Roover, Raymond de

Business, Banking, and Economic Thought in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe

(ed. Julius Kirshner. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974)

- excellent summary of scholastic economics


Noonan, John T. Jr.

The Scholastic Analysis of Usury (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1957)

- Rothbard: "definitive study on medieval theories on usury"


Tuck, Richard

Natural Rights: Their Origin and Development (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979)

- Rothbard: illuminates the crucial distinction between active/dominion and passive/claim rights theories


Oberman, Heiko A.

The Harvest of Medieval Theology: Gabriel Biel and Late Medieval Nominalism (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963)

- Rothbard: Ockhamites turn out to be proto-classical liberal essentialists


Kretzmann, N. (eds.)

The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982)

- confirmation on Oberman's revisionism




Rothbard, Murray N.

New Light on the Prehistory of the Austrian School

(in E. Dolan ed., The Foundations of Modern Austrian Economics. Kansas City: Sheed and Ward, 1976)

- scholastics both protopraxeologists and protoliberals


Grice-Hutchinson, Marjorie

Early Economic Thought in Spain, 1177-1740 (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1978)

- catholics mostly protoliberals


Grice-Hutchinson, Marjorie

The School of Salamanca: Readings in Spanish Monetary Theory; 1544-1605. (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1952.)

- Salamanca centre of protoliberals


Hamilton, Bernice

Political Thought in Sixteenth-Century Spain (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1963)

- Vitoria, DeSoto, Molina, and Suarez as originators of liberalism


Watner, Carl

All Mankind is One: The Libertarian Tradition in Sixteenth Century Spain

(Journal of Libertarian Studies.. Volume 8, Number 2. 1984. p. 293. Pdf-file.)

- libertarian ideas were developed by the scholastics of Salamanca


Lewis, Hanke

All Mankind is One: A Study of the Disputation Between Bartolom de Las Casas and Juan Gins de Sepulveda in 1550 on the Intellectual and Religious Capacity of the American Indians. (DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1974).

- School of Salamanca developed natural law theories


Chafuen, Alejandro A.

Christians for Freedom: Late-Scholastic Economics (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1986)


Soto, Jesus Huerta de

New Light on the Prehistory of the Theory of Banking and the School of Salamanca

(Review of Austrian Economics. Vol. 9. Num. 2. Pdf-file 1240 KB)

- Salamanca school developed many proto-Austrian monetary theories




Robertson, Hector M.

Aspects of the Rise of Economic Individualism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1933)

- Robertson thesis: Jesuits favoured free markets


Brodrick, J.

The Economic Morals of the Jesuits (London: Oxford University Press, 1934)

- Rothbard: "criticizes Robertson, but mostly confirms his thesis"


O'Connell, Marvin R.

The Counter Reformation: 1559-1610. (New York: Harper & Row, 1974)

- on catholic classical liberalism


Baumgartner, Frederich J.

Radical Reactionaries: The Political Thought of the French Catholic League (Geneva: Librairie Droz, 1976)

- on the classical liberal aspects of the Catholic League


Church, William Farr

Constitutional Thought in Sixteenth-Century France: A Study in the Evolution of Ideas (1941, New York: Octagon Books, 1969)

- how Catholicism gradually started to support absolutism


Jászi, Oscar and Lewis, John D.

Against the Tyrant: The Tradition and Theory of Tyrannicide (Glencoe, Ill.: The Free Press, 1957)

- catholics developed the theory of tyrannicide