform to the cheers of the crowd it was time for the race start. The Prince himself took the flag and sent away the 19 cars.
Pole Position
26
Trossi

Maserati
1m39.4s

8
"B Bira"

ERA
1m42.4s

16
Wakefield

Maserati
1m42.8s

32
Whitehead

ERA
1m42.8s

28
Dreyfus

Maserati
1m43.3s

18
Bianco

Maserati
1m44s

10
Cortese

Maserati
1m45s

24
Belmondo

Maserati


36
Dusio

Maserati

38
Rocco

Maserati

6
Marazza

Maserati

58
Tongue

ERA

12
F Barbieri

Maserati

54
G Barbieri

Maserati

34
Colini

Maserati

56
Contini

ERA

14
Severi

Maserati

20
Musso

Maserati

40
Moradei

Maserati

*



* 2 Benedetti (Talbot) DNS



Bira took the lead to be chased by the Maseratis of Bianco, Trossi and Dreyfus and the others. Cortese, however, stalled, losing some 20 seconds before taking up the chase on the rest of the field.
      After the first lap Bira was leading with Bianco some 20 meters behind, followed by Trossi, Dreyfus, Tongue, Whitehead, Wakefield, Marazza, Rocco, Dusio, Barbieri, Collini and the others.
      Musso was the first driver to call it a day after just one lap and he was soon to be joined by Moradei.
      During the second lap Trossi passed Bianco and took up the chase on Bira while Dreyfus was following Bianco closely in fourth position. On the third lap Trossi caught Bira while Bianco and Dreyfus started to fall back. On the fourth lap Trossi took over the lead, and by doing 1m45 and 1m44s laps he started to pull away from the ERA with one to two seconds a lap.
      Dusio had advanced to challenge Whitehead and Belmondo was also doing well, while Cortese, after his poor start, was working his way through the field, passing car after car.
      Bira tried his best to keep up the pace, doing 1m45s laps, but then his speed started to drop, as the brakes that already had suffered over 300 km racing at the Isle of Man started to fail. At 10 laps the gap to Trossi was up to 12 seconds and Bianco was closing in. After 15 laps the gap to the leader had grown to 18 seconds and Bianco found a way past the struggling Siamese Prince. On the next laps Dreyfus also passed Bira for third position. Behind them Dusio, who by now had found a way past Tongue and Whitehead, was already 55s behind and he was chased by the two British drivers.
      Belmondo had retired as had Contini and Wakefield had problems with his new car and had dropped to 12th after a pit stop.
      To the joy of the crowd there were now three works Maseratis in the top and it seemed as the race was decided. After 20 laps Trossi was leading with Bianco 20s, Dreyfus 20s and Bira 30s behind.
      The race continued to take its tolls. Rocco, Barbieri and Collini had been forced to give up and the competitors were now down to twelve.
      After 24 laps Trossi had opened up the gap further. Bianco was 24s behind, Dreyfus 28s, Bira 47s and Dusio, 1m05s. Behind Dusio followed Tongue, Whitehead, Marazza and Severi.
      Then there was a sensation. No one knew that Trossi, suffering badly from the intense heat, was almost in a state of collapse. On the 25th lap he missed the curve following Viale Regina Margherita and Bianco and Dreyfus overtook him. Trossi rejoined the race and did two more laps in third position before he realized the danger of the situation and stopped in the pit. Gino Rovene quickly took over the car and rejoined the race in fifth position behind Dusio. Prince Chula, noticing Bira back in third position, gave a signal to speed up but Bira's brakes were now in bad shape and he missed a corner as well and then came into the pit for brake adjustments loosing third position to Dusio. Two laps later he was back for further adjustments, dropping to eighth.
      Meanwhile Dreyfus had passed Bianco for the lead and the latter had made a short pit stop. After 30 laps the order was Dreyfus, Dusio, Bianco, Rovere, Cortese, Whitehead, Tongue, Bira, Severi and Marazza.
      Cortese soon passed the slow Rovene for fourth position and after 34 laps Bira, having dropped to 11th after yet another stop, gave up, retiring from the race as did Barbieri one lap later.
      Halfway through the race the situation was this:
1. Dreyfus (Maserati)
2. Dusio (Maserati)+ 1m05s
3. Bianco (Maserati)+ 2m18s
4. Cortese (Maserati)+ 2m22s
5. Rovene (Maserati)+ 2m35s
6. Whitehead (ERA)+ 3m05s
7. Tongue (ERA)+ 3m13s
8. Severi (Maserati)+ 3m15s
9. Marazza (Maserati)+ 3m17s
10. Wakefield (Maserati)

