FRENCH LIBERALISM

 

 

CANTILLON

 

Murphy, Antonin E.

Richard Cantillon – Banker and Economist (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 185. Pdf-file.)

- the real founder of economics

 

O'Suilleabhain, Michael

Richard Cantillon (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 217. Pdf-file.)

 

Tarascio, Vincent J.

Cantillon's Essai: A Current Perspective (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 249. Pdf-file.)

 

David O' Mahony

Richard Cantillon – A Man of His Time: A Comment on Tarascio

(Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 259. Pdf-file.)

 

Liggio, Leonard P.

Richard Cantillon and the French Economists: Distinctive French

(Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 295. Pdf-file.)

 

Salerno, Joseph T.

The Influence of Cantillon's Essai on the Methodology of J.B. Say: A Comment on Liggio

(Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 305. Pdf-file.)

 

Thornton, Mark.

Richard Cantillon and the Origin of Economic Theory (Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines March. 1998, 8:1, pp. 61-74.)

 

Garrison, Roger W.

West's "Cantillon and Adam Smith" : A Comment (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 287. Pdf-file.)

 

Hebert, Robert F.

Was Richard Cantillon an Austrian Economist? (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 269. Pdf-file.)

 


EARLY FRENCH LIBERAL SCHOOL

 

Boetie, Etienne de la

The Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude (New York: Free Life Editions Inc., 1975)

- libertarian classic from the 16th century

- introduction by Murray N. Rothbard

 

Stromberg, Joseph

Etienne de la Boetie and Voluntary Servitude

- short intro into de la Boetie’s life

 

Rothkurg, Lionel

Opposition to Louis XIV: The Political and Social Origins of the French Enlightenment (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965)

- the birth of French liberalism was a reaction against absolutism

- Fenelon and Boisguilbert were forerunners of Cantillon, Turgot and Say

 

Roberts, Hazel Van Dyke

Boisguilbert: Economist of the Reign of Louis XIV (New York: Columbia University Press, 1935)

 

Tame, Chris R.

The revolution of reason: Peter Gay, the enlightenment, and the ambiguities of classical liberalism

(Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 1. Number 3. Pdf-file.)

- empirism and utilitarianism turned enlightenment liberalism into social-engineering

 

Simon, W.M., ed.

French Liberalism: 1789 - 1848. (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1972.)

- writings from Condorcet, de Tracy, Jean-Baptiste Say, and Constant

 

Murray N. Rothbard.

The Brilliance of Turgot (Auburn Al: Auburn University, LvM Institute, Occasional Papers 1986)

- Turgot was a forerunner of the Austrian school

 

Fontana, Biancamaria. ed.

Benjamin Constant: Political Writings (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988)

- includes essay, "The Liberty of the Ancients Compared with That of the Moderns,"

which defends modern liberalism against ancient communitarian republicanism.

 

Benjamin Constant

On the Sovereignty of the People (1815)

- Constant’s protolibertarian manifesto

 

Stephen Holmes

Benjamin Constant and the Making of Modern Liberalism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984)

 

Tracy, Destutt de

A Commentary and Review of Montesquieu's Spirit of Laws (1811; New York: Burt Franklin, 1969).

- criticises de Montesquieu, hailed and translated by Jefferson

 

Emmet Kennedy

Destutt De Tracy and the Origins of `Ideology´ (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1978)

 


JEAN-BABTISTE SAY

 

Say, Jean-Baptiste

A Treatise on Political Economy (ed. Clement C. Biddle, 6th Amer. ed., 1834, NY: A.M. Kelley, 1964)

- better than the usual 4th edition published by A.M. Kelley in 1971

- this last 5th edition also includes Say's intro against mathematics

 

Say, Jean-Baptiste

Letters to Mr. Malthus (1821, New York: A.M. Kelley, 1967)

 

xxxx

J.B. Say: An Economist in Troubled Times

- reviewed by Richard M. Ebeling

 

Salerno, Joseph T.

The Influence of Cantillon's Essai on the Methodology of J.B. Say: A Comment on Liggio

(Journal of Libertarian Studies.. Volume 7. Number 2. 1983. p. 305. Pdf-file.)

 

Hutt, W.H.

A Rehabilitation of Say's Law (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1974)

- supply does not create but constitutes its own demand

 


IDEOLOGUES

 

Thierry, Augustin.

History of the Conquest of England by the Normans (1825; New York: E. P. Dutton, 1927, in 2 volumes)

- presents the classic conquest theory of state

 

Reinhard Stiebler

A Pre-History of Misesian Calculation: The Contribution of Adolphe Thiers

(Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics. Volume 2. Number 3. Pdf-file)

 

Liggio, Leonard P.

Charles Dunoyer and French classical liberalism (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 1. Number 3. Pdf-file.)

 

Raico, Ralph

Classical liberal exploitation theory: a comment on Professor Liggio's paper

(Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 1. Number 3. Pdf-file.)

 

Mark Weinburg

The social analysis of three early 19th century French liberals: Say, Comte, and Dunoyer

(Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 2. Number 1. 1978. p. 45. Pdf-file.)

 

Salerno, Joseph T.

Comment on the French Liberal School (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 2. Number 1. 1978. p. 65. Pdf-file.)

 

Raico, Ralph

Classical Liberal Roots of the Doctrine of Classes

(in Yuri N. Maltsev, ed., Requiem for Marx. Auburn: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 1993, 189-220.)

 

Hart, David

Class Analysis, Slavery and the Industrial Theory of History in French Liberal Thought, 1814-1830: The Radical Liberalism of Charles Comte and Charles Dunoyer

(David Hart Classical Liberalism Page)

 

Raico, Ralph

La contribution des auteurs français du 19ème siècle à la controverses sur les valeurs et conflits culturels (pdf-file)

(Euro 92 Classical Liberalism Page)

- classical liberals conflicted over religion and centralisation

 

Raico, Ralph

Les libéraux français du 19ème siècle: une oeuvre injustement oubliée (pdf-file)

(Euro 92 Classical Liberalism Page)

- the transformation of classical liberalism

 


BASTIAT

 

Rothbard, Murray N.

The Influence of Frederic Bastiat (Advances in Austrian Economics, Vol. 2, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1995)

 

LvM Institute

Frederic Bastiat

- intro into Bastiat’s life and writings

 

Bastiat, Frederic

Selected Essays on Political Economy (Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y.: FEE, 1964)

- includes "What Is Seen and What Is Not Seen", "The Law", "The State"

 

Bastiat, Frederic

Economic Sophisms (1845; Irvington-On-Hudson, N.Y.: FEE, 1968)

- on protectionist fallacies

 

Bastiat, Frederic

The Law

- classic denunciation of political legislation

 


de MOLINARI

 

Molinari, Gustave de

The Production of Security (Transl. J. H. McCulloch. Occasional Paper Series 2. New York: Center for Libertarian Studies, 1977)

- the first presentation of anarcho-capitalism

 

Stromberg, Joseph

Gustave de Molinari on States and Defense

- short intro into de Molinari’s life and ideas

 

Hart, David M.

Gustave de Molinari and the Anti-statist Liberal Tradition: Part 1. (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 5 Number 3. Summer, 1981, pdf-file.)

 

Hart, David M.

Gustave de Molinari and The Anti-statist Liberal Tradition: Part 2. (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 5. Number 4. Fall, 1981. Pdf-file.)

 

Hart, David M.

Gustave de Molinari and the Tradition: Part 3. (Journal of Libertarian Studies. Volume 6 Number 1. Winter 1982. Pdf-file.)