Now a series of pit stops began that made the race a bit confusing. At least it was confusing for the time keepers, as they seem to have lost track at this point. First in was Dusio dropping from second to ninth. After having rested 20 minutes in the pits watching Rovene's slow performance Trossi made it clear he was fit for fight again and Rovene was called in around lap 40 for a new driver change. The order was now: Dreyfus, Bianco, Cortese, Severi and Trossi.
      Then it was Cortese's time to make his stop for refueling. That gave Severi third position but Trossi was fast approaching and on lap 44 Trossi passed Severi. Dreyfus was now leading Bianco by a minute with Trossi a further 1m30 behind.
      Trossi was closing in fast on Bianco, the latter suffering from burned feet, and after 53 laps Trossi took over second position as Bianco gave up and pitted handling over the car to Rocco, who had retired his own car.
      Dreyfus was leading Trossi by 2m20s, Rocco with 3m35s, Cortese with 4m30s and Severi with 5m10s. Behind them followed Tongue, Dusio, Marazza, Whitehead and Wakefield.
      On the last laps Trossi got closer to Dreyfus on the track and in the end the cars took the flag just 3 seconds apart. Of course Trossi was a lap down on his team mate. Or was he? After the race there was confusion and discussions about laps and positions but eventually it was agreed on the following results:

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarTypeEngineLapsTime/Status

1.28René DreyfusOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6702h03m00.48s
2.26C. Trossi / G. RovereOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-4692h03m03.76s
3.18E. Bianco / G. RoccoOfficine A MaseratiMaserati6CM1.5S-6692h04m29.21s
4.10Franco CorteseScuderia MaremmanaMaserati6CM1.5S-6692h05m26.28s
5.58Reggie TongueR. TongueERAB1.5S-6672h03m22.20s
6.36Piero DusioScuderia TorinoMaserati6CM1.5S-6672h03m39.67s
7.14Francesco SeveriScuderia MaremmanaMaserati6CM1.5S-6672h04m25.96s
8.32Peter WhiteheadP. WhiteheadERAB1.5S-6662h04m34.30s
9.6Aldo MarazzaA. MarazzaMaserati4CS1.5S-4662h05m26.82s
10.16John WakefieldJ. WakefieldMaserati6CM1.5S-6642h04m06.35s
DNF12Ferdinando BarbieriScuderia MaremmanaMaserati4CM1.5S-435
DNF8"B Bira""B Bira"ERAB1.5S-634brakes
DNF34Mario ColiniScuderia ImperoMaserati4CM1.5S-423
DNF54Guido BarbieriG. BarbieriMaserati4CM1.5S-420
DNF38Giovanni RoccoG. RoccoMaserati6CM1.5S-620
DNF56Pasquale ContiniP. ContiniMaserati4CM1.5S-411
DNF24Vittorio BelmondoV. BelmondoMaserati4CM1.5S-48
DNF40Mario MoradeiEcurie HelvetiaMaserati4CM1.5S-42
DNF20Giuseppe MussoG. MussoMaserati4CM1.5S-41
Fastest lap: Carlo Felice Trossi (Maserati) on lap 69 in 1m40.02s = 119.0 km/h (74.0 mph)
Winner's medium speed: 112.9 km/h (70.2 mph)
Pole position lap speed: 120.3 m /h (74.7 mph)
Weather: sunny, very hot.
In retrospect:
Recovered from his injuries Embiricos appeared at Le Mans a week later to share a Talbot with "Raph" in the 24 hours race. On the eighth lap "Raph" was involved in a multiple crash and was seriously injured, remaining paralyzed in the legs for half a year. That was enough for Embiricos, who immediately quit racing.

Footnote:
1. Prince of Piedmont was a title granted to the heir apparent, similar to the Prince of Wales in Britian.

Primary sources researched for this article:
AUTOMOBIL-REVUE, Bern
IL Littoriale, Roma
La Stampa, Torino
Motor Sport, London
The Autocar, London
El Mundo Deportivo, Barcelona
Book:
"Road Star Hat Trick " by Prince Chula Chakrabongse.
Special thanks to:
Alessandro Silva



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© 2014 Leif Snellman, Felix Muelas - Last updated: 14.09.2014